Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans

Author: P.A. Tyler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080494654

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 2875


This volume examines the deep sea ecosystem from a variety of perspectives. The initial chapters examine the deep-sea floor, the deep pelagic environment and the more specialised chemosynthetic environments of hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. These environments are examined from the perspective of the relationship of deep-sea animals to their physico-chemical environment. Later chapters examine the biogeography of the main deep oceans (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian) with particular attention to the downward flux of surface-derived organic matter and how this drives the processes within the deep-sea ecosystem. The peripheral deep seas including the polar seas and the marginal deep seas (inter alia the Mediterranean, Red, Caribbean and Okhotsk seas) are explored in the same context. The final chapters examine the processes occurring in the deep sea and include an analysis of why the deep sea has high species diversity, how the fauna respond to organic input and how species have adapted reproductive activity in the deep sea. The volume concludes with an analysis of the anthropogenic impact on the deep sea.

The Silent Deep

The Discovery, Ecology and Conservation of the Deep Sea

Author: Julian Anthony Koslow

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 6152


Discusses the ecology of the deep sea, the impact being made by humans, and advocates for protection of this ecosystem.

Octopus's Garden

Hydrothermal Vents And Other Mysteries Of The Deep Sea

Author: Cindy Van Dover

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company


Category: Science

Page: 183

View: 6049


An introduction to deep-sea life explains how hydrothermal vents have given way to a thriving population of unique creatures, profiles several members of the geyser community, and considers the threat of underwater landslides and earthquakes.

Deep-Sea Ecosystems Off Mauritania

Research of Marine Biodiversity and Habitats in the Northwest African Margin

Author: Ana Ramos,Fran Ramil,José Luis Sanz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402410236

Category: Science

Page: 683

View: 5546


This book compiles the main findings of the multidisciplinary long-term research program developed in the continental margin of one of the more productive and unknown areas of the world oceans, Northwest Africa. The more than 25,000 preserved fishes and benthic invertebrates and quantitative data collected in 342 trawling stations, the 267 oceanographic profiles, the 211 sediment samples and the 28,122 km2 prospected by multi˗beam echo sounding allowed to obtain an overview of the amazing biodiversity of the demersal and benthic fauna inhabiting soft- and hard-bottom habitats, as well as the fascinating geomorphology and oceanography, hidden in the Mauritanian slope.

The Deep-Sea Floor

Author: Sneed B. Collard III,Gregory Wenzel

Publisher: Charlesbridge

ISBN: 1607342170

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: N.A

View: 1478


Incredibly rich and realistic illustrations take readers up close to the curious creatures and plants that thrive in the vast severe habitat of the ocean's floor. Marine biologist and renowned children's book writer Sneed B. Collard III introduces children to many fascinating sea creatures–from bioluminescent fish to giant tube worms–that survive without sunlight. A history of deep-sea exploration from sonar to submersibles shows how far scientists have come in their ability to investigate these great depths. Inspire young readers to explore the possibilities of marine science.

Fathoming the Ocean


Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674042948

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 3441


By the middle of the nineteenth century, as scientists explored the frontiers of polar regions and the atmosphere, the ocean remained silent and inaccessible. The history of how this changed--of how the depths became a scientific passion and a cultural obsession, an engineering challenge and a political attraction--is the story that unfolds in Fathoming the Ocean.

The Oceans in the Nuclear Age

Legacies and Risks: Expanded Edition

Author: David D. Caron,Harry N. Scheiber

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004279989

Category: Law

Page: 636

View: 5817


Ocean affairs are deeply woven into the history of the nuclear age. Ranging from wastes to security, this study frames the complex relationships between the oceans and the nuclear age and illuminates patterns of impact and response in ocean law.

