Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors

Symbolic Action in Human Society

Author: Victor Turner,Victor Witter Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801491511

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 9225

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In this book, Victor Turner is concerned with various kinds of social actions and how they relate to, and come to acquire meaning through, metaphors and paradigms in their actors' minds; how in certain circumstances new forms, new metaphors, new paradigms are generated. To describe and clarify these processes, he ranges widely in history and geography: from ancient society through the medieval period to modern revolutions, and over India, Africa, Europe, China, and Meso-America. Two chapters, which illustrate religious paradigms and political action, explore in detail the confrontation between Henry II and Thomas Becket and between Hidalgo, the Mexican liberator, and his former friends. Other essays deal with long-term religious processes, such as the Christian pilgrimage in Europe and the emergence of anti-caste movements in India. Finally, he directs his attention to other social phenomena such as transitional and marginal groups, hippies, and dissident religious sects, showing that in the very process of dying they give rise to new forms of social structure or revitalized versions of the old order.

Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors

Symbolic Action in Human Society

Author: Victor Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501732846

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 8371

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In this book, Victor Turner is concerned with various kinds of social actions and how they relate to, and come to acquire meaning through, metaphors and paradigms in their actors' minds; how in certain circumstances new forms, new metaphors, new paradigms are generated. To describe and clarify these processes, he ranges widely in history and geography: from ancient society through the medieval period to modern revolutions, and over India, Africa, Europe, China, and Meso-America. Two chapters, which illustrate religious paradigms and political action, explore in detail the confrontation between Henry II and Thomas Becket and between Hidalgo, the Mexican liberator, and his former friends. Other essays deal with long-term religious processes, such as the Christian pilgrimage in Europe and the emergence of anti-caste movements in India. Finally, he directs his attention to other social phenomena such as transitional and marginal groups, hippies, and dissident religious sects, showing that in the very process of dying they give rise to new forms of social structure or revitalized versions of the old order.

Das Ritual

Struktur und Anti-Struktur

Author: Victor Witter Turner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593377629

Category: Rites and ceremonies

Page: 209

View: 2973

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Victor Witter Turner

Eine Biografie

Author: Hendrik Hillermann

Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag

ISBN: 3170333542

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 2300

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Rituale und Symbole können ein Gefühl der Sicherheit und Geborgenheit bieten, zur Bewältigung von Krisen dienen oder auch gesellschaftliche Neuordnungen begleiten. Der Ethnologe Victor Witter Turner erkannte dies und war dementsprechend nicht nur einer der bedeutendsten Wissenschaftler seines Fachs, sondern auch ein entscheidender Wegbereiter der Ritual- und Symbolforschung. Er schuf seine eigenen Analysewerkzeuge und übertrug seine Konzepte auf Phänomene in den unterschiedlichsten Gesellschaften. Die vorliegende, erste umfassende Biografie Turners hilft, Ursprung und Wandel seiner Ideen und Konzepte besser nachvollziehen zu können und ermöglicht so einen kundigeren Blick auf sein Werk.

Vom Ritual zum Theater

Der Ernst des menschlichen Spiels

Author: Victor Turner

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593389088

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 8664

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Victor Turner hat in diesem erstmals 1982 erschienenen Buch Maßstäbe für die Anwendung ethnologischer, an »fremden Kulturen« gewonnener Erkenntnisse gesetzt. Er hat die Rituale, Symbole und Interaktionsformen der Industriegesellschaft dem ethnologischen Blick ausgesetzt und dabei ihre Theatralität und ihre Spielstrukturen erforscht: die Inszenierungen und Rollenspiele des Alltags. Besonders interessierte Turner sich dabei für gesellschaftliche Krisensituationen beziehungsweise »soziale Dramen« und die Funktionen von Ritual und Spiel bei ihrer Bewältigung. Sein Forschungsansatz hat nachhaltige Wirkungen entfaltet, unter anderem in den Arbeiten von Erving Goffman. In ihrer für diese Ausgabe neu verfassten Einleitung verbindet Erika Fischer-Lichte die Perspektive von Turner mit aktuellen Theorien des Performativen und der Aufführung.

Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture

Author: Victor Witter Turner,Edith L. B. Turner

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231157916

Category: Religion

Page: 281

View: 5539

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Originally published: 1978, in series: Lectures on the history of religions; new ser., no. 11. With new introd.

In der Haut eines Löwen

Roman

Author: Michael Ondaatje

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446248307

Category: Fiction

Page: 248

View: 2671

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Aus den tiefen Wäldern Kanadas kommt Patrick Lewis in den zwanziger Jahren nach Toronto, in die Stadt, die vor Vitalität aus allen Nähten platzt. Zunächst ein Fremder im eigenen Land, wächst er rasch in eine immer unüberschaubarer werdende Welt hinein.

Memory and Tradition in the Book of Numbers

Author: Adriane Leveen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466941

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 9087

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In Memory and Tradition in the Book of Numbers, Adriane Leveen offers a rereading of the fourth book of Moses. Leveen examines how the editors of Numbers created a narrative of the forty-year journey through the wilderness to control understanding of the past and influence attitudes in the future. The book explores politics, collective memory and the strategies used by its priestly editors to convince the children of Israel to accept priestly rule. Leveen considers the dynamics of the transmission of tradition, memory and values in an atmosphere of crisis as a generation witnessed its parents die in the wilderness yet chose to live in the promised land in fulfilment of God's vision.

The Forest of Symbols

Aspects of Ndembu Ritual

Author: Victor Witter Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801491016

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 5063

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Collection of 10 articles previously published on various aspects of ritual symbolism among the Ndembu of Zambia; p.83-4; brief mention of C.P. Mountford on Aboriginal colour symbolism; Primarly for use in cultural comparison.

Performing Exile, Performing Self

Drama, Theatre, Film

Author: Y. Meerzon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230371914

Category: Music

Page: 350

View: 8595

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This book examines the life and art of those contemporary artists who by force or by choice find themselves on other shores. It argues that the exilic challenge enables the émigré artist to (re)establish new artistic devices, new laws and a new language of communication in both his everyday life and his artistic work.

Victor Turner and Contemporary Cultural Performance

Author: Graham St John

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857450379

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 368

View: 753

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Upon the 25th anniversary of his passing, this collection addresses the wide application of Victor Turner's thought to cultural performance in the early 21st century. From anthropology, sociology, and religious studies to performance, cultural, and media studies, Turner's ideas have had a prodigious interdisciplinary impact. Examining his relevance in studies of performance and popular culture, media, and religion, along with the role of Edith Turner in the Turnerian project, contributors explore how these ideas have been re-engaged, renovated, and repurposed in studies of contemporary cultural performance.

Modernism and Fascism

The Sense of a Beginning under Mussolini and Hitler

Author: R. Griffin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230596126

Category: History

Page: 470

View: 7232

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Intellectual debates surrounding modernity, modernism and fascism continue to be active and hotly contested. In this ambitious book, renowned expert on fascism Roger Griffin analyzes Western modernity and the regimes of Mussolini and Hitler and offers a pioneering new interpretation of the links between these apparently contradictory phenomena.

Übergangsriten

Author: Arnold Van Gennep

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593378367

Category: Rites and ceremonies

Page: 258

View: 7150

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Revelation and Divination in Ndembu Ritual

Symbol, Myth, and Ritual

Author: Victor Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501717197

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 6538

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The core of this book is a complete description of two important Ndembu rituals of affliction (Chihamba and Kayong'u), and an analysis of the system of ideas underlying more than a dozen modes of divination. Written by an internationally-known social scientist, the book demonstrates how the study of small-scale events may reveal as much about what it means to be a human being in society as do grand macrosocial and macrocultural surveys.Drawing on two and a half years of fieldwork, Victor Turner offers two thorough ethnographic studies of Ndembu revelatory ritual and divinatory techniques, with running commentaries on symbolism by a variety of Ndembu informants. Striking a personal note in the introductory chapter, Turner acknowledges his indebtedness to Ndembu ritualists for alerting him to the theoretical relevance of symbolic action in understanding human societies. He believes that ritual symbols, like botanists' stains, enable us to detect and trace the movement of social processes and relationships that often lie below the level of direct observation.

