Policy-Making and Diversity in Europe

Escape from Deadlock

Author: Adrienne Héritier,Adrienne Windhoff-Héritier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521653848

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 113

View: 1321

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Shows how policy-making in Europe works despite diverse interests.

Diversity in Europe

Dilemnas of differential treatment in theory and practice

Author: Gideon Calder,Emanuela Ceva

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136868283

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 807

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From bans on religious symbols in public spaces, to the provision of abortion by doctors, recent cases across Europe have highlighted acute dilemmas about how best to respond to the claims of individuals or groups feeling that their values or beliefs are not treated fairly by the law. Diversity in Europe uses the resources of political theory alongside comparative analysis of contemporary practices in different countries (Germany, Italy, Turkey, Spain and the UK) to explore the challenges diversity poses for European democracies. Crucial throughout is whether the democratic commitment to equality entails uniformity in the law, or is compatible with saying 'yes' to some requests from citizens that they be treated differently, to accommodate their ethical, cultural and religious particularity. Such differential treatment may take several forms, e.g. group or individual rights, either to legal exemptions or to conscientious objection. Exploring these from various angles, the book gives a sense of the tools democracies need to address the challenges of diversity more generally. Making an important contribution to our understanding of the political implications of ethical, cultural and religious diversity, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of political and social philosophy, European studies, political science, social policy, applied ethics, law, and socio-legal studies.

Biocultural Diversity in Europe

Author: Mauro Agnoletti,Francesca Emanueli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319263153

Category: Science

Page: 537

View: 3592

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The book collects a selection of the papers presented at the meeting held in the context of the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). Recognizing the inextricable link between biological and cultural diversity, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 launched the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). The first meeting for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence Declaration, which highlights the concept of biocultural diversity. The European rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional landscape, providing a crucial and effective space for integration of biological and cultural diversity, suggesting the need to revise some of the current strategies for the assessment and management of biodiversity.

The Politics of Diversity in Europe

Author: Gavan Titley,Alana Lentin

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287161710

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 5997

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Diversity has become a key term in contemporary social politics, and is often used as both a description of complex social realities and a normative prescription for how those realities should be valued, influenced by the politics of multiculturalism and by social movements asserting "the right to be different" diversity has emerged as an open, fluid discourse that challenges reductive visions of legitimate identities and human possibilities.It is this apparent acceptance of diversity as a fact and value that this book looks at in several ways, it offers a countervailing assessment of diversity, seeing it less as a unifying social imaginary and more as a cost-free form of politics attuned to the needs of late capitalist, consumer societies.The essays collected here are developed from a research seminar entitled "Diversity, Human Rights and Participation" organised by the Partnership on Youth between the Council of Europe and the European Commission. The studies gathered here are embedded in 10 different national contexts. They track dimensions of 'diversity' in education, social services, jurisprudence, parliamentary proceedings and employment initiatives, and assess their significances for the social actors who must negotiate these frameworks in their daily experience.

Contested Citizenship

Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Europe

Author: Ruud Koopmans

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816646635

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 4040

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From international press coverage of the French government’s attempt to prevent Muslims from wearing headscarves to terrorist attacks in Madrid and the United States, questions of cultural identity and pluralism are at the center of the world’s most urgent events and debates. Presenting an unprecedented wealth of empirical research garnered during ten years of a cross-cultural project, Contested Citizenship addresses these fundamental issues by comparing collective actions by migrants, xenophobes, and antiracists in Germany, Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Revealing striking cross-national differences in how immigration and diversity are contended by different national governments, these authors find that how citizenship is constructed is the key variable defining the experience of Europe’s immigrant populations. Contested Citizenship provides nuanced policy recommendations and challenges the truism that multiculturalism is always good for immigrants. Even in an age of European integration and globalization, the state remains a critical actor in determining what points of view are sensible and realistic—and legitimate—in society. Ruud Koopmans is professor of sociology at Free University, Amsterdam. Paul Statham is reader in political communications at the University of Leeds. Marco Giugni is a researcher and teacher of political science at the University of Geneva. Florence Passy is assistant professor of political science at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Ethnic Diversity in Europe

Challenges to the Nation State

Author: David Turton,Julia González

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 8498305020

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 9288

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Ethnic diversity is on increase in Europe; at the same time, there is evidence of growing anti-immigrant feeling in some countries, such as Spain (especially in the Southern provinces). In order to build a politically united and democratic Europe, the accommodation of ethnic diversity and the integration of ethnic minorities are both key challenges. This book tries to explain ethnic problems in Europe.

