False Necessity

Anti-necessitarian Social Theory in the Service of Radical Democracy : from Politics, a Work in Constructive Social Theory

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859843314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 661

View: 8238

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False necessity is the central work in the three-volume series Politics. It presents both a way of explaining society and a program for changing it. The explanation develops a radical alternative to Marxism, showing how we can account for established social arrangements without denying their contingency or our freedom. The program offers a progressive alternative to the now-dominant ideological conceptions of neoliberalism and social democracy: a set of institutional innovations that would democratize markets, deepen democracy and empower individuals.

What Should Legal Analysis Become?

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859841006

Category: Law

Page: 198

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Roberto Mangabeira Unger brings together his work in legal and social theory. He argues for the reconstruction of legal analysis as a discipline of institutional imagination. He shows how a changed practice of legal analysis can help us re-imagine and reshape the dominant institutions of representative democracy, market economy and free civil society. The search for basic social alternatives, largely abandoned by philosophy and politics, can find in such a practice a new point of departure. Unger criticizes the dominant, rationalizing style of legal doctrine, with its obsessional focus upon adjudication and its urge to suppress or contain conflict or contradiction in law. He shows how we can turn legal analysis into a way of talking about the alternative institutional futures of a democratic society. The programmatic proposals of Unger's Politics are here placed within a wider field of possibilities. A major concern of the book is to explore how professional specialties such as legal thought can inform the public debate in a democracy. The book exemplifies this connection: Unger's arguments are accessible to those with no specialized knowledge of law or legal theory.

Politics

The Central Texts, Theory Against Fate

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859841310

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 6597

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This selection of key texts from Roberto Mangabeira Unger's three-volume Politics presents an explanatory theory of society and a program for social reconstruction as a radical alternative to Marxism and social democracy. The explanatory part of the work rejects the search for a lawlike science of society and history, and emphasizes the haphazardness and replaceability of existing social arrangements. Unger shows how such an antideterministic approach can inspire surprising explanations of past and present institutions, with the result that our sense of the possible is both broadened and refined. He then shows how we can rebuild our political, economic, and social institutions, making them more faithful to the experimental nature of democracy. The consequence is to redefine the focus for ideological debate and institutional innovation throughout the world, in developed and developing countries alike. With an introduction that locates Unger's work in the history of politics and social theory and explores its major themes, this selection will confirm Geoffrey Hawthorn's description of Politics as "the most powerful social theory of the second half of the twentieth century."

Passion

An Essay on Personality

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029331803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

View: 783

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Examines the modern view of human nature and analyzes the desire to be accepted by other people.

Social Theory

Its Situation and Its Task : a Critical Introduction to Politics, a Work in Constructive Social Theory

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781844675159

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 2764

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Social Theory: Its Situation and Its Task is an introduction both to Unger's ideas and to the major debates of contemporary social, political and economic thought. Unger shows how the failures of social science and the criticism of such ambitious, deterministic theories as Marxism offer materials for an alternative practice of social understanding. This alternative severs, once and for all, the link between the explanation of social arrangements and the vindication of their necessity. Unger argues that the disappointment of so many liberal and socialist hopes coexists with unforeseen opportunities to advance progressive commitments. To seize such opportunities, however, we must rethink many of our basic beliefs about society about what it is and what it can become. Social Theory: Its Situation and Its Task shows that what at first seems a circumstance of intellectual and political paralysis turns out to be rich in unrecognized transformative possibility.

The Religion of the Future

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674729072

Category: Philosophy

Page: 468

View: 8256

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"A book about religion and a religious work in its own right, it proposes the content of a religion that can survive faith in a transcendent God and in life after death. According to this religion - the religion of the future - human beings can be more human by becoming more godlike, not just later, in another life or another time, but right now, on Earth and in their own lives."--Publishers website

Democracy Realized

The Progressive Alternative

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859840092

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 8564

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Roberto Mangabeira Unger is widely regarded as one of the leading living social theorists. In Democracy Realized, he gives detailed content to his conception of a progressive and practical alternative to neoliberalism in contemporary politics. His efforts to inspire this have drawn increasing attention throughout the world as well as in his native Brazil where they are currently informing a network of politicians and business leaders called The Latin American Alternative. But the United States and Europe, argues Unger, are equally in need of a fresh alternative to the status quo.

The Left Alternative

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781844673704

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 9767

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A manifesto that tackles head-on the question of how the Left should respond to globalization and neoliberalism. Since the major ideological proposals of the past two hundred years fail to address today's problems, where do we go from here? Unger shows that there is a set of national and global alternatives that we can begin to develop with the materials at hand: opportunities available to us only if we learn to recognize them.

