Explosive Effects and Applications

Author: Jonas A. Zukas,William Walters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461205891

Category: Science

Page: 433

View: 7222

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This is a broad-based text on the fundamentals of explosive behavior and the application of explosives in civil engineering, industrial processes, aerospace applications, and military uses.

Explosive Effects and Applications

Author: Jonas A. Zukas,William Walters,William P. Walters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387955582

Category: Science

Page: 433

View: 5498

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This is a broad-based text on the fundamentals of explosive behavior and the application of explosives in civil engineering, industrial processes, aerospace applications, and military uses.

Explosive Effects and Applications

Author: Jonas A. Zukas,William P. Walters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387982014

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 9695

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A broad-based text on the fundamentals of explosive behaviour and the applications of explosives in civil engineering, industrial processes, aerospace applications and military uses. The book includes chapters on all aspects of explosives.

Test Methods for Explosives

Author: Muhamed Suceska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461207975

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 225

View: 1894

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It seems that there is no book that treats the measurement of the physical pa rameters of explosives as its only subject, although limited information is avail able in a number of books. Therefore, I have tried to bridge this gap in the lit erature with this book. A large number of various physical parameters have to be determined ex perimentally in order to test or characterise an explosive. Various physical principles have been applied for such measurements. Accordingly, a large number of different experimental methods exist, as well as various testing appa ratuses and procedures. On the other hand, great progress has been made recently in the study of detonation phenomena. New measuring techniques can assess extremely short processes to below nanoseconds scale. They make it possible to determine im portant parameters in detonation physics. I have made a great attempt to cover the available literature data on the subject. Because it would be a highly demanding task to include in a single volume all the methods that are in use by various testing agencies, I have tried to give primarily the principles for determination of individual physical pa rameters of explosives by different measuring methods as well as data treatment procedures.

Blast Waves

Author: Charles E. Needham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319653822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 9414

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This book examines blast waves—their methods of generation, their propagation in several dimensions through the real atmosphere and layered gases, and their interactions with simple structures—thereby providing a broad overview of the field. The intended audience has a basic knowledge of algebra and a good grasp of the concepts of conservation of mass and energy. The text includes an introduction to blast wave terminology and conservation laws, and there is a discussion of units and the importance of consistency. This new edition of Blast Waves has been thoroughly updated and includes two new chapters that cover numerical hydrodynamics and blast injury. Authored by an expert with over forty years of experience in the field of blast and shock, this book offers many lessons as well as a historical perspective on developments in the field.

Fundamental Issues and Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena

Author: K.P. Staudhammer,L.E. Murr,M.A. Meyers

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080550770

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 716

View: 645

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This book contains the proceedings of EXPLOMETTM 2000, International Conference on Fundamental Issues and Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2000; the fifth in the EXPLOMETTM quinquennial series which began in Albuquerque in 1980. The book is divided into five major sections with a total of 85 chapters. Section I deals with materials issues in shock and high strain rates while Section II covers shock consolidation, reactions, and synthesis. Materials aspects of ballistic and hypervelocity impact are covered in Section III followed by modeling and simulation in Section IV and a range of novel applications of shock and high-strain-rate phenomena in Section V. Like previous conference volumes published in 1980, 1985, and 1995, the current volume includes contributions from fourteen countries outside the United States. As a consequence, it is hoped that this book will serve as a global summary of current issues involving shock and high-strain-rate phenomena as well as a general reference and teaching componant for specializd curricula dealing with these features in a contemporary way. Over the past twenty years, the EXPLOMETTM Conferences have created a family of participants who not only converse every five years but who have developed long-standing interactions and professional relationships which continue to stimulate new concepts and applications particularly rooted in basic materials behavior.

Explosive Shocks in Air

Author: Gilbert F. Kinney,Kenneth J. Graham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642866824

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 269

View: 9074

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A purpose of science is to organize diversified factual knowledge into a coherent body of information, and to present this from the simplest possible viewpoint. This is a formidable task where our knowledge is incomplete, as it is with explosions. Here one runs the risk of oversimplification, naivete, and incom pleteness. Nevertheless a purpose of this work is to present as simply as possible a general description of the basic nature of explosions. This treatise should be of interest to all who are working with explosives such as used in construction or in demolition work, in mining operations, or in military applications. It should also be of interest to those concemed with disasters such as explosions or earthquakes, to those involved in civil defense precautions, and to those concemed with defense against terrorists. That is, this material should be of interest to all who wish to utilize, or to avoid, the effects of explosions as weil as to those whose interest is primarily scientific in nature.

