Developments in American Politics 7

Author: Gillian Peele,Christopher J. Bailey,Bruce Cain,B. Guy Peters

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137289236

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

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Written by a team of leading experts of American politics, this text provides an authoritative and informed analysis of the latest issues, trends and developments. Fully up-to-date, the book takes full account of the political landscape that followed the 2012 elections and the policy dilemmas which face Obama's second administration.

Developments in Russian Politics 7

Author: Stephen White,Richard Sakwa,Henry E. Hale

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137014105

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6863

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Developments in Russian Politics 7 brings together a tightly-edited set of specially-commissioned chapters to provide a broad-ranging assessment of the Putin legacy and of continuities and change under Medvedev. Clearly and accessibly written, it will remain the introduction of choice to politics in the world's largest state.

Developments in German Politics 4

Author: Stephen Padgett,William E. Paterson,Reimut Zohlnhöfer

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137301643

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9909

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This provides authoritative coverage as well as wide-ranging and integrated analysis of politics and policy in Germany today and of its role in Europe and the wider world. Bringing together extensively revised and updated chapters by leading authorities, it will be essential for students and anyone interested in European politics.

The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development

Author: Richard M. Valelly,Suzanne Mettler,Robert C. Lieberman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191086983

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 7301

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Scholars working in or sympathetic to American political development (APD) share a commitment to accurately understanding the history of American politics - and thus they question stylized facts about America's political evolution. Like other approaches to American politics, APD prizes analytical rigor, data collection, the development and testing of theory, and the generation of provocative hypotheses. Much APD scholarship indeed overlaps with the American politics subfield and its many well developed literatures on specific institutions or processes (for example Congress, judicial politics, or party competition), specific policy domains (welfare policy, immigration), the foundations of (in)equality in American politics (the distribution of wealth and income, race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual and gender orientation), public law, and governance and representation. What distinguishes APD is careful, systematic thought about the ways that political processes, civic ideals, the political construction of social divisions, patterns of identity formation, the making and implementation of public policies, contestation over (and via) the Constitution, and other formal and informal institutions and processes evolve over time - and whether (and how) they alter, compromise, or sustain the American liberal democratic regime. APD scholars identify, in short, the histories that constitute American politics. They ask: what familiar or unfamiliar elements of the American past illuminate the present? Are contemporary phenomena that appear new or surprising prefigured in ways that an APD approach can bring to the fore? If a contemporary phenomenon is unprecedented then how might an accurate understanding of the evolution of American politics unlock its significance? Featuring contributions from leading academics in the field, The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development provides an authoritative and accessible analysis of the study of American political development.

Race and American Political Development

Author: Joseph E. Lowndes,Julie Novkov,Dorian T. Warren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136086420

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

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Race has been present at every critical moment in American political development, shaping political institutions, political discourse, public policy, and its denizens’ political identities. But because of the nature of race—its evolving and dynamic status as a structure of inequality, a political organizing principle, an ideology, and a system of power—we must study the politics of race historically, institutionally, and discursively. Covering more than three hundred years of American political history from the founding to the contemporary moment, the contributors in this volume make this extended argument. Together, they provide an understanding of American politics that challenges our conventional disciplinary tools of studying politics and our conservative political moment’s dominant narrative of racial progress. This volume, the first to collect essays on the role of race in American political history and development, resituates race in American politics as an issue for sustained and broadened critical attention.

The Lovers' Quarrel

The Two Foundings and American Political Development

Author: Elvin T. Lim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019932395X

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

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The United States has had not one, but two Foundings. The Constitution produced by the Second Founding came to be only after a vociferous battle between Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The Federalists favored a relatively powerful central government, while the Anti-Federalists distrusted the concentration of power in one place and advocated the preservation of sovereignty in the states as crucibles of post-revolutionary republicanism -- the legacy of the First Founding. This philosophical cleavage has been at the heart of practically every major political conflict in U.S. history, and lives on today in debates between modern liberals and conservatives. In The Lovers' Quarrel, Elvin T. Lim presents a systematic and innovative analysis of this perennial struggle. The framers of the second Constitution, the Federalists, were not operating in an ideational or institutional vacuum; rather, the document they drafted and ratified was designed to remedy the perceived flaws of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. To decouple the Two Foundings is to appreciate that there is no such thing as "original meaning," only original dissent. Because the Anti-Federalists insisted that prior and democratically sanctioned understandings of federalism and union had to be negotiated and partially grafted onto the new Constitution, the Constitution's Articles and the Bill of Rights do not cohere as well together as has conventionally been thought. Rather, they represent two antithetical orientations toward power, liberty, and republicanism. The altercation over the necessity of the Second Founding generated coherent and self-contained philosophies that would become the core of American political thought, reproduced and transmitted across two centuries, whether the victors were the neo-Federalists (such as during the Civil War and the New Deal) or the neo-Anti-Federalists (such as during the Jacksonian era and the Reagan Revolution). The Second Founding -- the sole "founding" that we generally speak of -- would become a template for the unique, prototypically American species of politics and political debate. Because of it, American political development occurs only after the political entrepreneurs of each generation lock horns in a Lovers' Quarrel about the principles of one of the Two Foundings, and succeed in justifying and forging a durable expansion or contraction of federal authority.

