Incidents of archaeology in Central America and Yucatán

essays in honor of Edwin M. Shook

Author: Edwin M. Shook,Michael Love,Marion Popenoe Hatch,Héctor L. Escobedo

Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer


Category: History

Page: 594

View: 3526


A collection of cutting edge archaeological studies of the Maya and their neighbors. Emphasizes recent fieldwork in the Ucatan, Belize and Guatemala. It includes reports on recent fieldwork not previously published in any form.

Explorations in American Archaeology

Essays in Honor of Wesley R. Hurt

Author: Wesley Robert Hurt

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761811848

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 1249


Explorations in American Archaeology is a collection of original essays relating to the areas of archaeology within which Hurt conducted pioneering research. The contributions include a number of noted scholars in both North And South America and reflect Hurt's regional and topical interests. This volume is focused to a considerable degree of continuity among its contributions. Many of the papers provide new data and insights related to seminal and contemporary issues in American archaeology, and is strengthened by Pedro Schmitz and other prominent Brazilian archaeologists who provide new and unpublished data regarding native subsistence strategies. Due to the integration and continuity of the entire volume, those searching for specific information will finds essays throughout the volume useful to their purposes.

Ancient Maya Women

Author: Traci Ardren

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100107

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 7327


Edited volume tracing the state of knowledge of gender in Ancient Mayan society. Visit our website for sample chapters!

The Lowland Maya Postclassic

Author: Arlen F. Chase,Prudence M. Rice

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477302603

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 6928


This collection represents a major step forward in understanding the era from the end of Classic Maya civilization to the Spanish conquest.

Maya Archaeology and Ethnohistory

Author: Norman Hammond,Gordon R. Willey

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292762577

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 5014


Embracing a wide range of research, this book offers various views on the intellectual history of Maya archaeology and ethnohistory and the processes operating in the rise and fall of Maya civilization. The fourteen studies were selected from those presented at the Second Cambridge Symposium on Recent Research in Mesoamerican Archaeology and are presented in three major sections. The first of these deals with the application of theory, both anthropological and historical, to the great civilization of the Classic Maya, which flourished in the Yucatan, Guatemala, and Belize during the first millennium A.D. The structural remains of the Classic Period have impressed travelers and archaeologists for over a century, and aspects of the development and decline of this strange and brilliant tropical forest culture are examined here in the light of archaeological research. The second section presents the results of field research ranging from the Highlands of Mexico east to Honduras and north into the Lowland heart of Maya civilization, and iconographic study of excavated material. The third section covers the ethnohistoric approach to archaeology, the conjunction of material and documentary evidence. Early European documents are used to illuminate historic Maya culture. This section includes transcriptions of previously unpublished archival material. Although not formally linked beyond their common field of inquiry, the essays here offer a conspectus of late-twentieth century Maya research and a series of case histories of the work of some of the leading scholars in the field.

Ancient Maya

The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization

Author: Arthur Demarest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521592246

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 6371


In this archaeological study, Arthur Demarest brings the lost pre-Columbian civilization of the Maya to life. In applying a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, and epigraphy, this theoretical interpretation emphasizes both the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life.


Reflections by Archaeologists and Philosophers

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401118264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 2848


An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.

Archaeological Thought in America

Author: C. C. Lamberg-Karlovsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521406437

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 3171


The aim of the seventeen essays in this volume is both to describe recent theoretical advances in archaeological research and to present substantive interpretations of prehistoric data drawn from a variety of cultures and time frames, including Mesoamerica, Central Asia, India, and China.

Living with the Dead

Mortuary Ritual in Mesoamerica

Author: James L. Fitzsimmons,Izumi Shimada

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816529766

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 2063


Scholars have recently achieved new insights into the many ways in which the dead and the living interacted from the Late Preclassic to the Conquest in Mesoamerica. The eight essays in this useful volume were written by well-known scholars who offer cross-disciplinary and synergistic insights into the varied articulations between the dead and those who survived them. From physically opening the tomb of their ancestors and carrying out ancestral heirlooms to periodic feasts, sacrifices, and other lavish ceremonies, heirs revisited death on a regular basis. The activities attributable to the dead, moreover, range from passively defining territorial boundaries to more active exploits, such as ÒdancingÓ at weddings and ÒwitnessingÓ royal accessions. The dead wereÑand continued to beÑa vital part of everyday life in Mesoamerican cultures. This book results from a symposium organized by the editors for an annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The contributors employ historical sources, comparative art history, anthropology, and sociology, as well as archaeology and anthropology, to uncover surprising commonalities across cultures, including the manner in which the dead were politicized, the perceptions of reciprocity between the dead and the living, and the ways that the dead were used by the living to create, define, and renew social as well as family ties. In exploring larger issues of a Ògood deathÓ and the transition from death to ancestry, the contributors demonstrate that across Mesoamerica death was almost never accompanied by the extinction of a persona; it was more often the beginning of a social process than a conclusion.