Explosives Engineering

Author: Paul W. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119537134

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 4580

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This graduate text, and Cooper's companion introductory text('Introduction to the Technology of Explosives'), serve the samemarkets as the successful explosives reference by Meyer, now in its4th edition. VCH also published the International Journal ofPropellants, Explosives, and Pyrotechnics. The resulting packagewould give VCH the major presence in the field. This text presents the basic technologies used in the engineeringof explosives and explosive systems, i.e., chemistry, burning,detonation, shock waves, initiation theories, scaling. The book iswritten for upper-division undergraduate or graduate-levelscientists and engineers, and assumes a good grasp of basicphysics, chemistry, mechanics and mathematic through calculus. Itis based on lecture notes used for graduate courses at the Dept. ofEnergy Laboratories, and could serve as a core text for a course atschools of mining or military engineering. The intent of the bookis to provide the engineer or scientist in the field with anunderstanding of the phenomena involved and the engineering toolsneeded to solve/ design/ analyze a broad range of real problems.

High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VII

Shock Waves and Extreme States of Matter

Author: Vladimir E. Fortov,L.V. Altshuler,R.F. Trunin,A.I. Funtikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475740484

Category: Science

Page: 534

View: 9522

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Presenting some of the most recent results of Russian research into shock compression, as well as historical overviews of the Russian research programs into shock compression, this volume will provide Western researchers with many novel ideas and points of view. The chapters in this volume are written by leading Russian specialists various fields of high-pressure physics and form accounts of the main researches on the behavior of matter under shock-wave interaction. The experimental portions contain results of studies of shock compression of metals to high and ultra-high pressure, shock initiation of polymorphic transformations, strength, fracture and fragmentation under shock compression, and detonation of condensed explosives. There are also chapters on theoretical investigations of shock-wave compression and plasma states in regimes of high-pressure and high- temperature. The topics of the book are of interest to scientists and engineers concerned with questions of material behavior under impulsive loading and to the equation of state of matter. Application is to questions of high-speed impact, inner composition of planets, verification of model representations of material behavior under extreme 1oading conditions, syntheses of new materials, development of new technologies for material processing, etc. Russian research differs from much of the Western work in that it has traditionally been wider-ranging and more directed to extremes of response than to precise characterization of specific materials and effects. Western scientists could expect to benefit from the perspective gained from close knowledge of the Russian work.

Metallurgical Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain Rate Phenomena

Author: Murr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824776121

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1136

View: 6916

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Emphasizing metallurgical and materials applications of shock-wave and high-strain-rate phenomena, this superb volume presents the work of the leading international authorities who examine the state of the art of explosive and related technologies in the context of metallurgical and materials processing and fabrication.

Effects of Explosions on Materials

Modification and Synthesis Under High-Pressure Shock Compression

Author: Stepan S. Batsanov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475739699

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 3697

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In the 1950s explosives began to be used to generate ultrahigh pressures in condensed substances in order to modify their properties and structure. Notwithstanding the short duration of an explosion, its energy proved to be high enough to perform physical-chemical transformations of substances, and the new method gained wide industrial applications. It has both advan tages and drawbacks in comparison with the traditional method of static compression. The latter method, notorious for its cumbersome and expensive machin ery, allows one to maintain high pressure as long as one pleases and to regu late the temperature of the sample arbitrarily. But, the pressure available is rather limited and for any increase of this limit one has to pay by the progres sive shrinking of the working volume of a press. The dynamic method has the advantages of low cost and practically no restrictions of magnitude of pressure and the size of a processed sample, but the temperature in a compressed body is no longer controlled by an experi mentor. Rather, it is firmly dictated by the level of loading, according to the equation of state. Hence, it is difficult to recover metastable products and impossible to prepare solids with a low concentration of defects as the dura tion of explosion is too short for their elimination.

