Degeneration of Riemannian metrics under Ricci curvature bounds

Author: Jeff Cheeger

Publisher: Edizioni della Normale

ISBN: 9788876423048

Category: Mathematics

Page: 77

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These notes are based on the Fermi Lectures delivered at the Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, in June 2001. The principal aim of the lectures was to present the structure theory developed by Toby Colding and myself, for metric spaces which are Gromov-Hausdorff limits of sequences of Riemannian manifolds which satisfy a uniform lower bound of Ricci curvature. The emphasis in the lectures was on the “non-collapsing” situation. A particularly interesting case is that in which the manifolds in question are Einstein (or Kähler-Einstein). Thus, the theory provides information on the manner in which Einstein metrics can degenerate.

Metric and Differential Geometry

The Jeff Cheeger Anniversary Volume

Author: Xianzhe Dai,Xiaochun Rong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034802579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

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Metric and Differential Geometry grew out of a similarly named conference held at Chern Institute of Mathematics, Tianjin and Capital Normal University, Beijing. The various contributions to this volume cover a broad range of topics in metric and differential geometry, including metric spaces, Ricci flow, Einstein manifolds, Kähler geometry, index theory, hypoelliptic Laplacian and analytic torsion. It offers the most recent advances as well as surveys the new developments. Contributors: M.T. Anderson J.-M. Bismut X. Chen X. Dai R. Harvey P. Koskela B. Lawson X. Ma R. Melrose W. Müller A. Naor J. Simons C. Sormani D. Sullivan S. Sun G. Tian K. Wildrick W. Zhang

Differentiable Measures and the Malliavin Calculus

Author: Vladimir Igorevich Bogachev

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082184993X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

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This book provides the reader with the principal concepts and results related to differential properties of measures on infinite dimensional spaces. In the finite dimensional case such properties are described in terms of densities of measures with respect to Lebesgue measure. In the infinite dimensional case new phenomena arise. For the first time a detailed account is given of the theory of differentiable measures, initiated by S. V. Fomin in the 1960s; since then the method has found many various important applications. Differentiable properties are described for diverse concrete classes of measures arising in applications, for example, Gaussian, convex, stable, Gibbsian, and for distributions of random processes. Sobolev classes for measures on finite and infinite dimensional spaces are discussed in detail. Finally, we present the main ideas and results of the Malliavin calculus--a powerful method to study smoothness properties of the distributions of nonlinear functionals on infinite dimensional spaces with measures. The target readership includes mathematicians and physicists whose research is related to measures on infinite dimensional spaces, distributions of random processes, and differential equations in infinite dimensional spaces. The book includes an extensive bibliography on the subject.

Progress and Challenges in Dynamical Systems

Proceedings of the International Conference Dynamical Systems: 100 Years after Poincaré, September 2012, Gijón, Spain

Author: Santiago Ibáñez,Jesús S. Pérez del Río,Antonio Pumariño,J. Ángel Rodríguez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642388302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 411

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This book contains papers based on talks given at the International Conference Dynamical Systems: 100 years after Poincaré held at the University of Oviedo, Gijón in Spain, September 2012. It provides an overview of the state of the art in the study of dynamical systems. This book covers a broad range of topics, focusing on discrete and continuous dynamical systems, bifurcation theory, celestial mechanics, delay difference and differential equations, Hamiltonian systems and also the classic challenges in planar vector fields. It also details recent advances and new trends in the field, including applications to a wide range of disciplines such as biology, chemistry, physics and economics. The memory of Henri Poincaré, who laid the foundations of the subject, inspired this exploration of dynamical systems. In honor of this remarkable mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer and philosopher, the authors have made a special effort to place the reader at the frontiers of current knowledge in the discipline.

Metric Foliations and Curvature

Author: Detlef Gromoll,Gerard Walschap

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764387157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

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Riemannian manifolds, particularly those with positive or nonnegative curvature, are constructed from only a handful by means of metric fibrations or deformations thereof. This text documents some of these constructions, many of which have only appeared in journal form. The emphasis is less on the fibration itself and more on how to use it to either construct or understand a metric with curvature of fixed sign on a given space.

Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry

Volume II: In Honor of Yu. I. Manin

Author: Yuri Tschinkel,Yuri Zarhin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817647473

Category: Mathematics

Page: 704

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EMAlgebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry: In Honor of Yu. I. ManinEM consists of invited expository and research articles on new developments arising from Manin’s outstanding contributions to mathematics.

