East Encounters West

France and the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century

Author: Fatma Muge Gocek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195364330

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 2078


In 1720, an Ottoman ambassador was sent to the court of the Child King Louis XV to observe Western civilization and report on what he saw and how it could be applied in the Ottoman Empire. Based on the accounts of this ambassador, East Encounters West studies the impact of the West on the Ottoman empire and the impact of this Ottoman embassy on the two societies. In France, the presence of the embassy yielded only a brief fashion of Turquerie, whereas in the Ottoman empire, it yielded the first official printing press, signalling an important step toward Western style. G??ek here assesses the reasons behind these differential impacts through three factors: the Western technological advances, consequent commercial expansion, and the different reactions of various social groups in the Ottoman empire to these developments. Her analysis reveals a far-reaching and complex Westernization process that permeated Turkish society as it was approved and imported by dignitaries and eventually passed onto average households. Sketching the process of Westernization from the perspective of Easterners, this unique book throws new light on the cultural differences between these two major civilizations and on the nature of cultural transmission and diffusion.

Turkey and the European Union

Christian and Secular Images of Islam

Author: P. Levin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230119573

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 7784


This book carefully examines the historical roots of contemporary Western prejudices against both Muslims and Turks, and presents an original theory of collective identity as dramatic re-enactment as a means of understanding the remarkable persistence of medieval stereotypes.

Visitors to Versailles

From Louis XIV to the French Revolution

Author: Daniëlle Kisluk-Grosheide,Bertrand Rondot

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588396223

Category: Art

Page: 392

View: 3744


What was it like to visit one of the most magnificent courts of Europe? Based on a wealth of contemporary documents and surviving works of art, this lavish book explores the experiences of those who swarmed the palace and grounds of Versailles when it was the seat of the French monarchy. Engaging essays describe methods of transportation, the elaborate codes of dress and etiquette, precious diplomatic gifts, royal audiences, and tours of the palace and gardens. Also presented are the many types of visitors and guests who eagerly made their way to this center of power and culture, including day-trippers and Grand Tourists, European diplomats, overseas ambassadors, incognito travelers, and Americans. Through paintings and portraits, furniture, costumes and uniforms, arms and armor, guidebooks, and other works of art, Visitors to Versailles illuminates what travelers encountered at court and what impressions, gifts, and souvenirs they took home with them. In bringing to life their experiences, this sumptuously illustrated volume reminds us why Versailles has enchanted generations of visitors from the ancien régime to the present day.

Wahrnehmungen des Fremden

Differenzerfahrungen von Diplomaten im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert

Author: Michael Rohrschneider,Arno Strohmeyer

Publisher: N.A


Category: Difference (Psychology)

Page: 402

View: 5539


Transottomanica – Osteuropäisch-osmanisch-persische Mobilitätsdynamiken

Perspektiven und Forschungsstand

Author: Stefan Rohdewald,Stephan Conermann,Albrecht Fuess

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3737008868


Page: 279

View: 8999


Die Geschichte der großen Reiche im östlichen Europa und im Vorderen Orient war sowohl von konfliktträchtiger Konkurrenz als auch von übergreifendem Austausch geprägt, die intensive Verzahnungen hervorbrachten. Vom 16. bis zum Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts lassen sich zwischen Polen-Litauen, dem Zarenreich, dem Osmanischen Reich und Persien eine Vielzahl gesellschaftlicher und kultureller Verflechtungen nachzeichnen. Getragen von verschiedenen Gruppen und Individuen wie Kaufleuten, Gelehrten, Diplomaten, Migranten, Militärs oder Sklaven kam es zu einem regen Austausch von Menschen, Waren und Ideen. Daraus erwuchsen zu verschiedenen Zeiten und in verschiedenen sozialen Räumen »transosmanische« Interaktionszusammenhänge. Der vorliegende Band gibt neben knappen methodischen Skizzen einen Forschungsüberblick über solche transregionalen Verflechtungen und »Flüsse«, die bisher noch nicht in systematischer Form untersucht worden sind.

Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion

Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East

Author: Eleanor H. Tejirian,Reeva Spector Simon

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511094

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4531


Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion surveys two thousand years of the Christian missionary enterprise in the Middle East within the context of the region's political evolution. Its broad, rich narrative follows Christian missions as they interacted with imperial powers and as the momentum of religious change shifted from Christianity to Islam and back, adding new dimensions to the history of the region and the nature of the relationship between the Middle East and the West. Historians and political scientists increasingly recognize the importance of integrating religion into political analysis, and this volume, using long-neglected sources, uniquely advances this effort. It surveys Christian missions from the earliest days of Christianity to the present, paying particular attention to the role of Christian missions, both Protestant and Catholic, in shaping the political and economic imperialism of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Eleanor H. Tejirian and Reeva Spector Simon delineate the ongoing tensions between conversion and the focus on witness and "good works" within the missionary movement, which contributed to the development and spread of nongovernmental organizations. Through its conscientious, systematic study, this volume offers an unparalleled encounter with the social, political, and economic consequences of such trends.

