Congressional Record (Bound Volumes): Volume 153

Author: Congress

Publisher: Congress

ISBN: 9780160912443

Category: History

Page: N.A

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The Congressional Record contains the proceedings and debates of each Congressional session in the House of Representatives and the Senate. Arranged in calendar order, each volume includes the exact text of everything that was said and includes members' remarks.

The Broken Branch

How Congress is Failing America and how to Get it Back on Track

Author: Thomas E. Mann,Norman J. Ornstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195368711

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

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Two nationally renowned congressional scholars review the evolution of Congress from the early days of the republic to 2006, arguing that extreme partisanship and a disregard for institutional procedures are responsible for the institution's current state

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

A Path Forward

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309142393

Category: Law

Page: 348

View: 9394

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Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

The 9/11 Commission Report

Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Authorized Edition

Author: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393060416

Category: History

Page: 604

View: 922

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Provides the final report of the 9/11 Commission detailing their findings on the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Global Peace Operations Initiative

Background and Issues for Congress

Author: Nina M. Serafino

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437919634

Category:

Page: 19

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The Global Peace Oper. Initiative (GPOI) was established in mid-2004 as a 5-year program with intended annual funding to total $660 million from FY 2005 through F Y2009. GPOI¿s primary purpose has been to train and equip 75,000 military troops, a majority of them African, for peacekeeping operations by 2010. Contents of this report: (1) Introduction; (2) Background; (3) GPOI Purposes and Activities: Demand for Peacekeepers; Need for Gendarme Forces; U.S. Peacekeeping Training and Assistance, Pre-GPOI, in Sub-Saharan Africa; Transition to GPOI Training and Assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa; Develop. of a ¿Beyond Africa¿ Program; Foreign Contributions to Peacekeeping Capacity Building; (4) Admin. Funding Requests and Congress. Action.

Institutional and Organizational Analysis

Concepts and Applications

Author: Eric Alston,Lee J. Alston,Bernardo Mueller,Tomas Nonnenmacher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110708637X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

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What explains the great variability in economic growth and political development across countries? Institutional and Organizational Analysis has developed since the 1970s into a powerful toolkit, which argues that institutions and norms rather than geography, culture, or technology are the primary causes of sustainable development. Institutions are rules that recognized authorities create and enforce. Norms are rules created by long-standing patterns of behaviour, shared by people in a society or organization. They combine to play a role in all organizations, including governments, firms, churches, universities, gangs, and even families. This introduction to the concepts and applications of Institutional and Organizational Analysis uses economic history, economics, law, and political science to inform its theoretical framework. Institutional and Organizational Analysis becomes the basis to show why the economic and political performance of countries worldwide have not converged, and reveals the lessons to be learned from it for business, law, and public policy.

Compensation for Losses from the 9/11 Attacks

Author: Lloyd S. Dixon,Lloyd Dixon,Rachel Kaganoff Stern

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833036919

Category: History

Page: 173

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Examines benefits going to those who were killed or seriously injured in the 9/11 attacks and benefits to individuals and businesses in New York City that suffered losses form the attack on the World Trade Center.

Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program

Author: Committee to Assess the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program,Board on Radiation Effects Research,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309096103

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 8066

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The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) was set up by Congress in 1990 to compensate people who have been diagnosed with specified cancers and chronic diseases that could have resulted from exposure to nuclear-weapons tests at various U.S. test sites. Eligible claimants include civilian onsite participants, downwinders who lived in areas currently designated by RECA, and uranium workers and ore transporters who meet specified residence or exposure criteria. The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), which oversees the screening, education, and referral services program for RECA populations, asked the National Academies to review its program and assess whether new scientific information could be used to improve its program and determine if additional populations or geographic areas should be covered under RECA. The report recommends Congress should establish a new science-based process using a method called "probability of causation/assigned share" (PC/AS) to determine eligibility for compensation. Because fallout may have been higher for people outside RECA-designated areas, the new PC/AS process should apply to all residents of the continental US, Alaska, Hawaii, and overseas US territories who have been diagnosed with specific RECA-compensable diseases and who may have been exposed, even in utero, to radiation from U.S. nuclear-weapons testing fallout. However, because the risks of radiation-induced disease are generally low at the exposure levels of concern in RECA populations, in most cases it is unlikely that exposure to radioactive fallout was a substantial contributing cause of cancer.