Mathematical Lives

Protagonists of the Twentieth Century From Hilbert to Wiles

Author: CLAUDIO BARTOCCI,Renato Betti,Angelo Guerraggio,Roberto Lucchetti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642136061

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

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Steps forward in mathematics often reverberate in other scientific disciplines, and give rise to innovative conceptual developments or find surprising technological applications. This volume brings to the forefront some of the proponents of the mathematics of the twentieth century, who have put at our disposal new and powerful instruments for investigating the reality around us. The portraits present people who have impressive charisma and wide-ranging cultural interests, who are passionate about defending the importance of their own research, are sensitive to beauty, and attentive to the social and political problems of their times. What we have sought to document is mathematics’ central position in the culture of our day. Space has been made not only for the great mathematicians but also for literary texts, including contributions by two apparent interlopers, Robert Musil and Raymond Queneau, for whom mathematical concepts represented a valuable tool for resolving the struggle between ‘soul and precision.’

Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2016

Author: Peregrina Quintela,Patricia Barral,Dolores Gómez,Francisco J. Pena,Jerónimo Rodríguez,Pilar Salgado,Miguel E. Vázquez-Méndez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319630822

Category: Mathematics

Page: 782

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This book addresses mathematics in a wide variety of applications, ranging from problems in electronics, energy and the environment, to mechanics and mechatronics. Using the classification system defined in the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation H2020, several of the topics covered belong to the challenge climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials; and some to health, demographic change and wellbeing; while others belong to Europe in a changing world – inclusive, innovative and reflective societies. The 19th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry, ECMI2016, was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain in June 2016. The proceedings of this conference include the plenary lectures, ECMI awards and special lectures, mini-symposia (including the description of each mini-symposium) and contributed talks. The ECMI conferences are organized by the European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry with the aim of promoting interaction between academy and industry, leading to innovation in both fields and providing unique opportunities to discuss the latest ideas, problems and methodologies, and contributing to the advancement of science and technology. They also encourage industrial sectors to propose challenging problems where mathematicians can provide insights and fresh perspectives. Lastly, the ECMI conferences are one of the main forums in which significant advances in industrial mathematics are presented, bringing together prominent figures from business, science and academia to promote the use of innovative mathematics in industry.

Hyperbolic Problems

Theory, Numerics, Applications ; Seventh International Conference in Zürich, February 1998

Author: Michael Fey,Rolf Jeltsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764360801

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1011

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Periods and Nori Motives

Author: Annette Huber,Stefan Müller-Stach

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319509268

Category: Mathematics

Page: 372

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This book casts the theory of periods of algebraic varieties in the natural setting of Madhav Nori’s abelian category of mixed motives. It develops Nori’s approach to mixed motives from scratch, thereby filling an important gap in the literature, and then explains the connection of mixed motives to periods, including a detailed account of the theory of period numbers in the sense of Kontsevich-Zagier and their structural properties. Period numbers are central to number theory and algebraic geometry, and also play an important role in other fields such as mathematical physics. There are long-standing conjectures about their transcendence properties, best understood in the language of cohomology of algebraic varieties or, more generally, motives. Readers of this book will discover that Nori’s unconditional construction of an abelian category of motives (over fields embeddable into the complex numbers) is particularly well suited for this purpose. Notably, Kontsevich's formal period algebra represents a torsor under the motivic Galois group in Nori's sense, and the period conjecture of Kontsevich and Zagier can be recast in this setting. Periods and Nori Motives is highly informative and will appeal to graduate students interested in algebraic geometry and number theory as well as researchers working in related fields. Containing relevant background material on topics such as singular cohomology, algebraic de Rham cohomology, diagram categories and rigid tensor categories, as well as many interesting examples, the overall presentation of this book is self-contained.

Pseudodifferential Operators and Spectral Theory

Author: M.A. Shubin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642565794

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

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I had mixed feelings when I thought how I should prepare the book for the second edition. It was clear to me that I had to correct all mistakes and misprints that were found in the book during the life of the first edition. This was easy to do because the mistakes were mostly minor and easy to correct, and the misprints were not many. It was more difficult to decide whether I should update the book (or at least its bibliography) somehow. I decided that it did not need much of an updating. The main value of any good mathematical book is that it teaches its reader some language and some skills. It can not exhaust any substantial topic no matter how hard the author tried. Pseudodifferential operators became a language and a tool of analysis of partial differential equations long ago. Therefore it is meaningless to try to exhaust this topic. Here is an easy proof. As of July 3, 2000, MathSciNet (the database of the American Mathematical Society) in a few seconds found 3695 sources, among them 363 books, during its search for "pseudodifferential operator". (The search also led to finding 963 sources for "pseudo-differential operator" but I was unable to check how much the results ofthese two searches intersected). This means that the corresponding words appear either in the title or in the review published in Mathematical Reviews.

