Epidemiology

An Introduction

Author: Moon, Graham,Gould , Myles

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335200125

Category: Medical

Page: 190

View: 2878

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This text offers a comprehensive insight into the methods and principles of epidemological study alongside an analysis of the broad context in which epidemiological work is undertaken.

Minority Populations and Health

An Introduction to Health Disparities in the United States

Author: Thomas A. LaVeist

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118046524

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 9241

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"The text is state-of-the-art in its analysis of health disparities from both domestic and international perspectives. Minority Populations and Health: An Introduction to Health Disparities in the United States is a welcome addition to the field because it widens access to the complex issues underlying the health disparities problem. "-- Preventing Chronic Disease/CDC, October 2005 "This is a very comprehensive, evidence-based book dealing with the health disparities that plague the United States. This is a welcome and valuable addition to the field of health care for minority groups in the United States."-- Doody's Publishers Bulletin, August 2005 "Health isn’t color-blind. Racial minorities disproportionately suffer from some diseases, but experts say race alone doesn’t completely account for the disparities. Newsweek's Jennifer Barrett Ozols spoke with Thomas LaVeist, director of the Center for Health Disparities Solutions at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and author of the upcoming book, "Minority Populations and Health: An Introduction to Health Disparities in the U.S." (Jossey-Bass) about race and medicine. "-- MSNBC/Newsweek interview with author Thomas L. LaVeist, February 2005 "The book is readable and organized to be quickly read with specifics readily retrievable. It is comprehensive and visual."-- Journal of the American Medical Association, September 2005 Minority Populations and Health is a textbook that offers a complete foundation in the core issues and theoretical frameworks for the development of policy and interventions to address race disparities in health-related outcomes. This book covers U.S. health and social policy, the role of race and ethnicity in health research, social factors contributing to mortality, longevity and life expectancy, quantitative and demographic analysis and access, and utilization of health services. Instructors material available at http://www.minorityhealth.com

Society and Health

An Introduction to Social Science for Health Professionals

Author: Rosemary Gillespie,Graham Moon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134836740

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 7102

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A concise introduction to the central issues concerning health and health care in contemporary society, Society and Health is written for all health professionals undergoing basic training. It explains social science concepts and theories and shows their relevance to work in health settings. Each chapter is short and focused on key learning points. 'concept boxes' highlight the main themes and facilitate revision exercises and activities enable students to apply knowledge to practice assumes no previous knowledge ideal for common foundation programme guided further reading

Research Into Practice

Author: Pamela Abbott,Roger John Sapsford

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335230431

Category: Medical

Page: 163

View: 5078

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This is a thoroughly revised and up-dated edition of the bestselling reader for nurses and the caring professions. It offers carefully selected examples of research, all concerned in some way with nursing or the study of health and community care. There are new articles in line with the latest trends in nursing and other practitioner research, with more stress on evidence-based practice, action research and self-evaluation.

Biostatistics: An Applied Introduction for the Public Health Practitioner

Author: Heather M. Bush

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111035148

Category: Education

Page: 608

View: 2440

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BIOSTATISTICS: AN APPLIED INTRODUCTION FOR THE PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTITIONER is designed to help public health researchers, practitioners, and students understand and apply essential biostatistics concepts. This innovative new text emphasizes real-world public health problems and the research questions they inspire. This text provides a unique introduction to statistical concepts and methods used by working professionals during investigations. Unlike other texts that assume a strong knowledge of mathematics or rely heavily on formulas, BIOSTATISTICS consistently emphasizes the public health context, making even complex material both accessible and relevant. The first chapter introduces common statistical terminology by explaining them in clear language, while subsequent chapters explore the most useful and versatile statistical methods for a variety of public health research questions. For each type of question, the author presents a range of applicable methods, from descriptions of data to simple statistical tests, generalized linear models, and multiple variable regression. The text's step-by-step coverage of fundamental concepts is perfect for students new to the field, but its depth and detail also make it ideal for two-course series in M.P.H. or M.H.A. programs, or for working professionals. Readers at all stages of their professional lives can draw on this invaluable resource to help them interpret and conduct statistical studies and support effective evidence-based practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Psychology for Nurses and the Caring Professions

Author: N.A

Publisher: McGraw-Hill International

ISBN: 9780335214624

Category: Medical

Page: 219

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This volume introduces students to a range of psychological theories and research, supported by evidence from health psychology. Applications are offered within a variety of health-care settings, with an emphasis on health promotion and preventative care.