Die Macht der Geographie

Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt

Author: Tim Marshall

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423428562

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6075

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Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.

Britain and America

Studies in Comparative History, 1760-1970

Author: Open University

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300069785

Category: History

Page: 317

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Britain and the United States share a common language, a liberal and cultural heritage, and a democratic political system. They also have pronounced differences, for their economic, political, and social structures have developed in distinctive ways. This book compares and contrasts the historical course of the two countries and explores the significance of their similarities and differences over a period of two centuries. The book offers wide ranging and up-to-date analyses of such issues as industrialization and urbanization, democracy and politics, class and gender, and citizenship and welfare. With contributions from leading scholars in both countries, it will be an invaluable resource for classrooms and seminar study, appealing to students of both history and social science. Some of the essays are classic expositions of debates that resonate on both sides of the Atlantic. Others are exemplary pieces that signal new agendas for research. Contributors: Anthony Badger, Mark Clapson, J.C.D. Clark, Clive Emsley, Mary K. Geiter, H.J. Habakkuk, Jeffrey Haydu, Ira Katznelson, Leon S. Marshall, David Morgan, Ann Shola Orloff, Gretchen Ritter, S.B. Saul, Theda Skocpol, W.A. Speck, and David Ward.

Political Conflict and Development in East Asia and Latin America

Author: Richard Boyd,Galjart Benno,Tak-Wing Ngo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134228597

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8514

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Long run processes of socio-economic change generate prodigious problems of social conflict and social control, and governments responsible for these processes must therefore manage the resultant conflict. Consequently, the success or failure of a government's management of such conflicts is a crucial factor in development outcomes. This volume investigates the political struggle for development specifically in two vital regions - East Asia and Latin America. This analysis calls into question the dominant emphasis on institutional and cultural bases for stable growth. A careful historical account of the two regions is presented, which permits the rigorous testing of conventional wisdoms regarding development. Of importance to a broad range of academics in the spheres of development studies, politics, political economy and sociology, this book will also make an interesting read for those with a general interest in these areas.

A Government by the People

Direct Democracy in America, 1890-1940

Author: Thomas Goebel

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807860182

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 2135

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Between 1898 and 1918, many American states introduced the initiative, referendum, and recall--known collectively as direct democracy. Most interpreters have seen the motives for these reform measures as purely political, but Thomas Goebel demonstrates that the call for direct democracy was deeply rooted in antimonopoly sentiment. Frustrated with the governmental corruption and favoritism that facilitated the rise of monopolies, advocates of direct democracy aimed to check the influence of legislative bodies and directly empower the people to pass laws and abolish trusts. But direct democracy failed to achieve its promises: corporations and trusts continued to flourish, voter turnout rates did not increase, and interest groups grew stronger. By the 1930s, it was clear that direct democracy favored large organizations with the financial and organizational resources to fund increasingly expensive campaigns. Recent years have witnessed a resurgence of direct democracy, particularly in California, where ballot questions and propositions have addressed such volatile issues as gay rights and affirmative action. In this context, Goebel's analysis of direct democracy's history, evolution, and ultimate unsuitability as a grassroots tool is particularly timely.

Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Author: Russell Hardin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191037400

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

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In his ground-breaking book, the leading political philosopher Russell Hardin develops a new theory of liberal constitutional democracy. Arguing against the standard consensus theories, the author shows how social co-ordination on limited, sociological mutual advantage lies at the heart of liberal constitutionalism when it works to produce stable government. The book argues that liberalism, constitutionalism, and democracy are co-ordination theories. They work only in societies in which co-ordination of the important power groups for mutual advantage is feasible. It then goes on to examine and interpret the US constitution as motivated centrally by the concern with creating a government to enable commerce. In addition, the book addresses the nature of the problems that the newly democratic, newly market-oriented states face. The analysis of constitutionalism is based on its workability, not on its intrinsic, normative, or universal appeals. Hardin argues, similarly, there are harsh limits on the possibilities of democracy. In general, democracy works only on the margins of great issues. Indeed, it is inherently a device for regulating marginal political conflicts.

The Boundaries of American Political Culture in the Civil War Era

Author: Mark E. Neely Jr.

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807876947

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 4834

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Did preoccupations with family and work crowd out interest in politics in the nineteenth century, as some have argued? Arguing that social historians have gone too far in concluding that Americans were not deeply engaged in public life and that political historians have gone too far in asserting that politics informed all of Americans' lives, Mark Neely seeks to gauge the importance of politics for ordinary people in the Civil War era. Looking beyond the usual markers of political activity, Neely sifts through the political bric-a-brac of the era--lithographs and engravings of political heroes, campaign buttons, songsters filled with political lyrics, photo albums, newspapers, and political cartoons. In each of four chapters, he examines a different sphere--the home, the workplace, the gentlemen's Union League Club, and the minstrel stage--where political engagement was expressed in material culture. Neely acknowledges that there were boundaries to political life, however. But as his investigation shows, political expression permeated the public and private realms of Civil War America.

Debating Democracy: A Reader in American Politics

Author: Bruce Miroff,Raymond Seidelman,Todd Swanstrom

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495913472

Category: Education

Page: 368

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Designed to accompany any American Government text, this engaging reader features a debate-style format that includes two readings per chapter--each representing opposing viewpoints. The unique format and current content give this book a distinct advantage over other readers. The seventh edition incorporates up-to-date chapter introductions and new debates on issues such as corporate spending in elections, same-sex marriage, and negative campaigning for a fresh look at the hot-button issues in modern American government. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Political Developments in Contemporary China

A Guide

Author: Ian Jeffries

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136965203

Category: Political Science

Page: 1040

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This book provides a comprehensive and detailed overview of contemporary political developments in China. Key topics include human rights and China's international relations with its neighbours and with the international community more widely. This is the companion volume to Economic Developments in Contemporary China: A Guide (also published by Routledge).

The Motherless State

Women's Political Leadership and American Democracy

Author: Eileen McDonagh

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226514560

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 1728

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American women attain more professional success than most of their counterparts around the world, but they lag surprisingly far behind in the national political arena. Women held only 15 percent of U.S. congressional seats in 2006, a proportion that ranks America behind eighty-two other countries in terms of females elected to legislative office. A compelling exploration of this deficiency, TheMotherless State reveals why the United States differs from comparable democracies that routinely elect far more women to their national governing bodies and chief executive positions. Explaining that equal rights alone do not ensure equal access to political office, Eileen McDonagh shows that electoral gender parity also requires public policies that represent maternal traits. Most other democracies, she demonstrates, view women as more suited to govern because their governments have taken on maternal roles through social welfare provisions, gender quotas, or the continuance of symbolic hereditary monarchies. The United States has not adopted such policies, and until it does, McDonagh insightfully warns, American women run for office with a troubling disadvantage.

The City in American Political Development

Author: Richardson Dilworth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135853177

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

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There are nearly 20,000 general-purpose municipal governments—cities—in the United States, employing more people than the federal government. About twenty of those cities received charters of incorporation well before ratification of the U.S. Constitution, and several others were established urban centers more than a century before the American Revolution. Yet despite their estimable size and prevalence in the United States, city government and politics has been a woefully neglected topic within the recent study of American political development. The volume brings together some of the best of both the most established and the newest urban scholars in political science, sociology, and history, each of whom makes a new argument for rethinking the relationship between cities and the larger project of state-building. Each chapter shows explicitly how the American city demonstrates durable shifts in governing authority throughout the nation’s history. By filling an important gap in scholarship the book will thus become an indispensable part of the American political development canon, a crucial component of graduate and undergraduate courses in APD, urban politics, urban sociology, and urban history, and a key guide for future scholarship.

