Writing Up Quantitative Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Marianne Fallon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789463006071

Category:

Page: 182

View: 4103

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The "Teaching Writing" series publishes user-friendly writing guides penned by authors with publishing records in their subject matter. Infused with multidisciplinary examples, humor, and a healthy dose of irreverence, Fallon helps emerging researchers successfully navigate the intellectual and emotional challenges of writing quantitative research reports. After reinforcing foundations in methodology, statistics, and writing in the first section of the book, emerging researchers work through a series of questions to construct their research report. The final section contains sample papers generated by undergraduates illustrating three major forms of quantitative research - primary data collection, secondary data analysis, and content analysis. "Writing up Quantitative Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences" is appropriate for research methods classes in communication, criminology or criminal justice, economics, education, political science, psychological science, social work, and sociology. Individual students and novice researchers can also read the book as a supplement to any course or research experience that requires writing up quantitative data. "Fallon brings much-needed accessibility to the daunting world of quantitative methods. Filled with contemporary references to pop culture ... key concepts are creatively introduced." - Diana Cohen, Associate Professor of Political Science, Central Connecticut State University "This book covers the 'how to' of writing research projects in a highly engaging manner. Graduate students who are preparing to work on their master's thesis will get a lot out of this book." - Damon Mitchell, Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Central Connecticut State University ""Writing up Quantitative Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences" is not your typical book. It is a MUST HAVE handbook for students in the social and behavioral sciences ..." - Carolyn Fallahi, Professor of Psychological Science, Central Connecticut State University "Kudos to Fallon for writing a very thorough and readable foundational text for beginning researchers!" - Linda Behrendt, Associate Professor of Human Development and Family Studies, Indiana State University

More Than the Law

Behavioral and Social Facts in Legal Decision Making

Author: Peter W. English,Bruce Dennis Sales

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781591472551

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 1288

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An introduction for students and other readers to the ways in which behavioral and social knowledge can and should inform legal decisions, as well as ways in which such knowledge can be misused. Considers legal decisions such as mandatory testing for drug use in schools, abortion, use of the death penalty, and jury selection, among others.

Principles of Research in Behavioral Science

Fourth Edition

Author: Mary E. Kite,Bernard E. Whitley, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315450062

Category: Psychology

Page: 836

View: 3795

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of research methods in the behavioral sciences, focusing primarily on the conceptual issues inherent in conducting research. It covers topics that are often omitted from other texts, including measurement issues, correlational research, qualitative research, and integrative literature reviews. The book also includes discussions of diversity issues as they related to behavioral science research. New to this edition are chapter boxes that focus on applied issues related to each chapter topic. Throughout the book, readable examples and informative tables and figures are provided. The authors also take a contemporary approach to topics such as research ethics, replication research, and data collection (including internet research).

Validity and Validation in Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Author: Bruno D. Zumbo,Eric K.H. Chan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319077945

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 391

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This book combines an overview of validity theory, trends in validation practices and a review of standards and guidelines in several international jurisdictions with research synthesis of the validity evidence in different research areas. An overview of theory is both useful and timely, in view of the increased use of tests and measures for decision-making, ranking and policy purposes in large-scale testing, assessment and social indicators and quality of life research. Research synthesis is needed to help us assemble, critically appraise and integrate the overwhelming volume of research on validity in different contexts. Rather than examining whether any given measure is “valid”, the focus is on a critical appraisal of the kinds of validity evidence reported in the published research literature. The five sources of validity evidence discussed are: content-related, response processes, internal structure, associations with other variables and consequences. The 15 syntheses included here, represent a broad sampling of psychosocial, health, medical and educational research settings, giving us an extensive evidential basis to build upon earlier studies. The book concludes with a meta-synthesis of the 15 syntheses and a discussion of the current thinking of validation practices by leading experts in the field.