The Southeast Maya Periphery

Author: Patricia A. Urban,Edward M. Schortman

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292762879

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 9128


Archaeologists are continually faced with a pervasive problem: How can cultures, and the interactions among cultures, be differentiated in the archaeological record? This issue is especially difficult in peripheral areas, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and southern Guatemala in the New World. Encompassing zones that are clearly Mayan in language and culture, especially during the Classic period, this area also includes zones that seem to be non-Mayan. The Southeast Maya Periphery examines both aspects of this territory. For the Maya, emphasis is on two sites: Quirigua, Guatemala, and Copan, Honduras. For the non-Maya zone, information is presented on a variety of sites and subregions—the Lower Motagua Valley in Guatemala; the Naco, Sula, and Comayagua valleys and the site of Playa de los Muertos in Honduras; and the Zapotitan Valley and the sites of Cihuatan and Santa Leticia in El Salvador. Spanning over two thousand years of prehistory, from the Middle Preclassic through the Classic and the poorly understood Postclassic, the essays in this volume address such topics as epigraphy and iconography, architecture, site planning, settlement patterns, and ceramics and include basic information on chronology. Copan and Quirigua are treated both individually and in comparative perspective. This significant study was the first to attempt to deal with the Periphery as a coherent unit. Unique in its comparative presentation of Copan and Quirigua and in the breadth of information on non-Maya sites in the area, The Southeast Maya Periphery consists largely of previously unpublished data. Offering a variety of approaches to both old and new problems, this volume attempts, among other things, to reassess the relationships between Copan and Quirigua and between Highland and Lowland ceramic traditions, to analyze ceramics by neutron activation, and to define the nature of the apparently non-Mayan cultures in the region. This book will be of major interest not only to Mayanists and Mesoamerican archaeologists but also to others interested in the processes of ethnic group boundary formation and maintenance.

Popol Vuh

The Definitive Edition Of The Mayan Book Of The Dawn Of Life And The Glories Of

Author: McNulty Professor in the Poetics Program and Research Professor of Anthropology Dennis Tedlock

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684818450

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 7510


One of the most extraordinary works of the human imagination and the most important text in the native languages of the Americas, Popul Vuh: The Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life was first made accessible to the public 10 years ago. This new edition retains the quality of the original translation, has been enriched, and includes 20 new illustrations, maps, drawings, and photos.

Handbook of Gender in Archaeology

Author: Sarah M. Nelson,Sarah Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759106789

Category: Social Science

Page: 913

View: 9281


First reference work to explore the research on gender in archaeology.

The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial Patterning

Author: Ellen M. Kroll,T. Douglas Price

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 148992602X

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 3013


Investigations of archaeological intrasite spatial patterns have generally taken one of two directions: studies that introduced and explored methods for the analysis of archaeological spatial patterns or those that described and analyzed the for mation of spatial patterns in actuaiistic-ethnographic, experimental, or natu ral-contexts. The archaeological studies were largely quantitative in nature, concerned with the recognition and definition of patterns; the actualistic efforts were often oriented more toward interpretation, dealing with how patterns formed and what they meant. Our research group on archaeological spatial analysis at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has been working for several years on both quantitative and interpretive problems. Both lines of investigation are closely related and are important complements. In order to demonstrate the convergence of archaeological and actualistic studies for the understanding of intrasite spatial patterns, we organized a sympo sium at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archaeology in Toronto, Canada, in May 1987. The symposium, titled "The Interpretation of Stone Age Archaeological Spatial Patterns," was organized into two sessions. The six papers presented in the morning session, five of which comprise Part I of this volume, focused on ethnoarchaeological and experimental research. Michael Schiffer was the discussant for this half of the symposium. Our intention for the ethnoarchaeological contributions to the symposium and volume was the delin eation of some of the significant accomplishments achieved thus far by actualistic studies regarding the formation of spatial patterns.

The Native Population of the Americas in 1492

Author: William M. Denevan

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 0299134334

Category: Social Science

Page: 386

View: 6089


William M. Denevan writes that, "The discovery of America was followed by possibly the greatest demographic disaster in the history of the world." Research by some scholars provides population estimates of the pre-contact Americas to be as high as 112 million in 1492, while others estimate the population to have been as low as eight million. In any case, the native population declined to less than six million by 1650. In this collection of essays, historians, anthropologists, and geographers discuss the discrepancies in the population estimates and the evidence for the post-European decline. Woodrow Borah, Angel Rosenblat, William T. Sanders, and others touch on such topics as the Indian slave trade, diseases, military action, and the disruption of the social systems of the native peoples. Offering varying points of view, the contributors critically analyze major hemispheric and regional data and estimates for pre- and post-European contact. This revised edition features a new introduction by Denevan reviewing recent literature and providing a new hemispheric estimate of 54 million, a foreword by W. George Lovell of Queen's University, and a comprehensive updating of the already extensive bibliography. Research in this subject is accelerating, with contributions from many disciplines. The discussions and essays presented here can serve both as an overview of past estimates, conflicts, and methods and as indicators of new approaches and perspectives to this timely subject.

Ancient Maya Political Economies

Author: Marilyn A. Masson,David A. Freidel

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100817

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 7805


Ancient Maya Political Economies examines variation in systems of economic production and exchange and how these systems supported the power networks that integrated Maya society. Using models originally developed by William L. Rathje, the authors explore core-periphery relations, the use of household analysis to reconstruct political economy, and evidence for market development. In doing so, they challenge the conventional wisdom of decentralized Maya political authority and replace it with a more complex view of the political economic foundations of Maya civilization.