Dynamic Programming Based Operation of Reservoirs

Applicability and Limits

Author: K. D. W. Nandalal,Janos J. Bogardi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464957

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8908


Dynamic programming is a method of solving multi-stage problems in which decisions at one stage become the conditions governing the succeeding stages. It can be applied to the management of water reservoirs, allowing them to be operated more efficiently. Originally published in 2007, this is one of the few books dedicated solely to dynamic programming techniques used in reservoir management. It presents the applicability of these techniques and their limits on the operational analysis of reservoir systems. The dynamic programming models presented in this book have been applied to reservoir systems all over the world, helping the reader to appreciate the applicability and limits of these models. The book also includes a model for the operation of a reservoir during an emergency situation. This volume will be a valuable reference to researchers in hydrology, water resources and engineering, as well as professionals in reservoir management.

Water Ecosystem Services

A Global Perspective

Author: Julia Martin-Ortega,Robert C. Ferrier,Iain J. Gordon,Shahbaz Khan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316300811

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7630


This comprehensive volume describes how ecosystem services-based approaches can assist in addressing major global and regional water challenges, such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and water security in the developing world, by integrating scientific knowledge from different disciplines, such as hydrological modelling, environmental economics, psychology and international law. Empirical assessments at the national, catchment and regional levels are used to critically appraise this systemic approach, and the merits and potential limitations are presented. The practicalities of this approach with regard to water resources management, nature conservation, and sustainable business practices are discussed, and the role of society in underpinning the concept of ecosystem services is explored. Presenting new insights and perspectives on how to shape future strategies, this contributory volume is a valuable reference for researchers, academics, students and policy makers, in environmental studies, hydrology, water resource management, ecology, environmental law, policy and economics, and conservation biology.

Groundwater Modelling in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas

Author: Howard S. Wheater,Simon A. Mathias,Xin Li

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489720

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4627


Arid and semi-arid regions face major challenges in the management of scarce freshwater resources under pressures of population, economic development, climate change, pollution and over-abstraction. Groundwater is commonly the most important water resource in these areas. Groundwater models are widely used globally to understand groundwater systems and to guide decisions on management. However, the hydrology of arid and semi-arid areas is very different from that of humid regions, and there is little guidance on the special challenges of groundwater modelling for these areas. This book brings together the experience of internationally leading experts to fill a gap in the scientific and technical literature. It introduces state-of-the-art methods for modelling groundwater resources, illustrated with a wide-ranging set of illustrative examples from around the world. The book is valuable for researchers, practitioners in developed and developing countries, and graduate students in hydrology, hydrogeology, water resources management, environmental engineering and geography.

Inter-Basin Water Transfer

Case Studies from Australia, United States, Canada, China and India

Author: Fereidoun Ghassemi,Ian White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463047

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1011


Increasing demands for irrigation, domestic and industrial water have generated a massive growth world-wide in the number of large water infrastructure projects involving the transfer of water from basins considered to have surplus water to those where the demand for water has exceeded or is expected to exceed supplies. Using the experiences of projects in Australia, United States, Canada, China and India, this book examines case studies within the diverse geographical, climatic, economic, and policy regimes operating in these countries. It examines the water resources of Australia, the driest inhabited continent, and explores inter-basin water transfer projects in the United States, Canada, China and India, examining their benefits and impacts within these nations' contrasting economies and governance systems. This comprehensive and well-illustrated text will be of great interest to professionals and researchers in the fields of hydrology, water resources, and to those engaged in environmental science, policy and regulation.

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management

An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel P. Loucks,Eelco van Beek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 5466


This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Floods in a Changing Climate

Hydrologic Modeling

Author: P. P. Mujumdar,D. Nagesh Kumar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851640

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8421


Various modeling methodologies are available to aid planning and operational decision making: this book synthesises these, with an emphasis on methodologies applicable in data scarce regions, such as developing countries. Problems included in each chapter, and supported by links to available online data sets and modeling tools, engage the reader with practical applications of the models. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, and environmental science and hazards, and professionals and policy-makers working in hazard mitigation, remote sensing and hydrological engineering will find this an invaluable resource. This volume is the second in a collection of four books on flood disaster management theory and practice within the context of anthropogenic climate change. The others are: Floods in a Changing Climate: Extreme Precipitation by Ramesh Teegavarapu, Floods in a Changing Climate: Inundation Modelling by Giuliano Di Baldassarre and Floods in a Changing Climate: Risk Management by Slodoban Simonović.