The Blueprint

Averting Global Collapse

Author: Daniel Rirdan

Publisher: Daniel Rirdan

ISBN: 1470135884

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 483

View: 1517


We are faced with an impending calamity that threatens to bankrupt the planetary ecosystem and with it much of the manmade world. In this book, Rirdan submits a plan that truly goes the distance: a highly detailed, planetary-wide blueprint that lays out a new course for our technological and industrial engines. It calls for sweeping adjustments in the way every person thinks and lives.Rirdan takes existing key stressors—from climate change to land degradation to fossil fuel shortages—that are afflicting the planet, and offers solutions that put its survival at the center. The plan is grounded in over five hundred peer-reviewed articles, communication with scores of other top experts, advanced computations, and simulations. Rirdan offers immediately employable designs that lay down new paths for our economy, technology, industry, and politics. The plan includes renewables that in tandem can provide 24/7 power for the entire electrical grid; a radically altered economy, based on regenerative management of existing resources; and the use of rotational, intensive grazing of livestock as part of the effort to rewild nature. Furthermore, the book illustrates why a carbon neutral economy is inadequate at this late stage and introduces a practical plan to capture hundreds of billions of tons of carbon from the air over the span of a few decades.The author writes clearly and comprehensively, carefully exploring the logistics and infrastructure changes required in moving forward.The Blueprint is a call to arms, an argument for remaking the world and reclaiming the future for our children.

International Law and the Genetic Resources of the Deep Sea

Author: David Kenneth Leary

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004155007

Category: Law

Page: 297

View: 507


Deep-sea genetic resources and the interest of the biotechnology industry in their exploitation are emerging as a significant challenge for international oceans governance. This book is the first comprehensive examination of this issue and explores its relationship with marine scientific research and other activities in the deep sea. As well as a detailed survey of the state of industry interest in this new field of biotechnology it also sets out proposals for future sustainable management of these resources utilizing many existing international law and policy regimes.

The Mid-Oceanic Ridges

Mountains Below Sea Level

Author: Adolphe Nicolas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662031361

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 2315


This book is completely in phase with the 1994 science.

Protecting the Oceans Beyond National Jurisdiction

Strengthening the International Law Framework

Author: Robin Warner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004172629

Category: Law

Page: 275

View: 8865


Knowledge of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction and its unique biodiversity is still developing. Simultaneously, traditional uses of these areas including fishing and shipping, are intensifying and new uses are emerging such as bio-prospecting for marine genetic resources and climate change mitigation activities. This volume examines the threats to the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction from existing and emerging human uses and the adequacy of current international law provisions to protect this major part of the global environment. An analysis of key provisions in the 1982 United Nations Law of the Sea Convention and complementary principles of international environmental law reveals significant tensions between the concept of high seas freedoms and the international law obligation to protect and preserve the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction. The book compares the lack of comprehensive environmental regulation for marine resource exploitation and shipping activities beyond national jurisdiction with the best practice standards for environmental protection being developed by the International Seabed Authority for deep seabed mining exploration. Recent initiatives by the international community to study issues relating to conservation of high seas biodiversity are discussed and a range of soft and hard law options to strengthen the international law framework for protection of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction are considered.

Dynamics of Marine Ecosystems

Biological-Physical Interactions in the Oceans

Author: K. H. Mann,John R. N. Lazier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687914

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6792


The new edition of this widely respected text provides comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the effects of biological–physical interactions in the oceans from the microscopic to the global scale. considers the influence of physical forcing on biological processes in a wide range of marine habitats including coastal estuaries, shelf-break fronts, major ocean gyres, coral reefs, coastal upwelling areas, and the equatorial upwelling system investigates recent significant developments in this rapidly advancing field includes new research suggesting that long-term variability in the global atmospheric circulation affects the circulation of ocean basins, which in turn brings about major changes in fish stocks. This discovery opens up the exciting possibility of being able to predict major changes in global fish stocks written in an accessible, lucid style, this textbook is essential reading for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students studying marine ecology and biological oceanography

State of the World's Oceans

Author: Michelle Allsopp,Stefan E. Pambuccian,Paul Johnston,David Santillo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402091168

