Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other

Author: Bo Stråth

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9789052016504

Category: History

Page: 517

View: 9421

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This book contributes to the debate on what Europe means by demonstrating the complexities and contradictions inherent in the concept. They are seen most clearly when Europe is viewed from a long historical perspective. During the closing decades of the twentieth century Europe emerged as one of the main points of reference in both the cultural and the political constructs of the global community. An obsession with the concept of European identity is readily discernible. This process of identity construction provokes critical questions which the book aims to address. At the same time the book explores the opportunities offered by the concept of Europe to see how it may be used in the construction of the future. The approach is one of both deconstruction and reconstruction. The issue of Europe is closely related in the book to more general issues concerning the cultural construction of community. The book should therefore be seen as the companion of "Myth and Memory in the Construction of Community," which is also published by PIE-Peter Lang in the series Multiple Europes. The book appears within the framework of a research project on the cultural construction of community in modernisation processes in comparison. This project is a joint enterprise of the European University Institute in Florence and the Humboldt University in Berlin sponsored by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Fund.

Europe as the Other

External Perspectives on European Christianity

Author: Judith Becker,Brian Stanley

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525101317

Category: Religion

Page: 277

View: 7140

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From high esteem to rejection: How non-Europeans viewed European Christianity.

Wege nach Europa

Deutungen eines imaginierten Kontinents in deutschen, britischen und amerikanischen Printmedien, 1914-1945

Author: Florian Greiner

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 3835326384

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 8257

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Spezifische Europabilder zwischen 1914 und 1945 waren keinesfalls auf politische Räume beschränkt. Sie waren in vielfältigen sozialen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Zusammenhängen auszumachen und traten oftmals in eher alltäglichen Kontexten auf. Florian Greiner untersucht deutsche, britische und amerikanische Printmedien der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts auf diesen Sachverhalt hin, um im Vergleich zur bisherigen vorwiegend ideengeschichtlichen Forschung deutlich stringenter öffentlichen Wahrnehmungen und Konstruktionen von Europa nachzuspüren. Unter Berücksichtigung der thematischen Bandbreite der Presseberichterstattung kann Greiner zeigen, dass sich »Europa" sukzessive zu einem Erfahrungsbegriff entwickelte, der den Zeitgenossen bereits deutlich präsenter war als gemeinhin angenommen.

Abgrenzung und Hoffnung

»Europa" in der deutschen, britischen und amerikanischen Presse, 1945-1980

Author: Ariane Brill

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 3835326570

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 2080

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Europavorstellungen in Zeiten transnationaler Kommunikation. Die Bedeutung von »Europa" veränderte sich im 20. Jahrhundert fortlaufend. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg stand es politisch für die Vision eines friedlich geeinten Kontinents, wurde aber in erster Linie auf »Westeuropa" bezogen. Bislang wurden Europavorstellungen vor allem an politischen und intellektuellen Debatten ausgemacht. Ariane Brill analysiert dagegen die öffentlichen Vorstellungen, die Journalisten breitenwirksam in drei Ländern aufbrachten: Sie entstanden durch eine transnationale gesellschaftliche Kommunikation, deren Zuschreibungen sich von ideengeschichtlichen Entwürfen durchaus unterschieden. Neben politischen Diskursen über Europa werden Imaginationen im Feld der Kultur, des Sports und des Tourismus untersucht und charakteristische Schlüsselbegriffe und Narrative deutlich. Dabei zeigt die Studie, dass »Europa" stets mit Hoffnung verbunden war, aber ebenso mit der Abgrenzung zum außer- sowie innereuropäischen »Anderen".

Europa im Ostblock

Vorstellungen und Diskurse (1945-1991)

Author: José M. Faraldo,Paulina Gulińska-Jurgiel,Christian Domnitz

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412200299

Category: Europe

Page: 407

View: 7458

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Europadämmerung

Ein Essay

Author: Ivan Krastev

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518752189

Category: Political Science

Page: 143

View: 8629

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Nach 1989 waren Landkarten plötzlich nicht länger in Mode. Die Grenzen sollten geöffnet werden für Menschen, Güter, Kapital und Ideen. An die Stelle der alten Karten traten Graphiken, welche die ökonomische Verflechtung innerhalb der EU illustrierten. Heute erleben wir einen ideologischen Gezeitenwechsel: Wo die Mehrheit der Europäer noch vor einigen Jahren optimistisch auf die Globalisierung blickte, empfinden sie Migration und die Rückkehr der Geopolitik als Quelle der Unsicherheit. Ivan Krastev untersucht die Ursachen für diesen Wandel und erörtert, welche Formen die europäische Desintegration annehmen könnte. Ein Zerfall der EU, so Krastev, wäre eine Tragödie, die den Kontinent zu internationaler Bedeutungslosigkeit verurteilen würde.

