Finding Philosophy in Social Science

Author: Mario Bunge,Professor Mario Bunge

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300066067

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

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In a highly critical appraisal of rational choice theories, Bunge insists that these models provide no solid substantive theory of society, nor do they help guide rational action. He offers ten criteria by which to evaluate philosophies of social science and proposes novel solutions to social science's methodological and philosophical problems.

Die Zukunft der Policy-Forschung

Theorien, Methoden, Anwendungen

Author: Frank Janning,Katrin Toens

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531907743

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 5767

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Die Policy-Forschung hat sich durch theoriegeleitete Politikfeldanalysen und durch die vergleichende Staatstätigkeitsforschung bedeutend weiterentwickelt und ein eigenständiges Set an Methoden und Forschungsansätzen hervorgebracht. Zunehmend ist sie jedoch auch besonderen Herausforderungen ausgesetzt: In der Politikfeldanalyse stehen sich häufig quantitative und qualitative Forschungsansätze sowie erklärende und verstehende Wissenschaftskonzeptionen diametral gegenüber, eine Verbindung oder ein Methoden-Mix wird nur selten praktiziert. Außerdem ist die Forschung stark an statischen Strukturbeschreibungen orientiert und geht kaum auf die Entstehung und Verarbeitung von Programminnovationen sowie auf sequentielle Reformprozesse ein. Die Staatstätigkeitsforschung hat wegweisende Erkenntnisse über die Determinanten von nationalen Politikentwicklungen geliefert. Weniger Berücksichtigung findet bisher aber der Tatbestand einer transnationalen bzw. sektoralen Verflechtung. In Deutschland besitzt die Policy-Analyse nur einen relativ geringen Stellenwert als wissenschaftliche Politikberatung. Woran orientieren sich aber ihre wissenschaftlichen Ziele, wenn sie über eine bloße Wissensvermehrung hinausgelangen will? Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Bandes versuchen für diese Herausforderungen und Fragestellungen Antworten zu formulieren.

Die Logik mechanismischer Erklärungen

Author: Michael Schmid

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353190115X

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8111

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Die Beantwortung der beiden Fragen, ob die Sozialwissenschaften im Allgemeinen und die Soziologie im Besonderen wissenschaftslogisch verteidigungsfähige Erklärungen zu liefern vermögen und welcher Logik entsprechende Argumente folgen sollten, ist noch immer offen und umstritten. Das Buch bietet einen Beitrag zu dieser Diskussion und plädiert für eine erklärende Soziologie.

Social Science Under Debate

A Philosophical Perspective

Author: Mario Bunge

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802083579

Category: Philosophy

Page: 538

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Bunge contends that social science research has fallen prey to a postmodern fascination with irrationalism and relativism. He urges social scientists to re-examine the philosophy and the methodology at the base of their discipline.

The Power of Argumentation

Author: Enrique Suárez Iñiguez

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042022876

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

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This book is a collection of essays on the philosophy of Karl Popper written by some outstanding contributors from all the world around. Most of them are Popperians, some were Sir Karl's students in his famous seminar at the London School of Economics and his research assistants. All have written books or papers on Popper's philosophy and are notable professors at their universities. So, from a well-acquainted view of Poppers philosophy the book deals with present day philosophical problems and offers interesting interpretations. The first part is devoted to political philosophy, and the second to philosophy of science. The volume is of interest for all those concerned not only in Popper's philosophy but also in some the main scientific and political problems of today.