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 3097


The world’s oceans cover 70% of the earth’s surface and are home to a myriad of amazing and beautiful creatures. However, the biodiversity of the oceans is incre- ingly coming under serious threat from many human activities including overfi- ing, use of destructive fishing methods, pollution and commercial aquaculture. In addition, climate change is already having an impact on some marine ecosystems. This book discusses some of the major threats facing marine ecosystems by cons- ering a range of topics, under chapters discussing biodiversity (Chapter 1), fisheries (Chapter 2), aquaculture (Chapter 3), pollution (Chapter 4) and the impacts of increasing greenhouse gas emissions (Chapter 5). It goes on to explore solutions to the problems by discussing equitable and sustainable management of the oceans (Chapter 6) and protecting marine ecosystems using marine reserves (Chapter 7). Presently, 76% of the oceans are fully or over-exploited with respect to fishing, and many species have been severely depleted. It is abundantly clear that, in general, current fisheries management regimes are to blame for much of the widespread degradation of the oceans. Many policy-makers and scientists now agree that we must adopt a radical new approach to managing the seas – one that is precautionary in nature and has protection of the whole marine ecosystem as its primary objective. This ‘ecosystem-based approach’ is vital if we are to ensure the health of our oceans for future generations.

Sustainable Ocean Resource Governance

Deep Sea Mining, Marine Energy and Submarine Cables

Author: Markus Kotzur,Nele Matz-Lück,Alexander Proelss,Joachim Sanden,Roda Verheyen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004360271

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 9661


Exploration of the Seas

Interim Report

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Exploration of the Seas

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309182652

Category: Science

Page: 49

View: 4586


Seventy percent of our blue planet is covered by oceans. Although progress has been made in understanding the role of oceans in climate change, locating energy reserves, revealing new life forms, and describing the flow of carbon through these systems, it may be time to catapult our understanding to new levels by undertaking an interdisciplinary, international, global ocean exploration program. The interim report outlines the committee's vision for a future international global ocean exploration program; this vision will be fully described, together with detailed recommendations for technological needs and capabilities, funding levels, and management structures to ensure a productive and successful ocean exploration program.

Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology

Author: F. Stuart Chapin, III,Pamela A. Matson,Harold A. Mooney

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387954431

Category: Nature

Page: 436

View: 842


Features review questions at the end of each chapter; Includes suggestions for recommended reading; Provides a glossary of ecological terms; Has a wide audience as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and as a reference for practicing scientists from a wide array of disciplines

Ocean of Life

How Our Seas are Changing

Author: Callum Roberts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780241950708

Category: Fishing

Page: 389

View: 3778


'Thrilling' Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall'Authoritative and furious, urgent and persuasive' Sunday Times'Compelling ... Roberts is that precious pearl: a practising scientist who not only knows his field inside out, but also understands how to write' Guardian Oceans are the most mysterious places on earth. Their depths remain largely unexplored, yet ninety-five percent of the planet's habitable space lies within them. And now the life they support is in the balance.Callum Roberts uses his lifetime's experience working with the oceans to take us on a panoramic tour beneath the seas, exploring the richness of life in the deep and how it has altered over the centuries. He shows the catastrophic impact of humanity on the oceans, but also how we can restore them to life.'For anyone who loves the sea, Ocean of Life is a wake-up call, an urgent alert' Daily Mail'At the heart of this book is a deep love of the ocean and a profound concern for its viability as a resource for us all' Nature'An impressive history ... one of this book's strengths is the many solutions Roberts outlines' Financial Times

Extreme Living

Author: Dawn McMillan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781442522060

Category: Extreme environments

Page: 24

View: 2856


Bug Club is a core literacy program providing innovative texts with great content to engage children, it addresses the needs of today's and tomorrow's students and teachers.

Soils and Global Change

Author: John M. Kimble,Elissa R. Levine,Bobby A. Stewart

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566701181

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 1927


The pedosphere - the thin mantel of soil on the earth's surface - plays a potentially crucial role in climate and climate change . The carbon storage of soils is the second largest in the biosphere, making the dynamics of soil organic carbon an important issue that must be understood if we are to fully comprehend global change. This new book examines the importance of soils and their relationship to global change, specifically to the greenhouse effect. Soils and Global Change presents a state-of-the-art compendium of our present knowledge of soils. This up-to-date information source enables readers to delve into the literature about soils and climate change and examine soils in both natural and managed environments.