East Encounters West

France and the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century

Author: Fatma Muge Gocek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195364330

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 7201


In 1720, an Ottoman ambassador was sent to the court of the Child King Louis XV to observe Western civilization and report on what he saw and how it could be applied in the Ottoman Empire. Based on the accounts of this ambassador, East Encounters West studies the impact of the West on the Ottoman empire and the impact of this Ottoman embassy on the two societies. In France, the presence of the embassy yielded only a brief fashion of Turquerie, whereas in the Ottoman empire, it yielded the first official printing press, signalling an important step toward Western style. Göçek here assesses the reasons behind these differential impacts through three factors: the Western technological advances, consequent commercial expansion, and the different reactions of various social groups in the Ottoman empire to these developments. Her analysis reveals a far-reaching and complex Westernization process that permeated Turkish society as it was approved and imported by dignitaries and eventually passed onto average households. Sketching the process of Westernization from the perspective of Easterners, this unique book throws new light on the cultural differences between these two major civilizations and on the nature of cultural transmission and diffusion.

Turkey and the European Union

Christian and Secular Images of Islam

Author: P. Levin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230119573

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 5503


This book carefully examines the historical roots of contemporary Western prejudices against both Muslims and Turks, and presents an original theory of collective identity as dramatic re-enactment as a means of understanding the remarkable persistence of medieval stereotypes.

Visitors to Versailles

From Louis XIV to the French Revolution

Author: Daniëlle Kisluk-Grosheide,Bertrand Rondot

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588396223

Category: Art

Page: 392

View: 311


What was it like to visit one of the most magnificent courts of Europe? Based on a wealth of contemporary documents and surviving works of art, this lavish book explores the experiences of those who swarmed the palace and grounds of Versailles when it was the seat of the French monarchy. Engaging essays describe methods of transportation, the elaborate codes of dress and etiquette, precious diplomatic gifts, royal audiences, and tours of the palace and gardens. Also presented are the many types of visitors and guests who eagerly made their way to this center of power and culture, including day-trippers and Grand Tourists, European diplomats, overseas ambassadors, incognito travelers, and Americans. Through paintings and portraits, furniture, costumes and uniforms, arms and armor, guidebooks, and other works of art, Visitors to Versailles illuminates what travelers encountered at court and what impressions, gifts, and souvenirs they took home with them. In bringing to life their experiences, this sumptuously illustrated volume reminds us why Versailles has enchanted generations of visitors from the ancien régime to the present day.

Wahrnehmungen des Fremden

Differenzerfahrungen von Diplomaten im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert

Author: Michael Rohrschneider,Arno Strohmeyer

Publisher: N.A


Category: Difference (Psychology)

Page: 402

View: 8021


The Press in the Arab Middle East

A History

Author: Ami Ayalon

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195087801

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6226


Newspapers and the practice of journalism began in the Middle East in the nineteenth century and evolved during a period of accelerated sociopolitical and cultural change. Inspired by a foreign model, the Arab press developed in its own way, in terms of its political and social roles, cultural function, and the public image of those who engaged in it. Ami Ayalon draws on a broad array of primary sources--a century of Arabic newspapers, biographies and memoirs of Arab journalists and politicians, and archival material--as well as a large body of published studies, to portray the remarkable vitality of Arab journalism. He explores the press as a Middle Eastern institution during its formative century before World War II and the circumstances that shaped its growth, tracing its impact, in turn, on local historical developments. After treating the major phases in chronological sequence, he looks closely at more specific aspects: the relations between press and state; newspapers and their audience; the press and traditional cultural norms; economic aspects of the trade; and journalism as a new profession in Arab society.

Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion

Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East

Author: Eleanor H. Tejirian,Reeva Spector Simon

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511094

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6437


Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion surveys two thousand years of the Christian missionary enterprise in the Middle East within the context of the region's political evolution. Its broad, rich narrative follows Christian missions as they interacted with imperial powers and as the momentum of religious change shifted from Christianity to Islam and back, adding new dimensions to the history of the region and the nature of the relationship between the Middle East and the West. Historians and political scientists increasingly recognize the importance of integrating religion into political analysis, and this volume, using long-neglected sources, uniquely advances this effort. It surveys Christian missions from the earliest days of Christianity to the present, paying particular attention to the role of Christian missions, both Protestant and Catholic, in shaping the political and economic imperialism of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Eleanor H. Tejirian and Reeva Spector Simon delineate the ongoing tensions between conversion and the focus on witness and "good works" within the missionary movement, which contributed to the development and spread of nongovernmental organizations. Through its conscientious, systematic study, this volume offers an unparalleled encounter with the social, political, and economic consequences of such trends.

Everyday Life and Consumer Culture in Eighteenth-Century Damascus

Author: James Grehan

Publisher: University of Washington Press


Category: History

Page: 336

View: 377


Draws on court records and the city's dazzling literary tradition to explore the material culture of premodern Damascus and provides an unusual and intimate account of the choices, constraints, and compromises that defined consumer behavior.

Estranged bedfellows

Britain and France in the Middle East during the Second World War

Author: Aviel Roshwald

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: History

Page: 315

View: 5626


Index. Bibliography: p.299-304.

King Hussein and the challenge of Arab radicalism

Jordon 1955-1967

Author: Uriel Dann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195054989

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 206

View: 3493


When the young Hussein became the King of Jordan in 1953, conventional wisdom held that his days were numbered. As the embodiment of the socially conservative, pro-Western Jordanian state, he seemed little able to stand up to the rising forces of pan-Arab radicalism. Yet Hussein and the Jordanian monarchy have not only endured, they have thrived, and continue to play a vital role in Middle Eastern politics. Historian Uriel Dann here explores the political history of the formative years of the Jordanian state, uncovering the sources of its durability against forces seeking to fundamentally alter the traditional bases of Arab politics.


Current Issues and Background

Author: Sophia Lahlos

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated


Category: History

Page: 219

View: 3794


The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) was established on October 29, 1923. Its central location straddling Europe and the Middle East and its control over access to the Black Sea make it an important geopolitical entity. It has the interesting, if not quite believable to many identity, as a secular Arab country. Recent bones of contention involving Turkey include the Caspian Sea oil and access to it, its membership in NATO and the EU as its durability as a non-participant so far in the Middle East conflicts. Turkey can not be written off or on by any power centre at this time. Thus this country and its background and the burning issues of the day must be considered as important by all those interested in world affairs. This new book presents current materials and selected historical information which together help weave an issue tapestry of this pivotal country.

Index Islamicus

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Africa, North

Page: N.A

View: 2834


A bibliography of books and index of articles in periodicals on Islam and the Muslim world. Also includes reviews.


Author: Stephen Spender

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7558


Sohn ihres Vaters


Author: Tahar Ben Jelloun

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827077222

Category: Fiction

Page: 192

View: 6928


Mit »Sohn ihres Vaters« erlebte Tahar Ben Jelloun seinen Durchbruch als Schriftsteller. Er erzählt darin im Stil eines orientalischen Märchens aus Tausendundeiner Nacht die Geschichte von Zahra, der achten Tochter des arabischen Kaufmanns Hadsch Ahmed Suleiman, der sich verzweifelt einen Sohn als Nachfolger wünscht. Weil er den Sohn nicht bekommt, erklärt er kurzerhand Zahra zu seinem »kleinen Prinzen«. Und so wächst Zahra vor den Augen der Familie, der Verwandten, der Nachbarschaft als Knabe Ahmed auf ... Mit »Die Nacht der Unschuld« spinnt Ben Jelloun Zahras Geschichte fort. Sie ist zwanzig Jahre alt, als ihr Vater stirbt und sie sich endlich nicht mehr als Junge ausgeben muss. »Glücklich, verrückt und ganz neu« macht sie sich in einer haltlosen Männergesellschaft auf die Suche nach ihrer Identität. Der zärtlichste und zugleich zornigste Roman des großen Ben Jelloun, für den er den Prix Goncourt bekam.