Democracy and the Ethical Life

A Philosophy of Politics and Community (Second Edition, Expanded)

Author: Claes G. Ryn

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813207118

Category: Philosophy

Page: 245

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This study goes to the heart of ethics and politics. Strongly argued and lucidly written, the book makes a crucial distinction between two forms of democracy

Democracy and Tradition

Author: Jeffrey Stout

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691102931

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

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Drawing inspiration from Whitman, Dewey, and Ellison, Jeffrey Stout sketches the proper role of religious discourse in a democracy. He discusses the fate of virtue, the legacy of racism, the moral issues implicated in the war on terrorism, and the objectivity of ethical norms. Against those who see no place for religious reasoning in the democratic arena, Stout champions a space for religious voices. But against increasingly vocal antiliberal thinkers, he argues that modern democracy can provide a moral vision and has made possible such moral achievements as civil rights precisely because it allows a multitude of claims to be heard.

Resurrecting Democracy

Author: Luke Bretherton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107030390

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

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This book assesses the construction of citizenship as an identity, a performance, and a shared rationality.

Worldly Ethics

Democratic Politics and Care for the World

Author: Ella Myers

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822353997

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

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What is the spirit that animates collective action? What is the ethos of democracy? Worldly Ethics offers a powerful and original response to these questions, arguing that associative democratic politics, in which citizens join together and struggle to shape shared conditions, requires a world-centered ethos. This distinctive ethos, Ella Myers shows, involves care for "worldly things," which are the common and contentious objects of concern around which democratic actors mobilize. In articulating the meaning of worldly ethics, she reveals the limits of previous modes of ethics, including Michel Foucault's therapeutic model, based on a "care of the self," and Emmanuel Levinas's charitable model, based on care for the Other. Myers contends that these approaches occlude the worldly character of political life and are therefore unlikely to inspire and support collective democratic activity. The alternative ethics she proposes is informed by Hannah Arendt's notion of amor mundi, or love of the world, and it focuses on the ways democratic actors align around issues, goals, or things in the world, practicing collaborative care for them. Myers sees worldly ethics as a resource that can inspire and motivate ordinary citizens to participate in democratic politics, and the book highlights civic organizations that already embody its principles.

The Political Classroom

Evidence and Ethics in Democratic Education

Author: Diana E. Hess,Paula McAvoy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317575032

Category: Education

Page: 248

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WINNER 2016 Grawemeyer Award in Education Helping students develop their ability to deliberate political questions is an essential component of democratic education, but introducing political issues into the classroom is pedagogically challenging and raises ethical dilemmas for teachers. Diana E. Hess and Paula McAvoy argue that teachers will make better professional judgments about these issues if they aim toward creating "political classrooms," which engage students in deliberations about questions that ask, "How should we live together?" Based on the findings from a large, mixed-method study about discussions of political issues within high school classrooms, The Political Classroom presents in-depth and engaging cases of teacher practice. Paying particular attention to how political polarization and social inequality affect classroom dynamics, Hess and McAvoy promote a coherent plan for providing students with a nonpartisan political education and for improving the quality of classroom deliberations.

Pedagogy of Freedom

Ethics, Democracy, and Civic Courage

Author: Paulo Freire

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461640652

Category: Education

Page: 176

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This book displays the striking creativity and profound insight that characterized Freire's work to the very end of his life-an uplifting and provocative exploration not only for educators, but also for all that learn and live.

Hegel's Critique of Modernity

Reconciling Individual Freedom and the Community

Author: Timothy C. Luther

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739129791

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 8809

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While the Enlightenment brought about an unprecedented growth in freedom, it also gave rise to a set of dichotomies that Hegel's philosophy helps to overcome. In this book, Timothy C. Luther examines Hegel's contribution to polical philosophy and his attempt to resolve tensions in political philosophy and democracy_particularly, his reconciliation of individual liberty and community. Hegel's dialectic preserves what he sees as valuable in liberalism while reformulating it in a way that is more sensitive to community and historical context.

The Ethics of Immigration

Author: Joseph Carens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199933839

Category: Philosophy

Page: 364

View: 3911

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Eminent political theorist Joseph Carens tests the limits of democratic theory in the realm of immigration, arguing that any acceptable immigration policy must be based on moral principles even if it conflicts with the will of the majority.

Democratic Reason

Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Author: Hélène Landemore

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155658

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

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Individual decision making can often be wrong due to misinformation, impulses, or biases. Collective decision making, on the other hand, can be surprisingly accurate. In Democratic Reason, Hélène Landemore demonstrates that the very factors behind the superiority of collective decision making add up to a strong case for democracy. She shows that the processes and procedures of democratic decision making form a cognitive system that ensures that decisions taken by the many are more likely to be right than decisions taken by the few. Democracy as a form of government is therefore valuable not only because it is legitimate and just, but also because it is smart. Landemore considers how the argument plays out with respect to two main mechanisms of democratic politics: inclusive deliberation and majority rule. In deliberative settings, the truth-tracking properties of deliberation are enhanced more by inclusiveness than by individual competence. Landemore explores this idea in the contexts of representative democracy and the selection of representatives. She also discusses several models for the "wisdom of crowds" channeled by majority rule, examining the trade-offs between inclusiveness and individual competence in voting. When inclusive deliberation and majority rule are combined, they beat less inclusive methods, in which one person or a small group decide. Democratic Reason thus establishes the superiority of democracy as a way of making decisions for the common good.