Modeling Water Resources Management at the Basin Level

Review and Future Directions

Author: N.A

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290903767

Category: Hydrologic models

Page: 59

View: 9292


The world is facing severe and growing challenges in maintainig water quality and meeting the rapidly growing demand for water resources. In addition, water used for irrigation, the largest use of water in most developing countries, will likely have to be diverted increasingly to meet the needs of urban areas and industry whilst remaining a prime engine of agricultural growth. Finally, environmental and other in-stream water demands become more important as economies develop. The river basin has been acknowledged to be the appropriate unit of analysis to address these chanllenges facing water resources management: and modeling at this scale can provide essential information for policy makers in their decisions on allication of resources. This paper reviews the state of the art of modeling approaches to integrated water resources management at the river basin scale, with particular focus on the potential of coupled economic hydrologic models, and concludes with directions for future modeling exercises.

On-farm Reservoir Systems for Rainfed Ricelands

Author: N.A

Publisher: Int. Rice Res. Inst.

ISBN: 9712200663

Category: Reservoirs

Page: 164

View: 7938


On-farm rainwater storage and conservation system for drought alleviation: Issues and challenges; Hydrological characteristics of on-farm reservoir in rainfed rice-growing areas;Identification of potential areas for usos of the on-farm reservoir sustem for drought alleviation; Decision support model for optimizing economic returns from resource allocation in farms with rainwater storage facilities; Potential of on-farm reservoir use for increasing productivity of rainfed rice areas; The Philippine case; Philippine national program on small farm reservoirs: organization, experiences, and challenges; Design and management of on-farm reservoirs for drought alleviation in the Philippines; Costs and benefits of small on-farm reservoirs in Central Luzon, Philippi-nes; On-farm rainwater storage systems for improving riceland productivity in Eastern India: Opportunities and challenges; Rainwater storage systems for rainfed ricelands of Eastern India: Results from research in Hazaribagh District; Collecting and conserving rainwater to alleviate drought in rainfed ricelands of Indonesia; On-farm reservoirs for drought alleviations in the rainfed ricelands of the barind area of Bangladesh.

Earth Observation for Water Resources Management

Current Use and Future Opportunities for the Water Sector

Author: Luis García,Diego Rodríguez,Marcus Wijnen,Inge Pakulski

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804761

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 1705


Water systems are building blocks for poverty alleviation, shared growth, sustainable development, and green growth strategies. They require data from in-situ observation networks. Budgetary and other constraints have taken a toll on their operation and there are many regions in the world where the data are scarce or unreliable. Increasingly, remote sensing satellite-based earth observation is becoming an alternative. This book briefly describes some key global water challenges, perspectives for remote sensing approaches, and their importance for water resources-related activities. It describes eight key types of water resources management variables, a list of sensors that can produce such information, and a description of existing data products with examples. Earth Observation for Water Resources Management provides a series of practical guidelines that can be used by project leaders to decide whether remote sensing may be useful for the problem at hand and suitable data sources to consider if so. The book concludes with a review of the literature on reliability statistics of remote-sensed estimations.

Monitoring Bathing Waters

A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Assessments and Monitoring Programmes

Author: Jamie Bartram,Gareth Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203478266

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 7445


This book, which has been prepared by an international group of experts, provides comprehensive guidance for the design, planning and implementation of assessments and monitoring programmes for water bodies used for recreation. It addresses the wide range of hazards which may be encountered and emphasizes the importance of linking monitoring programmes to effective and feasible management actions to protect human health. It also provides details of sampling and analytical methods. This book will be an invaluable source of information for anyone concerned with monitoring and assessing recreational waters, including field staff. It will also be useful for national and regional government departments concerned with tourism and recreation, and for students and special interest groups.

Transboundary Floods: Reducing Risks Through Flood Management

Author: Jiri Marsalek,Gheorghe Stancalie,Gabor Balint

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402049026

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 7602


These edited proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop detail the ongoing search for better ways of protecting human life, land, property and the environment by improved flood management. Such flood management is difficult enough in river basins controlled by a single authority, and becomes even more challenging when dealing with transboundary floods, which may originate in one country or jurisdiction and propagate downstream to another country, or jurisdiction.