Gendering Politics and Policy

Recent Developments in Europe, Latin America, and the United States

Author: Heidi I. Hartmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317954661

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 9771

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Top feminist theorists and scholars examine the latest developments in gender politics and policy around the world Gendering Politics and Policy: Recent Developments in Europe, Latin America, and the United States discusses in depth how women and women’s perspectives are changing politics and policy in both the United States and around the world. This compelling resource surveys a range of issues and methodologies to bring the most recent gender issues, politics, and policies into clear focus. Top feminist scholars and theorists from several disciplines explore the latest in gender mainstreaming, gender budgeting, citizenship, social capital, and the gender gap in various cultures and countries. Gendering Politics and Policy provides case studies of different policy areas, techniques, and political practice as it highlights issues important for women and women’s issues around the world. The book’s three main sections include detailed looks at politics and gender issues in the United States, policies of concern for women in Latin America and Europe, and women’s agendas in the United Nations. This book is extremely useful as a teaching tool for students by surveying a wide range of vital issues and methodologies of gender development, women and politics, women and public policy, and women in international politics. The text is extensively referenced and includes several tables and figures to clearly present data and ideas. Gendering Politics and Policy discusses: the need for women’s citizenship—a new form of gendered citizenship more inclusive of women’s issues that strengthens democratic governability gender politics in presidential elections—including the impact the attention to women’s votes has had on public policies of administrations between elections the relationships between women’s status and social capital attack campaigning of male candidates against women candidates the gender implications of economic policy in the United Kingdom the discretionary nature of funding for support of domestic violence laws in Latin America, Central America, and the Caribbean region women’s increased leadership roles in German government the need for gender mainstreaming in the German economy child care as an international human right the involvement of women’s nongovernmental organizations at UN conferences Gendering Politics and Policy is illuminating reading for educators, advanced undergraduate and graduate students in women’s studies, political science, and public policy, as well as policy researchers and women leaders around the world.

Fog of War

The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Author: Kevin M. Kruse,Stephen Tuck

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199913420

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 9154

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It is well known that World War II gave rise to human rights rhetoric, discredited a racist regime abroad, and provided new opportunities for African Americans to fight, work, and demand equality at home. It would be all too easy to assume that the war was a key stepping stone to the modern civil rights movement. But Fog of War shows that in reality the momentum for civil rights was not so clear cut, with activists facing setbacks as well as successes and their opponents finding ways to establish more rigid defenses for segregation. While the war set the scene for a mass movement, it also narrowed some of the options for black activists. This collection is a timely reconsideration of the intersection between two of the dominant events of twentieth-century American history, the upheaval wrought by the Second World War and the social revolution brought about by the African American struggle for equality.

Nicht-numerische Informationsverarbeitung

Beiträge zur Behandlung nicht-numerischer Probleme mit Hilfe von Digitalrechenanlagen

Author: R. Gunzenhäuser

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709182026

Category: Computers

Page: 510

View: 438

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Die nicht-numerische Informationsverarbeitung mit Hilfe von Rechen automaten begann in den frühen fünfziger Jahren. 1950 befaßte sich SHANNON mit Schachprogrammen, 1952 schrieb RUTISHAUSER seine bahnbrechende Arbeit über automatische Rechenplanfertigung und begründete damit die Entwicklung der formalen Sprachen. Etwa um die gleiche Zeit veröffentlichte D. H. LEHMER, angeregt durch die Bedürfnisse der Kernphysiker, die bis jetzt gebräuchlichste Methode zur Erzeugung von Zufallszahlen auf Rechenautomaten. Damit standen Zufallszahlen auch für nicht-numerische Anwendungen zur Verfügung. 1953 wurde die Sprache FORTRAN publiziert, 1960 die Sprache ALGOL. Im gleichen Jahr ließ H. WANG 220 Sätze aus den Principia mathematica in 3 Minuten von einem Rechenautomaten beweisen, 196:3 entstanden die ersten Computographien von }( NAKE. Die Anregung, das rasch wachsende Gebiet in einer deutschen Buchveröffent lichung darzustellen, geht auf Herrn Direktor Dr. W. SCHWABL vom Springer Verlag Wien zurück. Bald zeigte sich hierbei, daß ein einzelner Autor nicht imstande sein würde, das Gebiet in seiner ganzen Vielfalt darzustellen, und zwar selbst dann nicht, wenn die rein kommerzielle nicht-numerische Datenverarbeitung ausgeklammert würde. Damit entstand der Gedanke, eine Arbeitsgemeinschaft von Autoren ins Leben zu rufen, die jeweils eine zusammenfassende Darstellung über ihr eigenes Arbeitsgebiet geben sollten.