Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: George W. Fairweather,Louis G. Tornatzky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146529

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 5316


Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research explains how experimental methods can be used in social policy research to help solve contemporary human problems and to preserve and improve the world's physical and social climates. This book argues that scientists can make a major contribution to the solution of social problems by aiding the society in incorporating scientific methods into the social decision-making process. Two principal methods required for solving social problems are highlighted: methods for evaluating social models aimed at solving particular problems, and methods for disseminating those models that are beneficial to the state, the region, and the nation. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with the argument that contemporary social policy decision making is inadequate for the late 20th and 21st centuries. It then defines the basic ingredients for an adequate social policy decision-making apparatus and explains how it can be accomplished. The next chapter outlines the basic parameters of social models and dissemination processes from a conceptual point of view. The remaining chapters describe general experimental procedures from the inception of the ideas to the implementation of social models found to be beneficial. The final chapter is reserved for a discussion of a proposed center for experimental social innovation that would provide research and training. This monograph will be a valuable resource for social scientists and researchers as well as social policymakers, public officials, and citizens who are committed to the improvement of living conditions for all members of society.

Strategic Perspectives on Social Policy

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: John E. Tropman,Milan Dluhy,Roger Lind

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483153134

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 9824


Strategic Perspectives on Social Policy is a collection of readings that provide insights into social policy processes, analysis, and implication. The goal is to locate social policy within a context that suggests the possibility of a wider array of choices for the policymakers. The distinction between social policy and social program is given emphasis. This book has 14 chapters divided into four sections. The first section deals with the relation between politics and policy, with emphasis on the link between social science and social policy as well as on the influence of social values on the direction of policy. The next section illustrates some of the critical skills and technologies that may be used to facilitate the process of making choices and decisions. Topics covered include policy research and analysis; the development and structuring of policy; policy purveyance and implementation; and assessment and evaluation of policy. The chapters that follow explore some of the more important contexts of the ""loci"" of social change, along with the kinds of mechanisms that may be used to make choices operational. This monograph is intended for policymakers and others interested in the policy-making process, as well as for students and teachers in the areas of political science, sociology, social work, public policy, and social planning.

Methods of Social Research

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: Margaret Stacey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483136388

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 9444


Methods of Social Research provides an introduction to the procedures of social research. This book shows that sample surveys are only one approach among many of undertaking social research. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various methods of social investigation concerning those that increase the knowledge of the facts of social life. This text then explains the main reasons for doing research, including solving a practical problem and determining how something works just because it is interesting to know. Other chapters consider the method of observation utilized in the social sciences that fall into two main groups, namely, participant ad non-participant. This book discusses as well the importance of sample survey in gathering information about a particular population either on a simple matter of fact or religious or political allegiance. The final chapter considers several problems involved in designing and asking questions. Social scientists will find this book useful.

Traffic Planning and Engineering

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: F. D. Hobbs

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483137465

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 2499


Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.

Operational Gaming

An International Approach

Author: Ingolf Ståhl

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483190684

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 1612


Operational Gaming: An International Approach is the result of research carried out at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) situated at Laxenburg (near Vienna), Austria, which relates game theory and system analysis to decision making. The book first shows the relationship of game theory, experimental gaming, and operational gaming through a state-of-the-art survey. This topic includes the history, context, type, and uses of gaming. Then, the text shifts to the discussion on operational gaming, including the definitions of institutional model and game situation concepts. An overview of gaming in different nations including USSR is provided. The book also studies the international transfer of games and the East-West international trade games. The future of this field of study, as well as its implications for humans, is also examined in the latter parts. This book will be of significance to those interested in game theories and those people involved in policy and decision making in their country or organization.

A - Airports

Author: British Library

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3111725944

Category: Reference

Page: 523

View: 4725


Principles and Applications of Tribology

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies: International Series in Materials Science and Technology

Author: Desmond F. Moore

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483157288

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 7010


Principles and Applications of Tribology provides a mechanical engineering perspective of the fundamental understanding and applications of tribology. This book is organized into two parts encompassing 16 chapters that cover the principles of friction and different types of lubrication. Chapter 1 deals with the immense scope of tribology and the range of applications in the existing technology, and Chapter 2 is devoted entirely to the evaluation and measurement of surface texture. Chapters 3 to 5 present the fundamental concepts underlying the friction of metals, elastomers, and other materials. The principles of hydrodynamic lubrication are briefly discussed in Chapter 6, and the mechanisms of boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication are examined in Chapters 7 and 8. Chapter 9 is a generalized treatise on wear and abrasion phenomena in metals and elastomers, whereas Chapter 10 deals with the internal friction in solids, liquids, and gases. Chapter 11 is an abbreviated yet thorough treatment of experimental methods used in tribological studies. The remaining five chapters in this book are devoted to specific applications, including manufacturing processes, automotive applications, transportation, locomotion, bearing design, and miscellaneous. This book is an ideal source for mechanical engineering students.

