Ecosystems of California

Author: Harold Mooney,Erika Zavaleta

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520962176

Category: Nature

Page: 1008

View: 2851

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This long-anticipated reference and sourcebook for California’s remarkable ecological abundance provides an integrated assessment of each major ecosystem type—its distribution, structure, function, and management. A comprehensive synthesis of our knowledge about this biologically diverse state, Ecosystems of California covers the state from oceans to mountaintops using multiple lenses: past and present, flora and fauna, aquatic and terrestrial, natural and managed. Each chapter evaluates natural processes for a specific ecosystem, describes drivers of change, and discusses how that ecosystem may be altered in the future. This book also explores the drivers of California’s ecological patterns and the history of the state’s various ecosystems, outlining how the challenges of climate change and invasive species and opportunities for regulation and stewardship could potentially affect the state’s ecosystems. The text explicitly incorporates both human impacts and conservation and restoration efforts and shows how ecosystems support human well-being. Edited by two esteemed ecosystem ecologists and with overviews by leading experts on each ecosystem, this definitive work will be indispensable for natural resource management and conservation professionals as well as for undergraduate or graduate students of California’s environment and curious naturalists.

River and Stream Ecosystems of the World

Author: Colbert E. Cushing,Kenneth W. Cummins,G. Wayne Minshall

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520245679

Category: Nature

Page: 817

View: 4218

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This ia a synopsis and review of the major rivers of the world.

Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America

Author: U. Seeliger,B. Kjerfve

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540672289

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 2561

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Coastal and marine ecosystems, some severely degraded, other still pristine, control rich resources of inshore environments and coastal seas of Latin America's Pacific and Atlantic margins. Conflicts between the needs of the region's nations and diminishing revenues and environmental quality have induced awareness of coastal ecological problems and motivated financial support for restoration and management. The volume provides a competent review on the structure, processes and function of 22 important Latin American coastal marine ecosystems. Each contribution describes the environmental settings, biotic components and structure of the system, considers trophic processes and energy flow, evaluates the modifying influence of natural and human perturbations, and suggests management needs. Although the focus of the book is on basic ecological research, the results have application for coastal managers.

Global Climate Change and California

Potential Impacts and Responses

Author: Joseph B. Knox,Ann Foley Scheuring

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520076600

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 5904

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California's extraordinary ecological and economic diversity has brought it prosperity, pollution, and overpopulation. These factors and the state's national and international ties make California an essential test case for the impact of global climate change--temperature increases, water shortages, more ultraviolet radiation. The scientists in this forward-looking volume give their best estimates of what the future holds. Beginning with an overview by Joseph Knox, the book discusses the greenhouse effect, the latest climate modeling capabilities, the implications of climate change for water resources, agriculture, biological ecosystems, human behavior, and energy. The warning inherent in a scenario of unchecked population growth and energy use in California applies to residents of the entire planet. The sobering conclusions related here include recommendations for research that will help us all prepare for potential climate change.

Fire and Climatic Change in Temperate Ecosystems of the Western Americas

Author: Thomas T. Veblen,William L. Baker,Gloria Montenegro,Thomas W. Swetnam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038721710X

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 4198

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Both fire and climatic variability have monumental impacts on the dynamics of temperate ecosystems. These impacts can sometimes be extreme or devastating as seen in recent El Nino/La Nina cycles and in uncontrolled fire occurrences. This volume brings together research conducted in western North and South America, areas of a great deal of collaborative work on the influence of people and climate change on fire regimes. In order to give perspective to patterns of change over time, it emphasizes the integration of paleoecological studies with studies of modern ecosystems. Data from a range of spatial scales, from individual plants to communities and ecosystems to landscape and regional levels, are included. Contributions come from fire ecology, paleoecology, biogeography, paleoclimatology, landscape and ecosystem ecology, ecological modeling, forest management, plant community ecology and plant morphology. The book gives a synthetic overview of methods, data and simulation models for evaluating fire regime processes in forests, shrublands and woodlands and assembles case studies of fire, climate and land use histories. The unique approach of this book gives researchers the benefits of a north-south comparison as well as the integration of paleoecological histories, current ecosystem dynamics and modeling of future changes.

Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Author: Michael Barbour,Todd Keeler-Wolf,Allan A. Schoenherr

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520249554

Category: Nature

Page: 712

View: 2184

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"This completely new edition of Terrestrial Vegetation of California clearly documents the extraordinary complexity and richness of the plant communities and of the state and the forces that shape them. This volume is a storehouse of information of value to anyone concerned with meeting the challenge of understanding, managing or conserving these unique plant communities under the growing threats of climate change, biological invasions and development."—Harold Mooney, Professor of Environmental Biology, Stanford University "The plants of California are under threat like never before. Traditional pressures of development and invasive species have been joined by a newly-recognized threat: human-caused climate change. It is essential that we thoroughly understand current plant community dynamics in order to have a hope of conserving them. This book represents an important, well-timed advance in knowledge of the vegetation of this diverse state and is an essential resource for professionals, students, and the general public alike."—Brent Mishler, Director of the University & Jepson Herbaria and Professor of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground

Author: L.R. Walker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080550848

Category: Science

Page: 868

View: 8320

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As the human population inexorably grows, its cumulative impact on the Earth's resources is hard to ignore. The ability of the Earth to support more humans is dependent on the ability of humans to manage natural resources wisely. Because disturbance alters resource levels, effective management requires understanding of the ecology of disturbance. This book is the first to take a global approach to the description of both natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes that physically impact the ground. Natural disturbances such as erosion, volcanoes, wind, herbivory, flooding and drought plus anthropogenic disturbances such as foresty, grazing, mining, urbanization and military actions are considered. Both disturbance impacts and the biotic recovery are addressed as well as the interactions of different types of disturbance. Other chapters cover processes that are important to the understanding of disturbance of all types including soil processes, nutrient cycles, primary productivity, succession, animal behaviour and competition. Humans react to disturbances by avoiding, exacerbating, or restoring them or by passing environmental legislation. All of these issues are covered in this book. Managers need better predictive models and robust data-collections that help determine both site-specfic and generalized responses to disturbance. Multiple disturbances have a complex effect on both physical and biotic processes as they interact. This book provides a wealth of detail about the process of disturbance and recovery as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge about disturbance theory, with extensive documentation.

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems

Author: Emilio Chuvieco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642017544

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 9793

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Wildland fires are becoming one of the most critical environmental factors affecting a wide range of ecosystems worldwide. In Mediterranean ecosystems (including also South-Africa, California, parts of Chile and Australia), wildland fires are recurrent phenomena every summer, following the seasonal drought. As a result of changes in traditional land use practices, and the impact of recent climate warming, fires have more negative impacts in the last years, threatening lives, socio-economic and ecological values. The book describes the ecological context of fires in the Mediterranean ecosystems, and provides methods to observe fire danger conditions and fire impacts using Earth Observation and Geographic Information System technologies.

Inland Fishes of California

Author: Peter B. Moyle

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520227545

Category: Nature

Page: 502

View: 979

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"This is an authoritative and broad survey on the fishes inhabiting California's inland waters. Professionals and amateurs will find valuable information on the ecology of California's six major drainages and the 132 fish species, both native and exotic, that call them home. Population distributions, life histories, social behavior, and feeding habits are all meticulously examined. . . . At the same time, Moyle highlights those critical differences that make each species indispensable and worthy of protection. . . . Moyle includes excellent species-specific illustrations."--from "Ten Books Every California Naturalist Should Own," "California Wild" "Western freshwater fishes provide interesting and difficult problems in taxonomy, evolutionary biology and conservation ecology. Moyle's timely revision of "Inland Fishes of California addresses these issues and provides a wealth of information on the fishes of California. As expected of Professor Moyle, the book is also a status report on the state's native fishes and an eloquent plea to reduce the losses. It will, no doubt, be required reading for anyone interested in western fishes or aquatic conservation."--Douglas F. Markle, Oregon State University "Publication of this work has long been anticipated and will be welcomed by a wide audience in California and elsewhere. It will provide, as did the first edition, a base-line from which an array of people from laymen to scientists will benefit."--W.L. Minckley, co-editor of "Battle Against Extinction: Native Fish Management in the American West

Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Author: Philip W. Rundel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540644750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 447

View: 1072

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Human impact on natural landscapes through urbanization and agricultural expansion are becoming more and more dramatic and are the cause of serious environmental problems. This volume examines the effect of landscape disturbance on plant and animal diversity in the five mediterranean-climate regions of the world. It begins with three introductory chapters broadly reviewing the issues of landscape degradation. Further contributions describe regional land use conflicts in each of the five regions. Landscape disturbance and plant diversity, and landscape disturbance and animal diversity are treated in separate chapters. Four contributions deal with demography and ecophysiology in vegetation succession following disturbance. The volume closes with a consideration of the future addressing aspects of environmental politics.

Fire in California's Ecosystems

Author: Neil G. Sugihara

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520246055

Category: History

Page: 596

View: 4341

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"Fire in California's Ecosystems provides a rigorous synthesis and review of the role of fire in California's tremendously variable natural environments. The authors have made a substantial contribution to the fields of fire ecology, natural history, and land stewardship. With this volume, California again shines as a model for other states and regions."—Dr. J. Morgan Varner, Humboldt State University "Fire in California's Ecosystems proficiently explains the complex nature of the effects of wildfire, wildfire suppression, and fuels treatments on our state's diverse fauna and flora. This book is a useful tool for biologists seeking to develop effective management measures to maintain fire-dependent ecosystems or to conduct further research."—Monica Bond, Wildlife Biologist, Center for Biological Diversity