Religion in the Public Square

The Place of Religious Convictions in Political Debate

Author: N.A

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0585080739

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 5326

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This vigorous debate between two distinguished philosophers presents two views on a topic of worldwide importance: the role of religion in politics. Audi argues that citizens in a free democracy should distinguish religious and secular considerations and give them separate though related roles. Wolterstorff argues that religious elements are both appropriate in politics and indispensable to the vitality of a pluralistic democracy. Each philosopher first states his position in detail, then responds to and criticizes the opposing viewpoint.

After Virtue

Author: Alasdair MacIntyre

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1623569818

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

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Highly controversial when it was first published in 1981, Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue has since established itself as a landmark work in contemporary moral philosophy. In this book, MacIntyre sought to address a crisis in moral language that he traced back to a European Enlightenment that had made the formulation of moral principles increasingly difficult. In the search for a way out of this impasse, MacIntyre returns to an earlier strand of ethical thinking, that of Aristotle, who emphasised the importance of 'virtue' to the ethical life. More than thirty years after its original publication, After Virtue remains a work that is impossible to ignore for anyone interested in our understanding of ethics and morality today.

Justice and the Politics of Difference

Author: Iris Marion Young,Danielle S. Allen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152624

Category: Philosophy

Page: 286

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"In this classic work of feminist political thought, Iris Marion Young challenges the prevailing reduction of social justice to distributive justice. The starting point for her critique is the experience and concerns of the new social movements that were created by marginal and excluded groups, including women, African Americans, and American Indians, as well as gays and lesbians. Young argues that by assuming a homogeneous public, democratic theorists fail to consider institutional arrangements for including people not culturally identified with white European male norms. Consequently, theorists do not adequately address the problems of an inclusive participatory framework. Basing her vision of the good society on the culturally plural networks of contemporary urban life, Young makes the case that normative theory and public policy should undermine group-based oppression by affirming rather than suppressing social group differences"--Provided by publisher.

Democracy and Moral Development

A Politics of Virtue

Author: David L. Norton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520203488

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 9822

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At a time when politics and virtue seem less compatible than oil and water, Democracy and Moral Development shows how to bring the two together. Philosopher David Norton applies classical concepts of virtue to the premises of modern democracy. The centerpiece of the book is a model of organizational management applicable to the state, business, the professions, and voluntary communities.

Philosophy, Politics, Democracy

Selected Essays

Author: Joshua Cohen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674034488

Category: Philosophy

Page: 394

View: 4300

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Over the past 20 years, Joshua Cohen has explored the most controversial issues facing the American public. This volume draws on his work to develop an argument about what he calls 'democracy's public reason'.

Politics

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849648397

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 5847

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Politics is Aristotle's most known work on political philosophy. The treatise is the logical sequel to the Nicomachean Ethics, as both works deal with the "philosophy of human affairs." The whole treatise consists of eight books and chapters about constitutions, democracy, oligarchy, citizenships, states and political theories.

The Public and Its Problems

An Essay in Political Inquiry

Author: John Dewey,Melvin L. Rogers

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271055693

Category: Philosophy

Page: 190

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"An annotated edition of John Dewey's work of democratic theory, first published in 1927. Includes a substantive introduction and bibliographical essay"--Provided by publisher.

The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness

A Vindication of Democracy and a Critique of Its Traditional Defense

Author: Reinhold Niebuhr

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226584011

Category: History

Page: 224

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The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness, first published in 1944, is considered one of the most profound and relevant works by the influential theologian Reinhold Niebuhr, and certainly the fullest statement of his political philosophy. Written and first read during the prolonged, tragic world war between totalitarian and democratic forces, Niebuhr’s book took up the timely question of how democracy as a political system could best be defended. Most proponents of democracy, Niebuhr claimed, were “children of light,” who had optimistic but naïve ideas about how society could be rid of evil and governed by enlightened reason. They needed, he believed, to absorb some of the wisdom and strength of the “children of darkness,” whose ruthless cynicism and corrupt, anti-democratic politics should otherwise be repudiated. He argued for a prudent, liberal understanding of human society that took the measure of every group’s self-interest and was chastened by a realistic understanding of the limits of power. It is in the foreword to this book that he wrote, “Man’s capacity for justice makes democracy possible; but man’s inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary.” This edition includes a new introduction by the theologian and Niebuhr scholar Gary Dorrien in which he elucidates the work’s significance and places it firmly into the arc of Niebuhr’s career.

The Political Value of Time

Citizenship, Duration, and Democratic Justice

Author: Elizabeth F. Cohen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1108419836

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7293

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Analyses of why precise dates and quantities of time become critical to transactions over citizenship rights in liberal democracies.