Regional Identity and Diversity in Europe

Experience in Wales, Silesia and Flanders

Author: Enid Wistrich

Publisher: The Federal Trust for Education & Research

ISBN: 9781903403877

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5881

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How can a single European government incorporate the needs of many distinct regional European cultures? This book draws together leading researchers from throughout Europe to examine a selection of regional identities in three European nation states. The three regions studied are Wales in the UK, Flanders in Belgium, and Silesia in Poland. The authors find that each of the three regions display a lively sense of regional identity as well as national identity and they go on to explore the implications of these robust regional identities for the governance of European nation states and for the governance of the European Union. The book also considers the implications of continuing regional identities for the growth of a European “demos,” a growth which many analysts believe is an indispensable precondition for further political integration within the European Union.

Diversity in Europe

Author: Charlotte Gaitanides,Gerd Grözinger

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 3845258543

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5316

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As Europeanisation flourishes, the importance of diverse perspectives, attitudes, and approaches becomes increasingly pertinent. This book explores the interdisciplinary nature of diversity in Europe. In order to truly understand the complexities of the diversity phenomenon, it is necessary to explore this concept under the scope of many different disciplines. Thus, the concept of diversity is examined through four main sections. The first part of the book covers the notion of "otherness" and surrounds different topics of minority issues in Europe. The second section examines the intercultural debate in both a theoretical sense and its affect on the innovation process. The third section explores different levels of cooperation, such as transnational organizations and through Europeanisation. The fourth and final section covers different co-financed cultural cooperation projects in the EU, specifically in regard to territorial issues. With contributions by: Laura Asarite,Vita Balama, Gerhard Besier, Jutta Bissinger, Jaume Castan Pinos, Ilona Ebbers, Gerd Grözinger, Elisabeth Keller, Tove Malloy, Mirijam Monteiro, Erma Mulabdic, Elzbieta Opilowska, Katarzyna Stoklosa, Monika Sus, Hanna Vasilevich

Linguistic Diversity in Europe

Current Trends and Discourses

Author: Patrick Studer,Iwar Werlen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110270889

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 349

View: 9465

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This book, which emerges in the context of the European research network LINEE (Languages in a Network of European Excellence), is concerned with European multilingualism both as a political concept and as a social reality. It features cutting-edge studies by linguists and anthropologists who perceive multilingualism as a discursive phenomenon which can be revealed and analyzed through empirical fieldwork. The book presents a fresh perspective of European multilingualism as it takes the reader through key themes of social consciousness – identity, policy, education, economy – and relevant societal levels of organization (European, national, regional). With its distinct focus on post-national society caught in unifying as well as diversifying socio-political currents, the volume problematizes emerging contradictions inherent in the idea of a Europe beyond the nation state –between speech minorities and majorities, economic realities, or socio-political ideologies.

Gender Equality, Intersectionality, and Diversity in Europe

Author: Lise Rolandsen Agustín

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137028106

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 3560

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Gender is being marginalized with the increased attention to "multiple discrimination" and civil society landscape at the transnational level is increasingly diversified. The book looks at the processes of (strategic) degendering in EU policy-making and on the interaction between EU institutions and European women's organizations.

Minority Languages and Cultural Diversity in Europe

Gaelic and Sorbian Perspectives

Author: Konstanze Glaser

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1853599328

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 397

View: 1247

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This book engages critically with debates about linguistic continuity and cultural survival in relation to Europe's authochthonous minorities. Focusing on Scotland's Gaels and Lusatia's Sorbs/Wends, it analyses and evaluates competing assumptions, rationales and ideologies which have shaped previous and present language revitalisation initiatives and that continue to pose dilemmas to language planners and politicians in the UK, Germany and beyond.

Teachers Responding to Religious Diversity in Europe. Researching Biography and Pedagogy

Author: Anna van der Want,Cok Bakker,Ina ter Avest,Judith Everington

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830971192

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 1815

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Currently, all European societies are experiencing a transformation process towards greater cultural and religious pluralisation. Teachers need new answers to turn (religious) diversity into a resource for peaceful coexistence, not a cause of misunderstanding, division and hostility. Through a qualitative approach, we follow the different strategies of teachers to cope with religious diversity in the classrooms of six European countries, from Estonia to France, from Norway to England, from Germany to the Netherlands. The juxtaposition of biographical information on the teachers, together with their views on religious diversity and their strategies in responding to it, provides a well-rounded (and extremely attractive) impression of the attitudes of teachers in Europe. The role of the teacher takes on great significance. He or she has to meet the twin demands of offering both a solid basis of factual information and the opportunity to formulate individual interpretations and opinions. The readers of this book are offered the opportunity to gain insight into the field of the study at two levels. They can access the findings of the analyses of the respective national contexts and the European comparison. At the same time, they are able to study portraits of all of the teachers interviewed in the course of the project so that the collation of data is complemented by insight into the human perspective and the influence of national contexts. This is valuable for readers as it offers material for discussions and seminars in the field of education, on two very different levels (the portraits as ‘working material’).