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135971374

Category: Philosophy

Page: 608

View: 7703


Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Silent Spring

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618249060

Category: Nature

Page: 378

View: 6768


Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.

The Science, Technology and Application of Titanium

Proceedings of an International Conference Organized by the Institute of Metals, the Metallurgical Society of Aime, and the American Society for Metals in Association with the Japan Institute of Metals and the Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R., and Held at th

Author: R. I. Jaffee,N. E. Promisel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483158810

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1224

View: 5322


The Science, Technology and Application of Titanium contains the proceedings of an International Conference organized by the Institute of Metals, The Metallurgical Society of AIME, and the American Society for Metals in association with the Japan Institute of Metals and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and held at the Royal Festival Hall in London, on May 21-24, 1968. The papers explore scientific and technological developments as well as applications of titanium and cover topics ranging from processing of titanium to its chemical and environmental behavior, physics, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Deformation and fracture, phase transformations and heat treatment, and alloying are also discussed. This book is comprised of 114 chapters and begins with an overview of the titanium industry in Europe and the United States. The reader is then introduced to primary and secondary fabrication of titanium; corrosion and oxidation; physical properties of titanium alloys; interaction of titanium with elements of the periodic system; and elastic interactions between dislocations and twin and grain boundaries in titanium. The crystallography of deformation twinning in titanium is also examined, along with superplasticity and transformation plasticity in titanium. The remaining chapters focus on interstitial strengthening of titanium alloys; mechanism of martensitic transformation in titanium and its alloys; phase relationships in titanium-oxygen alloys; strengthening of titanium alloys by shock deformation; and titanium hot forming. This monograph will be of interest to chemists and metallurgists.

Progress in Combustion Science and Technology

International Series of Monographs in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Author: J. Ducarme,Melvin Gerstein,A. H. Lefebvre

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148322256X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 234

View: 3535


International Series of Monographs in Aeronautics and Astronautics, Division III: Progress in Combustion Science and Technology, Volume I focuses primarily on the aeronautical aspects of combustion. This book discusses the flow visualization techniques, chemical analysis in combustion chamber development, and aerodynamic influences on flame stability. The geometric-optical techniques in combustion research, flame quenching, and ignition in liquid propellant rocket engines are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the flow studies under combustion conditions, geometric optics of flames, and empirical studies of hypergolic rocket propellant ignition delays. This volume is a good reference for research students, scientists, and engineers conducting work in the field of combustion science and technology.

An Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: D. J. Dewhurst

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483187527

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 276

View: 4692


An Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation presents a course of study and applications covering the basic principles of medical and biological instrumentation, as well as the typical features of its design and construction. The book aims to aid not only the cognitive domain of the readers, but also their psychomotor domain as well. Aside from the seminar topics provided, which are divided into 27 chapters, the book complements these topics with practical applications of the discussions. Figures and mathematical formulas are also given. Major topics discussed include the construction, handling, and utilization of the instruments; current, voltage, resistance, and meters; diodes and transistors; power supply; and storage and processing of data. The text will be invaluable to medical electronics students who need a reference material to help them learn how to use competently and confidently the equipment that are important in their field.

Single-Case Research Methods for the Behavioral and Health Sciences

Author: David L. Morgan,Robin K. Morgan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483317099

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 1211


This text ntroduces readers to the history, epistemology, and strategies of single-case research design. The authors offer concrete information on how to observe, measure, and interpret change in relevant outcome variables and how to design strategies that promote causal inferences. Key Features Includes case vignettes on specific single-case designs Describes clinical and applied case studies Draws on multiple examples of single-case designs from published journals across a wide range of disciplines Covers recent developments in applied research, including meta-analysis and the distinction between statistical and clinical significance Provides pedagogical tools to help readers master the material, including a glossary, interim summaries, end-of-chapter review questions, and activities that encourage active processing of material. Intended Audience This text is intended for students and practitioners in a variety of disciplines—including psychology, nursing, physical therapy, and occupational therapy—who are increasingly called upon to document the effectiveness of interventions.