Becoming Holy in Early Canada

Author: Timothy G. Pearson

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773596461

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 9284

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Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in holy figures in Canada. From the reputations of popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI as prolific saint-makers to the canonization of two figures associated with Canada - Brother André Bessette in 2010 and Kateri Tekakwitha in 2012 - saints are suddenly in the news and a topic of conversation. In Becoming Holy in Early Canada, Timothy Pearson explores the roots of sanctity in Canada to discover why reputations for holiness developed in the early colonial period and how saints were made in the local and immediate contexts of everyday life. Pearson weaves together the histories of well-known figures such as Marie de l'Incarnation with those of largely forgotten local saints such as lay brother and carpenter Didace Pelletier and the Algonquin martyr Joseph Onaharé. Adopting an approach that draws on performance theory, ritual studies, and lived religion, he unravels the expectations, interactions, and negotiations that constituted holy performances. Because holy reputations developed over the course of individuals' lifetimes and in after-death relationships with local faith communities through belief in miracles, holy lives are best read as local, embedded, and contextualized histories. Placing colonial holy figures between the poles of local expectation and the universal Catholic theology of sanctity, Becoming Holy in Early Canada shows how reputations developed and individuals became local saints long before they came to the attention of the church in Rome.

Places in Motion

The Fluid Identities of Temples, Images, and Pilgrims

Author: Jacob N. Kinnard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359687

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 8832

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Jacob Kinnard offers an in-depth examination of the complex dynamics of religiously charged places. Focusing on several important shared and contested pilgrimage places-Ground Zero and Devils Tower in the United States, Ayodhya and Bodhgaya in India, Karbala in Iraq-he poses a number of crucial questions. What and who has made these sites important, and why? How are they shared, and how and why are they contested? What is at stake in their contestation? How are the particular identities of place and space established? How are individual and collective identity intertwined with space and place? Challenging long-accepted, clean divisions of the religious world, Kinnard explores specific instances of the vibrant messiness of religious practice, the multivocality of religious objects, the fluid and hybrid dynamics of religious places, and the shifting and tangled identities of religious actors. He contends that sacred space is a constructed idea: places are not sacred in and of themselves, but are sacred because we make them sacred. As such, they are in perpetual motion, transforming themselves from moment to moment and generation to generation. Places in Motion moves comfortably across and between a variety of historical and cultural settings as well as academic disciplines, providing a deft and sensitive approach to the topic of sacred places, with awareness of political, economic, and social realities as these exist in relation to questions of identity. It is a lively and much needed critical advance in analytical reflections on sacred space and pilgrimage.

Bones of Contention

The Living Archive of Vasil Levski and the Making of Bulgaria's National Hero

Author: Marii?a Nikolaeva Todorova

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789639776241

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 4231

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A historical study, taking as its narrative focus the life, death and posthumous fate of Vasil Levski (1837-1873), arguably the major and only uncontested hero of the Bulgarian national pantheon. The main title refers to the "thick description" of the reburial controversy during the final phase of communist Bulgaria, which centered on the search for Levski's bones. The book gives a specific understanding also of the relationship between nationalism and religion in the post-communist period, by analyzing the recent canonization of Levski. The processes described, although with a chronological depth of almost two centuries, are still very much in the making, and the living archive expands not only in size but with the constant addition of surprising new forms they take. At another level, the book engages in a variety of general theoretical questions. It offers insights into the problems of history and memory: the question of public, social or collective memory; the nature of national memory in comparison to other types of memory; the variability of memory over time and social space; alternative memories; memory's techniques like commemorations, the mechanism of creating and transmitting memory.