Culture and Human Development

The Importance of Cross-Cultural Research for the Social Sciences

Author: Wolfgang Friedlmeier,Pradeep Chakkarath,Beate Schwarz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135420939

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 9650

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As intercultural encounters between people in the modern world become more common, important questions have been raised about the nature of culture-specific differences and similarities. Focusing on the relationship between culture and human development, this timely book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of key developmental processes. It combines psychological and sociological approaches with cross-cultural research to examine phenomena such as the transfer of culture between generations and the universality of attachment theory. Drawing on detailed research from a range of cultural groups, leading international researchers consider the impact of social change and modernization on the development of the individual and at the societal level. Theoretical and methodological issues are presented in terms of how to apply the results of cross-cultural research as well as recent empirical research done in specialized areas of the field. Finally, short-term intercultural exchanges are examined and used to suggest some of the potential practical uses of cross-cultural research for the future. This book will be essential reading for anyone studying or researching in cultural psychology, cross-cultural psychology, acculturation or behavioral development. It will also prove an invaluable source of information for anyone interested in sociology and the social sciences in general.

Handbook of Cross-cultural Psychology: Basic processes and human development

Author: John W. Berry,Ype H. Poortinga,Pierre R. Dasen,T. S. Saraswathi,Janak Pandey,T. S. Saraswati

Publisher: John Berry

ISBN: 9780205160754

Category: Psychology

Page: 439

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The second volume in a set of three, this text incorporates the views of authors from a variety of nations, cultures, traditions and perspectives. It summarizes research in the areas of basic processes and developmental psychology, adopting a dynamic, constructivist and socio-historical approach.

Handbook of Moral Development

Author: Melanie Killen,Judith G. Smetana

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136673164

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 600

View: 3466

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The Handbook of Moral Development is the definitive source of theory and research on the development of morality. Since the publication of the first edition, ground-breaking approaches to studying the development of morality have re-invigorated debates about what it means to conceptualize and measure morality in early childhood, how children understand fairness and equality, what the evolutionary basis is for morality, and the role of culture. The contributors of this new edition grapple with these questions and provide answers for how morality originates, changes, evolves, and develops during childhood, adolescence, and into adulthood. Thoroughly updated and expanded, the second edition features new chapters that focus on: infancy neuroscience theory of mind moral personality and identity cooperation and culture gender, sexuality, prejudice and discrimination Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the study of moral development, this edition contains contributions from over 50 scholars in developmental science, cognitive psychology, social neuroscience, comparative psychology and evolution, and education.

Perspectives on Imitation: Imitation, human development, and culture

Author: Susan L. Hurley

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262582513

Category: Psychology

Page: 547

View: 4439

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A state-of-the-art view of imitation from leading researchers in neuroscience and brain imaging, animal and developmental psychology, primatology, ethology, philosophy, anthropology, media studies, economics, sociology, education, and law.

Culture and Psychological Development

Author: Dabie Nabuzoka,Janet Empson

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137265868

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 8079

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From infancy through to school age and beyond, most children are in constant contact with an array of social influences. Home life, education, community and the media all have some part to play in a child's development. In this absorbing book, the authors discuss the ways such diverse cultural settings impact on behaviour and how children are shaped by the world around them. They examine development from both a cultural and cross-cultural perspective, drawing on case studies, to illuminate theoretical insights. Students of both developmental and cultural psychology will find this to be the perfect starting point from which to investigate this fascinating topic further.

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366225

Category: Psychology

Page: 1136

View: 2495

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The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions -- for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings -- organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the quintessential volume that unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. Comprised of over fifty contributed chapters, this book provides a necessary, comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology. Bridging psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives, one will find in this handbook: - A concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular - Interdisciplinary chapters including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections - Close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences - A section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology By comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occuring within them, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the ideal resource for making sense of complex and varied human phenomena.

Principles of Developmental Psychology

Author: George Butterworth,Margaret Harris

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780863772801

Category: Psychology

Page: 277

View: 4500

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Developmental psychology is concerned with the scientific understanding of age-related changes in experience and behaviour, not only in children but throughout the lifespan. The task is to discover, describe, and explain how development occurs, from its earliest origins, into childhood, adulthood, and old age. To understand human development requires one not only to make contact with human nature but also to consider the diverse effects of culture on the developing child. Development is as much a process of acquiring culture as it is of biological growth. This book reviews the history of developmental psychology with respect to both its nature and the effects of transmission of culture. The major theorists of the late 19th and early 20th century, Piaget, Vygotsky and Bowlby are introduced to provide a background to contemporary research and the modern synthesis of nature and nurture. This brief textbook is suitable as an introduction to developmental psychology, both at A level and for beginning undergraduate students. It aims to be of interest to psychologists, educationalists, social workers and others with an interest in a contemporary understanding of factors involved in human development.

