Environmental Ethics

Divergence and Convergence

Author: Richard George Botzler,Susan Jean Armstrong

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 9780070061804

Category: Environmental ethics

Page: 600

View: 478

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This anthology offers a comprehensive collection of articles on the topic of environmental ethics. The contributions examine diverse approaches to environmental ethics from a variety of disciplines, and provide a historical survey of thought on man's responsibility to the environment.

What is Land For?

"The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate"

Author: Matt Lobley,Michael Winter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136544399

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 2680

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In recent decades agricultural commodity surpluses in the developed world have contributed to a mantra of 'land surplus' in which set-aside, extensification, alternative land uses and 'wilding' have been key terms in debates over land. Quite suddenly all this has changed as a consequence of rapidly shifting commodity markets. Prices for cereals, oil seeds and other globally traded commodities have risen sharply. A contributor to this has been the shift to bioenergy cropping, fuelled by concerns over post-peak oil and climate change. Agricultural supply chain interests have embraced the 'new environmentalism' of climate change with enthusiasm, proudly proclaiming the readiness of the industry to produce both food and energy crops, and to do so with a neo-liberal confidence in markets to determine the balance between food and non-food crops in land use. But policy and politics have not necessarily caught up with these market and industry-led changes and some environmentalists are beginning to challenge the assumptions of the new 'productivism'. Is it necessarily the case, they ask, that agriculture's best contribution to tackling climate change is to grow bioenergy crops or invest in anaerobic-digesters or make land over for windfarms? Might not there be an equally important role in maximising the carbon sequestration or water-holding properties of biodiverse land? What is Land For? tackles these key cutting-edge issues of this new debate by setting out a baseline of evidence and ideas.

Enzyklopädie Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie

Bd. 2: C–F

Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476001342

Category: Philosophy

Page: 601

View: 2494

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Die Enzyklopädie Philosophie- und Wissenschaftstheorie, das größte allgemeine Nachschlagewerk zur Philosophie im deutschsprachigen Raum, erscheint in einer aktualisierten und erweiterten kompletten Neuauflage. Sie umfasst in Sach- und Personenartikeln nicht nur den klassischen Bestand des philosophischen Wissens, sondern auch die neuere Entwicklung der Philosophie, insbesondere in den Bereichen Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. Ausführlich berücksichtigt sind auch Grundlagenreflexionen in den Wissenschaften und deren Geschichte. Zu den ca. 400 neu aufgenommenen Artikeln gehören z.B. Bioethik, Chaostheorie, Dekonstruktivismus, angewandte Ethik, Fundamentalismus, Genetik, Intelligenz und Komplexitätstheorie sowie zahlreiche Personenartikel. Die umfassenden Bibliografien und vollständigen Werkverzeichnisse wurden bei allen Artikeln auf den neuesten Stand gebracht.

Narrative Ethik

Das Gute und das Böse erzählen

Author: Karen Joisten

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050047283

Category: Philosophy

Page: 309

View: 3476

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Der Begriff "Narrativität" tritt heute als ein Modewort in Erscheinung, das sogar Einzug ins Feuilleton gehalten hat. Im Kontext der Philosophie des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts kann der Mensch als narratives Wesen bestimmt werden. Erzählung dient hier nicht allein als Inbegriff einer Gesamtheit von Sinnbildungen, sondern vor allem zur Kennzeichnung des wirklich Menschlichen. Das narrative Selbst gibt nicht nur auf die Frage nach dem Menschen eine Antwort, sondern ist auch grundlegend für die Beantwortung der Frage nach dem Tunsollen des Menschen. Und es wird sichtbar, dass die "Form der Erzählung" die Art und Weise des Verstehens der eigenen Handlungen und die der anderen sein kann. Die Klärung der Bedeutung von Narrativität im Spannungsfeld von Ethik und deren lebenspraktischem Bezug steht in systematischer Hinsicht allerdings noch aus. Der vorliegende Band leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Klärung dieses Defizits, indem er Grundlagen, Grundpositionen und Anwendungen einer narrativen Ethik vorstellt.

