Explorations in American Archaeology

Essays in Honor of Wesley R. Hurt

Author: Wesley Robert Hurt

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761811848

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 7800

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Explorations in American Archaeology is a collection of original essays relating to the areas of archaeology within which Hurt conducted pioneering research. The contributions include a number of noted scholars in both North And South America and reflect Hurt's regional and topical interests. This volume is focused to a considerable degree of continuity among its contributions. Many of the papers provide new data and insights related to seminal and contemporary issues in American archaeology, and is strengthened by Pedro Schmitz and other prominent Brazilian archaeologists who provide new and unpublished data regarding native subsistence strategies. Due to the integration and continuity of the entire volume, those searching for specific information will finds essays throughout the volume useful to their purposes.

Ancient Maya Women

Author: Traci Ardren

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100107

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 9255

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Edited volume tracing the state of knowledge of gender in Ancient Mayan society. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Incidents of archaeology in Central America and Yucatán

essays in honor of Edwin M. Shook

Author: Edwin M. Shook,Michael Love,Marion Popenoe Hatch,Héctor L. Escobedo

Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 594

View: 5618

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A collection of cutting edge archaeological studies of the Maya and their neighbors. Emphasizes recent fieldwork in the Ucatan, Belize and Guatemala. It includes reports on recent fieldwork not previously published in any form.

Ancient Maya Women

Author: Traci Ardren

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100107

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 7454

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Edited volume tracing the state of knowledge of gender in Ancient Mayan society. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Mesoamerican Religions and Archaeology

Essays in Pre-Columbian Civilizations

Author: Aleksandar Boskovic

Publisher: Archaeopress Pre-Columbian Archaeology

ISBN: 9781784915025

Category:

Page: 98

View: 5893

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Our understanding of ancient Pre-Columbian civilizations has changed significantly as the result of archaeological research in the last fifty years. Major projects during this period included dealing with cultural change in different contexts (Valley of Mexico, Oaxaca), regional research projects ("Olmec"), as well as attempts to understand more general trends in interpreting Pre-Columbian art and ideology (Codex Cihuacoatl, Templo Mayor). This book presents both the changes that occurred in the last few decades, and the impact that they had on our understanding on ancient Mesoamerican religions and cultures. It also includes references to some lesser-known research traditions (such as Croatia, Serbia, and Slovenia), as well as to the work of scholars like Jacques Soustelle or Didier Boremanse. With the insistence on clear methodology, based on field research, this book uses the context of specific archaeological finds in order to put Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures in a historical perspective. In terms of method, the author follows R. E. W. Adams, Jeremy Sabloff, Robert J. Sharer and other archaeologists in emphasizing the "field archaeology school" approach, with its insistence on using the data acquired in context. Archaeological and anthropological research is in itself fascinating enough to not need stolen artefacts, forged vases, fantastic stories and invented mythical genealogies. The main goal of this book is to produce a methodologically sound and ethically valid interdisciplinary introduction into the exciting world of ancient Mesoamerica.

Art of the Maya Scribe

Author: Michael Coe,Justin Kerr

Publisher: Harry N Abrams Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 5355

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To the four great calligraphic traditions - ancient Egyptian, East Asian, Islamic, and western European - is now added a fifth: that of the ancient Maya. Long known but little understood, Maya writing has now largely been deciphered, leading to a new understanding of the Maya scribes and the society in which they lived. This volume is the first to make full use of the latest research and the first to consider Maya writing both aesthetically and in terms of its meaning. Michael D. Coe begins by examining the origins and character of the script. He then explores the world of the scribes and "keepers of the holy books", decoding their depiction in Maya art and describing the mediums in which they worked, their tools, and techniques.

The Lowland Maya Postclassic

Author: Arlen F. Chase,Prudence M. Rice

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477302603

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 3999

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This collection represents a major step forward in understanding the era from the end of Classic Maya civilization to the Spanish conquest.

Ancient Maya

The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization

Author: Arthur Demarest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521592246

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 6109

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In this new archaeological study, Arthur Demarest brings the lost pre-Columbian civilization of the Maya to life. In applying a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, and epigraphy, this theoretical interpretation emphasises both the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life. Demarest draws on his own discoveries and the findings of colleagues to reconstruct the complex lifeways and volatile political history of the Classic Maya states of the first to eighth centuries. He provides a new explanation of the long-standing mystery of the ninth-century abandonment of most of the great rain forest cities. Finally, he draws lessons from the history of the Classic Maya cities for contemporary society and for the ongoing struggles and resurgence of the modern Maya peoples, who are now re-emerging from six centuries of oppression.

Prehistoric Settlement Patterns

Essays in Honor of Gordon R. Willey ; Edited by Evon Z. Vogt. and Richard M. Leventhal

Author: Evon Zartman Vogt,Richard M. Leventhal

Publisher: Olympic Marketing Corporation

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 519

View: 678

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Metaarchaeology

Reflections by Archaeologists and Philosophers

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401118264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 3283

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An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.