Blast Effects

Physical Properties of Shock Waves

Author: Isabelle Sochet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319708317

Category: Science

Page: 197

View: 8109

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This book compiles a variety of experimental data on blast waves. The book begins with an introductory chapter and proceeds to the topic of blast wave phenomenology, with a discussion Rankine-Hugoniot equations and the Friedlander equation, used to describe the pressure-time history of a blast wave. Additional topics include arrival time measurement, the initiation of detonation by exploding wires, a discussion of TNT equivalency, and small scale experiments. Gaseous and high explosive detonations are covered as well. The topics and experiments covered were chosen based on the comparison of used scale sizes, from small to large. Each characteristic parameter of blast waves is analyzed and expressed versus scaled distance in terms of energy and mass. Finally, the appendix compiles a number of polynomial laws that will prove indispensable for engineers and researchers.

Detonation of Condensed Explosives

Author: Roger Cheret

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461392845

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 9975

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This work marks a stage in the evolution of a scientific and technical field which has been developed by the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) over several decades. Many members of the staff of the CEA have won re nown in this field, and their work has brought it to the high degree of excel lence for which it is internationally recognized today. These scientists had to consider every aspect of the field, as it concerned: modeling, which has recourse to fluid thermodynamics, molecular phys ics, and chemistry; numerical evaluation, which relies on mathematical analysis and data processing; and experiments in the firing area, which require specific stress generators and instrumentation. Whilst this book is a testament to the activity and success of staff of the CEA, it also reviews a number ofthe advances made in the discipline. How ever, it is not intended to be an exhaustive account of those advances; it is assumed that the reader can, if desired, consult the standard monographs, and more recent, more specialized works (notably W.C. Davis and W. Fickett, and C.L. Mader). The history of the discipline is interesting in itself, and also as an illustra tion of the causes which lead to progress in a coherent body of scientific work. I should like to make some comments on this progress, of which there is a fascinating summary in the introduction, and which will figure largely throughout the work.

Introduction to the Technology of Explosives

Author: Paul Cooper,Stanley R. Kurowski

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9780471186359

Category: Science

Page: 224

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Introduction to the Technology of Explosives Paul W. Cooper and Stanley R. Kurowski Introduction to the Technology of Explosives is a clear and concise survey of the technologies and physical processes involved in explosive phenomena. The book is intended to provide the worker new to the field with sufficient background to understand problems that may arise and to interact intelligently with specialists in the field. The book covers the fundamentals of the chemistry of explosives; the mechanics of burning; sound, shock, and detonation; initiation and initiators; scaling in design and analysis; and off-the-shelf explosive devices. It provides the basic calculational skills needed to solve simple, first-order engineering design problems, and emphasizes the crucial importance of safety considerations. The book contains a broad range of data on explosive materials, and their properties and behavior, along with extensive lists of useful references. Example problems with solutions are provided in each technical area, as are descriptions and analysis of a wide variety of explosive devices. The book concludes with a thorough and comprehensive description of regulatory requirements for the classification, transportation, and storage of explosives, and an extensive guide to explosives safety in plant and test facilities. This book will be of interest to explosives technicians and engineers, government regulators, crime and accident scene investigators, and instructors in military, police, and FBI bomb schools.

Shock Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena in Materials

Author: Meyers

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824785796

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1184

View: 3259

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These proceedings of EXPLOMET 90, the International Conference on the Materials Effects of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, held August 1990, in La Jolla, California, represent a global and up-to-date appraisal of this field. Contributions (more than 100) deal with high-strain-rate deforma

Static Compression of Energetic Materials

Author: Suhithi M. Peiris,Gasper J. Piermarini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540681515

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 8936

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Developing and testing novel energetic materials is an expanding branch of the materials sciences. Reaction, detonation or explosion of such materials invariably produce extremely high pressures and temperatures. To study the equations-of-state (EOS) of energetic materials in extreme regimes both shock and static high pressure studies are required. The present volume is an introduction and review of theoretical, experimental and numerical aspects of static compression of such materials. Chapter 1 introduces the basic experimental tool, the diamond anvil pressure cell and the observational techniques used with it such as optical microscopy, infrared spectrometry and x-ray diffraction. Chapter 2 outlines the principles of high-nitrogen energetic materials synthesis. Chapters 3 and 4, examine and compare various EOS formalisms and data fitting for crystalline and non-crystalline materials, respectively. Chapter 5 details the reaction kinetics of detonating energetic materials. Chapter 6 investigates the interplay between static and dynamic (shock) studies. Finally, Chapters 7 and 8 introduce numerical simulations: molecular dynamics of energetic materials under either hydrostatic or uni-axial stress and ab-inito treatments of defects in crystalline materials. This timely volume meets the growing demand for a state-of-the art introduction and review of the most relevant aspects of static compression of energetic materials and will be a valuable reference to researchers and scientists working in academic, industrial and governmental research laboratories.

