Designing Safer Polymers

Author: Paul T. Anastas,Paul H. Bickart,Mary M. Kirchhoff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471397335

Category: Science

Page: 116

View: 8448


A guide to designing safer polymers based on the principles ofgreen chemistry and the EPA's Polymer Exemption Rule Green chemistry, the design of chemical products and processes thatreduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances,is a powerful tool in designing safer polymers. By adhering to theprinciples of green chemistry, manufacturers can produce polymersthat are better for the environment, and can do so in aneconomically sound manner. The Polymer Exemption Rule delineates types of polymers that areexpected to be of reduced risk. By following the guidelinescontained within the Polymer Exemption Rule, manufacturers maydecrease their regulatory requirements while designing polymersthat are environmentally benign. This valuable guide approaches the manufacture of polymers from twoperspectives, incorporating the principles of green chemistry withthe guidance of the Polymer Exemption Rule to designenvironmentally benign polymers. Designing Safer Polymers is anindispensable working resource for polymer scientists andengineers, as well as corporate decision makers working in thepolymer and chemical industries.

Expert Systems in Chemistry Research

Author: Markus C. Hemmer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420053241

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 9227


Expert systems allow scientists to access, manage, and apply data and specialized knowledge from various disciplines to their own research. Expert Systems in Chemistry Research explains the general scientific basis and computational principles behind expert systems and demonstrates how they can improve the efficiency of scientific workflows and support decision-making processes. Focused initially on clarifying the fundamental concepts, limits, and drawbacks of using computer software to approach human decision making, the author also underscores the importance of putting theory into practice. The book highlights current capabilities for planning and monitoring experiments, scientific data management and interpretation, chemical characterization, problem solving, and methods for encoding chemical data. It also examines the challenges as well as requirements, strategies, and considerations for implementing expert systems effectively in an existing laboratory software environment. Expert Systems in Chemistry Research covers various artificial intelligence technologies used to support expert systems, including nonlinear statistics, wavelet transforms, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, and fuzzy logic. This definitive text provides researchers, scientists, and engineers with a cornerstone resource for developing new applications in chemoinformatics, systems design, and other emerging fields.

Plastics and Sustainability

Towards a Peaceful Coexistence between Bio-based and Fossil Fuel-based Plastics

Author: Michael Tolinski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118217837

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 641


Clearly lays out the issues related to plastics' effects on theenvironment, while also serving as a practical, non-academic guidefor making sustainability decisions about plastics recyclingand the newest bio-based plastics Company managers, product developers, policy makers,environmental researchers, and plastics industry engineers areunder increasing pressure to find ways of minimizing theenvironmental footprint of plastic products. This accessible bookis designed to help readers understand the life-cycle impacts ofvarious plastics, clarifying the technical research and practicalarguments to show when bio-based and recycled plastics might beuseful options for reducing the overall energy consumption,greenhouse gas emissions, and waste associated with traditionalplastics. Plastics and Sustainability compares traditional fossilfuel-based plastics with bio-based plastics in terms of properties,environmental impacts, and costs -- indicating what the mosteffective approaches could be for using recycled, biodegradable, orvarious bio-based materials. The book makes objective comparisonsbetween bioplastics and all commonly used plastics, focusing on howthey affect production economics, product requirements, andretailer and consumer needs. It incorporates research concerninglife-cycle assessment, production techniques, and commercialapplications, and presents "green" guidelines about product design,recycling, processing efficiency, and material selection. The bookalso reports on recent industry developments and commercial trendsin an effort to synthesize conclusions that are necessary forfinding the right balance between bio-based and fossil-fuel basedplastic products. Check out the author's blog at spanstyle="line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Calibri','sans-serif'; color: black; font-size: 11pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Cordia New'; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: TH;"spanstyle="font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif';"

Green Polymerization Methods

Renewable Starting Materials, Catalysis and Waste Reduction

Author: Robert T. Mathers,Michael A. R. Meier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527636174

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 380

View: 6470


Designing polymers and developing polymerization processes that are safe, prevent pollution, and are more efficient in the use of materials and engergy is an important topic in modern chemistry. Today, green polymer research can be seen increasingly in academia nd industry. It tackles all aspects of polymers and polymerization - everything from chemical feedstocks, synthetic pathways, and reaction media to the nature of the final polymer as related to its inherent nontoxicity or degradability. This book summarizes and evaluates the latest developments in green polymerization methods. Specifically, new catalytic methods and processes which incorporate renewable resources will be discussed by leading experts in the field of polymer chemistry. This book is a must-have for Polymer Chemists, Chemists Working with/on Organometallics, Biochemists, Physical Chemists, Chemical Engineers, Biotechnologists, Materials Scientists, and Catalytic Chemists.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology

Author: Herman F. Mark

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471287810

Category: Science

Page: 3112

View: 8949


This is the third Edition is a completely new version in a new century of the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. The new edition will bring the state-of-the-art up to the 21st century, with coverage of nanotechnology, new imaging and analytical techniques, new methods of controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more. New topics covered include nanotechnology, AFM, MALDI, biomimetics, and genetic methods, of increasing importance since 1990 and will also bring up-to-date coverage of traditional topics of continuing interest. This edition will publish in 3 Parts of 4 volumes each. Each Part will be an A-Z selection of the newest articles available in the online edition of this encyclopedia. A list of the titles to appear in Part I can be viewed by clicking "What's New" at Titles for Parts II and III will appear there as well when available.