Contemporary Issues in Exploratory Data Mining in the Behavioral Sciences

Author: John J. McArdle,Gilbert Ritschard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044090

Category: Psychology

Page: 474

View: 1454

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This book reviews the latest techniques in exploratory data mining (EDM) for the analysis of data in the social and behavioral sciences to help researchers assess the predictive value of different combinations of variables in large data sets. Methodological findings and conceptual models that explain reliable EDM techniques for predicting and understanding various risk mechanisms are integrated throughout. Numerous examples illustrate the use of these techniques in practice. Contributors provide insight through hands-on experiences with their own use of EDM techniques in various settings. Readers are also introduced to the most popular EDM software programs. A related website at http://mephisto.unige.ch/pub/edm-book-supplement/offers color versions of the book’s figures, a supplemental paper to chapter 3, and R commands for some chapters. The results of EDM analyses can be perilous – they are often taken as predictions with little regard for cross-validating the results. This carelessness can be catastrophic in terms of money lost or patients misdiagnosed. This book addresses these concerns and advocates for the development of checks and balances for EDM analyses. Both the promises and the perils of EDM are addressed. Editors McArdle and Ritschard taught the "Exploratory Data Mining" Advanced Training Institute of the American Psychological Association (APA). All contributors are top researchers from the US and Europe. Organized into two parts--methodology and applications, the techniques covered include decision, regression, and SEM tree models, growth mixture modeling, and time based categorical sequential analysis. Some of the applications of EDM (and the corresponding data) explored include: selection to college based on risky prior academic profiles the decline of cognitive abilities in older persons global perceptions of stress in adulthood predicting mortality from demographics and cognitive abilities risk factors during pregnancy and the impact on neonatal development Intended as a reference for researchers, methodologists, and advanced students in the social and behavioral sciences including psychology, sociology, business, econometrics, and medicine, interested in learning to apply the latest exploratory data mining techniques. Prerequisites include a basic class in statistics.

International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080548059

Category: Social Science

Page: 17500

View: 7304

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This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale. Not since the publication in 1968 of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by David L. Sills, has there been such an ambitious project to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Available in both print (26 volumes) and online editions, it comprises 4,000 articles, commissioned by 52 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.

Practical Tools for Designing and Weighting Survey Samples

Author: Richard Valliant,Jill A. Dever,Frauke Kreuter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461464498

Category: Social Science

Page: 670

View: 376

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Survey sampling is fundamentally an applied field. The goal in this book is to put an array of tools at the fingertips of practitioners by explaining approaches long used by survey statisticians, illustrating how existing software can be used to solve survey problems, and developing some specialized software where needed. This book serves at least three audiences: (1) Students seeking a more in-depth understanding of applied sampling either through a second semester-long course or by way of a supplementary reference; (2) Survey statisticians searching for practical guidance on how to apply concepts learned in theoretical or applied sampling courses; and (3) Social scientists and other survey practitioners who desire insight into the statistical thinking and steps taken to design, select, and weight random survey samples. Several survey data sets are used to illustrate how to design samples, to make estimates from complex surveys for use in optimizing the sample allocation, and to calculate weights. Realistic survey projects are used to demonstrate the challenges and provide a context for the solutions. The book covers several topics that either are not included or are dealt with in a limited way in other texts. These areas include: sample size computations for multistage designs; power calculations related to surveys; mathematical programming for sample allocation in a multi-criteria optimization setting; nuts and bolts of area probability sampling; multiphase designs; quality control of survey operations; and statistical software for survey sampling and estimation. An associated R package, PracTools, contains a number of specialized functions for sample size and other calculations. The data sets used in the book are also available in PracTools, so that the reader may replicate the examples or perform further analyses.

Research for the Public Good

Applying the Methods of Translational Research to Improve Human Health and Well-being

Author: Elaine Wethington,Rachel Elizabeth Dunifon

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781433811685

Category: Psychology

Page: 212

View: 1784

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Translational research links scientific findings with programs and policies that improve human health and well-being. It includes research that evaluates interventions or policies for efficacy and effectiveness, as well as research that applies field experience to future development of basic theory and its applications. Although translational research has traditionally emphasized biomedical studies with one type of application (i.e., individual-level intervention to treat disease), the concept has expanded to include various sciences and many types of applications. Social and behavioral sciences now often contribute to public- and individual-level interventions that promote education, disease prevention, health care delivery, health care access, and more. This broader, more inclusive approach to translational research has gained popularity and been promoted by the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control, medical centers, and university programs. This book demonstrates how emerging methods of translational research can be applied to important topics of interest to social and behavioral scientists. Accessible models and real-world case studies are provided to help bridge the gaps among research, policy, and practice.

