Elite Deviance

Author: David R. Simon

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 9990

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As the United States is consumed with the scandal involving President Clinton and Monica Lewinsky, many citizens have wondered why a man at the apex of his career would endanger himself and his family for the sake of a few cheap thrills. Here, Simon (sociology, U. of Calif., Berkeley and San Jose St

Greed is Good

Maximization and Elite Deviance in America

Author: Matthew Robinson,Daniel Murphy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742565785

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 2447

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Centered on the concept of 'Maximization,' Matthew B. Robinson and Dr. Daniel S. Murphy offer a new theory of elite deviance and corporate crime called contextual anomie/strain theory. Exploring how simultaneous use of legitimate (i.e., legal) and illegitimate (i.e., deviant or illegal) means of opportunity in pursuit of one's goals, Greed is Good explains various forms of elite deviance and corporate crime. Contextual anomie/strain theory posits that although everyone in American society experiences stress and frustration association with American Dream, there are certain contexts in American society that produce even greater stress, frustration, and pressures toward crime. One such context is the corporate workplace. This book affirms how deviance and criminality have become normal in big business due to pressure to produce massive profits at the expense of all other considerations.

The Sociology of Deviance

2nd Ed

Author: Robert J. Franzese

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398090807

Category: Psychology

Page: 398

View: 9748

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This timely second edition remains essentially the same in overall organization and chapter layout and titles. New to the book is updated data and facts from empirical research and government and agency reports. Some information in some chapters was retained from the first edition if it was deemed still relevant and interesting. The definition of deviance has been modified to be more in line with standard understandings of the term which frequently describe deviance as violations of social norms. The word “differences” remains part of the definition and implies differences in attitudes, lifestyles, values, and choices that exist among individuals and groups in society. The concept of deviance is no longer treated as a label in itself, also placing the definition of the term more in alignment with its standard usage. The title of the book remains the same and “tradition” still implies the book covers areas that have long been addressed in deviance texts such as addictions, crime, and sexual behaviors, to name a few. The term “stigma” is retained for two reasons: it is in honor of Erving Goffman, a giant in the discipline of sociology who offered much to the study of differences, and it is used to accentuate the importance of societal reaction in a heterogeneous society. In this updated edition, every attempt has been made to respond to input from colleagues and students concerning text content and writing style. Chapters still include “In Recognition” or comments that honor scholars whose research and professional interests are related to the chapters under study. Effective case studies are again included in the chapters. Considerable effort went into decisions of what was to be added, changed, maintained, and deleted from the first edition, resulting in meaningful modifications throughout the book.

Deviance and Social Control

A Sociological Perspective

Author: Michelle Inderbitzin,Kristin A. Bates,Randy R. Gainey

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506327931

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 8083

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Deviance and Social Control: A Sociological Perspective, Second Edition serves as a guide to students delving into the fascinating world of deviance for the first time. Authors Michelle Inderbitzin, Kristin A. Bates, and Randy Gainey offer a clear overview of issues and perspectives in the field, including introductions to classic and current sociological theories as well as research on definitions and causes of deviance and reactions to deviant behavior. The unique text/reader format provides the best of both worlds, offering both substantial original chapters that clearly explain and outline the sociological perspectives on deviance, along with carefully selected articles on deviance and social control taken directly from leading academic journals and books. The Second Edition features updated research, examples of specific forms of deviance, and discussions of policy, as well as a new chapter and readings on global perspectives on deviance and social control.

Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society, Updated

Author: Margaret Andersen,Howard Taylor

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495007420

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 2282

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SOCIOLOGY: UNDERSTANDING A DIVERSE SOCIETY, FOURTH EDITION, is a theoretically balanced, mainstream, comprehensive text characterized by its emphasis on diversity. In every chapter, students explore fascinating topics (Hurricane Katrina, same-sex marriage, abuses at Abu Ghraib prison) as well as research and data that illustrate how class, race-ethnicity, gender, age, geographic residence, and sexual orientation relate to sociological topics discussed in that chapter. This text provides a solid research orientation to the basic principles of sociology yet it is fascinating and accessible, appealing to the ever-changing student population, and inviting students to view the world through a sociological lens. Andersen and Taylor get students thinking for themselves about sociology, with the book’s Debunking Society’s Myths features and critical thinking exercises. This is the book that will grab student interest and inspire them to keep reading and asking questions! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Mass Deception

Moral Panic and the U.S. War on Iraq

Author: Scott A. Bonn

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813549965

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 8387

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The attacks of 9/11 led to a war on Iraq, although there was neither tangible evidence that the nation's leader, Saddam Hussein, was linked to Osama bin Laden nor proof of weapons of mass destruction. Why, then, did the Iraq war garner so much acceptance in the United States during its primary stages? Mass Deception argues that the George W. Bush administration manufactured public support for the war on Iraq. Scott A. Bonn introduces a unique, integrated, and interdisciplinary theory called "critical communication" to explain how and why political elites and the news media periodically create public panics that benefit both parties. Using quantitative analysis of public opinion polls and presidential rhetoric pre- and post-9/11 in the news media, Bonn applies the moral panic concept to the Iraq war. He critiques the war and occupation of Iraq as violations of domestic and international law. Finally, Mass Deception connects propaganda and distortion efforts by the Bush administration to more general theories of elite deviance and state crime.

Bad Pastors

Clergy Misconduct in Modern America

Author: Susan E. Darnell

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814781463

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9690

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Utopian literature has given voice to the hopes and fears of the human race from its earliest days to the present. The only single-volume anthology of its kind, The Utopia Reader encompasses the entire spectrum and history of utopian writing-from the Old Testament and Plato's Republic, to Sir Thomas More's Utopia and George Orwell's twentieth century dystopia, Nineteen Eighty-Four, through to the present day. The editors of this definitive collection demonstrate the various ways in which utopias have been used throughout history as veiled criticism of existing conditions and how peoples excluded from the dominant discourse-such as women and minorities-have used the form to imagine empowering alternatives to present circumstances. An engaging tour through the dissident, polemic, and satirical tradition of utopian writing, The Utopia Reader ultimately provides a telling portrait of civilization's persistent need to imagine and construct ideal societies.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 8044

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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

The Legacy of Anomie Theory

Author: Freda Adler,William S. Laufer

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412827454

Category: Social Science

Page: 449

View: 8526

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This sixth volume Advances in Criminological Theory is testimony to a resurgent interest in anomie-strain theory, which began in the mid-1980s and continues unabated into the 1990s. Contributors focus on the new body of empirical research and theorizing that has been added to the anomie tradition that extends from Durkheim to Merton. The first section is a major, 75-page statement by Robert K. Merton, examining the development of the anomie-and-opportunity-struc-ture paradigm and its significance to criminology. The Legacy of Anomie Theory assesses the theory's continuing usefulness, explains the relevance of Merton's concept of goals/means disparity as a psychological mechanism in the explanation of delinquency, and compares strain theory with social control theory. A macrosociological theoretical formulation is used to explain the association between societal development and crime rates. In other chapters, anomie is used to explain white-collar crime and to explore the symbiotic relationship between Chinese gangs and adult criminal organizations within the cultural, economic, and political context of the American-Chinese community. Contributors include: David F. Greenberg, Sir Leon Radzinowicz, Richard Rosenfeld, Steven F. Messner, David Weisburd, Ellen Chayet, Ko-lin Chin, Jeffrey Pagan, John P. Hoffmann, Timothy Ireland, S. George Vincent-nathan, Michael J. Lynch, W. Byron Groves, C. Ray Jeffery, Gilbert Geis, Thomas J. Bernard, Nikos Passas, Robert Agnew, Gary F. Jensen, Deborah V. Cohen, Elin Waring, and Bonnie Berry. The Legacy of Anomie Theory \s important for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to understand crime and violence in culture.

