Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism

Author: Huw Price,Simon Blackburn,Robert Brandom,Paul Horwich,Michael Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107009847

Category: Philosophy

Page: 204

View: 525

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Presents Price's distinctive version of the traditional representationalism/naturalism combination, with commentary by four other major figures.

Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism

Author: Huw Price,Simon Blackburn,Robert Brandom,Paul Horwich,Michael Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107354838

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9413

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Pragmatists have traditionally been enemies of representationalism but friends of naturalism, when naturalism is understood to pertain to human subjects, in the sense of Hume and Nietzsche. In this volume Huw Price presents his distinctive version of this traditional combination, as delivered in his René Descartes Lectures at Tilburg University in 2008. Price contrasts his view with other contemporary forms of philosophical naturalism, comparing it with other pragmatist and neo-pragmatist views such as those of Robert Brandom and Simon Blackburn. Linking their different 'expressivist' programmes, Price argues for a radical global expressivism that combines key elements from both. With Paul Horwich and Michael Williams, Brandom and Blackburn respond to Price in new essays. Price replies in the closing essay, emphasising links between his views and those of Wilfrid Sellars. The volume will be of great interest to advanced students of philosophy of language and metaphysics.

Naturalism Without Mirrors

Author: Huw Price

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195084330

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 733

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This volume brings together fourteen major essays by one of contemporary philosophy's most challenging thinkers. Huw Price links themes from Quine, Carnap, Wittgenstein and Rorty, to craft a powerful critique of contemporary naturalistic metaphysics. He offers a new positive program for philosophy, cast from a pragmatist mould.

Pragmatism and the European Traditions

Encounters with Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology before the Great Divide

Author: Maria Baghramian,Sarin Marchetti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351603523

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 1388

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The turn of the twentieth century witnessed the birth of two distinct philosophical schools in Europe: analytic philosophy and phenomenology. The history of 20th-century philosophy is often written as an account of the development of one or both of these schools, as well as their overt or covert mutual hostility. What is often left out of this history, however, is the relationship between the two European schools and a third significant philosophical event: the birth and development of pragmatism, the indigenous philosophical movement of the United States. Through a careful analysis of seminal figures and central texts, this book explores the mutual intellectual influences, convergences, and differences between these three revolutionary philosophical traditions. The essays in this volume aim to show the central role that pragmatism played in the development of philosophical thought at the turn of the twentieth century, widen our understanding of a seminal point in the history of philosophy, and shed light on the ways in which these three schools of thought continue to shape the theoretical agenda of contemporary philosophy.

Meaning Without Representation

Essays on Truth, Expression, Normativity, and Naturalism

Author: Steven Gross,Nicholas Tebben,Michael Williams

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030988

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 4879

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Much contemporary thinking about language is animated by the idea that the core function of language is to represent how the world is and that therefore the notion of representation should play a fundamental explanatory role in any explanation of language and language use. Leading thinkers in the field explore various ways this idea may be challenged as well as obstacles to developing various forms of anti-representationalism. Particular attention is given to deflationary accounts of truth, the role of language in expressing mental states, and the normative and the natural as they relate to issues of representation. The chapters further various fundamental debates in metaphysics—for example, concerning the question of finding a place for moral properties in a naturalistic world-view—and illuminate the relation of the recent neo-pragmatist revival to the expressivist stream in analytic philosophy of language.

Meaning Without Representation

Essays on Truth, Expression, Normativity, and Naturalism

Author: Steven Gross,Nicholas Tebben,Michael Williams

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030988

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 5477

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Much contemporary thinking about language is animated by the idea that the core function of language is to represent how the world is and that therefore the notion of representation should play a fundamental explanatory role in any explanation of language and language use. Leading thinkers in the field explore various ways this idea may be challenged as well as obstacles to developing various forms of anti-representationalism. Particular attention is given to deflationary accounts of truth, the role of language in expressing mental states, and the normative and the natural as they relate to issues of representation. The chapters further various fundamental debates in metaphysics—for example, concerning the question of finding a place for moral properties in a naturalistic world-view—and illuminate the relation of the recent neo-pragmatist revival to the expressivist stream in analytic philosophy of language.

Making a Difference

Essays on the Philosophy of Causation

Author: Helen Beebee,Christopher Hitchcock,Huw Price

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198746911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 2701

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Making a Difference presents fifteen original essays on causation and counterfactuals by an international team of experts. Collectively, they represent the state of the art on these topics. The essays in this volume are inspired by the life and work of Peter Menzies, who made a difference in the lives of students, colleagues, and friends. Topics covered include: the semantics of counterfactuals, agency theories of causation, the context-sensitivity of causal claims, structural equation models, mechanisms, mental causation, causal exclusion argument, free will, and the consequence argument.

