Discrete Calculus

Methods for Counting

Author: Carlo Mariconda,Alberto Tonolo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319030388

Category: Mathematics

Page: 665

View: 747

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book provides an introduction to combinatorics, finite calculus, formal series, recurrences, and approximations of sums. Readers will find not only coverage of the basic elements of the subjects but also deep insights into a range of less common topics rarely considered within a single book, such as counting with occupancy constraints, a clear distinction between algebraic and analytical properties of formal power series, an introduction to discrete dynamical systems with a thorough description of Sarkovskii’s theorem, symbolic calculus, and a complete description of the Euler-Maclaurin formulas and their applications. Although several books touch on one or more of these aspects, precious few cover all of them. The authors, both pure mathematicians, have attempted to develop methods that will allow the student to formulate a given problem in a precise mathematical framework. The aim is to equip readers with a sound strategy for classifying and solving problems by pursuing a mathematically rigorous yet user-friendly approach. This is particularly useful in combinatorics, a field where, all too often, exercises are solved by means of ad hoc tricks. The book contains more than 400 examples and about 300 problems, and the reader will be able to find the proof of every result. To further assist students and teachers, important matters and comments are highlighted, and parts that can be omitted, at least during a first and perhaps second reading, are identified.

Pattern Recognition on Oriented Matroids

Author: Andrey O. Matveev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110531143

Category: Mathematics

Page: 231

View: 9272

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Pattern Recognition on Oriented Matroids covers a range of innovative problems in combinatorics, poset and graph theories, optimization, and number theory that constitute a far-reaching extension of the arsenal of committee methods in pattern recognition. The groundwork for the modern committee theory was laid in the mid-1960s, when it was shown that the familiar notion of solution to a feasible system of linear inequalities has ingenious analogues which can serve as collective solutions to infeasible systems. A hierarchy of dialects in the language of mathematics, for instance, open cones in the context of linear inequality systems, regions of hyperplane arrangements, and maximal covectors (or topes) of oriented matroids, provides an excellent opportunity to take a fresh look at the infeasible system of homogeneous strict linear inequalities – the standard working model for the contradictory two-class pattern recognition problem in its geometric setting. The universal language of oriented matroid theory considerably simplifies a structural and enumerative analysis of applied aspects of the infeasibility phenomenon. The present book is devoted to several selected topics in the emerging theory of pattern recognition on oriented matroids: the questions of existence and applicability of matroidal generalizations of committee decision rules and related graph-theoretic constructions to oriented matroids with very weak restrictions on their structural properties; a study (in which, in particular, interesting subsequences of the Farey sequence appear naturally) of the hierarchy of the corresponding tope committees; a description of the three-tope committees that are the most attractive approximation to the notion of solution to an infeasible system of linear constraints; an application of convexity in oriented matroids as well as blocker constructions in combinatorial optimization and in poset theory to enumerative problems on tope committees; an attempt to clarify how elementary changes (one-element reorientations) in an oriented matroid affect the family of its tope committees; a discrete Fourier analysis of the important family of critical tope committees through rank and distance relations in the tope poset and the tope graph; the characterization of a key combinatorial role played by the symmetric cycles in hypercube graphs. Contents Oriented Matroids, the Pattern Recognition Problem, and Tope Committees Boolean Intervals Dehn–Sommerville Type Relations Farey Subsequences Blocking Sets of Set Families, and Absolute Blocking Constructions in Posets Committees of Set Families, and Relative Blocking Constructions in Posets Layers of Tope Committees Three-Tope Committees Halfspaces, Convex Sets, and Tope Committees Tope Committees and Reorientations of Oriented Matroids Topes and Critical Committees Critical Committees and Distance Signals Symmetric Cycles in the Hypercube Graphs

Real Analysis via Sequences and Series

Author: Charles H.C. Little,Kee L. Teo,Bruce van Brunt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493926519

Category: Mathematics

Page: 476

View: 7944

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This text gives a rigorous treatment of the foundations of calculus. In contrast to more traditional approaches, infinite sequences and series are placed at the forefront. The approach taken has not only the merit of simplicity, but students are well placed to understand and appreciate more sophisticated concepts in advanced mathematics. The authors mitigate potential difficulties in mastering the material by motivating definitions, results and proofs. Simple examples are provided to illustrate new material and exercises are included at the end of most sections. Noteworthy topics include: an extensive discussion of convergence tests for infinite series, Wallis’s formula and Stirling’s formula, proofs of the irrationality of π and e and a treatment of Newton’s method as a special instance of finding fixed points of iterated functions.