The Self Awakened

Pragmatism Unbound

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674023543

Category: Philosophy

Page: 277

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In what kind of world and for what kind of thought is time real, history open, and novelty possible? In what kind of world and for what kind of thought does it make sense for a human being to look for trouble rather than to stay out of trouble?In this long-awaited work of general philosophy, Roberto Mangabeira Unger proposes a radical reorientation of established ideas about nature, mind, society, politics, and religion. He shows how we have to change our beliefs if we are to succeed in doing justice to our most distinctive contemporary experiences, discoveries, and ideals. The Self Awakened mobilizes the resources of several philosophical traditions, and develops the unrecognized revolutionary implications of the most influential of these traditions today--pragmatism. Avoiding technical jargon and needless complication, this book makes a case for philosophy as the supreme activity of the intellect at war, insisting on its power to deal with what matters most.

Advancing Relational Leadership Research

A Dialogue among Perspectives

Author: Mary Uhl-Bien,Sonia M. Ospina

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1617359238

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 639

View: 1064

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Leaders and followers live in a relational world—a world in which leadership occurs in complex webs of relationships and dynamically changing contexts. Despite this, our theories of leadership are grounded in assumptions of individuality and linear causality. If we are to advance understandings of leadership that have more relevance to the world of practice, we need to embed issues of relationality into leadership studies. This volume addresses this issue by bringing together, for the first time, a set of prominent scholars from different paradigmatic and disciplinary perspectives to engage in dialogue regarding how to meet the challenges of relationality in leadership research and practice. Included are cutting edge thinking, heated debate, and passionate perspectives on the issues at hand. The chapters reveal the varied and nuanced treatments of relationality that come from authors’ alternative paradigmatic (entity, constructionist, critical) views. Dialogue scholars—reacting to the chapters—engage in spirited debate regarding the commensurability (or incommensurability) of the paradigmatic approaches. The editors bring the dialogue together with introductory and concluding chapters that offer a framework for comparing and situating the competing assumptions and perspectives spanning the relational leadership landscape. Using paradigm interplay they unpack assumptions, and lay out a roadmap for relational leadership research. A key takeaway is that advancing relational leadership research requires multiple paradigmatic perspectives, and scholars who are conversant in the assumptions brought by these perspectives. The book is aimed at those who feel that much of current leadership thinking is missing the boat in today’s complex, relational world. It provides an essential resource for all leadership scholars and practitioners curious about the nature of research on leadership, both those with much research exposure and those new to the field.

State, Space, World

Selected Essays

Author: Henri Lefebvre

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 081665316X

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

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Making the political aspect of Lefebvre's work available in English for the first time, this book contains essays on philosophy, political theory, state formation, spatial planning, and globalization, as well as provocative reflections on the possibilities and limits of grassroots democracy under advanced capitalism.

Critical Disability Theory

Essays in Philosophy, Politics, Policy, and Law

Author: Dianne Pothier,Richard Devlin

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774841567

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 9410

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Despite the widespread belief that Canada is a country of liberty, equality, and inclusiveness, many persons with disabilities experience social exclusion and marginalization. In this book, twenty-four scholars from a variety of disciplines contend that achieving equality for the disabled is not fundamentally a question of medicine or health, nor is it an issue of sensitivity or compassion. Rather, it is a question of politics, and of power and powerlessness. This book argues that we need a new understanding of participatory citizenship that encompasses the disabled, new policies to respond to their needs, and a new vision of their entitlements.

Anarchism and the Crisis of Representation

Hermeneutics, Aesthetics, Politics

Author: Jesse S. Cohn

Publisher: Susquehanna University Press

ISBN: 9781575911052

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 326

View: 7180

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Current theories of knowledge, art, and power are locked into sterile debates around the question of representation. This book examines the limits of antirepresentationalism in these fields and argues that the anarchist tradition can point the way beyond our contemporary crisis of representation. The author rereads the theory and practical experiences of anarchism from the nineteenth century to the present, proposing a radical revision of received notions of the subject - from the equation of anarchy with literary decadence to the interpretation of anarchism as yet another discourse founded on a notion of the human essence. What emerges, instead, is a complex portrait of anarchism as a body of thought that provides the framework for a kind of critical realism, with implications for fields ranging from aesthetics to economics, from philosophy to politics. Jesse Cohn teaches English at Purdue University North Central.