High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids

Author: J.R. Asay,M. Shahinpoor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387979646

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 9318

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This book presents a set of basic understandings of the behavior and response of solids to propagating shock waves. The propagation of shock waves in a solid body is accompanied by large compressions, decompression, and shear. Thus, the shear strength of solids and any inelastic response due to shock wave propagation is of the utmost importance. Furthermore, shock compres sion of solids is always accompanied by heating, and the rise of local tempera ture which may be due to both compression and dissipation. For many solids, under a certain range of impact pressures, a two-wave structure arises such that the first wave, called the elastic prescursor, travels with the speed of sound; and the second wave, called a plastic shock wave, travels at a slower speed. Shock-wave loading of solids is normally accomplished by either projectile impact, such as produced by guns or by explosives. The shock heating and compression of solids covers a wide range of temperatures and densities. For example, the temperature may be as high as a few electron volts (1 eV = 11,500 K) for very strong shocks and the densification may be as high as four times the normal density.

Physics of Shock Waves and High–Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena

Author: Wallace Hayes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323147852

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 1176

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Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena, Volume II presents interpretations of the physical basis of shockwaves and high-temperature hydrodynamic phenomena and gives practical guidance to those who work with these subjects in science and modern technology. This volume contains chapters discussing such topics as the shockwave structure in gases; physical and chemical kinetics in hydrodynamic processes; the radiative phenomena in shock waves and in strong explosions in the air; thermal waves and shockwaves in solids; and self-similar processes in gasdynamics. Physicists, engineers, researchers, and professors and students in the field of the physical sciences will find the book very educational.

Explosion Blast Response of Composites

Author: Adrian P. Mouritz,Yapa D.S. Rajapakse

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081020937

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 1832

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Explosion Blast Response of Composites contains key information on the effects of explosions, shock waves, and detonation products (e.g. fragments, shrapnel) on the deformation and damage to composites. The book considers the blast response of laminates and sandwich composites, along with blast mitigation of composites (including coating systems and energy absorbing materials). Broken down under the following key themes: Introduction to explosive blast response of composites, Air explosion blast response of composites, Underwater explosion blast response of composites, and High strain rate and dynamic properties of composites, the book deals with an important and contemporary topic due to the extensive use of composites in applications where explosive blasts are an ever-present threat, such as military aircraft, armoured vehicles, naval ships and submarines, body armour, and other defense applications. In addition, the growing use of IEDs and other types of bombs used by terrorists to attack civilian and military targets highlights the need for this book. Many terrorist attacks occur in subways, trains, buses, aircraft, buildings, and other civil infrastructure made of composite materials. Designers, engineers and terrorist experts need the essential information to protect civilians, military personnel, and assets from explosive blasts. Focuses on key aspects, including both modeling, analysis, and experimental work Written by leading international experts from academia, defense agencies, and other organizations Timely book due to the extensive use of composites in areas where explosive blasts are an ever-present threat in military applications

Propellants and Explosives

Thermochemical Aspects of Combustion

Author: Naminosuke Kubota

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527693505

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 4464

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This third edition of the classic on the thermochemical aspects of the combustion of propellants and explosives is completely revised and updated and now includes a section on green propellants and offers an up-to-date view of the thermochemical aspects of combustion and corresponding applications. Clearly structured, the first half of the book presents an introduction to pyrodynamics, describing fundamental aspects of the combustion of energetic materials, while the second part highlights applications of energetic materials, such as propellants, explosives and pyrolants, with a focus on the phenomena occurring in rocket motors. Finally, an appendix gives a brief overview of the fundamentals of aerodynamics and heat transfer, which is a prerequisite for the study of pyrodynamics. A detailed reference for readers interested in rocketry or explosives technology.