Essentials of Research Design and Methodology

Author: Geoffrey R. Marczyk,David DeMatteo,David Festinger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470893532

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 2779

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Master the essential skills for designing and conducting a successful research project Essentials of Research Design and Methodology contains practical information on how to design and conduct scientific research in the behavioral and social sciences. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style. The text offers students and practitioners in the behavioral sciences and related disciplines important insights into identifying research topics, variables, and methodological approaches. Data collection and assessment strategies, interpretation methods, and important ethical considerations also receive significant coverage in this user-friendly guide. Essentials of Research Design and Methodology is the only available resource to condense the wide-ranging topics of the field into a concise, accessible format for handy and quick reference. As part of the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, this book offers a thorough review of the most relevant topics in research design and methodology. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as "Test Yourself" questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.

Child development today and tomorrow

Author: William Damon

Publisher: Jossey-Bass Incorporated Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 461

View: 9944

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Writing expressly for this book, the foremost innovators in child development today have contributed state-of-the-art chapters that summarize current trAnds in the field and point the way to the future. Each author examines a major topic and reveals what we know, how to interpret this knowledge, what requires further research, and how we may resolve some of the remaining questions.

Behavioral Computational Social Science

Author: Riccardo Boero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118657306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 872

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"Provides a unified approach to social research, integrating both agent-based models and behavioral studies.Introduces the reader to all the concepts, tools and references that are required for conducting research in behavioral computational social science"--

Statistical Power Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Basic and Advanced Techniques

Author: Xiaofeng Steven Liu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136464182

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 2790

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This is the first book to demonstrate the application of power analysis to the newer more advanced statistical techniques that are increasingly used in the social and behavioral sciences. Both basic and advanced designs are covered. Readers are shown how to apply power analysis to techniques such as hierarchical linear modeling, meta-analysis, and structural equation modeling. Each chapter opens with a review of the statistical procedure and then proceeds to derive the power functions. This is followed by examples that demonstrate how to produce power tables and charts. The book clearly shows how to calculate power by providing open code for every design and procedure in R, SAS, and SPSS. Readers can verify the power computation using the computer programs on the book's website. There is a growing requirement to include power analysis to justify sample sizes in grant proposals. Most chapters are self-standing and can be read in any order without much disruption.This book will help readers do just that. Sample computer code in R, SPSS, and SAS at www.routledge.com/9781848729810 are written to tabulate power values and produce power curves that can be included in a grant proposal. Organized according to various techniques, chapters 1 – 3 introduce the basics of statistical power and sample size issues including the historical origin, hypothesis testing, and the use of statistical power in t tests and confidence intervals. Chapters 4 - 6 cover common statistical procedures -- analysis of variance, linear regression (both simple regression and multiple regression), correlation, analysis of covariance, and multivariate analysis. Chapters 7 - 11 review the new statistical procedures -- multi-level models, meta-analysis, structural equation models, and longitudinal studies. The appendixes contain a tutorial about R and show the statistical theory of power analysis. Intended as a supplement for graduate courses on quantitative methods, multivariate statistics, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and/or multilevel modeling and SEM taught in psychology, education, human development, nursing, and social and life sciences, this is the first text on statistical power for advanced procedures. Researchers and practitioners in these fields also appreciate the book‘s unique coverage of the use of statistical power analysis to determine sample size in planning a study. A prerequisite of basic through multivariate statistics is assumed.

Big Data and Social Science

A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools

Author: Ian Foster,Rayid Ghani,Ron S. Jarmin,Frauke Kreuter,Julia Lane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498751431

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 4050

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Both Traditional Students and Working Professionals Acquire the Skills to Analyze Social Problems. Big Data and Social Science: A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools shows how to apply data science to real-world problems in both research and the practice. The book provides practical guidance on combining methods and tools from computer science, statistics, and social science. This concrete approach is illustrated throughout using an important national problem, the quantitative study of innovation. The text draws on the expertise of prominent leaders in statistics, the social sciences, data science, and computer science to teach students how to use modern social science research principles as well as the best analytical and computational tools. It uses a real-world challenge to introduce how these tools are used to identify and capture appropriate data, apply data science models and tools to that data, and recognize and respond to data errors and limitations. For more information, including sample chapters and news, please visit the author's website.