Confronting the "Enemy Within"

Security Intelligence, the Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies

Author: Peter Chalk,William Rosenau,Martin Wachs,Myles Collins,Mark Hanson

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833036149

Category: Political Science

Page: 90

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Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, critics have charged that the Federal Bureau of Investigation, while qualified to investigate terrorist incidents after the fact, is not well equipped enough to adequately gather and assess information to prevent attacks. More intrinsically, many believe that given a predominant and deeply rooted law enforcement and prosecutorial culture, the bureau may not be able to change operational focus toward dedicated counterterrorism intelligence gathering and analysis. To better inform debate, researchers analyzed the domestic security structures of four allied countries--the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and Australia--weighing both their positive and negative aspects. (PW/PC)

FBI Intelligence Reform

Author: Alfred Cumming,Todd Masse

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600211690

Category: Political Science

Page: 76

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In the aftermath of September 11 2001, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) embarked on a program to reform its intelligence and national security programs. Many experts agree the FBI has made progress in some areas (dissemination of raw intelligence), but some believe that the FBI has shown little progress in other areas (establishing an integrated and proactive intelligence program) while the FBI's budget increased by 68 per cent from 2001-2005. The Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission has recommended, and the White House has approved, the establishment of a National Security Service within the FBI. This Service would integrate the FBI's Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence Division with the FBI's Directorate of Intelligence (DI). Whether this organisational change will yield substantive results is an open question. This book analyses the FBI's overall intelligence reform effort, focusing on the implementation of intelligence reform initiatives in the field.

Counternetwork

Countering the Expansion of Transnational Criminal Networks

Author: Angel Rabasa,Christopher M. Schnaubelt,Peter Chalk,Douglas Farah,Gregory Midgette,Howard J. Shatz

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833094777

Category: History

Page: 214

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This report presents operational characteristics of transnational criminal networks originating in South America, identifies U.S. government policies and programs to counter these networks, and examines the military's role in that context.

Peasants, Culture and Indigenous Peoples

Critical Issues

Author: Rodolfo Stavenhagen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642341535

Category: Law

Page: 165

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This last volume in a trilogy published on the occasion of the 80th birthday of Rodolfo Stavenhagen, professor emeritus of El Colegio de Mexico, includes eight essays on Peasants, Culture and Indigenous Peoples: Critical Issues; Basic Needs, Peasants and the Strategy for Rural Development (1976); Cultural Rights: a Social Science Perspective (1998); The Structure of Injustice: Poverty, Marginality, Exclusion and Human Rights (2000); What Kind of Yarn? From Color Line to Multicolored Hammock: Reflections on Racism and Public Policy (2001); The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2012); A Report on the Human Rights Situation of Indigenous Peoples in Asia (2007); Report on the Impact of Megaprojects on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2003); and Study Regarding the Best Practices to Implement the Recommendations of the Special Rapporteur (2007). These texts address human rights issues, especially those that arose when Stavenhagen was servinged as United Nations special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples.

The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA)

Author: Addison K. James,Filip E. Davis

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781620817292

Category: Political Science

Page: 149

View: 3717

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The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) is the workers' compensation program for federal employees. Like all workers' compensation programs, FECA pays disability, survivors, and medical benefits, without fault, to employees who are injured or become ill in the course of their federal employment and the survivors of employees killed on the job. The FECA program is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) and the costs of benefits are paid by each employees' host agency. Employees of the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) currently comprise the largest group of FECA beneficiaries and are responsible for the largest share of FECA benefits. This book examines the key policy issues facing the FECA today, including the disproportionate share of claims and program costs attributed to postal workers, the payment of FECA benefits after retirement age, the overall generosity of FECA disability benefits as compared with those offered by the states, and the overall administration of the FECA program.

The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309133180

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 5453

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The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.