Introduction to Information Retrieval

Author: Christopher D. Manning,Prabhakar Raghavan,Hinrich Schütze

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139472100

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 9217

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Class-tested and coherent, this textbook teaches classical and web information retrieval, including web search and the related areas of text classification and text clustering from basic concepts. It gives an up-to-date treatment of all aspects of the design and implementation of systems for gathering, indexing, and searching documents; methods for evaluating systems; and an introduction to the use of machine learning methods on text collections. All the important ideas are explained using examples and figures, making it perfect for introductory courses in information retrieval for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in computer science. Based on feedback from extensive classroom experience, the book has been carefully structured in order to make teaching more natural and effective. Slides and additional exercises (with solutions for lecturers) are also available through the book's supporting website to help course instructors prepare their lectures.

Discrete Structures

Author: Harriet Fell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781516555536

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 1606

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Discrete Structures introduces readers to the mathematical structures and methods that form the foundation of computer science and features multiple techniques that readers will turn to regularly throughout their careers in computer and information sciences. Over the course of five modules, students learn specific skills including binary and modular arithmetic, set notation, methods of counting, evaluating sums, and solving recurrences. They study the basics of probability, proof by induction, growth of functions, and analysis techniques. The book also discusses general problem-solving techniques that are widely applicable to real problems. Each module includes motivation applications, technique, theory, and further opportunities for application. Informed by extensive experience teaching in computer science programs, Discrete Structures has been developed specifically for first-year students in those programs. The material is also suitable for courses in computer engineering, as well as those for students who are transferring from other disciplines and just beginning their computer science or engineering education.

Randomized Algorithms

Author: Rajeev Motwani,Prabhakar Raghavan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643134

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 4427

DOWNLOAD NOW »

For many applications a randomized algorithm is either the simplest algorithm available, or the fastest, or both. This tutorial presents the basic concepts in the design and analysis of randomized algorithms. The first part of the book presents tools from probability theory and probabilistic analysis that are recurrent in algorithmic applications. Algorithmic examples are given to illustrate the use of each tool in a concrete setting. In the second part of the book, each of the seven chapters focuses on one important area of application of randomized algorithms: data structures; geometric algorithms; graph algorithms; number theory; enumeration; parallel algorithms; and on-line algorithms. A comprehensive and representative selection of the algorithms in these areas is also given. This book should prove invaluable as a reference for researchers and professional programmers, as well as for students.

Mathematica Cookbook

Building Blocks for Science, Engineering, Finance, Music, and More

Author: Sal Mangano

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449390765

Category: Computers

Page: 830

View: 8746

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Mathematica Cookbook helps you master the application's core principles by walking you through real-world problems. Ideal for browsing, this book includes recipes for working with numerics, data structures, algebraic equations, calculus, and statistics. You'll also venture into exotic territory with recipes for data visualization using 2D and 3D graphic tools, image processing, and music. Although Mathematica 7 is a highly advanced computational platform, the recipes in this book make it accessible to everyone -- whether you're working on high school algebra, simple graphs, PhD-level computation, financial analysis, or advanced engineering models. Learn how to use Mathematica at a higher level with functional programming and pattern matching Delve into the rich library of functions for string and structured text manipulation Learn how to apply the tools to physics and engineering problems Draw on Mathematica's access to physics, chemistry, and biology data Get techniques for solving equations in computational finance Learn how to use Mathematica for sophisticated image processing Process music and audio as musical notes, analog waveforms, or digital sound samples

The End of Error

Unum Computing

Author: John L. Gustafson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482239876

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 2044

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Future of Numerical Computing Written by one of the foremost experts in high-performance computing and the inventor of Gustafson’s Law, The End of Error: Unum Computing explains a new approach to computer arithmetic: the universal number (unum). The unum encompasses all IEEE floating-point formats as well as fixed-point and exact integer arithmetic. This new number type obtains more accurate answers than floating-point arithmetic yet uses fewer bits in many cases, saving memory, bandwidth, energy, and power. A Complete Revamp of Computer Arithmetic from the Ground Up Richly illustrated in color, this groundbreaking book represents a fundamental change in how to perform calculations automatically. It illustrates how this novel approach can solve problems that have vexed engineers and scientists for decades, including problems that have been historically limited to serial processing. Suitable for Anyone Using Computers for Calculations The book is accessible to anyone who uses computers for technical calculations, with much of the book only requiring high school math. The author makes the mathematics interesting through numerous analogies. He clearly defines jargon and uses color-coded boxes for mathematical formulas, computer code, important descriptions, and exercises.

