Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems

Author: Emilio Chuvieco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642017544

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 9965

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Wildland fires are becoming one of the most critical environmental factors affecting a wide range of ecosystems worldwide. In Mediterranean ecosystems (including also South-Africa, California, parts of Chile and Australia), wildland fires are recurrent phenomena every summer, following the seasonal drought. As a result of changes in traditional land use practices, and the impact of recent climate warming, fires have more negative impacts in the last years, threatening lives, socio-economic and ecological values. The book describes the ecological context of fires in the Mediterranean ecosystems, and provides methods to observe fire danger conditions and fire impacts using Earth Observation and Geographic Information System technologies.

Fire in Mediterranean Ecosystems

Author: Jon E. Keeley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521824915

Category: Science

Page: 515

View: 6117

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Explores the role of fire in Mediterranean-type climate ecosystems, providing unique insights into the assembly and evolutionary convergence of ecosystems.

Earth Observation of Global Changes (EOGC)

Author: Jukka M. Krisp,Liqiu Meng,Roland Pail,Uwe Stilla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642327141

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 2594

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book provides a collection of selected articles that have been submitted to the Earth Observation and Global Changes (EOGC2011) Conference. All articles have been carefully reviewed by an international board of top-level experts. The book covers a wide variety of topics including Physical Geodesy, Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, High-Resolution and Fast-Revisiting Remote Sensing Satellite Systems, Global Change & Change Detection, Spatial Modelling, GIS & Geovisualization. The articles document concrete results of current studies related to Earth Sciences. The book is intended for researchers and experts working in the area of Spatial Data Analysis, Environmental Monitoring/Analysis, Global Change Monitoring and related fields.

Nachhaltigkeit in Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658144394

Category: Economics

Page: 287

View: 6449

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Annotation Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Access-Publikation unter einer CC BY-NC 2.5 Lizenz. Der Band vereint Beiträge aus dem Graduiertenkolleg, Nachhaltigkeit in Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft" an der Katholischen Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. Auf diese Weise wird der Begriff der Nachhaltigkeit aus verschiedensten Wissenschaftsdisziplinen analysiert und in seinen Anwendungsbezügen in unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen Feldern vorgestellt. Die AutorInnen befassen sich mit dem Problem der Nachhaltigkeit bei Wasserbilanzen und Landnutzung ebenso wie mit Sustainable Finances, Wirtschaftskrisen und der Nachhaltigkeit sozialer Sicherungssysteme; Nachhaltigkeit wird mit Bezug auf Schöpfungsglaube, Gerechtigkeit und Lärmstressoren sowie auf Handlungskompetenz und Medienberichterstattung untersucht.

Remote Sensing of Hydrometeorological Hazards

Author: George P. Petropoulos,Tanvir Islam

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498777597

Category: Mathematics

Page: 525

View: 2212

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Extreme weather and climate change aggravate the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Facing atypical and more severe events, existing early warning and response systems become inadequate both in scale and scope. Earth Observation (EO) provides today information at global, regional and even basin scales related to agrometeorological hazards. This book will focus on drought, flood, frost, landslides, and storms/cyclones and will cover different applications of EO data used from prediction to mapping damages for each category. It will explain the added value of EO technology in comparison with conventional techniques applied today through many case studies.

Changing Climates, Earth Systems and Society

Author: John Dodson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048187164

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 5354

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE) was established as a means of raising worldwide public and political awareness of the vast, though frequently under-used, potential the Earth Sciences possess for improving the quality of life of the peoples of the world and safeguarding Earth’s rich and diverse environments. The International Year project was jointly initiated in 2000 by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and the Earth Science Division of the United Nations Educational, Scienti?c and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). IUGS, which is a Non-Governmental Organisation, and UNESCO, an Inter-Governmental Organisation, already shared a long record of productive cooperation in the na- ral sciences and their application to societal problems, including the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP) now in its fourth decade. With its main goals of raising public awareness of, and enhancing research in the Earth sciences on a global scale in both the developed and less-developed countries of the world, two operational programmes were demanded. In 2002 and 2003, the Series Editors together with Dr. Ted Nield and Dr. Henk Schalke (all four being core members of the Management Team at that time) drew up outlines of a Science and an Outreach Programme. In 2005, following the UN proclamation of 2008 as the United Nations International Year of Planet Earth, the “Year” grew into a triennium (2007–2009).

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2983

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

IGARSS 2003

Learning from Earth's Shapes and Sizes : 2003 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium : Proceedings : Centre de Congrès Pierre Baudis, Toulouse, France, 21-25 July, 2003

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Earth sciences

Page: 4610

View: 1871

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Digest

Author: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780780379299

Category: Earth sciences

Page: 4610

View: 5216

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Desertification in Developed Countries

International Symposium and Workshop on Desertification in Developed Countries: Why can’t We Control It?