The Future of Nursing

Leading Change, Advancing Health

Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309208955

Category: Medical

Page: 700

View: 9654

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The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force. They also spend the greatest amount of time in delivering patient care as a profession. Nurses therefore have valuable insights and unique abilities to contribute as partners with other health care professionals in improving the quality and safety of care as envisioned in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted this year. Nurses should be fully engaged with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning care in the United States. To ensure its members are well-prepared, the profession should institute residency training for nurses, increase the percentage of nurses who attain a bachelor's degree to 80 percent by 2020, and double the number who pursue doctorates. Furthermore, regulatory and institutional obstacles -- including limits on nurses' scope of practice -- should be removed so that the health system can reap the full benefit of nurses' training, skills, and knowledge in patient care. In this book, the Institute of Medicine makes recommendations for an action-oriented blueprint for the future of nursing.

Social Epidemiology

Author: Lisa F. Berkman,Ichiro Kawachi,M. Maria Glymour

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199395330

Category: Medical

Page: 615

View: 3996

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"Eleven fully updated chapters include entries on the links between health and discrimination, income inequality, social networks and emotion, while four all-new chapters examine the role of policies in shaping health, including how to translate evidence into action with multi-level interventions."

Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Translating Science to Practice

Author: Ross C. Brownson,Graham A. Colditz,Enola K. Proctor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190683236

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 3959

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The definitive work in D&I research -- now completely updated and expanded The application of scientific research to the creation of evidence-based policies is a science unto itself -- and one that is never easy. Dissemination and implementation research (D&I) is the study of how scientific advances can be implemented into everyday life, and understanding how it works has never been more important for students and professionals across the scientific, academic, and governmental communities. DISSEMINATION AND IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH IN HEALTH is a practical guide to making research more consequential, a collection assembled and written by today's leading D&I researchers. Readers of this book are taught to: ? Evaluate the evidence base in an effective intervention ? Choose a strategy that produces the greatest impact ? Design an appropriate and effectual study ? Track essential outcomes ? Account for the barriers to uptake in communities, social service agencies, and health care facilities The challenges to moving research into practice are universal, and they're complicated by the current landscape's reliance on partnerships and multi-center research. In this light, DISSEMINATION AND IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH IN HEALTH is nothing less than a roadmap to effecting change in the sciences. It will have broad utility to researchers and practitioners in epidemiology, biostatistics, behavioral science, economics, medicine, social work, psychology, and anthropology -- both today and in our slightly better future.

Strengths-Based Nursing Care

Health And Healing For Person And Family

Author: Laurie N. Gottlieb, PhD, RN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826195873

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 9045

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This is the first practical guide for nurses on how to incorporate the knowledge, skills, and tools of Strength-Based Nursing Care (SBC) into everyday practice. The text, based on a model developed by the McGill University Nursing Program, signifies a paradigm shift from a deficit-based model to one that focuses on individual, family, and community strengths as a cornerstone of effective nursing care. The book develops the theoretical foundations underlying SBC, promotes the acquisition of fundamental skills needed for SBC practice, and offers specific strategies, techniques, and tools for identifying strengths and harnessing them to facilitate healing and health. The testimony of 46 nurses demonstrates how SBC can be effectively used in multiple settings across the lifespan.

Social Networks and Health

Models, Methods, and Applications

Author: Thomas W. Valente

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199719723

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 5606

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Relationships and the pattern of relationships have a large and varied influence on both individual and group action. The fundamental distinction of social network analysis research is that relationships are of paramount importance in explaining behavior. Because of this, social network analysis offers many exciting tools and techniques for research and practice in a wide variety of medical and public health situations including organizational improvements, understanding risk behaviors, coordinating coalitions, and the delivery of health care services. This book provides an introduction to the major theories, methods, models, and findings of social network analysis research and application. In three sections, it presents a comprehensive overview of the topic; first in a survey of its historical and theoretical foundations, then in practical descriptions of the variety of methods currently in use, and finally in a discussion of its specific applications for behavior change in a public health context. Throughout, the text has been kept clear, concise, and comprehensible, with short mathematical formulas for some key indicators or concepts. Researchers and students alike will find it an invaluable resource for understanding and implementing social network analysis in their own practice.