Notes on Counting: An Introduction to Enumerative Combinatorics

Author: Peter J. Cameron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108279325

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 2194

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Enumerative combinatorics, in its algebraic and analytic forms, is vital to many areas of mathematics, from model theory to statistical mechanics. This book, which stems from many years' experience of teaching, invites students into the subject and prepares them for more advanced texts. It is suitable as a class text or for individual study. The author provides proofs for many of the theorems to show the range of techniques available, and uses examples to link enumerative combinatorics to other areas of study. The main section of the book introduces the key tools of the subject (generating functions and recurrence relations), which are then used to study the most important combinatorial objects, namely subsets, partitions, and permutations of a set. Later chapters deal with more specialised topics, including permanents, SDRs, group actions and the Redfield–Pólya theory of cycle indices, Möbius inversion, the Tutte polynomial, and species.

Programming in Scala

Author: Martin Odersky,Lex Spoon,Bill Venners

Publisher: Artima Inc

ISBN: 0981531601

Category: Computers

Page: 736

View: 4154

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Presents an introduction to the new programming language for the Java Platform.

Code

The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software

Author: Charles Petzold

Publisher: Microsoft Press

ISBN: 0735638721

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 5973

DOWNLOAD NOW »

What do flashlights, the British invasion, black cats, and seesaws have to do with computers? In CODE, they show us the ingenious ways we manipulate language and invent new means of communicating with each other. And through CODE, we see how this ingenuity and our very human compulsion to communicate have driven the technological innovations of the past two centuries. Using everyday objects and familiar language systems such as Braille and Morse code, author Charles Petzold weaves an illuminating narrative for anyone who’s ever wondered about the secret inner life of computers and other smart machines. It’s a cleverly illustrated and eminently comprehensible story—and along the way, you’ll discover you’ve gained a real context for understanding today’s world of PCs, digital media, and the Internet. No matter what your level of technical savvy, CODE will charm you—and perhaps even awaken the technophile within.

Introduction to Combinatorics

Author: W.D. Wallis,John George

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439806233

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 5108

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Accessible to undergraduate students, Introduction to Combinatorics presents approaches for solving counting and structural questions. It looks at how many ways a selection or arrangement can be chosen with a specific set of properties and determines if a selection or arrangement of objects exists that has a particular set of properties. To give students a better idea of what the subject covers, the authors first discuss several examples of typical combinatorial problems. They also provide basic information on sets, proof techniques, enumeration, and graph theory—topics that appear frequently throughout the book. The next few chapters explore enumerative ideas, including the pigeonhole principle and inclusion/exclusion. The text then covers enumerative functions and the relations between them. It describes generating functions and recurrences, important families of functions, and the theorems of Pólya and Redfield. The authors also present introductions to computer algebra and group theory, before considering structures of particular interest in combinatorics: graphs, codes, Latin squares, and experimental designs. The last chapter further illustrates the interaction between linear algebra and combinatorics. Exercises and problems of varying levels of difficulty are included at the end of each chapter. Ideal for undergraduate students in mathematics taking an introductory course in combinatorics, this text explores the different ways of arranging objects and selecting objects from a set. It clearly explains how to solve the various problems that arise in this branch of mathematics.

Numerical computing with IEEE floating point arithmetic

Author: Michael L. Overton

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898718072

Category: Computer arithmetic

Page: 104

View: 1545

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This title provides an easily accessible yet detailed discussion of IEEE Std 754-1985, arguably the most important standard in the computer industry. The result of an unprecedented cooperation between academic computer scientists and the cutting edge of industry, it is supported by virtually every modern computer. Other topics include the floating point architecture of the Intel microprocessors and a discussion of programming language support for the standard.

Practical Common Lisp

Author: Peter Seibel

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430200170

Category: Computers

Page: 501

View: 3485

DOWNLOAD NOW »

* Treats LISP as a language for commercial applications, not a language for academic AI concerns. This could be considered to be a secondary text for the Lisp course that most schools teach . This would appeal to students who sat through a LISP course in college without quite getting it – so a "nostalgia" approach, as in "wow-lisp can be practical..." * Discusses the Lisp programming model and environment. Contains an introduction to the language and gives a thorough overview of all of Common Lisp’s main features. * Designed for experienced programmers no matter what languages they may be coming from and written for a modern audience—programmers who are familiar with languages like Java, Python, and Perl. * Includes several examples of working code that actually does something useful like Web programming and database access.

Data Structures and Algorithms in Java

Author: Michael T. Goodrich,Roberto Tamassia,Michael H. Goldwasser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118771338

Category: Computers

Page: 736

View: 4353

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The design and analysis of efficient data structures has long been recognized as a key component of the Computer Science curriculum. Goodrich, Tomassia and Goldwasser's approach to this classic topic is based on the object-oriented paradigm as the framework of choice for the design of data structures. For each ADT presented in the text, the authors provide an associated Java interface. Concrete data structures realizing the ADTs are provided as Java classes implementing the interfaces. The Java code implementing fundamental data structures in this book is organized in a single Java package, net.datastructures. This package forms a coherent library of data structures and algorithms in Java specifically designed for educational purposes in a way that is complimentary with the Java Collections Framework.