Author: David A. Mouat,Charles F. Hutchinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400916353

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 9058

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Desertification has re-emerged as a topic of global significance as a consequence of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. When first addressed over a generation ago, attention was drawn to the compelling, spectacular images of sand dunes engulfing farmlands and parched cattle dying around wells. Research tended to focus on these events as unusual phenomena that involved the unfortunate collision of climate and `irrational' land use. Since then, the work of many researchers has shown us that desertification is a multifaceted problem that involves climatic, biogeochemical, political, and socio-economic processes that operate more or less continuously but at rates that vary in time and space. No attempts to arrest or reverse desertification that ignore this complexity are likely to succeed. In a single volume, `Desertification in Developed Countries' describes the multiple dimensions of desertification as well as the novel approaches that have been used to address it within the economies of developed countries. This is done from the perspectives and experiences of the numerous authors who have contributed to this book.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

Author: Frederic Achard,Matthew C. Hansen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552026

Category: Nature

Page: 354

View: 1378

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Forests provide a large range of beneficial services, including tangible ones such as timber and recreation, and intangible services such as climate regulation, biodiversity, and watershed protection. On the other hand, forests can also be considered roadblocks to progress that occupy space more productively used for agriculture, making consideration of their regulating services crucial for balancing land use and forest loss. Monitoring forest cover and loss is critical for obtaining the data necessary to help define what is needed to maintain the varying forest service requirements in different parts of the world. There is an increasing need for timely and accurate forest change information, and consequently a greater interest in monitoring those changes. Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation covers the very recent developments undertaken for monitoring forest areas from global to national levels using Earth observation satellite data. It describes operational tools and systems for monitoring forest ecosystems, discussing why and how researchers currently use remotely sensed data to study forest cover and loss over large areas. The book introduces the role of forests in providing ecosystem services and the need for monitoring their change over time, followed by an overview of the use of earth observation data to support forest monitoring. It discusses general methodological differences, including wall-to-wall mapping and sampling approaches, as well as data availability. This book provides excellent coverage of the research and applications of forest monitoring, indicator mapping at coarse spatial resolution, sample-based assessments, and wall-to-wall mapping at medium spatial resolution using optical remote sensing datasets, such as MODIS and Landsat. It examines the use of radar imagery in forest monitoring and presents a number of operational systems, from Brazil’s PRODES and DETER products to Australia’s NCAS system. Written by leading global experts in the field, this book offers a launch point for future advances in satellite-based monitoring of global forest resources. It gives readers a deeper understanding of global forest monitoring methods and shows how state-of-the-art technologies may soon provide key data for creating more balanced policies.

Ökologie

Author: Michael Begon,Robert W. Howarth,Colin R. Townsend

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662499061

Category: Science

Page: 599

View: 8868

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Dieses Ökologie-Lehrbuch führt in leicht verständlicher Weise in die Grundlagen – von den theoretischen Fundamenten bis zu Ihren praktischen Anwendungen - ein. Durchgehend farbige Abbildungen, einfache didaktische Elemente und eine Fülle an Beispielen machen dieses Buch zu einem idealen Einstieg in die Ökologie für Studierende aller Studienabschnitte. Neu in der 3. Auflage sind zusätzliche Erläuterungen in Form von Sprechblasen in den Abbildungen und die neue Gliederung des Textes in 5 Abschnitte. Ökosystem und Biogeochemie werden ausführlicher behandelt und hunderte neuer Studien sowohl für die grundlegenden als auch für die angewandten Aspekte der Ökologie werden einbezogen.

Natural and Anthropogenic Disasters

Vulnerability, Preparedness and Mitigation

Author: M.K. Jha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048124985

Category: Nature

Page: 615

View: 2206

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The major challenges of the 21st century faced by human beings are how to achieve water security, food security, energy security and environmental security. Owing to enhanced natural/anthropogenic disasters worldwide, these challenges become much more complicated and daunting especially for developing countries. Therefore, it is important to highlight the risk of different disasters as well as the modern tools and techniques for minimizing disaster incidence and losses. Disaster management being highly multidisciplinary in nature, a comprehensive book dealing with different aspects of disaster management, and encompassing important disasters faced by humankind is presently not available. This book is an attempt to fulfill this gap. It provides clear, comprehensive, and up-to-date information about different facets of disaster management along with salient case studies. The book highlights the current status of disaster management focusing on developing nations, discusses vital issues such as climate change and sustainable development, modern approaches and tools/techniques, and the challenges of and future R&D needs for sustainable disaster management.