An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Author: Joia S. Mukherjee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190662468

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 1717

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"What Mukherjee attempts, and succeeds in doing, is to offer what many students -- undergraduates as well as students of medicine, nursing, and public health -- have long clamored for: a primer not only of recent developments in global health, but also a patient dissection of what has worked less well (and what hasn't worked at all)." --Paul Farmer, from the foreword The field of global health has roots in the AIDS pandemic of the late 20th century, when the installation of health care systems supplanted older, low-cost prevention programs to help stem the spread of HIV in low- and middle-income Africa. Today's global health is rooted the belief that health care is a human right, and that by promoting health we can cultivate equity and social justice in places where such values aren't always found. AN INTRODUCTION TO GLOBAL HEALTH DELIVERY is a short but immersive introduction to global health's origins, actors, interventions, and challenges. Informed by physician Joia Mukherjee's quarter-century of experience fighting disease and poverty in more than a dozen countries, it delivers a clear-eyed overview of the movement underway to reduce global health disparities and establish sustainable access to care, including details of what has worked so far -- and what hasn't. Grounded in the historical and social factors that propagate health disparities and enriched with case studies and exercises that encourage readers to think critically about the subject matter, this text is the essential starting point for readers of any background seeking a practical grounding in global health's promise and progress.

Population Health: Behavioral and Social Science Insights

Author: Robert M. Kaplan,Michael L. Spittel,Daryn H. David

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 1587634457

Category: Medical

Page: 1806

View: 1330

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The purpose of this book is to gain a better understanding of the multitude of factors that determine longer life and improved quality of life in the years a person is alive. While the emphasis is primarily on the social and behavioral determinants that have an effect on the health and well-being of individuals, this publication also addresses quality of life factors and determinants more broadly. Each chapter in this book considers an area of investigation and ends with suggestions for future research and implications of current research for policy and practice. The introductory chapter summarizes the state of Americans’ health and well-being in comparison to our international peers and presents background information concerning the limitations of current approaches to improving health and well-being. Following the introduction, there are 21 chapters that examine the effects of various behavioral risk factors on population health, identify trends in life expectancy and quality of life, and suggest avenues for research in the behavioral and social science arenas to address problems affecting the U.S. population and populations in other developed and developing countries around the world. Undergraduate and graduate students pursuing coursework in health statistics, health population demographics, behavioral and social science, and heatlh policy may be interested in this content. Additionally, policymakers, legislators, heatlh educators, and scientific organizations around the world may also have an interest in this resource.

Social Injustice and Public Health

Author: Barry S. Levy,Victor W. Sidel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199939225

Category: Medical

Page: 559

View: 3331

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This second edition of Social Injustice and Public Health is a comprehensive, up-to-date, evidence-based resource on the relationship of social injustice to many aspects of public health. With contributions from leading experts in public health, medicine, health, social sciences, and other fields, this integrated book documents the adverse effects of social injustice on health and makes recommendations on what needs to be done to reduce social injustice and thereby improve the public's health. Social Injustice and Public Health is divided into four parts: · The nature of social injustice and its impact on public health · How the health of specific population groups is affected by social injustice · How social injustice adversely affects medical care, infectious and chronic non-communicable disease, nutrition, mental health, violence, environmental and occupational health, oral health, and aspects of international health · What needs to be done, such as addressing social injustice in a human rights context, promoting social justice through public health policies and programs, strengthening communities, and promoting equitable and sustainable human development With 78 contributors who are experts in their respective subject areas, this textbook is ideal for students and practitioners in public health, medicine, nursing, and other health sciences. It is the definitive resource for anyone seeking to better understand the social determinants of health and how to address them to reduce social injustice and improve the public's health.