The Data Science Design Manual

Author: Steven S. Skiena

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319554441

Category: Computers

Page: 445

View: 6680

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This engaging and clearly written textbook/reference provides a must-have introduction to the rapidly emerging interdisciplinary field of data science. It focuses on the principles fundamental to becoming a good data scientist and the key skills needed to build systems for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data. The Data Science Design Manual is a source of practical insights that highlights what really matters in analyzing data, and provides an intuitive understanding of how these core concepts can be used. The book does not emphasize any particular programming language or suite of data-analysis tools, focusing instead on high-level discussion of important design principles. This easy-to-read text ideally serves the needs of undergraduate and early graduate students embarking on an “Introduction to Data Science” course. It reveals how this discipline sits at the intersection of statistics, computer science, and machine learning, with a distinct heft and character of its own. Practitioners in these and related fields will find this book perfect for self-study as well. Additional learning tools: Contains “War Stories,” offering perspectives on how data science applies in the real world Includes “Homework Problems,” providing a wide range of exercises and projects for self-study Provides a complete set of lecture slides and online video lectures at www.data-manual.com Provides “Take-Home Lessons,” emphasizing the big-picture concepts to learn from each chapter Recommends exciting “Kaggle Challenges” from the online platform Kaggle Highlights “False Starts,” revealing the subtle reasons why certain approaches fail Offers examples taken from the data science television show “The Quant Shop” (www.quant-shop.com)

C# for Financial Markets

Author: Daniel J. Duffy,Andrea Germani

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118502833

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 856

View: 2492

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A practice-oriented guide to using C# to design and program pricing and trading models In this step-by-step guide to software development for financial analysts, traders, developers and quants, the authors show both novice and experienced practitioners how to develop robust and accurate pricing models and employ them in real environments. Traders will learn how to design and implement applications for curve and surface modeling, fixed income products, hedging strategies, plain and exotic option modeling, interest rate options, structured bonds, unfunded structured products, and more. A unique mix of modern software technology and quantitative finance, this book is both timely and practical. The approach is thorough and comprehensive and the authors use a combination of C# language features, design patterns, mathematics and finance to produce efficient and maintainable software. Designed for quant developers, traders and MSc/MFE students, each chapter has numerous exercises and the book is accompanied by a dedicated companion website, http://www.datasimfinancial.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=196&sid=f30022095850dee48c7db5ff62192b34, providing all source code, alongside audio, support and discussion forums for readers to comment on the code and obtain new versions of the software.

Access Database Design & Programming

Author: Steven Roman

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596516592

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 2622

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The third edition of Steven Roman's introduction to Access Database covers design and programming and is suitable for both beginners and programmers who wish to acquire a more in-depth understanding of the subject.

C++ for Everyone, 2nd Edition

Author: Cay S. Horstmann

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118137248

Category: Computers

Page: 560

View: 4411

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This exciting new edition by respected author Cay Horstmann provides an introduction to C++ and computer programming that focuses on the essentials — and on effective learning. Suitable for a rst course in programming for students in computer science, engineering, technology, and the physical sciences, it requires no prior programming experience. The new edition provides even more tools for motivating students to program and giving them the tools to succeed.

Speech and Language Processing

Author: Daniel Jurafsky,James H Martin,Peter Norvig,Stuart Russell

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0133252930

Category: Computers

Page: 1024

View: 7161

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For undergraduate or advanced undergraduate courses in Classical Natural Language Processing, Statistical Natural Language Processing, Speech Recognition, Computational Linguistics, and Human Language Processing. An explosion of Web-based language techniques, merging of distinct fields, availability of phone-based dialogue systems, and much more make this an exciting time in speech and language processing. The first of its kind to thoroughly cover language technology – at all levels and with all modern technologies – this text takes an empirical approach to the subject, based on applying statistical and other machine-learning algorithms to large corporations. The authors cover areas that traditionally are taught in different courses, to describe a unified vision of speech and language processing. Emphasis is on practical applications and scientific evaluation. An accompanying Website contains teaching materials for instructors, with pointers to language processing resources on the Web. The Second Edition offers a significant amount of new and extended material. Supplements: Click on the "Resources" tab to View Downloadable Files: Solutions Power Point Lecture Slides - Chapters 1-5, 8-10, 12-13 and 24 Now Available! For additional resourcse visit the author website: http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~martin/slp.html