Ethical Considerations at the Intersection of Psychiatry and Religion

Author: John Peteet,Mary Lynn Dell,Wai Lun Alan Fung

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190681969

Category: Medical

Page: 288

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Psychiatry and religion/spirituality (R/S) share an interest in human flourishing, a concern with beliefs and values, and an appreciation for community. Yet historical tensions between science and religion continue to impede dialogue, leaving clinicians uncertain about how to approach ethical questions arising between them. When are religious practices such as scrupulosity disordered? What distinguishes healthy from unhealthy religion? How should a therapist approach a patient's existential, moral or spiritual distress? What should clinicians do with patients' R/S convictions about faith healing, same-sex relationships, or obligations to others? Discussions of psychiatric ethics have traditionally emphasized widely accepted principles, generally admired virtues, and cultural competence. Relatively little attention has been devoted to the ways that R/S inform the values of patients and their clinicians, shape preferred virtues, and interact with culture. Ethical Considerations at the Intersection of Psychiatry and Religion aims to give mental health professionals a conceptual framework for understanding the role of R/S in ethical decision-making and serve as practical guidance for approaching challenging cases. Part I addresses general considerations, including the basis of therapeutic values in a pluralistic context, the nature of theological and psychiatric ethics, spiritual issues arising in diagnosis and treatment, unhealthy and harmful uses of religion, and practical implications of personal spirituality. Part II examines how these considerations apply in specific contexts: inpatient and outpatient, consultation-liaison, child and adolescent, geriatric, disability, forensic, community, international, addiction and disaster and emergency psychiatry, as well as in the work of religious professionals, ethics committees, psychiatric education, and research. Thick descriptions of case examples analyzed using the framework of Jonson and Winslow show the clinical relevance of understanding the contributions of religion and spirituality to patient preferences, quality of life, decision making, and effective treatment.

Racism and Psychiatry

Contemporary Issues and Interventions

Author: Morgan M. Medlock,Derri Shtasel,Nhi-Ha T. Trinh,David R. Williams

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319901974

Category: Medical

Page: 255

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This book addresses the unique sociocultural and historical systems of oppression that have alienated African-American and other racial minority patients within the mental healthcare system. This text aims to build a novel didactic curriculum addressing racism, justice, and community mental health as these issues intersect clinical practice. Unlike any other resource, this guide moves beyond an exploration of the problem of racism and its detrimental effects, to a practical, solution-oriented discussion of how to understand and approach the mental health consequences with a lens and sensitivity for contemporary justice issues. After establishing the historical context of racism within organized medicine and psychiatry, the text boldly examines contemporary issues, including clinical biases in diagnosis and treatment, addiction and incarceration, and perspectives on providing psychotherapy to racial minorities. The text concludes with chapters covering training and medical education within this sphere, approaches to supporting patients coping with racism and discrimination, and strategies for changing institutional practices in mental healthcare. Written by thought leaders in the field, Racism and Psychiatry is the only current tool for psychiatrists, psychologists, administrators, educators, medical students, social workers, and all clinicians working to treat patients dealing with issues of racism at the point of mental healthcare.

Medicine and Religion

A Historical Introduction

Author: Gary B. Ferngren

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421412179

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 5821

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Medicine and Religion is the first book to comprehensively examine the relationship between medicine and religion in the Western tradition from ancient times to the modern era. Beginning with the earliest attempts to heal the body and account for the meaning of illness in the ancient Near East, historian Gary B. Ferngren describes how the polytheistic religions of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome and the monotheistic faiths of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have complemented medicine in the ancient, medieval, and modern periods. Ferngren paints a broad and detailed portrait of how humans throughout the ages have drawn on specific values of diverse religious traditions in caring for the body. Religious perspectives have informed both the treatment of disease and the provision of health care. And, while tensions have sometimes existed, relations between medicine and religion have often been cooperative and mutually beneficial. Religious beliefs provided a framework for explaining disease and suffering that was larger than medicine alone could offer. These beliefs furnished a theological basis for a compassionate care of the sick that led to the creation of the hospital and a long tradition of charitable medicine. Praise for Medicine and Health Care in Early Christianity, by Gary B. Ferngren "This fine work looks forward as well as backward; it invites fuller reflection of the many senses in which medicine and religion intersect and merits wide readership."— JAMA "An important book, for students of Christian theology who understand health and healing to be topics of theological interest, and for health care practitioners who seek a historical perspective on the development of the ethos of their vocation."— Journal of Religion and Health