Artifacts and Ideas

Essays in Archaeology

Author: Bruce G. Trigger

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412817523

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7479

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"... a fine narrative of the development of Trigger's metaphysics in his archaeological and historical research. It is accessible, clearly written, and worth close reading."--Journal of Field Archaeology Prehistoric archaeologists cannot observe their human subjects nor can they directly access their subjects' ideas. Both must be inferred from the remnants of the material objects they made and used. In recent decades this incontrovertible fact has encouraged partisan approaches to the history and method of archaeology. An empirical discipline emphasizing data, classification, and chronology has given way to a behaviorist approach that interprets finds as products of ecologically adaptive strategies, and to a postmodern alternative that relies on an idealist, cultural-relativist epistemology based on belief and cultural traditions. In Artifacts and Ideas, Bruce G. Trigger challenges all partisan versions of recent developments in archaeology, while remaining committed to understanding the past from a social science perspective. Over 30 years, Trigger has addressed fundamental epistemological issues, and opposed the influence of narrow theoretical and ideological commitments on archaeological interpretation since the 1960s. Trigger encourages a relativistic understanding of archaeological interpretation. Yet as post-processual archaeology, influenced by postmodernism, became increasingly influential, Trigger countered nihilistic subjectivism by laying greater emphasis on how in the long run the constraints of evidence could be expected to produce a more comprehensive and objective understanding of the past. In recent years Trigger has argued that while all human behavior is culturally mediated, the capacity for such mediation has evolved as a flexible and highly efficient means by which humans adapt to a world that exists independently of their will. Trigger agrees that a complete understanding of what has shaped the archaeological record requires knowledge both of past beliefs and of human behavior. He knows also that one must understand humans as organisms with biologically grounded drives, emotions, and means of understanding. Likewise, even in the absence of data supplied in a linguistic format by texts and oral traditions, at least some of the more ecologically adaptive forms of human behavior and some general patterns of belief that display cross-cultural uniformity will be susceptible to archaeological analysis. Advocating a realist epistemology and a materialist ontology, Artifacts and Ideas offers an illuminating guide to the present state of the discipline as well as to how archaeology can best achieve its goals. Bruce G. Trigger is James McGill Professor in the department of anthropology at McGill University. His numerous books include The Children of Aataentsic: A History of the Huron People to 1660, A History of Archaeological Thought, and Sociocultural Evolution.

The SAGE Dictionary of Qualitative Inquiry

Author: Thomas A. Schwandt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412909279

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 2423

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Now with 70 additional terms as well as a Reader′s Guide, key references have been updated and several terms and phrases from previous editions have been reorganized and expanded. Students and teachers will find this book a very useful resource for navigating various perspectives on qualitative inquiry and as a starting point for launching their own investigations into the issues covered in this guide.

Philosophy in Crisis

The Need for Reconstruction

Author: Mario Bunge

Publisher: Amherst, N.Y. : Prometheus Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 245

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Is philosophy dead? Some philosophers have declared it to be so, and judging by some of the mental acrobatics now fashionable in postmodernist circles a reasonable person might have to agree. Though recognizing the moribund state of current academic philosophy, Mario Bunge feels that this is a crisis from which the discipline can and will recover. To overcome the impasse Bunge argues that it is necessary to reconstruct philosophy by building a philosophical system that addresses real-world problems of everyday people in a clear, comprehensible fashion. The new system must be exact and compatible with contemporary science and technology. Above all, it should shun purely academic problems. This book offers glimpses of such a system while avoiding technical jargon unfamiliar to the lay reader. It is thus accessible to the average educated reader interested in such perennial philosophical concerns as What is matter?, What is mind?, What is the nature of society?, Are there limits to our knowledge?, What are the criteria for distinguishing genuine science from pseudoscience?, and How should human rights be balanced with moral obligations? These questions will always be of interest to thinking human beings, says Bunge, and philosophy, rather than becoming a fruitless, self-referential academic game, should be the main intellectual tool for exploring and clarifying such all important issues.

From a Scientific Point of View

Reasoning and Evidence Beat Improvisation across Fields

Author: Mario Bunge

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527514633

Category: Science

Page: 169

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This book deals with the scientific viewpoint, which is illustrated here through a number of topical cases in modern science, from gravitational waves to mental disorders to social policies. The scientific perspective involves rationality, realism, and reism – the thesis that the universe is composed of concrete things like atoms, force fields, people, and social organizations. The book shows that the scientific worldview underlies all current scientific and technological research projects. It also claims that any subject involving knowledge can be approached scientifically, and contends that the scientific viewpoint can trump both dogma and improvisation – the standbys of amateurs and demagogues.