Atlas of Coastal Ecosystems in the Western Gulf of California

Tracking Limestone Deposits on the Margin of a Young Sea

Author: Markes E. Johnson,Jorge Ledesma-V‡zquez

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816525300

Category: Science

Page: 189

View: 9550

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The Gulf of California is one of the most beautiful places in the world, but it is also important to earth and marine scientists who work far beyond the area. In text and an accompanying CD-ROM with stunning satellite images, this atlas captures the dynamics of natural cycles in the fertility of the Gulf of California that have been in near-continuous operation for more than five million years. The book is designed to answer key questions that link the health of coastal ecosystems with the regionÕs evolutionary history: What was the richness of ÒfossilÓ ecosystems in the Gulf of California? How has it changed over time? Which ecosystems are most amenable to conservation? With an emphasis on the intricate workings of the Gulf, a team of scientists led by Markes E. Johnson and Jorge Ledesma-V‡zquez explores how marine invertebrates such as corals and bivalves, as well as certain algae, contribute to the operation of a vast Òorganic engineÓ that acts as a significant carbon trap. The Atlas reveals that the role of these organisms in the ecology of the Gulf was greatly underestimated in the past. The organisms that live in these environments (or provide the sediments for beaches and dunes) are mass producers of calcium carbonate. Until now, no book has considered the centrality of calcium carbonate production as it functions today across multiple ecosystems and how it has evolved over time. An important work of scholarship that also evokes the regionÕs natural splendor, the Atlas will be of interest to a wide range of scientists, including geologists, paleontologists, marine biologists, ecologists, and conservation biologists.

Fire in California's Ecosystems

Author: Jan W. van Wagtendonk

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520961919

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 2038

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Fire in California’s Ecosystems describes fire in detail—both as an integral natural process in the California landscape and as a growing threat to urban and suburban developments in the state. Written by many of the foremost authorities on the subject, this comprehensive volume is an ideal authoritative reference tool and the foremost synthesis of knowledge on the science, ecology, and management of fire in California. Part One introduces the basics of fire ecology, including overviews of historical fires, vegetation, climate, weather, fire as a physical and ecological process, and fire regimes, and reviews the interactions between fire and the physical, plant, and animal components of the environment. Part Two explores the history and ecology of fire in each of California's nine bioregions. Part Three examines fire management in California during Native American and post-Euro-American settlement and also current issues related to fire policy such as fuel management, watershed management, air quality, invasive plant species, at-risk species, climate change, social dynamics, and the future of fire management. This edition includes critical scientific and management updates and four new chapters on fire weather, fire regimes, climate change, and social dynamics.

Primary Productivity of Grass Ecosystems of the Tropics and Sub-tropics

Author: S.P. Long,M.B. Jones,M.J. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412410208

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 8826

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Project co-ordinator's preface abbreviations and symbols; Savanna at Nairobi national park, Kenya; Saline grassland near Mexico city; Monsoon grassland in Thailand; A floodplain grassland of the Central Amazon; Bamboo in sub-tropical eastern China; Remote sensing of grassland primary production; Synthesis and conclusions.

Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems

A Global Perspective

Author: Torben C. Rick,Jon M. Erlandson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520253438

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 426

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“An excellent volume with mature, sophisticated, comprehensive research by leaders in the fields of archaeology, zooarchaeology, and paleoarchaeology that will be useful to scientists of many interests.”—David Steadman, author of Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds “This volume will make a significant contribution to our understanding of ancient human impacts on marine ecosystems, which will be of interest to all researchers who are concerned about the environment. The editors and contributors are commended for their efforts on this significant research topic.”—Steven R. James, coeditor of The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment

Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans

Author: P.A. Tyler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080494654

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 1781

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This volume examines the deep sea ecosystem from a variety of perspectives. The initial chapters examine the deep-sea floor, the deep pelagic environment and the more specialised chemosynthetic environments of hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. These environments are examined from the perspective of the relationship of deep-sea animals to their physico-chemical environment. Later chapters examine the biogeography of the main deep oceans (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian) with particular attention to the downward flux of surface-derived organic matter and how this drives the processes within the deep-sea ecosystem. The peripheral deep seas including the polar seas and the marginal deep seas (inter alia the Mediterranean, Red, Caribbean and Okhotsk seas) are explored in the same context. The final chapters examine the processes occurring in the deep sea and include an analysis of why the deep sea has high species diversity, how the fauna respond to organic input and how species have adapted reproductive activity in the deep sea. The volume concludes with an analysis of the anthropogenic impact on the deep sea.

Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental Protection

Proceedings of the 2nd International Nitrogen Conference on Science and Policy, Potomac, MD, USA, 14-18 October 2001

Author: J. Galloway,C. Jordan,Joe Wisniewski,J.W. Erisman,E. Cowling

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789026519277

Category: Science

Page: 1022

View: 1119

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The production of food and energy interfere with the natural nitrogen cycle of the earth. Many of these changes are beneficial, while others are detrimental to societies and the environment. The changing nature of nitrogen in the global environment crosses scientific disciplines, geographical boundaries and political divisions and challenges the creative minds of natural and social scientists, economists, engineers, business leaders and planners. The papers in this book give readers a panoramic view of the changing nature of reactive nitrogen in the global environment, enabling them to make better choices about nitrogen management in food production and consumption, energy production and use, and environmental protection.