The Earth's Variable Rotation

Geophysical Causes and Consequences

Author: Kurt Lambeck

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521673303

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

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An analysis of the irregular rotation of the Earth and the geophysical mechanisms responsible for it.

Magneto-Fluid Dynamics

Fundamentals and Case Studies of Natural Phenomena

Author: Paul Lorrain,Francois Lorrain,Stephane Houle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387472908

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 852

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This book provides an understanding of the physics at work in sunspots and solar coronal loops, and offers a new approach to Magneto-Fluid-Dynamics (or Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics).The book stresses the use of electric currents in Magneto-Fluid-Dynamics. As a rule, authors discuss magnetic field lines without referring to the required electric currents. It also stresses the importance of electric space charges inside conductors that move in magnetic fields.

The Astronomical Revolution

Copernicus - Kepler - Borelli

Author: Alexandre Koyre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135028338

Category: Reference

Page: 536

View: 2112

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Originally published in English in 1973. This volume traces the development of the revolution which so drastically altered man’s view of the universe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The "astronomical revolution" was accomplished in three stages, each linked with the work of one man. With Copernicus, the sun became the centre of the universe. With Kepler, celestial dynamics replaced the kinematics of circles and spheres used by Copernicus. With Borelli the unification of celestial and terrestrial physics was completed by abandonment of the circle in favour the straight line to infinity.

The Tests of Time

Readings in the Development of Physical Theory

Author: Lisa M. Dolling,Arthur F. Gianelli,Glenn N. Statile

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691090856

Category: Science

Page: 716

View: 2724

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The development of physical theory is one of our greatest intellectual achievements. Its products--the currently prevailing theories of physics, astronomy, and cosmology--have proved themselves to possess intrinsic beauty and to have enormous explanatory and predictive power. This anthology of primary readings chronicles the birth and maturation of five such theories (the heliocentric theory, the electromagnetic field theory, special and general relativity, quantum theory, and the big bang theory) in the words of the scientists who brought them to life. It is the first historical account that captures the rich substance of these theories, each of which represents a fascinating story of the interplay of evidence and insight--and of dialogue among great minds. Readers sit in with Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo as they overturn the geocentric universe; observe the genius of Faraday and Maxwell as they "discover" the electromagnetic field; look over Einstein's shoulder as he works out the details of relativity; listen in as Einstein and Bohr argue for the soul of quantum mechanics in the Completeness Debate; and watch as Hubble and others reveal the history of the universe. The editors' approach highlights the moments of discovery that rise from scientific creativity, and the presentation humanizes the scientific process, revealing the extent to which great scientists were the first to consider the philosophical implications of their work. But, most significantly, the editors offer this as their central thesis: although each was ushered in by a revolution, and each contains counterintuitive elements that delayed its acceptance, these five theories exhibit a continuous rational development that has led them to a permanent place in the worldview of science. Accessible to the general reader yet sufficiently substantive that working scientists will find value in it, The Tests of Time offers an intimate look into how physical theory has been developed, by the brilliant people who have developed it.

Critical Rationalism, Metaphysics and Science

Essays for Joseph Agassi

Author: I.C. Jarvie,N. Laor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401104719

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

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I suppose Joseph Agassi's best and dearest self-description, his cher ished wish, is to practice what his 1988 book promises: The Gentle Art of Philosophical Polemics. But for me, and for so many who know him, our Agassi is tough-minded, not tender, not so gentle. True to his beloved critical thinking, he is ever the falsificationist, testing himself of course as much as everyone else. How, he asks himself, can he engage others in their own self-critical exploration? Irritate? Question their logic, their facts, their presuppositions, their rationales? Subvert their reasoning, uncover their motives? Help them to lose their balance, but always help them, make them do it to, and for, themselves. Out of their own mouths, and minds, and imagination. A unique teacher, in classroom and out; not for everyone. Agassi is not quite a tight textual Talmudist disputant, not quite the competitor in the marketplace of ideas offered for persuasive sale, not quite the clever cross-examining lawyer advocate, not quite a philosopher-scientist, not a sceptic more than necessary, not quite embat tled in the bloody world but not ever above the battle either . . . but a good deal of all of these, and steeped in intelligence and good will.

