D-Branes

Author: Clifford V. Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521030052

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 8558

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D-branes represent a key theoretical tool in the understanding of strongly coupled superstring theory and M-theory. They have led to many striking discoveries, including the precise microphysics underlying the thermodynamic behaviour of certain black holes, and remarkable holographic dualities between large-N gauge theories and gravity. This book provides a self-contained introduction to the technology of D-branes, presenting the recent developments and ideas in a pedagogical manner. It is suitable for use as a textbook in graduate courses on modern string theory and theoretical particle physics, and will also be an indispensable reference for seasoned practitioners. The introductory material is developed by first starting with the main features of string theory needed to get rapidly to grips with D-branes, uncovering further aspects while actually working with D-branes. Many advanced applications are covered, with discussions of open problems which could form the basis for other avenues of research.

D-Branes in Supersymmetric Backgrounds.

Author: N.A

Publisher: Univ Santiago de Compostela

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3847

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In this Ph. D. Thesis we concentrate on the study of the extension of the AdS/CFT correspondence to theories with less supersymmetry. In particular, we search for the possibility of adding supersymmetric D-branes in type IIB supergravity solutions which are dual to N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories in four dimensions. In the probe approximation we perform a systematic analysis of the possible supersymmetric D-brane configurations in backgrounds dual to N=1 superconformal field theories, firstly in the AdS_5xY^{p,q} solutions and then in their generalisation to the AdS_5xL^{a,b,c} backgrounds. Some checks of the correspondence between D-brane configurations and chiral operators of the dual gauge theory are performed. We also analyse the possible supersymmetric D5-brane configurations dual to defects (of codimension one and two) in N=1 SYM theory in the framework of the Maldacena-Nunez solution. Beyond the probe approximation, we develop techniques in order to take into account the backreaction undergone by the type IIB supergravity solutions (dual to N=1 superconformal field theories and their extensions to cascading theories) due to the addition of a number of flavour branes of the same order as the number of colour branes which generate the unflavour background. The dual interpretation of those flavour branes is given in terms of dynamical fields transforming in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. Several gauge theories features are matched, like beta functions, anomalies and the duality cascade which describes the RG flow of the cascading field theories.

An Introduction to String Theory and D-brane Dynamics

Author: Richard J. Szabo

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 9781848162150

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 7384

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This invaluable book provides a quick introduction to the rudiments of perturbative string theory and a detailed introduction to the more current topic of D-brane dynamics. The presentation is very pedagogical, with much of the technical detail streamlined. The rapid but highly coherent introduction to the subject is perhaps what distinguishes this book from other string theory or D-brane books. The material is based on mini-courses delivered by the author at various summer schools in theoretical high energy physics, so its actual level has been appropriately tested. Contents: A Brief History of String Theory; Classical String Theory; Quantization of the Bosonic String; Superstrings; RamondOCoRamond Charges and T-Duality; D-Branes and Gauge Theory; D-Brane Dynamics; RamondOCoRamond Couplings of D-Branes. Readership: Researchers and graduate students in high energy, mathematical and theoretical physics."

Boundary Conformal Field Theory and the Worldsheet Approach to D-Branes

Author: Andreas Recknagel,Volker Schomerus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107511801

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4046

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Boundary conformal field theory is concerned with a class of two-dimensional quantum field theories which display a rich mathematical structure and have many applications ranging from string theory to condensed matter physics. In particular, the framework allows discussion of strings and branes directly at the quantum level. Written by internationally renowned experts, this comprehensive introduction to boundary conformal field theory reaches from theoretical foundations to recent developments, with an emphasis on the algebraic treatment of string backgrounds. Topics covered include basic concepts in conformal field theory with and without boundaries, the mathematical description of strings and D-branes, and the geometry of strongly curved spacetime. The book offers insights into string geometry that go beyond classical notions. Describing the theory from basic concepts, and providing numerous worked examples from conformal field theory and string theory, this reference is of interest to graduate students and researchers in physics and mathematics.

D-Brane

Superstrings and New Perspective of Our World

Author: Koji Hashimoto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642235743

Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 9020

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Superstring theory is a promising theory which can potentially unify all the forces and the matters in particle physics. A new multi-dimensional object which is called "D-brane" was found. It drastically changed our perspective of a unified world. We may live on membrane-like hypersurfaces in higher dimensions ("braneworld scenario"), or we can create blackholes at particle accelarators, or the dynamics of quarks is shown to be equivalent to the higher dimensional gravity theory. All these scenarios are explained in this book with plain words but with little use of equations and with many figures. The book starts with a summary of long-standing problems in elementary particle physics and explains the D-branes and many applications of them. It ends with future roads for a unified ultimate theory of our world.

Strings, Branes and Gravity

TASI 99 : Boulder, Colorado, USA, 31 May-25 June 1999

Author: Jeffrey Harvey,Shamit Kachru,Eva Silverstein

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812799630

Category: Black holes

Page: 952

View: 7248

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Many of the topics in this book are outgrowths of the spectacular new understanding of duality in string theory which emerged around 1995. They include the AdS/CFT correspondence and its relation to holography, the matrix theory formulation of M theory, the structure of black holes in string theory, the structure of D-branes and M-branes, and detailed development of dualities with N = 1 and N = 2 supersymmetry. In addition, there are lectures covering experimental and phenomenological aspects of the Standard Model and its extensions, and discussions on cosmology including both theoretical aspects and the exciting new experimental evidence for a non-zero cosmological constant. Contents: TASI Lectures on Branes, Black Holes and Anti-De Sitter Space (M J Duff); D-Brane Primer (C V Johnson); TASI Lectures on Black Holes in String Theory (A W Peet); TASI Lectures: Cosmology for String Theorists (S M Carroll); TASI Lectures on Matrix Theory (T Banks); TASI Lectures on M Theory Phenomenology (M Dine); TASI Lectures: Introduction to the AdS/CFT Correspondence (I R Klebanov); TASI Lectures on Compactification and Duality (D R Morrison); Compactification, Geometry and Duality: N =2 (P S Aspinwall); TASI Lectures on Non-BPS D-Brane Systems (J H Schwarz); Lectures on Warped Compactifications and Stringy Brane Constructions (S Kachru); TASI Lectures on the Holographic Principle (D Bigatti & L Susskind). Readership: Graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and researchers in high energy physics.

A First Course in String Theory

Author: Barton Zwiebach

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521831437

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 4381

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Accessible introduction to string theory for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.