Spirit of the Environment

Religion, Value, and Environmental Concern

Author: David Edward Cooper,Joy Palmer

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415142016

Category: Nature

Page: 204

View: 2689

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Spirit of the Environment brings spiritual and religious concerns to environmental issues. Providing a much needed alternative to exploring human beings' relationship to the natural world through the restrictive lenses of 'science', 'ecology', or even 'morality', this book offers a fresh perspective to the field. Spirit of the Enironment addresses: * the environmental attitudes of the major religions; * the relationship between art and nature; * the Gaia hypothesis; * the non-instrumental values which have inspired environmental concern. Contributors range from a variety of disciplines including philosophy, comparative religion, education and social anthropology, providing students with an intriguing survey on the role that spirituality and religion play in nature. This is a vital collection for those eager to examine the relationship between the spiritual and the environment.

Artensterben

Von der ökologischen Theorie zum Eigenwert der Natur

Author: Martin Gorke

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3842349319

Category:

Page: 376

View: 2103

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Das weltweite Artensterben ist eines der folgenschwersten und beunruhigendsten Anzeichen f r die kologische Krise. Treffen die Hochrechnungen zu, verschwindet alle 20 Minuten unwiederbringlich eine Tier- oder Pflanzenart von der Erde. Ein R ckgang in diesem Ausma und in so kurzer Zeit ist beispiellos in der Menschheitsgeschichte. Meistens ersch pft sich die Reaktion hierauf in der Forderung, die verbleibenden Arten zu sch tzen, insofern sie einen Nutzen f r die heute lebenden Menschen und sp tere Generationen haben. Doch diese Perspektive greift zu kurz. Ein Umgang mit der Natur, der seine Ma st be ausschlie lich aus menschlichen Interessen ableitet, ist nicht nur unvern nftig, sondern auch ethisch unangemessen. Nach einer kritischen Bestandsaufnahme derzeitigen kologischen Wissens pl diert Martin Gorke f r eine Fortentwicklung der ethischen Theorie von der Anthropozentrik zum Holismus. Sein Buch legt eine Begr ndung f r diese Konzeption von Ethik vor, die nicht nur dem Menschen, sondern allen Naturwesen und Gesamtsystemen - also auch den Arten - einen Eigenwert zukommen l sst.

The Animal Ethics Reader

Author: Susan J. Armstrong,Richard G. Botzler

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317421973

Category: Philosophy

Page: 738

View: 5399

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The Animal Ethics Reader is an acclaimed anthology containing both classic and contemporary readings, making it ideal for anyone coming to the subject for the first time. It provides a thorough introduction to the central topics, controversies and ethical dilemmas surrounding the treatment of animals, covering a wide range of contemporary issues, such as animal activism, genetic engineering, and environmental ethics. The extracts are arranged thematically under the following clear headings: Theories of Animal Ethics Nonhuman Animal Experiences Primates and Cetaceans Animals for Food Animal Experimentation Animals and Biotechnology Ethics and Wildlife Zoos and Aquariums Animal Companions Animal Law and Animal Activism Readings from leading experts in the field including Peter Singer, Bernard E. Rollin and Jane Goodall are featured, as well as selections from Tom Regan, Jane Goodall, Donald Griffin, Temple Grandin, Ben A. Minteer, Christine Korsgaard and Mark Rowlands. Classic extracts are well balanced with contemporary selections, helping to present the latest developments in the field. This revised and updated Third Edition includes 31 new readings on a range of subjects, including animal rights, captive chimpanzees, industrial farm animal production, genetic engineering, keeping cetaceans in captivity, animal cruelty, and animal activism. The Third Edition also is printed with a slightly larger page format and in an easier-to-read typeface. Featuring contextualizing introductions by the editors, study questions and further reading suggestions as the end of each chapter, this will be essential reading for any student taking a course in the subject. With a new foreword by Bernard E. Rollin.

The Green Halo

A Bird's-Eye View of Ecological Ethics

Author: Erazim Kohak

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812697561

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 1044

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The Green Halo is a highly readable introduction to the vast field of contemporary ecological thought. It is a basic education in environmental philosophy and a welcome propadeutic for understanding the most crucial problem facing humankind in the coming century: How can humans live on this earth so that they do not destroy the preconditions for their own existence?