Radical Democracy and the Internet

Interrogating Theory and Practice

Author: L. Dahlberg,E. Siapera

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230592465

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 5653

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In this systematic and mutual interrogation of radical democratic theory and Internet practice, contributors examine a range of democratic theories in relation to online communication and explore how such communication may advance democracy beyond what is conceptualized and practised within present liberal-capitalist political contexts.

Empowered Participation

Reinventing Urban Democracy

Author: Archon Fung

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835638

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4644

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Every month in every neighborhood in Chicago, residents, teachers, school principals, and police officers gather to deliberate about how to improve their schools and make their streets safer. Residents of poor neighborhoods participate as much or more as those from wealthy ones. All voices are heard. Since the meetings began more than a dozen years ago, they have led not only to safer streets but also to surprising improvements in the city's schools. Chicago's police department and school system have become democratic urban institutions unlike any others in America. Empowered Participation is the compelling chronicle of this unprecedented transformation. It is the first comprehensive empirical analysis of the ways in which participatory democracy can be used to effect social change. Using city-wide data and six neighborhood case studies, the book explores how determined Chicago residents, police officers, teachers, and community groups worked to banish crime and transform a failing city school system into a model for educational reform. The author's conclusion: Properly designed and implemented institutions of participatory democratic governance can spark citizen involvement that in turn generates innovative problem-solving and public action. Their participation makes organizations more fair and effective. Though the book focuses on Chicago's municipal agencies, its lessons are applicable to many American cities. Its findings will prove useful not only in the fields of education and law enforcement, but also to sectors as diverse as environmental regulation, social service provision, and workforce development.

The Transformation of Intimacy

Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745666507

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 4863

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The sexual revolution: an evocative term, but what meaning can be given to it today? How does 'sexuality' come into being and what connections does it have with the changes that have affected personal life on a more general plane? In answering these questions, Anthony Giddens disputes many of the dominant interpretations of the role of sexuality in modern culture. The emergence of what the author calls plastic sexuality - sexuality freed from its intrinsic relation to reproduction - is analysed in terms of the long-term development of the modern social order and social influences of the last few decades. Giddens argues that the transformation of intimacy, in which women have played the major part, holds out the possibility of a radical democratization of the personal sphere. This book will appeal to a large general audience as well as being essential reading for students and professionals.

Human Rights in Global Politics

Author: Tim Dunne,Nicholas J. Wheeler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521641388

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 6705

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There is a stark contradiction between the theory of universal human rights and the everyday practice of human wrongs. This timely volume investigates whether human rights abuses are a result of the failure of governments to live up to a universal human rights standard, or whether the search for moral universals is a fundamentally flawed enterprise which distracts us from the task of developing rights in the context of particular ethical communities. In the first part of the book chapters by Ken Booth, Jack Donnelly, Chris Brown, Bhikhu Parekh and Mary Midgley explore the philosophical basis of claims to universal human rights. In the second part, Richard Falk, Mary Kaldor, Martin Shaw, Gil Loescher, Georgina Ashworth and Andrew Hurrell reflect on the role of the media, global civil society, states, migration, non-governmental organisations, capitalism, and schools and universities in developing a global human rights culture.

Free Trade Reimagined

The World Division of Labor and the Method of Economics

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400827855

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6181

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Free Trade Reimagined begins with a sustained criticism of the heart of the emerging world economy, the theory and practice of free trade. Roberto Mangabeira Unger does not, however, defend protectionism against free trade. Instead, he attacks and revises the terms on which the traditional debate between free traders and protectionists has been joined. Unger's intervention in this major contemporary debate serves as a point of departure for a proposal to rethink the basic ideas with which we explain economic activity. He suggests, by example as well as by theory, a way of understanding contemporary economies that is both more realistic and more revealing of hidden possibilities for transformation than are the established forms of economics. One message of the book is that we need not choose between accepting and rejecting globalization; we can have a different globalization. Traditional free trade doctrine rests on shaky empirical and theoretical ground. Unger takes a new approach to show when international trade is likely to be useful or harmful to the socially inclusive economic growth that every nation wants. Another message is that the movement of people and ideas is more important than the movement of things and money, and that freedom to change the institutions defining a market economy is just as important as freedom to exchange goods on the basis of those institutions. Free Trade Reimagined ranges broadly within and outside economics. Presenting technical issues in plain language, it appeals to the general reader. It puts a disciplined imagination in the service of rebellion against the dictatorship of no alternatives that characterizes life and thought today.