Spiritualität in den Gesundheitsberufen

Ein praxisorientierter Leitfaden

Author: Harold G. Koenig

Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag

ISBN: 3170275208

Category: Medical

Page: 234

View: 8119

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Ärzte, Pflegekräfte und Psychotherapeuten erheben in Europa bislang im Rahmen ihrer Diagnostik in aller Regel keine spirituelle Anamnese und gehen in der Behandlung nur selten auf die spirituellen Bedürfnisse ihrer Patienten ein. Angehörige der Gesundheitsberufe betrachten Religiosität und Spiritualität entweder nicht als ihren Zuständigkeitsbereich oder sind unsicher im Umgang damit. Dieses Buch gibt Grundlagen zum Thema und bietet allen Berufsgruppen innerhalb des therapeutischen Teams konkrete Hilfestellungen zum Umgang mit den spirituellen Bedürfnissen ihrer Patienten. Auch problematische Aspekte werden beleuchtet. Gesundheitsrelevante Informationen zu verschiedenen Religionen und ein Muster-Curriculum runden das Werk ab.

Psychiatry and Religion

The Convergence of Mind and Spirit

Author: James K. Boehnlein

Publisher: Amer Psychiatric Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780880489201

Category: Medical

Page: 196

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Divided into three parts, this volume considers theoretical principles and trends, clinical perspectives, and the future relationship of psychiatry and religion. In addition to offering both historical and current perspectives on psychiatry and the major world religions, this book addresses topics rarely discussed elsewhere in psychiatric literature.

Reframing Disease Contextually

Author: Mary Ann Gardell Cutter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701555

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 751

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This volume will be of interest to philosophers of medicine, bioethicists, and philosophers, medical professionals, historians of western medicine, and health policymakers. The book provides an overview of key debates in the history of modern western medicine on the nature, knowledge, and value of disease. It includes case studies of e.g. AIDS, genetic disease, and gendered disease.

Philosophy and Psychiatry

Problems, Intersections and New Perspectives

Author: Daniel D. Moseley,Gary Gala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317422007

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 4393

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This groundbreaking volume of original essays presents fresh avenues of inquiry at the intersection of philosophy and psychiatry. Contributors draw from a variety of fields, including evolutionary psychiatry, phenomenology, biopsychosocial models, psychoanalysis, neuroscience, neuroethics, behavioral economics, and virtue theory. Philosophy and Psychiatry’s unique structure consists of two parts: in the first, philosophers write five lead essays with replies from psychiatrists. In the second part, this arrangement is reversed. The result is an interdisciplinary exchange that allows for direct discourse, and a volume at the forefront of defining an emerging discipline. Philosophy and Psychiatry will be of interest to professionals in philosophy and psychiatry, as well as mental health researchers and clinicians.

Amoral Thoughts About Morality

The Intersection of Science, Psychology, and Ethics

Author: Howard H. Kendler

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398085854

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 271

View: 7220

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In recent years, the social responsibilities of psychology and psychologists have become a source of considerable controversy. Amoral Thoughts About Morality seeks to clarify the issues in dispute by analyzing the relationships between scientific facts and moral principles and the implications of these interactions for psychologists in a democratic society. The analysis brings to the surface underlying ethical, legal, and scientific problems that are too easily ignored. While the purpose of this book has not changed with this second edition, there are two important additions. One is the updati.

Ethical Reasoning in the Mental Health Professions

Author: Gary G. Ford

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849320774

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 4998

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The ability to reason ethically is an extraordinarily important aspect of professionalism in any field. Indeed, the greatest challenge in ethical professional practice involves resolving the conflict that arises when the professional is required to choose between two competing ethical principles. Ethical Reasoning in the Mental Health Professions explores how to develop the ability to reason ethically in difficult situations. Other books merely present ethical and legal issues one at a time, along with case examples involving "right" and "wrong" answers. In dramatic contrast, Ethical Reasoning in the Mental Health Professions provides you with the needed background in methods of ethical reasoning and introduces an innovative nine-step model of ethical decision-making for resolving ethical dilemmas. Ethical Reasoning in the Mental Health Profession discusses the ethical codes of both psychology and counseling. This interdisciplinary approach promotes a better understanding of the similarities and differences in the points of emphasis in the two codes, which, in turn, enriches your understanding of the range of ethical considerations relevant to the practice of the mental health professions.

Hostility to Hospitality

Spirituality and Professional Socialization within Medicine

Author: Michael J. Balboni,Tracy A. Balboni

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199325766

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 8979

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Spiritual sickness troubles American medicine. Through a death-denying culture, medicine has gained enormous power-an influence it maintains by distancing itself from religion, which too often reminds us of our mortality. As a result of this separation of medicine and religion, patients facing serious illness infrequently receive adequate spiritual care, despite the large body of empirical data demonstrating its importance to patient decision-making, quality of life, and medical utilization. This secular-sacred divide also unleashes depersonalizing, social forces through the market, technology, and legal-bureaucratic powers that reduce clinicians to tiny cogs in an unstoppable machine. Hostility to Hospitality is one of the first books of its kind to explore these hostilities threatening medicine and offer a path forward for the partnership of modern medicine and spirituality. Drawing from interdisciplinary scholarship including empirical studies, interviews, history and sociology, theology, and public policy, the authors argue for structural pluralism as the key to changing hostility to hospitality.

