First Ecology

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

Author: Alan Beeby,Anne-Maria Brennan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298082

Category: Nature

Page: 403

View: 9748

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How much do we know about the living world? Enough to predict its future? First Ecology: ecological principles and environmental issues provides a critical and evaluative introduction to the science of ecology. Alan Beeby and Anne-Maria Brennan present a succinct survey of ecology, describing and explaining the relationship between living organisms and their environment. The third edition of this popular book continues to introduce ecology from a human perspective. This view of humanity as part of the ecology of the planet makes the fundamental relevance of ecology to all life science students apparent throughout. First Ecology develops in sequence the core themes in ecology at each level of organisation - subcellular, population, ecosystem, landscape and planetary. Understanding this hierarchy - and the interplay between these levels - is crucial to the environmental decisions our species faces at the start of the twenty-first century. First Ecology is the ideal primer for you to develop this understanding. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre features the following materials: For lecturers (password protected): · A virtual field course comprising a series of basic exercises using real data helps students prepare for, and gain more from, their time in the field · Figures from the book, available to download to facilitate lecture preparation · PowerPoint slides introducing key concepts, supported with integrated figures from the book, help to save time in preparing and planning lectures · Routes help students follow and understand various themes and connections throughout the book and offer schemes for independent study · Answers to exercises provided in the book For students: · Hyperlinks to the primary literature cited in the book to facilitate access to original research papers · Routes map out how key themes are developed throughout the book . Web link library of all the URLs included in the book, together with additional web links on specific topics

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

Author: Peter J. Jarvis

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780582369719

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 9528

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Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues provides an introduction to core ecology through key environmental issues such as biodiversity, sustainable agriculture, global warming and pollution. Taking a distinctive approach, Peter Jarvis starts each chapter with a case study and uses this as a springboard to present core theory, while taking care to introduce ecological principles in a logical sequence throughout the book. This book is aimed at first year students taking Ecology or Biogeography as part of Biology, Environmental Science and Geography degrees. It will also be useful for M.Sc. courses in Environmental Science and Environmental Management, for those without a background in Ecology.

Environmental Ecology

The Ecological Effects of Pollution, Disturbance, and Other Stresses

Author: Bill Freedman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122665424

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 9876

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Thoroughly revised and significantly expanded, the Second Edition of Environmental Ecology provides new case studies and in-depth treatment of the effects of pollution and other disturbances on our oceans, lakes, forests, and air. New chapters on biological resources and ecological applications have been added, including material on environmental economics, import assessments, ecological monitoring, and environmental ethics. Extensive indexes, a glossary, and a bibliography are included.

Ecological Engineering

Principles and Practice

Author: Patrick Kangas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203486542

Category: Nature

Page: 472

View: 7807

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Less expensive and more environmentally appropriate than conventional engineering approaches, constructed ecosystems are a promising technology for environmental problem solving. Undergraduates, graduate students, and working professionals need an introductory text that details the biology and ecology of this rapidly developing discipline, known as ecological engineering. Ecological Engineering: Principles and Practice fills this need by describing ecological concepts and theory and demonstrating their application to constructed ecosystems. It presents highly visible and widespread applications of ecological engineering, including treatment wetlands, microcosms, composting systems, restoration ecology, soil bioengineering, and invasive species control.

Natural Disasters as Interactive Components of Global-Ecodynamics

Author: Kirill Ya Kondratyev,Vladimir F. Krapivin,Costas A. Varostos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354037714X

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 6040

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Large-scale natural catastrophes are environmental phenomena. Numerous studies in recent years have concluded that the frequency of occurrence of such natural disasters have been incereasing. leading to an enhanced risk of very considerable human and economic losses and the widespread destruction and pollution of habitats, settlements and infrastructure. In 2001 over 650 natural disasters happened around the globe with economic losses exceeding $35 billion. 2004 ended with the South East Asian tsunami on 26th December with its huge toll on life and local economics and this demonstrated that the efffects of such disasters are most keenly felt in poorer or developing regions. The problem of natural disaster prediction and the implementation of environmental monitoring systems to receive, store and process the information necessary for solutions of specific problems in this area , have been analysed by the three authors of this book, all of whom are internationally respected experts in this field.