Evolution, Culture, and the Human Mind

Author: Mark Schaller,Ara Norenzayan,Steven J. Heine,Toshio Yamagishi,Tatsuya Kameda

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136950508

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 8768

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An enormous amount of scientific research compels two fundamental conclusions about the human mind: The mind is the product of evolution; and the mind is shaped by culture. These two perspectives on the human mind are not incompatible, but, until recently, their compatibility has resisted rigorous scholarly inquiry. Evolutionary psychology documents many ways in which genetic adaptations govern the operations of the human mind. But evolutionary inquiries only occasionally grapple seriously with questions about human culture and cross-cultural differences. By contrast, cultural psychology documents many ways in which thought and behavior are shaped by different cultural experiences. But cultural inquires rarely consider evolutionary processes. Even after decades of intensive research, these two perspectives on human psychology have remained largely divorced from each other. But that is now changing - and that is what this book is about. Evolution, Culture, and the Human Mind is the first scholarly book to integrate evolutionary and cultural perspectives on human psychology. The contributors include world-renowned evolutionary, cultural, social, and cognitive psychologists. These chapters reveal many novel insights linking human evolution to both human cognition and human culture – including the evolutionary origins of cross-cultural differences. The result is a stimulating introduction to an emerging integrative perspective on human nature.

Socio-economic Environment and Human Psychology

Social, Ecological, and Cultural Perspectives

Author: Ayse K. Üskül,Shigehiro Oishi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190492902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 6328

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"This volume contains a collection of contributions that showcase different approaches to the study of the role of the economic environment in human psychological processes such as judgement and decision making, trust, the self, and happiness and brings together state-of-the-art research from psychology, anthropology, economic, epidemiology, and evolutionary science on this topic"--

Understanding Child Development

Author: Rosalind Charlesworth

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495809306

Category: Education

Page: 768

View: 6069

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This publication introduces you to the unique qualities of the young child as distinguished from older children, and demonstrates how to work with them in ways that correspond with their individual developmental level and social and cultural environment. The book also provides information regarding working with children with special needs, families and children from diverse cultures, new technologies such as Wii, assistive technology, RoboLab and e-portfolios and recent research about toddler empathy, mother-child conflict, IQ scores and intelligence, intentional teaching, play and much more.

Developmental Psychology and Social Change

Research, History and Policy

Author: David B. Pillemer,Sheldon H. White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443760

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 530

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What is the unique mission of developmental psychology? How has it evolved historically? What are its current challenges? The chapters in this collection present the view that research, history and policy are essential and interlocking components of a mature developmental psychology. Patterns of human development differ markedly across historical epochs, cultures and social circumstances. Major societal changes examined by contributing authors - the advent of universal compulsory schooling, the adoption of a one-child policy in China, US policy shifts in healthcare, welfare and childcare - present 'natural experiments' in social design. Authors challenge the idea of a clear distinction between basic and applied developmental research. In sharp contrast with the view that science is value-neutral, developmental psychologists have from the outset pursued the betterment of children and families through educational, childcare and health initiatives. An historical perspective reveals the beneficial, if sometimes contentious, interplay between empirical research and social programs and policies.

Social and Personality Development

An Advanced Textbook

Author: Michael E. Lamb,Marc H. Bornstein

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136699651

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 2348

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This new text contains parts of Bornstein and Lamb’s Developmental Science, 6th edition, along with new introductory material, providing a cutting edge and comprehensive overview of social and personality development. Each of the world-renowned contributors masterfully introduces the history and systems, methodologies, and measurement and analytic techniques used to understand the area of human development under review. The relevance of the field is illustrated through engaging applications. Each chapter reflects the current state of knowledge and features an introduction, an overview of the field, a chapter summary, and numerous classical and contemporary references. As a whole, this highly anticipated text illuminates substantive phenomena in social and personality developmental science and its relevance to everyday life. Students and instructors will appreciate the book’s online resources. For each chapter, the website features: chapter outlines; a student reading guide; a glossary of key terms and concepts; and suggested readings with hotlinks to journal articles. Only instructors are granted access to the test bank with multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay questions; PowerPoints with all of the text’s figures and tables; and suggestions for classroom discussion/assignments. The book opens with an introduction to social and personality development as well as an overview of developmental science in general—its history and theory, the cultural orientation to thinking about human development, and the manner in which empirical research is designed, conducted, and analyzed. Part 2 examines personality and social development within the context of the various relationships and situations in which developing individuals function and by which they are shaped. The book concludes with an engaging look at applied developmental psychology in action through a current examination of children and the law. Ways in which developmental thinking and research affect and are affected by practice and social policy are emphasized. Intended for advanced undergraduate and/or graduate level courses on social and personality development taught in departments of psychology, human development, and education, researchers in these areas will also appreciate this book’s cutting-edge coverage.