The Animal Ethics Reader

Author: Susan Jean Armstrong,Richard George Botzler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 646

View: 4040

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The second edition of The Animal Ethics Reader is the most current and comprehensive anthology of readings on the subject of animal ethics. Whilst keeping the best of the previous edition, the editors have updated readings to reflect ongoing developments and emerging issues like rehabilitation of oiled wildlife, human elephant interactions, and animal consciousness and emotion. Classic and contemporary readings are arranged thematically, carefully presenting a balanced representation of the field as it stands, and include selections from leading experts in the field. Each chapter is introduced by the editors and study questions feature at the end. The second edition also contains a new foreword by Bernard Rollin.

Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 2270

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Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

Ecophilosophy in a World of Crisis

Critical realism and the Nordic Contributions

Author: Roy Bhaskar,Petter Naess,Karl Georg Høyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136621547

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 9138

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Building on its origins at a seminar in Oslo organized by two of the editors, this book combines classic texts of Nordic ecophilosophy and the original contributions of those influenced by this tradition to present the view that critical realism is indeed a worthy intellectual tradition to carry forward and further develop the work of the founders of Nordic ecophilosophy. It was clear at the seminar that there was a promising convergence of interests and themes in the two approaches; while at the same time, within the Nordic ecophilosophical tradition, there was appreciation of the capacity of critical realism, with its provision of a robust philosophical ontology and generation of totalizing immanent critiques of Western philosophy, to provide an expansive and secure home for the development of ecophilosophical work generally. If there is a single overarching theme of critical realist philosophy, it surely must be that of the unity of theory and practice, which Bhaskar, following Hegel, has also called "seriousness". This makes the applicability, relevance and actionability of critical realism key considerations for critical realists. There can be no doubt that this concern was shared fully by the Nordic ecophilosophers; and this quality of "seriousness" is a striking feature of the Nordic contributions presented in this book.

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

Author: Stephen Bullivant,Michael Ruse

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667404

Category: Religion

Page: 784

View: 8861

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Recent books by, among others, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have thrust atheism firmly into the popular, media, and academic spotlight. This so-called New Atheism is arguably the most striking development in western socio-religious culture of the past decade or more. As such, it has spurred fertile (and often heated) discussions both within, and between, a diverse range of disciplines. Yet atheism, and the New Atheism, are by no means co-extensive. Interesting though it indeed is, the New Atheism is a single, historically and culturally specific manifestation of positive atheism (the that there is/are no God/s), which is itself but one form of a far deeper, broader, and more significant global phenomenon. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism—understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods'—in all the richness and diversity of its historical and contemporary expressions. Bringing together an international team of established and emerging scholars, it probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, demography, psychology, natural sciences, gender and sexuality studies, literary criticism, film studies, musicology) and in a range of global contexts (Western Europe, North America, post-communist Europe, the Islamic world, Japan, India). Both surveying and synthesizing previous work, and presenting the major fruits of innovative recent research, the handbook is set to be a landmark text for the study of atheism.

Who Guards the Guardians?

Intercultural Dialogue on Environmental Guardianship

Author: Peter Raine

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761825814

Category: Philosophy

Page: 345

View: 3249

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In the modern era, solutions to many environmental problems appear to be beyond the reach of a dialogue based solely on argumentation, dialectics, and the presentation of 'evidence.' The purpose of this study is to construct a bridge between incommensurable ways of perceiving reality, a bridge that can facilitate dialogue across worldview boundaries on environmental issues. This book attempts to link ecology, philosophy, and theology through an exploration of a new model of intercultural dialogue. Case studies provide practical and theoretical applications, which lead to a deeper understanding of not only environmental guardianships but also the fundamental relationship between human beings and nature's being. This book attempts to link ecology, philosophy, and theology through an exploration of a new model of intercultural dialogue. Case studies provide practical and theoretical applications, which lead to a deeper understanding of not only environmental guardianships but also the fundamental relationship between human beings and nature's being.