Exploring the Moon Through Binoculars and Small Telescopes

Author: Ernest H. Cherrington

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150771

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 8505

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DIVInformative, profusely illustrated guide to locating and identifying craters, rills, seas, mountains, other lunar features. Newly revised and updated with special section of new photos. Over 100 photos and diagrams. /div

Early Astronomy

Author: Hugh Thurston

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387948225

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 4464

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Many civilizations produced astronomical texts, and many cultures that left no written records, left monuments ranging from rock paintings to Stonehenge, that show a clear interest in astronomy. This text is the history of such cultures along with the disc

Mach's Principle

From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity

Author: Julian B. Barbour,Herbert Pfister

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817638238

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 2415

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This volume is a collection of scholarly articles on the Mach Principle, the impact that this theory has had since the end of the 19th century, and its role in helping Einstein formulate the doctrine of general relativity. 20th-century physics is concerned with the concepts of time, space, motion, inertia and gravity. The documentation on all of these makes this book a reference for those who are interested in the history of science and the theory of general relativity

Atmospheric Pollution

History, Science, and Regulation

Author: Mark Z. Jacobson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521010443

Category: Nature

Page: 399

View: 4488

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Accessible introductory textbook for students and researchers, and an introduction for general audiences.

A Scientist at the Seashore

Author: James S. Trefil

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150003

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2475

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A noted physicist and popular science writer explains why the sea is salty, how bubbles form on the water's surface, where waves come from, and other curiosities. 1987 edition.

Air Pollution and Global Warming

History, Science, and Solutions

Author: Mark Z. Jacobson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110769115X

Category: Nature

Page: 375

View: 3716

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New edition of introductory textbook, ideal for students taking a course on air pollution and global warming, whatever their background. Comprehensive introduction to the history and science of the major air pollution and climate problems facing the world today, as well as energy and policy solutions to those problems.

The Interaction Between Earth's Rotation and Geophysical Processes

Author: Nikolay S. Sidorenkov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527408754

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 5974

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Filling an important gap in the geophysical literature at specialist level, this monograph is the only up–to–date title to provide a link between the Earth′s rotation and its atmo– and hydrosphere, including the ice masses. Starting with the Earth′s motions, the text goes on to look at irregularities and the effect of atmospheric processes on the Earth′s spin. Tides and seasons occupy the following sections before a discussion of the Earth–ocean–atmosphere system and the mechanical action of the atmosphere on the Earth′s rotation. The whole is rounded off by an index of abbreviations and appendices with sections on related physics for better readability, plus a comprehensive bibliography for further reading. A must for geophysicists, oceanographers, glaciologists, climatologists and meteorologists alike.

Numerical Modeling of Ocean Dynamics

Author: Zygmunt Kowalik,Tadepalli Satyanarayana Murty

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810213336

Category: Science

Page: 481

View: 411

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While there are several excellent books dealing with numerical analysis and analytical theory, one has to practically sift through hundreds of references. This monograph is an attempt to partly rectify this situation. It aims to introduce the application of finite-difference methods to ocean dynamics as well as review other complex methods. Systematically presented, the monograph first gives a detailed account of the basics and then go on to discuss the various applications. Recognising the impossibility of covering the entire field of ocean dynamics, the writers have chosen to focus on transport equations (diffusion and advection), shallow water phenomena ? tides, storm surges and tsunamis, three-dimensional time dependent oceanic motion, natural oscillations, and steady state phenomena. The many aspects covered by this book makes it an indispensable handbook and reference source to both professionals and students of this field.

Philosophy for Everyone

Author: Matthew Chrisman,Duncan Pritchard,Guy Fletcher,Elinor Mason,Jane Suilin Lavelle,Michela Massimi,Alasdair Richmond,Dave Ward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317935055

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 6465

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Philosophy for Everyone begins by explaining what philosophy is before exploring the questions and issues at the foundation of this important subject. Key topics and their areas of focus include: Epistemology - what our knowledge of the world and ourselves consists in, and how we come to have it; Philosophy of Science - foundational conceptual issues in scientific research and practice; Philosophy of Mind - what it means for something to have a mind, and how minds should be understood and explained; Moral Philosophy - the nature of our moral judgements and reactions, whether they aim at some objective moral truth, or are mere personal or cultural preferences, and; Metaphysics - fundamental conceptual questions about the nature of reality. Designed to be used on the corresponding Introduction to Philosophy online course offered by The University of Edinburgh, this book is also highly recommended for anyone looking for a short overview of this fascinating discipline.