Human Development

A Cultural Approach

Author: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett,Research Professor Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, PH.D.,Lene Arnett Jensen

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780134641348

Category:

Page: 816

View: 6309

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For courses in Lifespan Development Help students understand how culture impacts development -- and why it matters Human Development: A Cultural Approach leads students to examine all stages of development through the engaging lens of culture. Jeffrey Jensen Arnett and new coauthor Lene Arnett Jensen integrate cross-cultural examples throughout the narrative to reveal the impact of cultural factors both in the US and around the world. The 3rd Edition includes thoroughly updated research and data for a learning experience that best prepares students to face challenges in our diverse and globalized world -- whether they travel the globe or remain in their hometowns. Human Development: A Cultural Approach, 3rd Edition is also available via Revel(tm), an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience.

Children, Youth, and Development

Author: Nicola Ansell

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415287692

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 6432

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Children constitute a large part of the population of developing countries. This text considers issues such as education, child labour, street children, child soldiers, refugees, child slaves, and the impact of environmental change and hazards on children.

Social Development

Relationships in Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence

Author: Marion K. Underwood,Lisa H. Rosen

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1609182359

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 9038

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This authoritative, engaging work examines the key role of relationships in child and adolescent development, from the earliest infant-caregiver transactions to peer interactions, friendships, and romantic partnerships. Sections cover foundational developmental science, the self and relationships, social behaviors, contexts for social development, and risk and resilience. Leading experts thoroughly review their respective areas and highlight the most compelling current issues, methods, and research directions. Pedagogical Features: *Structured to follow the sequence of a typical social development course. *Chapters are brief and can be assigned along with primary source readings. *Includes end-of-chapter suggested reading lists. *Coverage is broader and higher-level than other social development texts. *Designed with the needs of students in mind, in terms of writing style, size, and price.

Cross-cultural Competence

Author: Sławomir Magala

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415349666

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 322

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Cross-cultural management is a crucial challenge for the development of international business, yet it is often badly understood and poorly implemented. This book provides a fresh look at this complex topic with theory, tool-kits and applications.

Culture and Cognition

Evolutionary Perspectives

Author: Bradley Franks

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230345085

Category: Psychology

Page: 380

View: 8278

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Human culture depends on human minds for its creation, meaning and exchange. But minds also depend on culture for their contents and processes. Past resolutions to this circularity problem have tended to give too much weight to one side and too little weight to the other. In this groundbreaking and timely work, Bradley Franks demonstrates how a more plausible resolution to the circularity problem emerges from reframing mind and culture and their relations in evolutionary terms. He proposes an alternative evolutionary approach that draws on views of mind as embodied and situated. By grounding social construction in evolution, evolution of mind is intrinsically connected to culture – resolving the circularity problem. In developing his theory, Franks provides a balanced critical assessment of modularity-based and social constructionist approaches to understanding mind and culture.

The Sociocultural Turn in Psychology

The Contextual Emergence of Mind and Self

Author: Suzanne Kirschner,Jack Martin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519907

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3148

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The sociocultural turn in psychology treats psychological subjects, such as the mind and the self, as processes that are constituted, or "made up," within specific social and cultural practices. In other words, though one's distinct psychology is anchored by an embodied, biological existence, sociocultural interactions are integral to the evolution of the person. Only in the past two decades has the sociocultural turn truly established itself within disciplinary and professional psychology. Providing advanced students and practitioners with a definitive understanding of these theories, Suzanne R. Kirschner and Jack Martin, former presidents of the American Psychological Association's Division of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, assemble a collection of essays that describes the discursive, hermeneutic, dialogical, and activity approaches of sociocultural psychology. Each contribution recognizes psychology as a human science and supports the individual's potential for agency and freedom. At the same time, they differ in their understanding of a person's psychological functioning and the best way to study it. Ultimately the sociocultural turn offers an alternative to overly biological or interiorized theories of the self, emphasizing instead the formation and transformation of our minds in relation to others and the world.

Theories and Practices of Development

Author: Katie Willis

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415300525

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 7091

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This introductory text explains, and places in an historical context, the development theories behind contemporary debates, such as globalization. The author describes and explains how approaches to development have changed over time and how approaches vary spatially.

The Psychology of Behaviour at Work

The Individual in the Organization

Author: Adrian Furnham

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135422885

Category: Psychology

Page: 848

View: 3023

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This superb introduction to the field of organizational psychology and organizational behaviour builds on the foundation of the highly successful first edition to provide up-to-date explanations of all the key topics in a clear, coherent and accessible style. The text is supported by numerous illustrations and examples as well as end-of-chapter summaries and concluding remarks. Topic sections on key research studies, as well as applied aspects such as human resources applications and cross-cultural issues, lead the reader through the complexities of the theory to its practical application. The Psychology of Behaviour at Work covers all major topics in the field, from vocational choice, personality, attitudes, motivation and stress, to cooperation, learning, training, group dynamics, decision making and leadership. Further sections introduce corporate culture and climate, as well as organisational structure, change and development, and a final section outlines predictions not only for the future study of organizational psychology, but of the future of work itself. As with the first edition, The Psychology of Behaviour at Work will prove to be an invaluable resource for psychology students on work and organizational psychology courses, business students on organizational behaviour courses, and human resources managers eager to expand their knowledge of this fascinating field.