Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law

Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller,Paul B. Miller (Law teacher)

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198701721

Category: Law

Page: 436

View: 1826

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Fiduciary law is one of the most important areas of private law, governing a wide range of relationships that affect people in their daily lives. These new and innovative essays explore the foundations of fiduciary relationships and the duties fiduciaries owe to their beneficiaries.

Fiduciary Law and Responsible Investing

In Nature’s trust

Author: Benjamin J. Richardson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135941068

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 8170

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This book is about fiduciary law’s influence on the financial economy’s environmental performance, focusing on how the law affects responsible investing and considering possible legal reforms to shift financial markets closer towards sustainability. Fiduciary law governs how trustees, fund managers or other custodians administer the investment portfolios owned by beneficiaries. Written for a diverse audience, not just legal scholars, the book examines in a multi-jurisdictional context an array of philosophical, institutional and economic issues that have shaped the movement for responsible investing and its legal framework. Fiduciary law has acquired greater influence in the financial economy in tandem with the extraordinary recent growth of institutional funds such as pension plans and insurance company portfolios. While the fiduciary prejudice against responsible investing has somewhat waned in recent years, owing mainly to reinterpretations of fiduciary and trust law, significant barriers remain. This book advances the notion of ‘nature’s trust’ to metaphorically signal how fiduciary responsibility should accommodate society’s dependence on long-term environmental well-being. Financial institutions, managing vast investment portfolios on behalf of millions of beneficiaries, should manage those investments with regard to the broader social interest in sustaining ecological health. Even for their own financial self-interest, investors over the long-term should benefit from maintaining nature’s capital. We should expect everyone to act in nature’s trust, from individual funds to market regulators. The ancient public trust doctrine could be refashioned for stimulating this change, and sovereign wealth funds should take the lead in pioneering best practices for environmentally responsible investing.

Contract, Status, and Fiduciary Law

Author: Paul B. Miller,Andrew S. Gold

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191084778

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 2789

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Contractual and fiduciary relationships are the two primary mechanisms through which the law facilitates coordinated pursuit of our personal interests. These fields are often represented in oppositional terms, and many accept the distinction that contract law allows an individual to pursue their interests independently, while fiduciary law allows an individual to pursue their interests in a dependent or interdependent way. Relying on this distinction, however, seems to suggest that the boundaries between the fields of contract and fiduciary law are fixed rather than fluid. Bringing together leading theorists to analyse critically important philosophical questions at the intersection of contract and fiduciary law, Contract, Status, and Fiduciary Law demonstrates that popular characterizations of the relationship between contract and fiduciary law are overly simplistic. By considering how contract and fiduciary law interact, and not just how they differ, the contributors to this volume offer new insights into a range of topics, including: status relationships, voluntary undertakings, duties of loyalty, equity, employment law, tort law, the law of remedies, political theory, and the theory of the firm.

Fiduciary Law

Author: Tamar Frankel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019539156X

Category: Law

Page: 313

View: 6916

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In Fiduciary Law, Tamar Frankel examines the structure, principles, themes, and objectives of fiduciary law. Fiduciaries, which include corporate managers, money managers, lawyers, and physicians among others, are entrusted with money or power. Frankel explains how fiduciary law is designed to offer protection from abuse of this method of safekeeping. She deals with fiduciaries in general, and identifies situations in which fiduciary law falls short of offering protection. Frankel analyzes fiduciary debates, and argues that greater preventive measures are required. She offers guidelines for determining the boundaries and substance of fiduciary law, and discusses how failure to enforce fiduciary law can contribute to failing financial and economic systems. Frankel offers ideas and explanations for the courts, regulators, and legislatures, as well as the fiduciaries and entrustors. She argues for strong legal protection against abuse of entrustment as a means of encouraging fiduciary services in society. Fiduciary Law can help lawyers and policy makers designing the future law and the systems that it protects.