Everyday Life and Consumer Culture in Eighteenth-Century Damascus

Author: James Grehan

Publisher: University of Washington Press


Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7867


Draws on court records and the city's dazzling literary tradition to explore the material culture of premodern Damascus and provides an unusual and intimate account of the choices, constraints, and compromises that defined consumer behavior.

The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia

Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought

Author: Cemil Aydin

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 299

View: 585


In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in the Muslim world is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the age of high imperialism. Aydin compares Ottoman Pan-Islamic and Japanese Pan-Asian visions of world order from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He looks at when the idea of a universal "West" first took root in the minds of Asian intellectuals and reformers and how it became essential in criticizing the West for violating its own "standards of civilization." Aydin also illustrates why these anti-Western visions contributed to the decolonization process and considers their influence on the international relations of both the Ottoman and Japanese Empires during WWI and WWII. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia offers a rare, global perspective on how religious tradition and the experience of European colonialism interacted with Muslim and non-Muslim discontent with globalization, the international order, and modernization. Aydin's approach reveals the epistemological limitations of Orientalist knowledge categories, especially the idea of Eastern and Western civilizations, and the way in which these limitations have shaped not only the contradictions and political complicities of anti-Western discourses but also contemporary interpretations of anti-Western trends. In moving beyond essentialist readings of this history, Aydin provides a fresh understanding of the history of contemporary anti-Americanism as well as the ongoing struggle to establish a legitimate and inclusive international society.

Estranged bedfellows

Britain and France in the Middle East during the Second World War

Author: Aviel Roshwald

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: History

Page: 315

View: 9234


Index. Bibliography: p.299-304.

Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East

Tradition, Identity, and Power

Author: Shiva Balaghi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231101226

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 6244


Employing a broad, interdisciplinary perspective on gender relations, "Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East" questions long-standing stereotypes about the traditional subordination of women in the region. With essays on gender construction in Iran, Turkey, Israel, Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, and the Occupied Territories, this collection offers a wide-ranging exploration of tradition, identity, and power in different parts of the Middle East. Seeking to overcome monolithic Western notions of women's life in "the traditional society," the essays in Part I reexamine the assumption that such societies leave little room for female participation. Part II focuses on the reconstruction of identities by women in Iran, Turkey, Israel, and the Occupied Territories. The authors examine the complex variables that contribute to the development of identities -- including gender, class, and ethnicity -- in various Middle Eastern societies, questioning whether certain identities are more important to women than others. These essays also look at the issue of group identity formation versus the autonomy of the individual. Part III looks at the relationship between gender and power in everyday life in Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, and Morocco, showing how power relations are constantly contested and renegotiated among family members and members of a community, between nations and between men and women. WIth its collection of enlightened and diverse contemporary perspectives on women in the Middle East, "Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East" is an important work that will have significant impact on the way we look at gender in traditional societies.


Current Issues and Background

Author: Sophia Lahlos

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated


Category: History

Page: 219

View: 3978


The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) was established on October 29, 1923. Its central location straddling Europe and the Middle East and its control over access to the Black Sea make it an important geopolitical entity. It has the interesting, if not quite believable to many identity, as a secular Arab country. Recent bones of contention involving Turkey include the Caspian Sea oil and access to it, its membership in NATO and the EU as its durability as a non-participant so far in the Middle East conflicts. Turkey can not be written off or on by any power centre at this time. Thus this country and its background and the burning issues of the day must be considered as important by all those interested in world affairs. This new book presents current materials and selected historical information which together help weave an issue tapestry of this pivotal country.

Index Islamicus

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Africa, North

Page: N.A

View: 7116


A bibliography of books and index of articles in periodicals on Islam and the Muslim world. Also includes reviews.

Die Araber

eine Geschichte von Unterdrückung und Aufbruch

Author: Eugene L. Rogan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783549074251

Category: Arab countries

Page: 735

View: 2628


Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.

Montesquieu's Persische Briefe

Author: Charles Louis de Secondat de Montesquieu

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 209

View: 3351


A satire recounting the experiences of two Persian noblemen, Usbek and Rica, who are traveling through France.