Imagining Europe

Europe and European Civilisation as Seen from Its Margins and by the Rest of the World, in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Author: Michael J. Wintle

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9789052014319

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 566

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What do people think ‘Europe’ means? What are its values, what are its borders, and what does it stand for? An important topic, without doubt. But the authors of this research collection are not so much interested in what Europe thinks of itself, but rather in what others think of it. They take a number of scenarios from recent history, and examine how Europe has appeared to people in other parts of the globe: America, China, the Arab world, for example. But they go further, and pose the question for some parts of the world which are ‘inside’ Europe, but which for one reason or another hover on the margins, like the Balkans, and Turkey. Furthermore they include the views about Europe held in parts of the continent which have without any doubt whatsoever belonged to Europe’s core, but which much of the rest of Europe, later, would like to forget about, or marginalise: Stalin’s Russia, and Hitler’s Germany. Most of the elements investigated here are central to the imagining of Europe, and despite many Europeans’ wish to distance themselves, such views should be recognised and taken up as an important and indispensable contribution to the debate about ‘What is Europe?’

Der Kampf um die europäische Erinnerung

Ein Schlachtfeld wird besichtigt

Author: Claus Leggewie,Anne Lang

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406619967

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 5971

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In diesem Buch analysiert Claus Leggewie die europäische Erinnerungslandschaft und besucht zusammen mit Anne Lang Erinnerungsorte, an denen sich aktuelle Geschichtskonflikte verdeutlichen lassen. Dabei steht die europäische Peripherie im Mittelpunkt, das Baltikum, die Ukraine, Jugoslawien, die Türkei, aber auch die europäische Kolonialvergangenheit und die Geschichte der Migranten. Auf diese Weise wird deutlich, dass der Weg zu einer politischen Identität Europas nicht über die Konstruktion einer inhaltlich eindeutigen europäischen Tradition führen kann. Nur in der Durcharbeitung und Anerkennung der konfliktreichen und blutigen Vergangenheit kann eine Gemeinsamkeit wachsen, die Europa politisch handlungsfähig werden lässt – ein wichtiger Baustein zur europäischen Selbstaufklärung.

The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History

Author: Dan Stone

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191625280

Category: History

Page: 800

View: 977

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The postwar period is no longer current affairs but is becoming the recent past. As such, it is increasingly attracting the attentions of historians. Whilst the Cold War has long been a mainstay of political science and contemporary history, recent research approaches postwar Europe in many different ways, all of which are represented in the thirty-five chapters of this book. As well as diplomatic, political, institutional, economic, and social history, The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History contains chapters which approach the past through the lenses of gender, espionage, art and architecture, technology, agriculture, heritage, postcolonialism, memory, and generational change, and shows how the history of postwar Europe can be enriched by looking to disciplines such as anthropology and philosophy. The Handbook covers all of Europe, with a notable focus on Eastern Europe. Including subjects as diverse as the meaning of 'Europe' and European identity, southern Europe after dictatorship, the cultural meanings of the bomb, the 1968 student uprisings, immigration, Americanization, welfare, leisure, decolonization, the Wars of Yugoslav Succession, and coming to terms with the Nazi past, the essays in this Handbook offer an unparalleled coverage of postwar European history that offers far more than the standard Cold War framework. Readers will find self-contained, state-of-the-art analyses of major subjects, each written by an acknowledged expert, as well as stimulating and novel approaches to newer topics. Combining empirical rigour and adventurous conceptual analysis, this Handbook offers in one substantial volume a guide to the numerous ways in which historians are now rewriting the history of postwar Europe.

Uses of the Other

"The East" in European Identity Formation

Author: Iver B. Neumann

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816630837

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 8583

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The field of international relations has recently witnessed a tremendous growth of interest in the theme of identity and its formation, construction, and deconstruction. In Uses of the Other, Iver B. Neumann demonstrates how thinking about identity in terms of the self and other may prove highly useful in the study of world politics. Neumann begins by tracing the four different paths along which this thinking has developed during this century -- ethnographic, psychological, Continental philosophical, and "Eastern excursion" -- and he shows how these blended at the margins of the discipline of international relations at the end of the 1980s. There follow several incisive readings of European identity formations on the all-European, regional, and national levels. The theme that draws these readings together is how "the East" is used as a sign of otherness at all three levels. Whereas previous studies framed this process as part of colonial and postcolonial developments, this book suggests that "Easternness" is also present as a marker in contemporary discourses about Russia, Turkey, Central Europe, and Bashkortostan, among others.