ESSENTIALS OF ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

Author: S.V.S. RANA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120347862

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 7950

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This revised fifth edition, is a lucid presentation of the fundamental concepts and principles of ecology and environmental science. Extensively illustrated, the book provides in-depth coverage of major areas such as atmospheric and soil science, hydrobiology, biodiversity, and pollution ecology. It seeks to impart comprehensive understanding of the major ecological issues, policies and laws, crucial for solving environmental problems. New sections on vital topics such as acid rain and deposition, metapopulations, environmental disasters and the Bali Summit on Climate Change 2007 contribute strongly to this endeavour. The book is primarily intended for undergraduate (B.Sc.) students of environmental science and other relevant biological sciences. It will also be very useful for postgraduate (M.Sc.) students of these subjects as well as field professionals and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Use of indigenous examples for explaining subject matter • Coverage of extreme environments such as Antarctica, the Arctic region, open oceans, and deserts, along with up-to-date information on major ecosystems • Chapters devoted to biodiversity as well as natural and genetic resources of India • Detailed descriptions of ecocompartments such as atmosphere and lithosphere

Biogeography

An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach

Author: C. Barry Cox,Peter D. Moore,Richard Ladle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118968603

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 653

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Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition

Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466658894

Category: Computers

Page: 10384

View: 5593

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"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Ecology

Principles and Applications

Author: J. L. Chapman,M. J. Reiss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521588027

Category: Nature

Page: 330

View: 9042

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The second edition has been brought up to date with current syllabuses by the addition of further material on the key issue of conservation providing coverage of the principles of conservation and using case studies to provide examples of conservation policies in practice.

Urban Ecosystems

Ecological Principles for the Built Environment

Author: Frederick R. Adler,Colby J. Tanner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769841

Category: Nature

Page: 353

View: 707

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An accessible introduction to the unifying principles of ecology through the exploration of urban ecosystems.

Environmental Education

Principles, Methods, and Applications

Author: Trilochan S. Bakshi,Zev Naveh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468437135

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 3756

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The environmental movement of the 1960s made educationists in some parts of the world aware of the significance and importance of ecology in curricula at all levels of education, from kindergarten to post-secondary. A great deal of progress was made in the early 1970s in incorporating environmental awareness programs into educa tional systems go that what was once considered a fad was gradually becoming a part of formal education in a number of institutions, especially in Canada and the U.S.A. It was therefore appropriate that an international scientific body devote some time to the issue of ecology in education. Early in 1976, I suggested to the International Association for Ecology (Inteco1) that a symposium on Environmental Education be included in the program of the Second International Congress of Ecology scheduled to be held in Jerusalem in September 1978. In the first draft program of the Congress, the topic was included as a poster session. I considered this inadequate and appealed to the Congress Steering Committee to focus greater attention on environ mental education. The first draft program contained phrases like "utilization of resources", "conservation problems", "environmental moni toring", and "irreversible changes". These phrases more or less assumed that people in general understood ecological principles. Literature on environmental education seems to suggest that a wide gap separated most of the professional ecologists from a large portion of mankind primarily because we the ecologists have paid scant attention to the ecological education of world's citizens.

Ecology of a Changing Planet

Author: Mark B. Bush

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780130112026

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 8453

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This text is ideal for either an ecology course with a strong environmental emphasis or an environmental science course that focuses heavily on ecological principles. The first introductory text to outline the fundamental ecological principles which provide the foundation for understanding environmental issues. A strong framework of applied ecology is used to explore specifics such as habitat fragmentation, acid deposition, and the emergence of new human diseases. *Two new chapters: Wetland Science and Fishery Management *Completely revised chapters on climate, habitat fragmentation, conservation biology, disease, and the future *Further readings-Includes classic papers, conflicting viewpoints, and accessible summaries of related ideas *Web Connections - Text specific website. Includes on-line quizzes, critical thinking questions, links to Web's best ecology sites, and Prentice Hall's syllabus manager *Emphasizes scientific arguments relating to environmental issues vs. environmental activism *Ecology in Action essays-Emphasizes the process of science

Principles of Environmental Science and Technology

Author: I. Johnsen,S.E. Jorgensen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080874920

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 2833

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Since the publication of the first edition of this book in 1981, it has been widely used as a textbook at university level for graduate courses in environmental management, environmental science and environmental technology (for non-engineers). As this second edition is significantly improved, it should find an even wider application than the first. In the second edition, the section on ecotoxicology and effects on pollutants has been expanded considerably, as has Chapter 4 on ecological principles and concepts. Further improvement has been made by the addition of a section on ecological engineering - the application of ecologically sound technology in ecosystems - and an appendix on environmental examination of chemicals. The problems of agricultural waste have been included in Part B, and in Chapter 6 on waste water treatment, several pages have been added about non-point sources and the application of ``soft'' technology. Throughout the book, more examples, questions and problems have been included, and several figures and tables have been added to better illustrate the text.