Sex from Plato to Paglia: A-L

Author: Alan Soble

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313334245

Category: Sex

Page: 1176

View: 8407

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More than 150 alphabetically arranged entries on topics, thinkers, religions, movements, and concepts locate sexuality in its humanistic and social contexts.

Death and Dying

A Bibliographical Survey

Author: Samuel Southard

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 514

View: 5371

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A burgeoning body of literature on death and dying is organized into this comprehensive annotated list--citing more than 2,200 books, articles, chapters, monographs, and reports primarily concerned with the counseling or theological aspects of death and dying. This bibliography covers a wide range of topics comprising the human experience of death and dying, accessing information from the pastoral to the medical, the historical to the topical, and the philosophical to the technical elements of thanatology.

Advance Directives

Author: Peter Lack,Nikola Biller-Andorno,Susanne Brauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400773773

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 1611

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This volume gives an overview on the currently debated ethical issues regarding advance directives from an international perspective. It focuses on a wider understanding of the known and widely accepted concept of patient self-determination for future situations. Although advance directives have been widely discussed since the 1980s, the ethical bases of advance directives still remain a matter of heated debates. The book aims to contribute to these controversial debates by integrating fundamental ethical issues on advance directives with practical matters of their implementation. Cultural, national and professional differences in how advance directives are understood by health care professions and by patients, as well as in laws and regulations, are pinpointed.

Handbook of Health Social Work

Author: Sarah Gehlert,Teri Browne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471758884

Category: Political Science

Page: 650

View: 3141

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The Handbook of Health Social Work provides a comprehensive and evidence-based overview of contemporary social work practice in health care. Written from a wellness perspective, the chapters cover the spectrum of health social work settings with contributions from a wide range of experts. The resulting resource offers both a foundation for social work practice in health care and a guide for strategy, policy, and program development in proactive and actionable terms. Three sections present the material: The Foundations of Social Work in Health Care provides information that is basic and central to the operations of social workers in health care, including conceptual underpinnings; the development of the profession; the wide array of roles performed by social workers in health care settings; ethical issues and decision - making in a variety of arenas; public health and social work; health policy and social work; and the understanding of community factors in health social work. Health Social Work Practice: A Spectrum of Critical Considerations delves into critical practice issues such as theories of health behavior; assessment; effective communication with both clients and other members of health care teams; intersections between health and mental health; the effects of religion and spirituality on health care; family and health; sexuality in health care; and substance abuse. Health Social Work: Selected Areas of Practice presents a range of examples of social work practice, including settings that involve older adults; nephrology; oncology; chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and HIV/AIDS; genetics; end of life care; pain management and palliative care; and alternative treatments and traditional healers. The first book of its kind to unite the entire body of health social work knowledge, the Handbook of Health Social Work is a must-read for social work educators, administrators, students, and practitioners.

Competency

A Study of Informal Competency Determinations in Primary Care

Author: Mary Ann Gardell Cutter,E.E. Shelp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401136149

Category: Medical

Page: 290

View: 6005

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Some conferences produce proceedings, others an inspiration to labor, which finally leads to a published work. Such has been the case with regard to this volume. In 1984, the Center for Ethics, Medicine, and Public Issues held a conference with the title 'When are Competent Patients Incompetent?' with the support of the Texas Committee for the Humanities, a state-based program of the National Endowment for the Humanities. Assistance was provided by both Baylor College of Medicine and the Institute of Religion. This conference evoked a con siderable interest in examining further the moral status of competency determinations in the clinical setting. This interest is realized in this volume, which now affords us an opportunity to thank all those individ uals who made the conference possible, only some of whom are acknowledged in this Preface. In particular, we wish to express our gratitude to Baruch A. Brody, Rebecca Dresser, the Honorable Jerome Jones, H. Steven Moffic, Margery W. Shaw, Eleanor Tinsley, and Albert Van HeIden. The volume took its shape through the labors of Earl Shelp and Mary Ann Gardell Cutter, who inspired the further evolution of the papers presented at the conference and attracted contributions from individuals who had not attended. Earl Shelp and Mary Ann Gardell Cutter have produced a volume following extensive reflection and dialogue; they were ably assisted in the final preparation of the manu script by Thomas J. Bole III and George Khushf, to whom special thanks are due.