The Other Languages of Europe

Demographic, Sociolinguistic, and Educational Perspectives

Author: Guus Extra,Durk Gorter

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853595097

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 454

View: 6931

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The book offers demographic, sociolinguistic, and educational perspectives on the status of both regional and immigrant languages in Europe and in a wider international context. From a cross-national point of view, empirical evidence on the status of these other languages of multicultural Europe is brought together in a combined frame of reference.

Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 6204

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Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

The Other Heading

Reflections on Today's Europe

Author: Jacques Derrida

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253316936

Category: History

Page: 129

View: 6962

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Like a navigator, Derrida sets out from a Europe that has always defined itself as the capital of culture, the headland of thought, in whose name and for whose benefit exploration of other lands, other peoples, and other ways of thinking has been carried out. If such Eurocentric biases are not to be repeated, Derrida warns, the question of Europe must be asked in a new way; it must be asked by recalling another heading. Not only is it necessary for Europe to be responsible for the other, but its own identity is actually constituted by the other. Rejecting the easy or programmatic solutions of Euruocentrism or anti-Eurocentrism, of total unification or complete dispersion, Derrida argues for the necessity of working with and from the Enlightenment values of liberal democracy while at the same time recalling that these values do not themselves ensure respect for the other.

Reconciling Enemy States in Europe and Asia

Author: Seunghoon Emilia Heo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390374

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 3844

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Heo conceptualizes reconciliation in International Relations theory and fills a gap by building a theoretical framework for interstate reconciliation. Combining historical and political scientific approaches, she analyses case studies from Europe, the Middle East, and Northeast Asia.

Caviar and Ashes

A Warsaw Generation's Life and Death in Marxism, 1918-1968

Author: Marci Shore

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300110920

Category: History

Page: 457

View: 2408

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This history of the generation of Polish literati born at the end of the 19th century tells of the young avant-gardists of the early 1920's who become the radical Marxists of the late 1920's. It traces the journey through futurist manifestos, Nazi genocide and Stalinist terror from literary cafes to prison cells.

Europe

Cultural Construction and Reality

Author: Péter Niedermüller,Bjarne Stoklund

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 9788772896861

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 4966

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At the beginning of a new millennium a new Europe is emerging, but behind this imagination we have to face old problems and unsolved conflicts of our historical past. The collapse of socialism in Eastern Europe led to decline and fall of the conceptual geography which was based on East vs. West and has shown political, social and cultural implications for both parts of the continent. Political borders and blocks have disappeared, but national ethnic, cultural and social differences are all still at work. In this book a number of leading European ethnologist investigates the complex process of the social, cultural and symbolic constructions of Europe's new geography, and shows how old lines of demarcation are revitalised, how different cultural imaginations of Europe are politically instrumentalised, and how political conflicts are being culturalised.

Postcolonial Italy

Challenging National Homogeneity

Author: Cristina Lombardi-Diop

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137281464

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 2401

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This volume constitutes a multidisciplinary intervention into the emerging field of postcolonial studies in Italy, bringing together cultural and social history, critical and political theory, literary and cinematic analyses, ethnomusicology and cultural studies, anthropological fieldwork, and race, gender, diaspora, and urban studies.

The Witness and the Other World

Exotic European Travel Writing, 400-1600

Author: Mary B. Campbell

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801499333

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 285

View: 9505

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Surveying exotic travel writing in Europe from late antiquity to the age of discover, The Witness and the Other World illustrates the fundamental human desire to change places, if only in the imagination.Mary B. Campbell looks at works by pilgrims, crusaders, merchants, discoverers, even armchair fantasists such as Mandeville, as well as the writings of Marco Polo, Columbus, and Walter Raleigh. According to Campbell, these travel accounts are exotic because they bear witness to alienated experiences; European travelers, while claiming to relate fact, were often passing on monstrous projections. She contends that their writing not only documented but also made possible the conquest of the peoples whom she travelers described, and she shows how travel literature contributed to the genesis of the modern novel and the modern life sciences.