Riemannian Geometry

Author: Peter Petersen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319266543

Category: Mathematics

Page: 499

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Intended for a one year course, this text serves as a single source, introducing readers to the important techniques and theorems, while also containing enough background on advanced topics to appeal to those students wishing to specialize in Riemannian geometry. This is one of the few Works to combine both the geometric parts of Riemannian geometry and the analytic aspects of the theory. The book will appeal to a readership that have a basic knowledge of standard manifold theory, including tensors, forms, and Lie groups. Important revisions to the third edition include: a substantial addition of unique and enriching exercises scattered throughout the text; inclusion of an increased number of coordinate calculations of connection and curvature; addition of general formulas for curvature on Lie Groups and submersions; integration of variational calculus into the text allowing for an early treatment of the Sphere theorem using a proof by Berger; incorporation of several recent results about manifolds with positive curvature; presentation of a new simplifying approach to the Bochner technique for tensors with application to bound topological quantities with general lower curvature bounds. From reviews of the first edition: "The book can be highly recommended to all mathematicians who want to get a more profound idea about the most interesting achievements in Riemannian geometry. It is one of the few comprehensive sources of this type." ―Bernd Wegner, ZbMATH

Elliptic Regularity Theory

A First Course

Author: Lisa Beck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319274856

Category: Mathematics

Page: 201

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These lecture notes provide a self-contained introduction to regularity theory for elliptic equations and systems in divergence form. After a short review of some classical results on everywhere regularity for scalar-valued weak solutions, the presentation focuses on vector-valued weak solutions to a system of several coupled equations. In the vectorial case, weak solutions may have discontinuities and so are expected, in general, to be regular only outside of a set of measure zero. Several methods are presented concerning the proof of such partial regularity results, and optimal regularity is discussed. Finally, a short overview is given on the current state of the art concerning the size of the singular set on which discontinuities may occur. The notes are intended for graduate and postgraduate students with a solid background in functional analysis and some familiarity with partial differential equations; they will also be of interest to researchers working on related topics.

Remarkable Physicists

From Galileo to Yukawa

Author: Ioan James

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521017060

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 389

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Portrayals of 55 physicists, which collectively convey how the subject developed into its modern form.

Metric Structures for Riemannian and Non-Riemannian Spaces

Author: Mikhail Gromov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817645837

Category: Mathematics

Page: 586

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This book is an English translation of the famous "Green Book" by Lafontaine and Pansu (1979). It has been enriched and expanded with new material to reflect recent progress. Additionally, four appendices, by Gromov on Levy's inequality, by Pansu on "quasiconvex" domains, by Katz on systoles of Riemannian manifolds, and by Semmes overviewing analysis on metric spaces with measures, as well as an extensive bibliography and index round out this unique and beautiful book.

Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics

Author: S. L. Sobolev

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486659640

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 6512

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This volume presents an unusually accessible introduction to equations fundamental to the investigation of waves, heat conduction, hydrodynamics, and other physical problems. Topics include derivation of fundamental equations, Riemann method, equation of heat conduction, theory of integral equations, Green's function, and much more. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with elementary analysis. 1964 edition.

Einstein's Theory of Unified Fields

Author: Marie Antoinette Tonnelat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317698797

Category: History

Page: 200

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First published in1966, here is presented a comprehensive overview of one of the most elusive scientific speculations by the pre-eminent genius of the 20th century. The theory is viewed by some scientists with deep suspicion, by others with optimism, but all agree that it represents an extreme challenge. As the author herself affirms, this work is not intended to be a complete treatise or ‘didactic exposition’ of the theory of unified fields, but rather a tool for further study, both by students and professional physicists. Dealing with all the major areas of research which together comprise the development of a working model, the author ranges over conservation equations, variational principles, solutions of spherical symmetry, and treats a wide selection of Einstein’s own equations. The final chapter indicates problems associated with the unified field theory, in particular the energy-momentum tensor and geodesics.