The Foundations of Anglo-American Corporate Fiduciary Law

Author: David Kershaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108651135

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 846

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This book explores the foundations and evolution of modern corporate fiduciary law in the United States and the United Kingdom. Today US and UK fiduciary law provide very different approaches to the regulation of directorial behaviour. However, as the book shows, the law in both jurisdictions borrowed from the same sources in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English fiduciary and commercial law. The book identifies the shared legal foundations and authorities and explores the drivers of corporate fiduciary law's contemporary divergence. In so doing it challenges the prevailing accounts of corporate legal change and stability in the US and the UK.

Research Handbook on Fiduciary Law

Author: D. Gordon Smith,Andrew S. Gold

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784714836

Category:

Page: 480

View: 8488

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The Research Handbook on Fiduciary Law offers specially commissioned chapters written by leading scholars and covers a wide range of important topics in fiduciary law. Topical contributions discuss: various fiduciary relationships; the duty of loyalty and other fiduciary obligations; fiduciary remedies; the role of equity; the role of trust; international and comparative perspectives; and public fiduciary law. This Research Handbook will be of interest to readers concerned with both theory and practice, as it incorporates significant new insights and developments in the field.

Fiduciary Government

Author: Evan J. Criddle,Evan Fox-Decent,Andrew S. Gold,Sung Hui Kim,Paul B. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108680011

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 5663

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The idea that the state is a fiduciary to its citizens has a long pedigree - ultimately reaching back to the ancient Greeks, and including Hobbes and Locke among its proponents. Public fiduciary theory is now experiencing a resurgence, with applications that range from international law, to insider trading by members of Congress, to election law and gerrymandering. This book is the first of its kind: a collection of chapters by leading writers on public fiduciary subject areas. The authors develop new accounts of how fiduciary principles apply to representation; to officials and judges; to problems of legitimacy and political obligation; to positive rights; to the state itself; and to the history of ideas. The resulting volume should be of great interest to political theorists and public law scholars, to private fiduciary law scholars, and to students seeking an introduction to this new and increasingly relevant area of study.

Fiduciary Duty and the Atmospheric Trust

Author: Charles Sampford,Ken Coghill,Tim Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317135466

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 9053

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This book explores the application of concepts of fiduciary duty or public trust in responding to the policy and governance challenges posed by policy problems that extend over multiple terms of government or even, as in the case of climate change, human generations. The volume brings together a range of perspectives including leading international thinkers on questions of fiduciary duty and public trust, Australia's most prominent judicial advocate for the application of fiduciary duty, top law scholars from several major universities, expert commentary from an influential climate policy think-tank and the views of long-serving highly respected past and present parliamentarians. The book presents a detailed examination of the nature and extent of fiduciary duty, looking at the example of Australia and having regard to developments in comparable jurisdictions. It identifies principles that could improve the accountability of political actors for their responses to major problems that may extend over multiple electoral cycles.

Fiduciaries of Humanity

How International Law Constitutes Authority

Author: Evan J. Criddle,Evan Fox-Decent

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199397929

Category: Authority

Page: 392

View: 5990

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Public international law has embarked on a new chapter. Over the past century, the classical model of international law, which emphasized state autonomy and interstate relations, has gradually ceded ground to a new model. Under the new model, a state's sovereign authority arises from the state's responsibility to respect, protect, and fulfill human rights for its people. In Fiduciaries of Humanity: How International Law Constitutes Authority, Evan J. Criddle and Evan Fox-Decent argue that these developments mark a turning point in the international community's conception of public authority. Under international law today, states serve as fiduciaries of humanity, and their authority to govern and represent their people is dependent on their satisfaction of numerous duties, the most general of which is to establish a regime of secure and equal freedom on behalf of the people subject to their power. International institutions also serve as fiduciaries of humanity and are subject to similar fiduciary obligations. In contrast to the receding classical model of public international law, which assumes an abiding tension between a state's sovereignty and principles of state responsibility, the fiduciary theory reconciles state sovereignty and responsibility by explaining how a state's obligations to its people are constitutive of its legal authority under international law. The authors elaborate and defend the fiduciary model while exploring its application to a variety of current topics and controversies, including human rights, emergencies, the treatment of detainees in counterterrorism operations, humanitarian intervention, and the protection of refugees fleeing persecution.