Sozialtheologie

Theologie, Sozialwissenschaft und der "cultural turn"

Author: Clemens Sedmak

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion and culture

Page: 508

View: 2632

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Sozialtheologie ist Theologie nach dem -cultural turn-. Der -cultural turn- ist die erkenntnistheoretische Wende nach der Einsicht, dass Erkenntnistheorie und Kulturtheorie nicht voneinander getrennt werden konnen. Erkenntnistheorie ist Kulturarbeit, Arbeit in und an Kultur. Daher braucht Theologie die Sozialwissenschaft - aber auch die Sozialwissenschaft Theologie. In diesem Buch werden -Experimente eines Dialogs- vorgestellt, Experimente der Begegnung zwischen Theologie und Sozialwissenschaft. -Stumme Theologien- in der sozialen Welt und die -theologia incognita- in den Sozialwissenschaften werden ebenso freigelegt wie die Moglichkeit einer -Option fur die Armen-. An ausgewahlten Disziplinen (Okonomie, Geschichtswissenschaft, Cultural Anthropology) und ausgewahlten Autoren (von Durkheim bis Luhmann) werden diese Themen illustriert und erhartet."

Beobachter der Moderne

Beiträge zu Niklas Luhmanns "Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft"

Author: Uwe Schimank,Hans-Joachim Giegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518292129

Category: Communication

Page: 342

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Global Dimensions of Public Administration and Governance

A Comparative Voyage

Author: Jos Raadschelders,Eran Vigoda-Gadot

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119026121

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 475

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A comparative, interdisciplinary examination of the mechanismsbehind public administration Global Dimensions of Public Administration and Governanceis a comprehensive, comparative text on the structure and functionof governments around the world. Written by two of the field'sleading public administration scholars, this book provides aninterdisciplinary perspective and a global, historical, andtheoretical examination of the management and governance of themodern state. Readers learn how territory, bureaucracy, andpolitical systems influence policy and reform in over thirtycountries, and how these mechanisms affect the everyday lives ofcitizens. This comparative approach features rich examples of howpolicy is shaped by culture, and how modern policy principles arefiltered to fit a country's needs and expectations. Chaptersconclude with comparative analyses that help readersbetter-understand the role and position of government in thecontemporary world, both in democratic societies andless-than-democratic environments. Governance doesn't happen in a vacuum. Those responsible forpolicy, regulation, and reform take cues from history, currentevents, and visions for the future to inform thinking on mattersthat can potentially affect a large number of everyday lives. Thisbook illustrates the thought process, providing the necessaryinsight these important decisions require. Understand the relationship between structure and function ofgovernment Learn how policy is culture-dependent Examine the political and societal contexts of reform Discover the myriad forms of modern bureaucracy The various social sciences provide valuable information andperspectives for those involved in public administration. Thoseperspectives converge here to form a thorough, well-rounded,examination of the success and failure possible, and the mechanismsthrough which they take place. Global Dimensions of PublicAdministration and Governance provides a detailed, wide-ranginglook at how modern governments operate, how they got this far, andwhere they're headed for the future.

Ethnicity and Sociopolitcal Change in Africa and Other Developing Countries

A Constructive Discourse in State Building

Author: Santosh C. Saha

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739123324

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9177

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This book uses an integrated approach to understanding regional and local community culture and sociopolitical development in developing countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. The contributors argue that the state, as well as civil society, confers a legitimacy on cultural differences that can be achieved in no other way but by positive cooperation.

Postcommunist Transformation and the Social Sciences

Cross-disciplinary Approaches

Author: Frank Bönker,Klaus Müller,Andreas Pickel

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 4714

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The work's major substantive themes revolve around problems of post-communist socio-economic transformations. Specifically, it explores post-communist systemic change, the role of religion and collective identity, the significance of trust and economic culture, patterns of state-economy interactions in enterprise restructuring, the context of EU expansion, the strengths and weaknesses of economic theory and neo-liberal doctrine, and the history of ideas in the post-communist transformation debate.