Deviance

Rulemakers & Rulebreakers

Author: Nancy A. Heitzeg

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780314044716

Category: Social Science

Page: 492

View: 9623

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Incorporating contemporary examples and applications, this text offers a comprehensive overview of three types of deviance: formal (criminal, civil, and administrative law), medical (neurological disorders), and informal (stigma, lifestyle, and leisure). The topics are presented in a comparative manner with an emphasis on societal reaction and deviant response.

Rogue Clerics

The Social Problem of Clergy Deviance

Author: Anson Shupe

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412809738

Category: Social Science

Page: 217

View: 1876

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During the past several years the mass media in the United States has been awash with reports of priestly pedophilia, ecclesiastical cover-up, and clerical intimidation or financial settlements intended to silence victims. Based on journalistic accounts, or scholarly research, it might be assumed that this is a recent phenomenon. Journalist reports began only within the past few years. Similarly, most sociologists of religion and particularly specialists in deviance and criminology did not reflect awareness of clerical misbehavior in their work. Despite this, Anson Shupe shows that clergy deviance, whether it is sexual or otherwise, is not merely a recent problem. It is as old as the church itself and is inevitably bound to recur due to the nature of religious groups. This comprehensive analysis offers the first up-to-date analysis of sexual, economic, and authoritative clergy malfeasance across faiths and denominational authority structures. Drawing on examples taken from antiquity up until the present day, and using reports by historians, theologians, church spokespersons, therapists, social scientists, and journalists, Shupe critically evaluates clergy deviant behavior, dividing it into various types. He also makes use of the therapeutic literature, addressing victimization at the level of the individual, church, and community at large. In this way, he compares the response of the clergy to victims' attempts to mobilize movements calling for church reform. Perhaps most controversial, this book considers the possible relationship of homosexuality in the clergy to the occurrences of scandals in all religious traditions across the board. As an overview of clergy misconduct, this book is singular. There is simply no other comprehensive serious examination of this subject. Written by a sociologist for a wide range of readers, its multi-disciplinary nature, vivid examples, and wealth of research, will make the volume of interest to sociologists of religion and crime, historians and theologians, as well as a general public.

Deviance and Deviants

A Sociological Approach

Author: William E. Thompson,Jennifer C. Gibbs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118604598

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8213

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Often misconstrued as a synonym for depravity, deviance reflects more profoundly on the socially-constructed norms it is defined in opposition to than on the individual behaviors it is used to describe. This groundbreaking new textbook provides an engaging, sociologically-informed examination of how deviance is defined and what it means to be classed a deviant. Featuring an analytical through-line assessing the role of media in crafting and perpetuating definitions of deviance, the book examines an array of sexual, mental, and criminal deviances, as well as addressing those that are often overlooked, such as elite deviance, cyberdeviance, and deviant occupations. The authors interrogate pseudoscientific explanations for deviant behavior debunking many of the myths associated with deviance. With questions to measure specific learning outcomes, a rolling glossary of key terms, and insights from people who have themselves been labeled as deviant, Deviance and Deviants will inform and enlighten students interested in better understanding the nuances of society’s relationship with deviance.

In the Name of All That's Holy

A Theory of Clergy Malfeasance

Author: Anson D. Shupe

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275946807

Category: Religion

Page: 173

View: 6031

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Manipulation and abuse of followers by religious leaders is sociologically expected because of the unique aspects of the leader/follower relationships (built on trust but having unequal power).

White Collar Deviance

Author: David R. Simon,Frank E. Hagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 9115

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In 1996, a National White Collar Crime Center definition officially made ethical issues part of the study of white-collar crime, or, as the authors prefer, white collar deviance. This text explores the implications of the new definition, discussing various aspects and manifestations of political,