Urban Hydrology, Watershed Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

Author: Arup Kumar Sarma,Vijay P. Singh,Suresh A. Kartha,Rajib K. Bhattacharjya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319401955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 6662


The book brings together high-quality research articles on advanced hydrological analysis, advanced computational methods, and the ecological and sociological aspects of urban watershed management under one umbrella. The rapid pace of urbanization, not accompanied by any farsighted, holistic plan, has reduced many cities in the developing world into multi-hazard areas. The most perceptible consequence of urbanization is the change in land-use and land cover, which in turn impacts hydrological systems. Accordingly, scientific studies on urban hydrology with due emphasis on ecological and sociological aspects under changing climate are vital to the appropriate design of urban landscapes and civil infrastructure works. This book addresses precisely these issues, offering a useful guide for environmentalists, hydrologists, and a broad range of socio-economic scientists exploring the environmental vulnerabilities arising from urbanization.

Applied Dynamic Programming

Author: Richard E. Bellman,Stuart E Dreyfus

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400874653

Category: Computers

Page: 390

View: 6900


This comprehensive study of dynamic programming applied to numerical solution of optimization problems. It will interest aerodynamic, control, and industrial engineers, numerical analysts, and computer specialists, applied mathematicians, economists, and operations and systems analysts. Originally published in 1962. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Water Resources Yield

Author: T. A. McMahon,Adebayo J. Adeloye

Publisher: Water Resources Publication

ISBN: 9781887201384

Category: Nature

Page: 220

View: 2715


This book will benefit graduate students, university professors and consultants working in the area of surface water resources yield planning and assessment. It is very easy to understand and includes well-presented worked examples, which will facilitate the understanding of some of the complex storage-yield-performance techniques described in the book. This book is one of the most complete reference textbooks on water resources yield assessment and is a must for all those engaged in this subject.

Water Resources Systems

Author: Vedula & Majumdar,S Vedula P P Mujumdar

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780070590892

Category: Water resources development

Page: 279

View: 5705


Floods in a Changing Climate

Inundation Modelling

Author: Giuliano Di Baldassarre

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851632

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9207


Flood inundation models enable us to make hazard predictions for floodplains, mitigating increasing flood fatalities and losses. This book provides an understanding of hydraulic modelling and floodplain dynamics, with a key focus on state-of-the-art remote sensing data, and methods to estimate and communicate uncertainty. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, environmental science and natural hazards, and professionals and policy-makers working in flood risk mitigation, hydraulic engineering and remote sensing will find this an invaluable resource. This volume is the third in a collection of four books on flood disaster management theory and practice within the context of anthropogenic climate change. The others are: Floods in a Changing Climate: Extreme Precipitation by Ramesh Teegavarapu, Floods in a Changing Climate: Hydrological Modeling by P. P. Mujumdar and D. Nagesh Kumar and Floods in a Changing Climate: Risk Management by Slodoban Simonović.

Stochasticity, Nonlinearity and Forecasting of Streamflow Processes

Author: Wen Wang

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586036218

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 210

View: 2209


"Streamflow forecasting is of great importance to water resources management and flood defense. On the other hand, a better understanding of the streamflow process is fundamental for improving the skill of streamflow forecasting. The methods for forecasting streamflows may fall into two general classes: process-driven methods and data-driven methods. Equivalently, methods for understanding streamflow processes may also be broken into two categories: physically-based methods and mathematically-based methods. This publication focuses on using mathematically-based methods to analyze stochasticity and nonlinearity of streamflow processes based on univariate historic streamflow records, and presents data-driven models that are also mainly based on univariate streamflow time series. Six streamflow processes of five rivers in different geological regions are investigated for stochasticity and nonlinearity at several characteristic timescales (i.e., one day, one month, 1/3 month and one year). But only the streamflows of the upper Yellow River in northern China are considered for forecasting."

Integrated Water Resources Management in a Changing World

Lessons Learnt and Innovative Perspectives

Author: Dietrich Borchardt,Ralf Ibisch

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 178040526X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 6216


This volume presents a selection of the main contributions made to the international conference on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) entitled ‘Management of Water in a Changing World: Lessons Learnt and Innovative Perspectives’ that was held from 12 to 13 October 2011 in Dresden, Germany. The book summarise the main messages issuing from the conference and contains selected papers which were presented during the conference, either as keynote lectures in plenary sessions or as submitted papers in one of the thematic sessions. The key themes of the book are: Water resources in changing environments Groundwater management Technologies and implementation Water management indicators at different scales Information and decision support systems Water governance: actors and institutions The book provides an overview on important issues concerning the conceptual framework of integrated water resources management (IWRM). All presentations and abstracts and the corresponding PowerPoint presentations as well as a video recording of the panel discussion are available at the conference website http://www.bmbf.iwrm2011.de; Readers are encouraged to complete their review of the conference and its messages by consulting this interesting on-line source of accompanying scientific material.