ERISA Fiduciary Law

Pension Protection Act Supplement

Author: Susan P. Serota

Publisher: BNA Books

ISBN: 9781570186820

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2105

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ERISA Fiduciary Answer Book 7e

Author: FERRARA

Publisher: Aspen Publishers

ISBN: 9781454855972

Category: Law

Page: 856

View: 2146

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Be aware of your fiduciary responsibilities and how to handle them safely with ERISA Fiduciary Answer Book. This expert reference book clearly explains every aspect of ERISA fiduciary duty, providing information, guidance, and advice on prohibited transactions, investments, fiduciary liability, IRS, DOL, and PBGC requirements, and more. It answers more than 400 fiduciary-related questions, including: When are attorneys, accountants, consultants, and other professional service providers considered plan fiduciaries? What laws govern the conduct of fiduciaries? When is a fiduciary personally liable for a transaction prohibited by ERISA or the Internal Revenue Code? May a plan release a fiduciary from liability? What is the legal distinction between andquot;substantive prudenceandquot; and andquot;procedural prudenceandquot;? May a fiduciary face criminal liability for a breach of fiduciary duty? ERISA Fiduciary Answer Book has been updated to include: Update of the discussion on fiduciary status of custodians that handle plan assets Update on the trend away from finding trustees of Taft-Hartley funds to be fiduciaries when they perform a traditional settlor function Update on the fiduciary obligations of directed trustees Update on fiduciary status of insurance companies Discussion of the fiduciary status of an insurance company that maintained retained-asset accounts (RAAs) for life insurance beneficiaries Update on developing issues concerning a fiduciary's duty of loyalty Update on the fiduciary obligation to diversify investments A discussion of health care reform and multiemployer plans Update on equitable remedies under ERISA Section 502(a)(3) after the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in CIGNA Corp. v. Amara. [131 S. Ct. 1866, 1871 (2011)] New developments under ERISA's anti-kickback provision Update on attorneys' fees awards under ERISA Update on new developments in the Moench presumption DOL guidance on fiduciary obligations in connection with target date funds Update on the fiduciary status of employers participating in Taft-Hartley funds Update on who is an employee in connection with Taft-Hartley funds

Research Handbook on Fiduciary Law

Author: D. Gordon Smith,Andrew S. Gold

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784714836

Category:

Page: 480

View: 368

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The Research Handbook on Fiduciary Law offers specially commissioned chapters written by leading scholars and covers a wide range of important topics in fiduciary law. Topical contributions discuss: various fiduciary relationships; the duty of loyalty and other fiduciary obligations; fiduciary remedies; the role of equity; the role of trust; international and comparative perspectives; and public fiduciary law. This Research Handbook will be of interest to readers concerned with both theory and practice, as it incorporates significant new insights and developments in the field.

Fiduciary Law and Responsible Investing

In Nature’s trust

Author: Benjamin J. Richardson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135941068

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 9545

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book is about fiduciary law’s influence on the financial economy’s environmental performance, focusing on how the law affects responsible investing and considering possible legal reforms to shift financial markets closer towards sustainability. Fiduciary law governs how trustees, fund managers or other custodians administer the investment portfolios owned by beneficiaries. Written for a diverse audience, not just legal scholars, the book examines in a multi-jurisdictional context an array of philosophical, institutional and economic issues that have shaped the movement for responsible investing and its legal framework. Fiduciary law has acquired greater influence in the financial economy in tandem with the extraordinary recent growth of institutional funds such as pension plans and insurance company portfolios. While the fiduciary prejudice against responsible investing has somewhat waned in recent years, owing mainly to reinterpretations of fiduciary and trust law, significant barriers remain. This book advances the notion of ‘nature’s trust’ to metaphorically signal how fiduciary responsibility should accommodate society’s dependence on long-term environmental well-being. Financial institutions, managing vast investment portfolios on behalf of millions of beneficiaries, should manage those investments with regard to the broader social interest in sustaining ecological health. Even for their own financial self-interest, investors over the long-term should benefit from maintaining nature’s capital. We should expect everyone to act in nature’s trust, from individual funds to market regulators. The ancient public trust doctrine could be refashioned for stimulating this change, and sovereign wealth funds should take the lead in pioneering best practices for environmentally responsible investing.