The BP Oil Spill

Accounting for the Spilled Oil and Ensuring the Safety of Seafood from the Gulf : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, August 19, 2010

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

Publisher: N.A


Category: BP Deepwater Horizon Explosion and Oil Spill, 2010

Page: 106

View: 4740


First Indo-US Workshop on Green Chemistry


Author: Mihir K. Chaudhuri,Rakesh Kumar Sharma,Archana Sharma,University of Delhi. Dept. of Chemistry,National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (New Delhi, India),Green Chemistry Institute

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788172363185

Category: Environmental chemistry

Page: 175

View: 2458


Organized by Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of Delhi in Nov. 2003.

Electronic Waste

Investing in Research and Innovation to Reuse, Reduce, and Recycle : Hearing Before the Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, First Session, February 11, 2009

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Electronic apparatus and appliances

Page: 122

View: 7189


Designing safer chemicals

green chemistry for pollution prevention

Author: Stephen C. DeVito,Roger L. Garrett

Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication

ISBN: 9780841234437

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 254

View: 7492


Covers the design or redesign of chemicals with the specific intent of making them safe for people and the environment. Explains how commercially useful substances of low toxicity can be designed and developed through careful forethought and strategic molecular modification. Describes how existing industrial chemicals that are toxic can be redesigned to be less toxic but retain their usefulness. Discusses how to merge the disciplines of toxicology and chemistry to design new, less toxic commercial chemicals or redesign existing toxic commercial chemicals to result in less toxic substitutes. Provides researchers, developers, and manufacturers of industrial chemicals with a reference source for designing safer chemicals.

Designing with Plastics

Author: P.R. Lewis

Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing

ISBN: 9780902348752

Category: Engineering design

Page: 106

View: 5509


In this report Dr Lewis surveys the current state of the art in designing with plastics, in terms of materials properties and processing technologies. He also considers the legal implications of intellectual property and product liability, as well as ergonomic and aesthetic design, parts consolidation and recyclability. His review is supported throughout by references to key processes and applications, including many well known consumer products, and further information can be derived from the 435 abstracts of published papers which complete the report.

Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety

A Proceedings

Author: Committee on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Materials Advisory Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309553423

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 126

View: 9621


The reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm post-crash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held November 19-20, 1996 to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technology for the future development of aviation fuels that are most resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 presented papers in the areas of fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and the characterization of fuel fires.

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen


Author: Michael F. Ashby

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827417626

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 4800


Das englischsprachige, weltweit anerkannte Standardwerk zur Werkstoffauswahl - als neuer Buchtyp speziell für die Bedürfnisse deutschsprachiger Leser angepasst! Der Zusatznutzen, den dieses Buch bietet ist das Lesen und Lernen im englischen Original zu erleichtern und gleichzeitig in die spezielle Fachterminologie einzuführen und zwar durch: - Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte zur Fachterminologie und zu schwierigen normalsprachlichen Ausdrücken - Ein zweisprachiges Fachwörterbuch zum raschen Nachschlagen

Design for Excellence

Engineering Design Conference 2000

Author: Sangarappillai Sivaloganathan,P. T. J. Andrews

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781860582592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 844

View: 3188


Design for Excellence contains papers from a conference organised by Brunel University. This book will be useful for designers, engineers, software developers, and other technologists working in a wide variety of engineering applications. Both those working in industry and in the academic environment will want to have access to this valuble resource. CONTENTS INCLUDE: A strategic overview of UK product development Technology management – a methodology towards achieving design excellence within the pharmaceutical industry Designing safer systems – the application of human factors methods From environmental assessment results to DFE product changes – an evaluation of quantitative and qualitative methods Design determines 70 percent of cost? A review of implications for design evaluation Using correlation chains to link customer requirements and physical laws How to manage ‘3-GEN’ products and services Strain based shallow shell finite element for circular cylindrical shells Validation of manufacturing facilities in the pharmaceuticals industry The use of formal design techniques in the development of a model device Aesthetic intelligence – optimizing user-centred design Tendering for engineering contracts An investigation on specifications – component, source information areas, and contents

Green chemistry

designing chemistry for the environment

Author: Paul T. Anastas,American Chemical Society. Division of Environmental Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting

Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication

ISBN: 9780841233997

Category: Science

Page: 251

View: 6761


Presents the alternative environmentally benign syntheses and processes for chemical manufacturing. Introduces green chemistry technologies, including biotechnology for pollution prevention. Presents alternative environmentally benign reaction conditions for chemical manufacturing. Discusses the use of catalysis for pollution prevention.