Diversity in European Marketing

Text and Cases

Author: Thomas Rudolph,Bodo Schlegelmilch,András Bauer,Josep Franch,Jan Niklas Meise

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3834969761

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 5275

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This case book offers a non-traditional issue-centered perspective to European marketing. Focusing on some of the key challenges faced by managers charged with developing pan-European marketing strategies, marketing problems are placed into the context of these challenges and capture the multiple facets and implications for European marketing in an integrative manner.

Sustaining Language Diversity in Europe

Evidence from the Euromosaic Project

Author: G. Williams

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230514685

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 251

View: 7013

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Adopting a post-structuralist approach in analyzing the Euromosaic data about European minority language groups, Glyn Williams argues that different states construct minority language groups and speakers in different ways. This leads to an argument about the nature of democracy and how the current changes in governmental discourses accommodate linguistic and cultural diversity.

Unity and diversity in European culture c.1800

Author: T. C. W. Blanning,Hagen Schulze,British Academy

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 8586

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Two of the most popular, innovative and controversial fields of historical study are cultural history and the history of nationalism. This volume brings these two areas together by addressing a central concern of recent research on the cultural history of Europe: the transition from thecosmopolitan culture of the Enlightenment to the self-consciously national cultures of the nineteenth century. Eleven lively and accessible chapters cover the public sphere, music, the visual arts, political culture, literature, the role of the state, and national languages. Among the many topics discussed are the decline in the degree and importance of patronage by the churches and the nobility; thecorresponding expansion in the role played by the anonymous public and the market; the decline of international languages in favour of national vernaculars; the importance of the 'other' in determining a sense of national identity; and the growing appreciation by the state of the significance of the'fine arts' as being conducive to social harmony, economic prosperity, and political stability.

Ethnic Diversity in European Labor Markets

Challenges and Solutions

Author: Martin Kahanec,Klaus F. Zimmermann

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857930613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 1527

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This highly accessible book illustrates how policy makers can address and nurture the effects of growing ethnic diversity in European labor markets. The contributors present an unprecedented large-scale study on ethnic diversity in European labor markets via a combination of hard data analysis with expert evaluation of integration practices and policy options. Key questions explored include: Does ethnic diversity in European labor markets lead to poor socio-economic outcomes for some ethnic groups in the face of fierce competition for jobs and welfare? Can labor immigration and improved integration of all ethnic groups provide a solution to the challenges posed by a shrinking population, an aging workforce, skill shortages and other bottlenecks that constrain the innovative potential of the EU? What can policy makers do to nurture and encourage the benefits of ethnic diversity in the EU?

National Conversations

Public Service Media and Cultural Diversity in Europe

Author: Karina Horsti,Gavan Titley,Gunilla Hultén

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 1783201754

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 5553

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Public service broadcasting is in the process of evolving into "public service media” as a response to the challenges of digitalization, intensive competition, and financial vulnerability. While many commentators regard public service as being in transition, a central dimension of its mission--to integrate and unify the nation while respecting and representing plurality--is being reemphasized and relegitimated in a political climate where the politics of migration and cultural diversity loom large in public debate. Through a series of thematic chapters and in-depth national case studies, National Conversations examines the reshaping of public service media and the concomitant development of new guiding discourses, policies, and program practices for addressing difference and lived multiculturalism in Europe.

The Language Question in Europe and Diverse Societies

Political, Legal and Social Perspectives

Author: Dario Castiglione,Chris Longman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313566

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 3411

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Recent developments in the European integration process have raised, amongst many other things, the issue of linguistic diversity, for some a stumbling block to the creation of a European democratic polity and its legal and social institutions. The solution to the 'question of language', involves an understanding of the role played by natural languages and the consequent design of policies and institutional mechanisms to facilitate inter-linguistic and intercultural communication. This is not an exclusively European problem, and nor is it entirely new, for it is also the problem of linguistic majorities and minorities within unitary nation-states. However, the effects of globalization and the diffusion of multiculturalism within nation-states have given renewed emphasis to the question of language in diverse societies. Facing the question anew involves reconsidering traditional ideas about social communication and the public sphere, about opinion-formation and diffusion, about the protection of cultural and linguistic minorities, and about the role that language plays in the process of formation of political and legal cultures. This volume is intended as a multidisciplinary contribution towards studying and assessing the range of problems that form the 'language question' in Europe and diverse societies.