Motel of the Mysteries

Author: David Macaulay

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780547348629

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 96

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It is the year 4022; all of the ancient country of Usa has been buried under many feet of detritus from a catastrophe that occurred back in 1985. Imagine, then, the excitement that Howard Carson, an amateur archeologist at best, experienced when in crossing the perimeter of an abandoned excavation site he felt the ground give way beneath him and found himself at the bottom of a shaft, which, judging from the DO NOT DISTURB sign hanging from an archaic doorknob, was clearly the entrance to a still-sealed burial chamber. Carson's incredible discoveries, including the remains of two bodies, one of then on a ceremonial bed facing an altar that appeared to be a means of communicating with the Gods and the other lying in a porcelain sarcophagus in the Inner Chamber, permitted him to piece together the whole fabric of that extraordinary civilization.

Archaeology at El Perú-Waka'

Ancient Maya Performances of Ritual, Memory, and Power

Author: Olivia C. Navarro-Farr,Michelle Rich

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816532419

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 1195

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Archaeology at El Perú-Waka’ is the first book to summarize long-term research at this major Maya site. The results of fieldwork and subsequent analyses conducted by members of the El Perú-Waka’ Regional Archaeological Project are coupled with theoretical approaches treating the topics of ritual, memory, and power as deciphered through material remains discovered at Waka’. The book is site-centered, yet the fifteen wide-ranging contributions offer readers greater insight to the richness and complexity of Classic-period Maya culture, as well as to the ways in which archaeologists believe ancient peoples negotiated their ritual lives and comprehended their own pasts. El Perú-Waka’ is an ancient Maya city located in present-day northwestern Petén, Guatemala. Rediscovered by petroleum exploration workers in the mid-1960s, it is the largest known archaeological site in the Laguna del Tigre National Park in Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere Reserve. The El Perú-Waka’ Regional Archaeological Project initiated scientific investigations in 2003, and through excavation and survey, researchers established that Waka’ was a key political and economic center well integrated into Classic-period lowland Maya civilization, and reconstructed many aspects of Maya life and ritual activity in this ancient community. The research detailed in this volume provides a wealth of new, substantive, and scientifically excavated data, which contributors approach with fresh theoretical insights. In the process, they lay out sound strategies for understanding the ritual manipulation of monuments, landscapes, buildings, objects, and memories, as well as related topics encompassing the performance and negotiation of power throughout the city’s extensive sociopolitical history.

Living with the Dead

Mortuary Ritual in Mesoamerica

Author: James L. Fitzsimmons,Izumi Shimada

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816529766

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 4931

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Scholars have recently achieved new insights into the many ways in which the dead and the living interacted from the Late Preclassic to the Conquest in Mesoamerica. The eight essays in this useful volume were written by well-known scholars who offer cross-disciplinary and synergistic insights into the varied articulations between the dead and those who survived them. From physically opening the tomb of their ancestors and carrying out ancestral heirlooms to periodic feasts, sacrifices, and other lavish ceremonies, heirs revisited death on a regular basis. The activities attributable to the dead, moreover, range from passively defining territorial boundaries to more active exploits, such as ÒdancingÓ at weddings and ÒwitnessingÓ royal accessions. The dead wereÑand continued to beÑa vital part of everyday life in Mesoamerican cultures. This book results from a symposium organized by the editors for an annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The contributors employ historical sources, comparative art history, anthropology, and sociology, as well as archaeology and anthropology, to uncover surprising commonalities across cultures, including the manner in which the dead were politicized, the perceptions of reciprocity between the dead and the living, and the ways that the dead were used by the living to create, define, and renew social as well as family ties. In exploring larger issues of a Ògood deathÓ and the transition from death to ancestry, the contributors demonstrate that across Mesoamerica death was almost never accompanied by the extinction of a persona; it was more often the beginning of a social process than a conclusion.

Chocolate in Mesoamerica

A Cultural History of Cacao

Author: Cameron L. McNeil

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813033822

Category: Cooking

Page: 542

View: 6803

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New models of research and analysis, as well as breakthroughs in deciphering Mesoamerican writing, have recently produced a watershed of information on the regional use and importance of cacao, or chocolate as it is commonly called today. McNeil brings together scholars in the fields of archaeology, history, art history, linguistics, epigraphy, botany, chemistry, and cultural anthropology to explore the domestication, preparation, representation, and significance of cacao in ancient and modern communities of the Americas, with a concentration on its use in Mesoamerica. Cacao was used by many cultures in the pre-Columbian Americas as an important part of rituals associated with birth, coming of age, marriage, and death, and was strongly linked with concepts of power and rulership. While Europeans have for hundreds of years claimed that they introduced "chocolate" as a sauce for foods, evidence from ancient royal tombs indicates cacao was used in a range of foods as well as beverages in ancient times. In addition, the volume's authors present information that supports a greater importance for cacao in pre-Columbian South America, where ancient vessels depicting cacao pods have recently been identified. From the botanical structure and chemical makeup of "Theobroma cacao" and methods of identifying it in the archaeological record, to the importance of cacao during the Classic period in Mesoamerica, to the impact of European arrival on the production and use of cacao, to contemporary uses in the Americas, this volume provides a richly informed account of the history and cultural significance of chocolate.