Reasoning, Learning, and Action

Individual and Organizational

Author: Chris Argyris

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 500

View: 5870

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A three-pronged approach to overcoming mediocrity, presented by one of the nation's top business theorist. Replete with case examples, this book details how employee reasoning, learning and action--properly developed--can counteract the self-defeating behavior affecting many organizations.

Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Barry H. Cohen,R. Brooke Lea

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471480762

Category: Psychology

Page: 291

View: 9761

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Master the essential statistical skills used in social and behavioral sciences Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences distills the overwhelming amount of material covered in introductory statistics courses into a handy, practical resource for students and professionals. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style. Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences guides you to a better understanding of basic concepts of statistical methods. Numerous practical tips are presented for selecting appropriate statistical procedures. In addition, this useful guide demonstrates how to evaluate and interpret statistical data, provides numerous formulas for calculating statistics from tables of summary statistics, and offers a variety of worked examples. As part of the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, this book offers a thorough review of the most relevant statistical concepts and techniques that will arm you with the tools you'll need for knowledgeable, informed practice. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as "Test Yourself" questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.

Social and Behavioral Foundations of Public Health

Author: Jeannine Coreil

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412957044

Category: Medical

Page: 434

View: 3560

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This book is intended as a core textbook for courses in public health that examines current issues in health from a social and behavioral science perspective. It is a cross-disciplinary course (public health, medical sociology, health psychology, medical anthropology) and thus there are many ways to teach the course based on a particular instructor's perspective. The authors wrote the book because they were dissatisfied with the way other texts apply social science to public health and found that many texts being used were from related fields such as medicine, nursing or general health.The authors are planning to do a major revision based on reviews they have collected and the reviews we have collected. We believe the revised edition will essentially be a new text based on rich feedback. They will include new theory, new cases, new research, and a rich ancillary package. They will also reduce the frameworks presented to make the book more readable to students.

Introduction to Variance Estimation

Author: Kirk Wolter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387350993

Category: Mathematics

Page: 450

View: 6040

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Now available in paperback, this book is organized in a way that emphasizes both the theory and applications of the various variance estimating techniques. Results are often presented in the form of theorems; proofs are deleted when trivial or when a reference is readily available. It applies to large, complex surveys; and to provide an easy reference for the survey researcher who is faced with the problem of estimating variances for real survey data.

Writing Literature Reviews

A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Jose L. Galvan,Melisa C. Galvan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351858920

Category: Psychology

Page: 308

View: 6553

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This useful guide educates students in the preparation of literature reviews for term projects, theses, and dissertations. The authors provide numerous examples from published reviews that illustrate the guidelines discussed throughout the book. ? New to the seventh edition: ? Each chapter breaks down the larger holistic review of literature exercise into a series of smaller, manageable steps Practical instructions for navigating today’s digital libraries Comprehensive discussions about digital tools, including bibliographic and plagiarism detection software Chapter activities that reflect the book’s updated content New model literature reviews Online resources designed to help instructors plan and teach their courses (www.routledge.com/9780415315746).

Mediation research

the process and effectiveness of third-party intervention

Author: Kenneth Kressel,Dean G. Pruitt

Publisher: Jossey-Bass Inc Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 457

View: 5101

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Discover the most up-to-date findings on a range of mediation topics Sponsored by the Center for Negotiation and Conflict ResolutionIn eighteen original chapters, this book, sponsored by the Center for Negotiation and Conflict Resolution, examines the nature and effectiveness of mediation in a wide variety of disputes including divorce cases, neighborhood conflicts, international disputes, environmental conflicts, and labor negotiations. The authors explain how mediation works, look at the factors that determine whether mediation can be used to resolve a dispute, and identify the conditions under which it is most effective.