Expanding Frontiers in South Asian and World History

Essays in Honour of John F. Richards

Author: Richard M. Eaton,Munis D. Faruqui,David Gilmartin,Sunil Kumar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107034280

Category: History

Page: 377

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"The essays focus on 'frontiers' in multiple contexts, all relating to John F. Richards's work: frontiers and state building, frontiers and environmental change, cultural frontiers, frontiers and trade and drugs, and frontiers and world history"--Provided by publisher.

Statemaking and Territory in South Asia

Lessons from the AngloGorkha War (18141816)

Author: Bernardo A. Michael

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 0857285327

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 4475

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“Statemaking and Territory in South Asia: Lessons from the Anglo–Gorkha War (1814–1816)” seeks to understand how European colonization transformed the organization of territory in South Asia through an examination of the territorial disputes that underlay the Anglo–Gorkha War of 1814–1816 and subsequent efforts of the colonial state to reorder its territories. The volume argues that these disputes arose out of older tribute, taxation and property relationships that left their territories perpetually intermixed and with ill-defined boundaries. It also seeks to describe the long-drawn-out process of territorial reordering undertaken by the British in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that set the stage for the creation of a clearly defined geographical template for the modern state in South Asia.

The Princes of the Mughal Empire, 1504–1719

Author: Munis D. Faruqui

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139536753

Category: History

Page: N.A

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For more than 200 years, the Mughal emperors ruled supreme in northern India. How was it possible that a Muslim, ethnically Turkish, Persian-speaking dynasty established itself in the Indian subcontinent to become one of the largest and most dynamic empires on earth? In this rigorous new interpretation of the period, Munis D. Faruqui explores Mughal state formation through the pivotal role of the Mughal princes. In a challenge to previous scholarship, the book suggests that far from undermining the foundations of empire, the court intrigues and political backbiting that were features of Mughal political life - and that frequently resulted in rebellions and wars of succession - actually helped spread, deepen and mobilise Mughal power through an empire-wide network of friends and allies. This engaging book, which uses a vast archive of European and Persian sources, takes the reader from the founding of the empire under Babur to its decline in the 1700s.

Walls and Frontiers in Inner-Asian History

Proceedings from the Fourth Conference of the Australasian Society for Inner Asian Studies (A.S.I.A.S) : Macquarie University, November 18-19, 2000

Author: Craig Benjamin,Samuel N. C. Lieu

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 4752

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Part 1 : China, Russia and Central Asia ; S. LIEU; Nestorian Angels from Central Asia and other Christian and Manichaean Remains at Zaitun (Quanzhou) on the South China Coast; C. MACKERRAS; Xinjiang at the Turn of the Century, and the Causes of Separatism; D. CHRISTIAN; Tsarist Russia in the Context of World History; F. PATRIKEEF; An Elaboration of Empire: Russia's Eastward Expansion and the Imperial Military, 1584-1917 Part 2 : Politics, Conflict and the Perception of Empire ; C. BENJAMIN; The Origin of the Yuezhi; J. MARKLEY, Gaozu Confronts the Shanyu: The Han Dynasty's First Clash with the Xiongnu; G. WATSON; Images of Central Asia in the 'Central Asian Question' c. 1826-1885; K. NOURZHANOV; The Politics of History in Tajikistan: Reinventing the Samanids Part 3 : Cultural and Religious Exchanges along the Silk Roads ; E. C.D. HUNTER; Converting the Turkic Tribes; F. KIDD, The Chronology and Style of a Group of Sogdian Statuettes; K. PARRY; Japan and the Silk Road Legacy; D. COURT; Concealing and Revealing Women in Central Asia: A Case Study of the Paranja.

Asian Expansions

The Historical Experiences of Polity Expansion in Asia

Author: Geoff Wade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135043523

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 7291

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Asia as we know it today is the product of a wide range of polity expansions over time. Recognising the territorial expansions of Asian polities large and small through the last several millennia helps rectify the fallacy, long-held and deeply entrenched, that Asian polities have been interested only in the control of populations, not in expanding their command of territory. In countering this misapprehension, this book suggests that Asian polities have indeed been concerned with territorial control and expansion over time, whether for political or strategic advantage, trade purposes, defence needs, agricultural expansion or increased income through taxation. The book explores the historical experiences of a set of polity expansions within Asia, specifically in East and Southeast Asia, and, by examining the motivations, mechanisms, processes, validations and limitations of these Asian territorial expansions, reveals the diverse avenues by which Asian polities have grown. The chapters draw on these historical examples to highlight the connections between Asian polity expansion and centralised political structures, and this aids in a broader and more comprehensive understanding of Asian political practice, both past and present. Through these chapter studies and the integrative introduction, the book interrogates key concepts such as imperialism and colonialism, and the applicability and relevance of such terminology in Asian contexts, both historical and contemporary. Comparisons and contrasts with European historical expansions are also suggested. This book will be welcomed by students and scholars of Asian history, as well as by those with an interest in Asian interactions, international relations, polity expansion, Asia--Europe historical comparisons and globalisation.

Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks

Mobility and Exchange Within and Beyond the Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia

Author: Jason Neelis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004181598

Category: History

Page: 371

View: 5787

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This book examines catalysts for Buddhist formation in ancient South Asia and expansion throughout and beyond the northwestern Indian subcontinent to Central Asia by investigating symbiotic relationships between networks of religious mobility and trade.

War, Culture and Society in Early Modern South Asia, 1740-1849

Author: Kaushik Roy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113679087X

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1516

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This book examines military success of the British in South Asia during the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries. Placing South Asian military history in global, comparative context, it examines military innovations; armies and how they conducted themselves; navies and naval warfare; major Indian military powers, and the British, explaining why they succeeded.

An Agrarian History of South Asia

Author: David Ludden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316025365

Category: History

Page: 261

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Originally published in 1999, David Ludden's book offers a comprehensive historical framework for understanding the regional diversity of agrarian South Asia. Adopting a long-term view of history, it treats South Asia not as a single civilization territory, but rather as a patchwork of agrarian regions, each with their own social, cultural and political histories. The discussion begins during the first millennium, when farming communities displaced pastoral and tribal groups, and goes on to consider the development of territoriality from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. Subsequent chapters consider the emergence of agrarian capitalism in village societies under the British, and demonstrate how economic development in contemporary South Asia continues to reflect the influence of agrarian localism. As a comparative synthesis of the literature on agrarian regimes in South Asia, the book promises to be a valuable resource for students of agrarian and regional history as well as of comparative world history.

Neoliberal Australia and US Imperialism in East Asia

Author: E. Paul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137272783

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 464

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A critical analysis of Australia's neoliberal state and role in the American imperial project in Asia. In exposing the causal mechanisms for violence and prospects for more wars it argues for emancipatory alternatives to the existing dominant and anti-democratic neoliberal governmentality.

A History of State and Religion in India

Author: Ian Copland,Ian Mabbett,Asim Roy,Kate Brittlebank,Adam Bowles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136459502

Category: History

Page: 342

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Offering the first long-duration analysis of the relationship between the state and religion in South Asia, this book looks at the nature and origins of Indian secularism. It interrogates the proposition that communalism in India is wholly a product of colonial policy and modernisation, questions whether the Indian state has generally been a benign, or disruptive, influence on public religious life, and evaluates the claim that the region has spawned a culture of practical toleration. The book is structured around six key arenas of interaction between state and religion: cow worship and sacrifice, control of temples and shrines, religious festivals and processions, proselytising and conversion, communal riots, and religious teaching/doctrine and family law. It offers a challenging argument about the role of the state in religious life in a historical continuum, and identifies points of similarity and contrast between periods and regimes. The book makes a significant contribution to the literature on South Asian History and Religion.

Eighteenth-Century British Literature and Postcolonial Studies

Author: Suvir Kaul

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748634568

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 708

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'This book convincingly challenges both the extremely short historical memory of most postcolonial work and the all-too-insularly English world still conjured by period specialists. Hogarthian whores and Grub Street hacks, coffee houses and fashionable pastimes, and the burgeoning of print culture all stand revealed as intimately bound to portents of plantation insurgency, agitation for abolition, and the vast fortunes produced by the labouring bodies of the poor, the colonized, and the enslaved. Eighteenth-century studies has never appeared in a more engaged and fascinating light.'Professor Donna Landry, University of KentIn this volume Suvir Kaul addresses the relations between literary culture, English commercial and colonial expansion, and the making of 'Great Britain' in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He argues that literary writing played a crucial role in generating the vocabulary of British nationalism, both in inter-national terms and in attempts to realign political and cultural relations between England, Scotland, and Ireland. The formal innovations and practices characteristic of eighteenth-century English literature were often responses to the worlds brought into view by travel writers, merchants, and colonists. Writers (even those suspicious of mercantile and colonial expansion) worked with a growing sense of a 'national literature' whose achievements would provide the cultural capital adequate to global imperial power, and would distinguish Great Britain for its twin success in 'arms and arts'. The book ranges from Davenant's theatre to Smollet's Roderick Random to Phillis Wheatley's poetry to trace the impact of empire on literary creativity.Key Features*An introduction to the impact of mercantilism and empire on the crafting of eighteenth-century British literature*Encourages students to examine the key formal innovations that define eighteenth-century British literary history as they were produced by writers who redefined