Building Ecology

First Principles For A Sustainable Built Environment

Author: Peter Graham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405147547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 9198

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Buildings consume 40% of our planet’s materials and 30% of its energy. Their construction uses up to three million tonnes of raw materials a year and generates 20% of the soild waste stream. If we want to survive our urban future, there is no option but to build in ways which improve the health of ecosystems. Understanding the concept of ecological sustainability and translating it into practice as sustainable development is a key challenge for today’s built environment professionals. The skill and vision of those who shape our cities and homes is vital to achieving sustainable solutions to the many environmental, economic and social problems we face on a local, national and global scale. Peter Graham offers here a holistic view of ecologically sustainable building by drawing on established areas of knowledge, demonstrating their relevance to the environmentally-conscious building professional and putting the process, product and impact of building into context. Case studies illustrate how sustainable principles have been applied successfully and discussion topics are offered to stimulate thought. Building Ecology will help planners, surveyors, designers and builders to incorporate sustainability into their everyday practice by: · showing which styles of building are ecologically sustainable · providing fundamental knowledge for making decisions using the principles of ecologically sustainable building · explaining a complex subject in a clear, balanced way. Building Ecology sets out the current scientific view of how nature works and how buildings link with and affect nature. It provides fundamental knowledge for building in harmony with nature and keeping Earth’s life-supporting ecosystems healthy.

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

Author: Stuart K. Allison,Stephen D. Murphy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131741375X

Category: Nature

Page: 604

View: 1605

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Ecological restoration is a rapidly evolving discipline that is engaged with developing both methodologies and strategies for repairing damaged and polluted ecosystems and environments. During the last decade the rapid pace of climate change coupled with continuing habitat destruction and the spread of non-native species to new habitats has forced restoration ecologists to re-evaluate their goals and the methods they use. This comprehensive handbook brings together an internationally respected group of established and rising experts in the field. The book begins with a description of current practices and the state of knowledge in particular areas of restoration, and then identifies new directions that will help the field achieve increasing levels of future success. Part I provides basic background about ecological and environmental restoration. Part II systematically reviews restoration in key ecosystem types located throughout the world. In Part III, management and policy issues are examined in detail, offering the first comprehensive treatment of policy relevance in the field, while Part IV looks to the future. Ultimately, good ecological restoration depends upon a combination of good science, policy, planning and outreach – all issues that are addressed in this unrivalled volume.

Ecology

A Pocket Guide, Revised and Expanded

Author: Ernest Callenbach

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520942226

Category: Nature

Page: 192

View: 4552

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Offering essential environmental wisdom for the twenty-first century, this lively, compact book explains more than sixty basic ecological concepts in an easy-to-use A-to-Z format. From Air and Biodiversity to Restoration and Zoos, Ecology: A Pocket Guide forms a dynamic web of ideas that can be entered at any point or read straight through. An accessible, informative guide to achieving ecoliteracy, it tells the story of the amazing interconnectivity of life on Earth and along the way provides the ecological understanding necessary for fighting environmental degradation. This new edition has been updated throughout and features five new essays on the topics of biotechnology, global warming, migration, smell, and tourism.

Ecology, Recreation and Tourism

Author: John M. Edington,M. Ann Edington

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521314091

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 9193

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Ecology, Recreation and Tourism presents a comprehensive analysis of the effects of recreational and tourist activities on the environment.

The Ethics of Environmental Concern

Author: Robin Attfield

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820340258

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 8873

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First published in 1983, The Ethics of Environmental Concern has become a classic in the relatively new field of environmental ethics. Examining traditional attitudes toward nature, and the degree to which these attitudes enable us to cope with modern ecological problems, Robin Attfield looks particularly at the Judeo-Christian heritage of belief in humankind's dominion, the tradition of stewardship, and the more recent belief in progress to determine the extent to which these attitudes underlie ecological problems and how far they embody resources adequate for combating such problems. He then examines concerns of applied ethics and considers our obligations to future generations, the value of life, and the moral standing and significance of nonhumans. Simultaneously, he offers and defends a theory of moral principles appropriate for dealing with such concerns as pollution, scarce natural resources, population growth, and the conservation and preservation of the environment. The second edition includes a new preface and introduction, as well as a bibliographic essay and an updated list of references incorporating relevant scholarship since the publication of the first edition.

Principles of Ecological Landscape Design

Author: Travis Beck

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610911997

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 5243

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Today, there is a growing demand for designed landscapes—from public parks to backyards—to be not only beautiful and functional, but also sustainable. Sustainability means more than just saving energy and resources. It requires integrating the landscapes we design with ecological systems. With Principles of Ecological Landscape Design, Travis Beck gives professionals and students the first book to translate the science of ecology into design practice. This groundbreaking work explains key ecological concepts and their application to the design and management of sustainable landscapes. It covers biogeography and plant selection, assembling plant communities, competition and coexistence, designing ecosystems, materials cycling and soil ecology, plant-animal interactions, biodiversity and stability, disturbance and succession, landscape ecology, and global change. Beck draws on real world cases where professionals have put ecological principles to use in the built landscape. The demand for this information is rising as professional associations like the American Society of Landscape Architects adopt new sustainability guidelines (SITES). But the need goes beyond certifications and rules. For constructed landscapes to perform as we need them to, we must get their underlying ecology right. Principles of Ecological Landscape Design provides the tools to do just that.