Cambridge Handbook of Institutional Investment and Fiduciary Duty

Author: James P. Hawley,Andreas G. F. Hoepner,Keith L. Johnson,Joakim Sandberg,Edward J. Waitzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867741

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 6203

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The Cambridge Handbook of Institutional Investment and Fiduciary Duty is a comprehensive reference work exploring recent changes and future trends in the principles that govern institutional investors and fiduciaries. A wide range of contributors offer new perspectives on the dynamics that drive the current emphasis on short-term investment returns. Moreover, they analyze the forces at work in markets around the world which are bringing into sharper focus the systemic effects that investment practices have on the long-term stability of the economy and the interests of beneficiaries in financial, social and environmental sustainability. This volume provides a global and multi-faceted commentary on the evolving standards governing institutional investment, offering guidance for students, researchers and policy-makers interested in finance, governance and other aspects of the contemporary investment world. It also provides investment, business, financial media and legal professionals with the tools they need to better understand and respond to the new financial market challenges of the twenty-first century.

Fiduciary Loyalty

Protecting the Due Performance of Non-Fiduciary Duties

Author: Matthew Conaglen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847315569

Category: Law

Page: 332

View: 6232

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Winner of the second SLS Peter Birks Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship 2010. Fiduciary Loyalty presents a comprehensive analysis of the nature and function of fiduciary duties. The concept of loyalty, which lies at the heart of fiduciary doctrine, is a form of protection which is designed to enhance the likelihood of due performance of non-fiduciary duties, by seeking to avoid influences or temptations that may distract the fiduciary from providing such proper performance. In developing this position, the book takes the novel approach of putting to one side the difficult question of when fiduciary duties arise in order to focus attention instead on what fiduciary duties do when they are owed. The issue of when fiduciary duties arise can then be returned to, and considered more profitably, once a clear view has emerged of the function that such duties perform. The analysis advanced in the book has both practical and theoretical implications for understanding fiduciary doctrine. For example, it provides a sound conceptual footing for understanding the relationship between fiduciary and non-fiduciary duties, highlighting the practical importance of analysing both forms of duties carefully when considering fiduciary claims. Further, it explains a number of tenets within fiduciary doctrine, such as the proscriptive nature of fiduciary duties and the need to obtain the principal's fully informed consent in order to avoid fiduciary liability. Understanding the relationship between fiduciary and non-fiduciary duties also provides a solid foundation for addressing issues concerning compensatory remedies for their breach and potential defences such as contributory fault. The distinctive purpose that fiduciary duties serve also provides a firm theoretical basis for maintaining their separation from other forms of civil obligation, such as those that arise under the law of contracts and of torts.

A Great Power of Attorney

Understanding the Fiduciary Constitution

Author: Gary Lawson,Guy Seidman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780700624256

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 6193

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What kind of document is the United States Constitution and how does that characterization affect its meaning? Those questions are seemingly foundational for the entire enterprise of constitutional theory, but they are strangely under-examined. Legal scholars Gary Lawson and Guy Seidman propose that the Constitution, for purposes of interpretation, is a kind of fiduciary, or agency, instrument. The founding generation often spoke of the Constitution as a fiduciary document—or as a “great power of attorney,” in the words of founding-era legal giant James Iredell. Viewed against the background of fiduciary legal and political theory, which would have been familiar to the founding generation from both its education and its experience, the Constitution is best read as granting limited powers to the national government, as an agent, to manage some portion of the affairs of “We the People” and its “posterity.” What follows from this particular conception of the Constitution—and is of greater importance—is the question of whether, and how much and in what ways, the discretion of governmental agents in exercising those constitutionally granted powers is also limited by background norms of fiduciary obligation. Those norms, the authors remind us, include duties of loyalty, care, impartiality, and personal exercise. In the context of the Constitution, this has implications for everything from non-delegation to equal protection to so-called substantive due process, as well as for the scope of any implied powers claimed by the national government. In mapping out what these imperatives might mean—such as limited discretionary power, limited implied powers, a need to engage in fair dealing with all parties, and an obligation to serve at all times the interests of the Constitution's beneficiaries—Lawson and Seidman offer a clearer picture of the original design for a limited government.