On What Matters

Volume Two

Author: Derek Parfit

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019968104X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 825

View: 6724

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This is the second volume of a major new work in moral philosophy. It starts with critiques of Derek Parfit's work by four eminent moral philosophers, and his responses. The largest part of the volume is a self-contained monograph on normativity. The final part comprises seven new essays on Kant, reasons, and why the universe exists.

Modal Logic as Metaphysics

Author: Timothy Williamson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654760

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 6248

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Are there such things as merely possible people, who would have lived if our ancestors had acted differently? Are there future people, who have not yet been conceived? Questions like those raise deep issues about both the nature of being and its logical relations with contingency and change. In Modal Logic as Metaphysics, Timothy Williamson argues for positive answers to those questions on the basis of an integrated approach to the issues, applying the technical resources of modal logic to provide structural cores for metaphysical theories. He rejects the search for a metaphysically neutral logic as futile. The book contains detailed historical discussion of how the metaphysical issues emerged in the twentieth century development of quantified modal logic, through the work of such figures as Rudolf Carnap, Ruth Barcan Marcus, Arthur Prior, and Saul Kripke. It proposes higher-order modal logic as a new setting in which to resolve such metaphysical questions scientifically, by the construction of systematic logical theories embodying rival answers and their comparison by normal scientific standards. Williamson provides both a rigorous introduction to the technical background needed to understand metaphysical questions in quantified modal logic and an extended argument for controversial, provocative answers to them. He gives original, precise treatments of topics including the relation between logic and metaphysics, the methodology of theory choice in philosophy, the nature of possible worlds and their role in semantics, plural quantification compared to quantification into predicate position, communication across metaphysical disagreement, and problems for truthmaker theory.

Ad Infinitum

New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Author: John Turri,Peter D. Klein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609594

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 5535

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This volume presents new work on infinitism, the view that there are no foundational reasons for beliefs—an ancient view in epistemology, now growing again in popularity. Leading epistemologists illuminate its strengths and weaknesses, and address questions new and old about justification, reasoning, responsibility, disagreement, and trust.

Sophocles and the Greek Tragic Tradition

Author: Simon Goldhill,Edith Hall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521887852

Category: Drama

Page: 336

View: 1040

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This book contains essays by international experts on Sophocles, asking why he matters, and why he is still read and performed today. His seven surviving tragedies are discussed from a variety of perspectives. A picture emerges of Sophocles' place at the foundations of the tragic tradition and in its perpetual refashioning and renewal.

Wilfrid Sellars

Naturalism with a Normative Turn

Author: James O'Shea

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509500863

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 1751

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The work of the American philosopher Wilfrid Sellars continues to have a significant impact on the contemporary philosophical scene. His writings have influenced major thinkers such as Rorty, McDowell, Brandom, and Dennett, and many of Sellars basic conceptions, such as the logical space of reasons, the myth of the given, and the manifest and scientific images, have become standard philosophical terms. Often, however, recent uses of these terms do not reflect the richness or the true sense of Sellars original ideas. This book gets to the heart of Sellars philosophy and provides students with a comprehensive critical introduction to his lifes work. The book is structured around what Sellars himself regarded as the philosophers overarching task: to achieve a coherent vision of reality that will finally overcome the continuing clashes between the world as common sense takes it to be and the world as science reveals it to be. It provides a clear analysis of Sellars groundbreaking philosophy of mind, his novel theory of consciousness, his defense of scientific realism, and his thoroughgoing naturalism with a normative turn. Providing a lively examination of Sellars work through the central problem of what it means to be a human being in a scientific world, this book will be a valuable resource for all students of philosophy.

Pragmatism

An Introduction

Author: Michael Bacon

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745646646

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

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Pragmatism: An Introduction provides an account of the arguments of the central figures of the most important philosophical tradition in the American history of ideas, pragmatism. This wide-ranging and accessible study explores the work of the classical pragmatists Charles Sanders Peirce, William James and John Dewey, as well as more recent philosophers including Richard Rorty, Richard J. Bernstein, Cheryl Misak, and Robert B. Brandom. Michael Bacon examines how pragmatists argue for the importance of connecting philosophy to practice. In so doing, they set themselves in opposition to many of the presumptions that have dominated philosophy since Descartes. The book demonstrates how pragmatists reject the Cartesian spectator theory of knowledge, in which the mind is viewed as seeking accurately to represent items in the world, and replace it with an understanding of truth and knowledge in terms of the roles they play within our social practices. The book explores the diverse range of positions that have engendered marked and sometimes acrimonious disputes amongst pragmatists. Bacon identifies the themes underlying these differences, revealing a greater commonality than many commentators have recognized. The result is an illuminating narrative of a rich philosophical movement that will be of interest to students in philosophy, political theory, and the history of ideas.