An Introduction to Global Health Ethics

Author: Andrew D. Pinto,Ross E. G. Upshur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136178015

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 7795

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The field of global health is expanding rapidly. An increasing number of trainees are studying and working with marginalized populations, often within low and middle-income countries. Such endeavours are beset by ethical dilemmas: mitigating power differentials, addressing cultural differences in how health and illness are viewed, and obtaining individual and community consent in research. This introductory textbook supports students to understand and work through key areas of concern, assisting them in moving towards a more critical view of global health practise. Divided into two sections covering the theory and practice of global health ethics, the text begins by looking at definitions of global health and the field’s historical context. It draws on anti-colonial perspectives concepts, developing social justice and solidarity as key principles to guide students. The second part focuses on ethical challenges students may face in clinical experiences or research. Topics such as working with indigenous communities, the politics of global health governance, and the ethical challenges of advocacy are explored using a case study approach. An Introduction to Global Health Ethics includes recommended resources and further readings, and is ideal for students from a range of disciplines – including public health, medicine, nursing, law and development studies – who are undertaking undergraduate and graduate courses in ethics or placements overseas.

Health Disparities in the United States

Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health

Author: Donald A. Barr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421414767

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 9054

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Outstanding Academic Title, Choice magazine The health care system in the United States has been called the best in the world. Yet wide health disparities persist between different social groups, and many Americans suffer from poorer health than people in other developed countries. Donald A. Barr's Health Disparities in the United States explores how socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity interact with socioeconomic inequality to create and perpetuate these health disparities. Examining the significance of this gulf for the medical community, cultural subsets, and society at large, Barr offers potential policy- and physician-based solutions for reducing health inequity in the long term. This popular course book, which has been fully updated, now incorporates significant new material, including a chapter on the profound effects of inequality on child development, behavioral choices, and adult health status. An essential text for courses in public health, health policy, and sociology, the second edition analyzes the complex web of social forces that influence health outcomes in the United States. This book is a vital teaching tool and a comprehensive reference for social science and medical professionals.

The New Public Health

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena A. Varavikova

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012415767X

Category: Medical

Page: 912

View: 6323

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The New Public Health has established itself as a solid textbook throughout the world. Translated into 7 languages, this work distinguishes itself from other public health textbooks, which are either highly locally oriented or, if international, lack the specificity of local issues relevant to students' understanding of applied public health in their own setting. This 3e provides a unified approach to public health appropriate for all masters' level students and practitioners—specifically for courses in MPH programs, community health and preventive medicine programs, community health education programs, and community health nursing programs, as well as programs for other medical professionals such as pharmacy, physiotherapy, and other public health courses. Changes in infectious and chronic disease epidemiology including vaccines, health promotion, human resources for health and health technology Lessons from H1N1, pandemic threats, disease eradication, nutritional health Trends of health systems and reforms and consequences of current economic crisis for health Public health law, ethics, scientific d health technology advances and assessment Global Health environment, Millennium Development Goals and international NGOs

An Introduction to Community Health Brief Edition

Author: James F. McKenzie,Professor Department of Public Health Sciences Penn State Hershey Professor Emeritus Ball State University James F McKenzie,Robert R. Pinger

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449651526

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 3322

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A Condensed Version of the Bestselling Classic Health TextAn Introduction to Community Health Brief Edition is a condensed and fully updated version of the bestselling classic health text. It is ideally suited for students in Health Education, Nursing, and Social Work programs. Like the full-length text, the condensed edition provides comprehensive coverage of epidemiology, adolescent and child health, health and safety in the workplace, environmental health, and minority and elder health. This is the only condensed community health text on the market and is suitable for institutions with shorter academic terms.Key pedagogical features such as chapter objectives, review questions, key terms, and a full glossary can also be found within the brief edition. Access to the robust companion website is included with the purchase of each new textbook. Key features of the brief edition include:* Extensive information on community-health related issues, including maternal, infant and child health; adolescent health, and elder and minority health* Full coverage of the Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare)* Discussion around the epidemic of deaths resulting from the nonmedical use and abuse of prescription analgesics * Environmental concerns around the earthquake, tsunami and the disabled nuclear power plant in Japan* A full suite of ancillary materials, including Practice Quizzes, Flashcards, Web Links and an Interactive Glossary can be found on the companion website