Foundations of Wildlife Diseases

Author: Richard G. Botzler,Richard N. Brown

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520276094

Category: Nature

Page: 464

View: 4907

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Foundations of Wildlife Diseases is a comprehensive overview of the basic principles that govern the study of wildlife diseases. The authors integrate theoretical foundations with a thorough examination of the factors that can affect the health and fitness of animals. They include specific information on a wide array of infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, arthropods, fungi, protista, and helminths, as well as immunity to these agents. Also provided is a foundation for the study of noninfectious diseases, cancers, and prion diseases that affect wildlife. Supporting students, faculty, and researchers in areas related to wildlife management, biology, and veterinary sciences, this volume fills an important gap in wildlife disease resources, focusing on mammalian and avian wildlife while also considering reptiles and amphibians. Foundations of Wildlife Diseases provides students with a structure for thinking about and understanding infective agents and their interactions with wildlife. Each chapter includes an outline, select definitions and concepts, an overview and summary, and literature cited.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

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Environmental Ethics

Intercultural Perspectives

Author: King-Tak Ip

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042025956

Category: Nature

Page: 178

View: 3601

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This book shows that environmental protection is a global concern that must enlist all of humanity¿s cultural, religious, and moral resources. The nine essays in this volume explore the foundations of environmental ethics in the Western philosophical tradition as well as from the perspectives of Christianity, Islam, Daoism, and Buddhism and propose morally responsible attitudes towards nature and the environment.

Der öffentliche Sektor

Einführung in die Finanzwissenschaft

Author: Christian Nowotny

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662065363

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 526

View: 2381

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Das Buch hat die Aufgabe, Studierende der Volkswirtschafts- und der Betriebswirtschaftslehre in das Gebiet der Finanzwissenschaft einzuführen. Darüber hinaus soll dieses Buch aber auch dem interessierten Praktiker wie auch den Studierenden von Nachbardisziplinen die Möglichkeit geben, einen Überblick über die Erfassung und Diskussion des öffentlichen Sektors aus der Sicht der Nationalökonomie zu gewinnen. Besondere Beachtung wurde dabei auf folgende Aspekte gelegt: - Bezug zu Fragen der praktischen Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik und der auf den öffentlichen Sektor bezogenen gesellschaftspolitischen Diskussion. Insbesondere wird auf Fragen der Steuerreform in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und in anderen Staaten ausführlich eingegangen. - Kritische Darstellung und Analyse der finanzpolitischen Institutionen. Ausgangspunkt sind dabei die institutionellen Regelungen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zusätzlich wird jedoch in vielen Fällen auch auf institutionelle und empirische Gegebenheiten Österreichs und der Schweiz abgestellt. - In der vorliegenden zweiten Auflage des Lehrbuches wurden neue Kapitel bzw. Abschnitte zu den Fragen "Staatsversagen", "Internationale Finanzwirtschaft, einschließlich Finanzwirtschaft der EG" und "Vermögensbesteuerung" aufgenommen, alle Zahlenangaben auf neuesten Stand gebracht und neue Entwicklungen in der finanzwissenschaftlichen Literatur in die theoretischen Abschnitte aufgenommen.

Character and Environment

A Virtue-Oriented Approach to Environmental Ethics

Author: Ronald L. Sandler

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511868

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 1161

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Virtue ethics is now widely recognized as an alternative to Kantian and consequentialist ethical theories. However, moral philosophers have been slow to bring virtue ethics to bear on topics in applied ethics. Moreover, environmental virtue ethics is an underdeveloped area of environmental ethics. Although environmental ethicists often employ virtue-oriented evaluation (such as respect, care, and love for nature) and appeal to role models (such as Henry Thoreau, Aldo Leopold, and Rachel Carson) for guidance, environmental ethics has not been well informed by contemporary work on virtue ethics. With Character and Environment, Ronald Sandler remedies each of these deficiencies by bringing together contemporary work on virtue ethics with contemporary work on environmental ethics. He demonstrates the many ways that any ethic of character can and should be informed by environmental considerations. He also develops a pluralistic virtue-oriented environmental ethic that accommodates the richness and complexity of our relationship with the natural environment and provides effective and nuanced guidance on environmental issues. These projects have implications not only for environmental ethics and virtue ethics but also for moral philosophy more broadly. Ethical theories must be assessed on their theoretical and practical adequacy with respect to all aspects of the human ethical situation: personal, interpersonal, and environmental. To the extent that virtue-oriented ethical theory in general, and Sandler's version of it in particular, provides a superior environmental ethic to other ethical theories, it is to be preferred not just as an environmental ethic but also as an ethical theory. Character and Environment will engage any reader with an interest in environmental ethics, virtue ethics, or moral philosophy.