Perspectives on Pragmatism

Classical, Recent, and Contemporary

Author: Robert Brandom

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674058088

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 7894

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Pragmatism has been reinvented in every generation since its beginnings in the late nineteenth century. This book, by one of our most distinguished heirs of pragmatist philosophy, rereads cardinal figures in that tradition, distilling from their insights a way forward and closing with a clear description of the author s own analytic pragmatism.

Aristotle on Perceiving Objects

Author: Anna Marmodoro

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199326002

Category: Philosophy

Page: 291

View: 4486

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"Marmodoro's monograph engages with Aristotle's views on a philosophically challenging question regarding perception, which has been central in the history of philosophy and is very much the focus of current debates in a number of philosophical and psychological disciplines: How do we become perceptually aware of objects in the world? Despite the significance of the question, the ways in which ancient philosophers have addressed it have only just begun to be be explored. There is a great wealth of insight on this question to be found in Aristotle, regarding our ability to perceive items in our environment, which he develops through his very demanding metaphysics, and Marmodo explores these insights in depth here. Aristotle's attempts at accounting for our awareness of complex perceptual content were highly original, drawing on and building on the metaphysics he has developed elsewhere in his works, but have not been adequately explored to date"--

English Grammar

Understanding the Basics

Author: Evelyn P. Altenberg,Robert M. Vago

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521518321

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 4306

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This text is designed to help readers learn about English grammar in as simple and straightforward a way as possible. The authors use a friendly and encouraging tone and easy to understand language with a minimum of terminology, helping readers to overcome "grammar phobia." The book can be used alone or as part of a course. It assumes no prior knowledge of grammar. Using a workbook approach, the present information in small steps, with objective techniques to help readers apply new concepts. Numerous exercises, with answers, allow readers to test themselves after information is presented. "Quick Tips" provide convenient "tricks" to help readers master the material and also highlight the main concepts in each lesson. Short sections called "To Enhance Your Understanding" are for readers who are interested in more than basic information. Overall, the text provides readers with an important learning experience as well as a useful reference book. Resources within the text: * numerous exercises with answers allow readers to test themselves after new information is presented; exercises gradually incorporate more knowledge while building on prior information; * "Quick Tips" that help mastery of the material and highlight the main points provide "tricks" to help readers master the material and help readers focus on the main points of each lesson; * "To Enhance Your Understanding" sections for readers who want more than the basics provide further information for readers interested in more than the basics; can be skipped by beginners; * an extensive glossary for easy reference; * answers to the "Getting Started" section of each exercise. Resources on the companion website: *Table of Contents: provides readers with an overview of the contents; *searchable index: allows readers to look for specific information; *sample lesson *review exercises for each unit, with answers (17 review exercises, each with ten items) allow readers to review and further monitor their progress; *answers to the "More Practice" section of each exercise; *additional exercises, with answers, available only to instructors, for use as homework and/or tests.

Radical Pragmatism

An Alternative

Author: Robert J. Roth

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823218523

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 3908

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Among the few Catholics to write favorably - even if critically - about American pragmatism, Father Roth presents here a creative piece of comparative philosophy in which he attempts a reconciliation between pragmatism and a classical spiritual and religious perspective. The title, Radical Pragmatism, is an adaptation of William James's "radical empiricism." James had argued that the classical empiricists, Locke and Hume, did not go far enough in their account of experience. They missed some of its most important aspects, namely, connections and relations. In a similar vein, Roth maintains that the pragmatists themselves have not been radical enough in developing the full implications of their own tradition. Examining the work of Peirce, James, and Dewey, Roth makes the first full-scale attempt to show that the pragmatic notion of experience can be extended to include a classical spiritual and religious perspective in a theory of knowledge, morality, God, religion, and person. Radical Pragmatism also discusses the thought of the Jesuit priest and anthropologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, showing how Teilhard, from an evolutionary standpoint, addressed the problem, long considered by the pragmatists, of bringing religion and science into harmony.

The Contingency of Theory

Pragmatism, Expressivism, and Deconstruction

Author: Gary Wihl

Publisher: New Haven : Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300057980

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 215

View: 8991

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Pragmatists embrace the concept of textuality but do not concede that textuality changes anything about how we interpret literature in specific social contexts

From Empiricism to Expressivism

Author: Robert Brandom

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674187288

Category: Philosophy

Page: 289

View: 8892

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Wilfrid Sellars ranks as one of the leading critics of empiricism—a philosophical approach to knowledge that seeks to ground it in human sense experience. Robert Brandom clarifies what Sellars had in mind when he talked about moving analytic philosophy from its Humean to its Kantian phase and why such a move might be of crucial importance today.