Untaming the Frontier in Anthropology, Archaeology, and History

Author: Bradley J. Parker,Lars Rodseth

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816524525

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

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Despite a half century of attempts by social scientists to compare frontiers around the world, the study of these regions is still closely associated with the nineteenth-century American West and the work of Frederick Jackson Turner. As a result, the very concept of the frontier is bound up in Victorian notions of manifest destiny and rugged individualism. The frontier, it would seem, has been tamed. This book seeks to open a new debate about the processes of frontier history in a variety of cultural contexts, untaming the frontier as an analytic concept, and releasing it in a range of unfamiliar settings. Drawing on examples from over four millennia, it shows that, throughout history, societies have been formed and transformed in relation to their frontiers, and that no one historical case represents the normal or typical frontier pattern. The contributorsÑhistorians, anthropologists, and archaeologistsÑpresent numerous examples of the frontier as a shifting zone of innovation and recombination through which cultural materials from many sources have been unpredictably channeled and transformed. At the same time, they reveal recurring processes of frontier history that enable world-historical comparison: the emergence of the frontier in relation to a core area; the mutually structuring interactions between frontier and core; and the development of social exchange, merger, or conflict between previously separate populations brought together on the frontier. Any frontier situation has many dimensions, and each of the chapters highlights one or more of these, from the physical and ideological aspects of EgyptÕs Nubian frontier to the military and cultural components of Inka outposts in Bolivia to the shifting agrarian, religious, and political boundaries in Bengal. They explore cases in which the centripetal forces at work in frontier zones have resulted in cultural hybridization or Òcreolization,Ó and in some instances show how satellite settlements on the frontiers of core polities themselves develop into new core polities. Each of the chapters suggests that frontiers are shaped in critical ways by topography, climate, vegetation, and the availability of water and other strategic resources, and most also consider cases of population shifts within or through a frontier zone. As these studies reveal, transnationalism in todayÕs world can best be understood as an extension of frontier processes that have developed over thousands of years. This bookÕs interdisciplinary perspective challenges readers to look beyond their own fields of interest to reconsider the true nature and meaning of frontiers.

Modern South Asia

History, Culture, Political Economy

Author: Sugata Bose,Ayesha Jalal,Professor of History and Diplomacy Director Center of South Asian and Indian Ocean Studies Sugata Bose,Associate Professor History Ayesha Jalal

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415307864

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 7499

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A new edition of this leading textbook that offers a rare depth of historical understanding of the politics, cultures and economies that shape the lives of more than a fifth of humanity.

Transnational Frontiers of Asia and Latin America since 1800

Author: Jaime Moreno Tejada,Bradley Tatar

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317006917

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 8808

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Frontiers are "wild." The frontier is a zone of interaction between distinct polities, peoples, languages, ecosystems and economies, but how do these frontier spaces develop? If the frontier is shaped by the policing of borders by the modern-nation state, then what kind of zones, regions or cultural areas are created around borders? This book provides 16 different case studies of frontiers in Asia and Latin America by interdisciplinary scholars, charting the first steps toward a transnational and transcontinental history of social development in the borderlands of two continents. Transnationalism provides a shared focus for the contributions, drawing upon diverse theoretical perspectives to examine the place-making projects of nation states. Through the lenses of different scales and time frames, the contributors examine the social processes of frontier life, and how the frontiers have been created through the exertions of nation-states to control marginal or borderland peoples. The most significant cases of industrialization, resource extraction and colonization projects in Asia and Latin America are examined in this book reveal the incompleteness of frontiers as modernist spatial projects, but also their creativity - as sources of new social patterns, new human adaptations, and new cultural outlooks and ways of confronting power and privilege. The incompleteness of frontiers does not detract from their power to move ideas, peoples and practices across borders both territorial and conceptual. In bringing together Asian and Latin American cases of frontier-making, this book points toward a comparativist and cosmopolitan approach in the study of statecraft and modernity. For scholars of Latin America and/or Asia, it brings together historical themes and geographic foci, providing studies accessible to researchers in anthropology, geography, history, politics, cultural studies and other fields of the human sciences.

Origins of the Second World War Reconsidered

Author: Gordon Martel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134714181

Category: History

Page: 296

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When A.J.P. Taylor's The Origins of the Second World War appeared in 1961 it made a profound impact. The book became a classic and a central point of reference in all discussion on the Second World War. The second edition of this distinguished collection, written by leading experts in the field, is designed to bring the state of the argument up to date. The issues discussed include: * the legacy of the Treaty of Versailles * Hitlers foreign policy * Appeasement * AJP Taylor and the Russians * the treatment of the crises leading up to war including the Anschluss, Danzig, Abysinnian crises and the Spanish Civil War. This second edition will ensure that The Origins of the Second World War will remain a high priority student and scholarly reading lists.

The Contemporary Middle Eastern Scene

Basic Issues and Major Trends

Author: Gustav Stein,Gustav Steinbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3322971457

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 4744

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The contributions to this volume are based on papers read at an international confer ence held in Hamburg in May 1978. Some of them are reprinted in their original form, others have been slightly modified in order to incorporate more recent findings. Since the overall concern is Middle Eastern development the various contributions deal with a wide range of problems. Studies on the Middle East are more often than not one-sided because of the pre dominating interest in the Arab-Israeli conflict and the economic factors relating to the supply of oil. At the Hamburg Conference, however, the participants concentrated main lyon examining such aspects of the situation as are far too often relegated to the side lines. In order to illustrate what those neglected topics are one should refer to two major examples: 1) the religio-cultural identity of Arabs and Israelis, 2) the tackling of political issues in Arab and Israeli literature.