Cultural Anthropology

A Perspective on the Human Condition

Author: Emily Ann Schultz,Robert H Lavenda,Roberta Robin Dods

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199009725

Category: Ethnology

Page: 456

View: 1001

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Drawing on the authors' fieldwork experience, this text explores how cultural creativity, human agency, and the material conditions of everyday life interact to shape cultural practices. Discussions of ongoing controversies - including tribalism vs. globalization and increasing inequalitybetween "have" and "have not" regions - show how cultural anthropologists can tackle the world's most pressing social problems through their specialized knowledge and skills.

Cultural Anthropology

A Perspective on the Human Condition

Author: Emily Ann Schultz,Robert H. Lavenda

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 608

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Extensively revised in this sixth edition, Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition explores the interplay of cultural creativity, human agency, and material constraint in the shaping of human cultural traditions. It looks at the tremendous variety of culturally constructed ways of life and focuses on how people as creative beings bring meaning to the world and transform it through practical action. Cultural Anthropology, 6/e * Incorporates cutting-edge theory and explains complex concepts clearly, encouraging critical thinking * Addresses issues of power and inequality in the contemporary world--divisions based on class, caste, race, ethnicity, and nationality in the context of globalization, as well as struggles for social justice and human rights--and includes material on gender and feminist anthropology throughout * Offers new sections on multiculturalism in contemporary Europe, multi-sited fieldwork, language ideology, secularism, the difference between "everyday" ethnicity and racism, social suffering and trauma, and the debate over "writing against culture," as well as new material on globalization * Exposes students to alternative perspectives from non-anthropologists and indigenous peoples through forty "In Their Own Words" commentaries * Provides ethnographic summaries of each society discussed at length in the text in sixty-eight "EthnoProfile" boxes * Contains two unique chapters that provide fresh treatments of standard topics: Chapter 7 links play, art, myth, and ritual in a framework that highlights the emphasis on cultural creativity, while chapter 4 looks at Western colonial history, the roots of classification of social systems, and cultural diversity Supplements: A Study Skills Guide on CD-ROM is included free with each text. Written by Margaret Rauch--former Co-Director of the Academic Learning Center at St. Cloud University--and Robert Lavenda, this unique guide provides extensive suggestions for improving study skills, numerous strategies for studying the text, and many hints on taking notes, organizing information, writing essay exams, and taking multiple-choice exams. For each chapter of the text, it provides a review of key terms and sample multiple-choice exam questions. An extensive Instructor's Manual/Test Bank is available on CD-ROM, and resources for both instructors and students can be found online at www.oup.com/us/culturalanthro.

Cultural Anthropology, A Perspective on the Human Condition

Anthropology, Anthropology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 149027488X

Category: Education

Page: 86

View: 6521

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Cultural Anthropology, A Perspective on the Human Condition. In this book, you will learn topics such as Fieldwork, Anthropology, History, and the Explanation of Cultural Diversity, Language, and Culture and Individuals plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Anthropology

A Perspective on the Human Condition

Author: Emily A. Schultz,Robert H. Lavenda

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 9780767418300

Category: Social Science

Page: 616

View: 7401

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This introduction to the major subfields of anthropology explores the interplay of biological and cultural forces shaping human nature, human society, and human history. Cultural creativity and human agency are seen as part of the human biological (evolutionary) heritage. This biocultural approach is evident throughout the text in the authors' consistent examination of both interpretive and materialist factors.

Cultural Anthropology / Making Sense of the Social Sciences Pack

A Perspective on the Human Condition, Second Canadian Edition

Author: Emily A. Schultz,Robert H. Lavenda,Roberta R. Dods

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199006779

Category:

Page: 408

View: 2383

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a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/ebrochure/schultz/index.html"img src="/images/hed/closer_look_btn.gif"/aNow in its second Canadian edition, Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition introduces students to the history, methods, and theoretical approaches of the discipline. Drawing on experiences from their own fieldwork and the work of other top researchers, the authors explore howcultural creativity, human agency, and the material conditions of everyday life interact to shape cultural practices. Discussions of ongoing controversies - including tribalism vs globalization, the vulnerability of transborder citizens, attempts to use cultural relativism as an excuse for humanrights violations, and increasing inequality between 'have' and 'have not' regions - show how cultural anthropologists can apply their knowledge and skills to tackle the world's most pressing social problems. Together, these stories and discussions reveal stunning diversity and surprising similarityin the ways individuals from different cultures perceive, bring meaning to, and transform their worlds.

Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias

The Warriors of Contemporary Combat

Author: Richard H. Shultz Jr.,Andrea J. Dew

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503423

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 3597

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Since the end of the Cold War, conventional militaries and their political leaders have confronted a new, brutal type of warfare in which non-state armed groups use asymmetrical tactics to successfully fight larger, technologically superior forces. In order to prevent future bloodshed and political chaos, it is crucial to understand how these unconventional armed groups think and to adapt to their methods of combat. Richard H. Shultz Jr. and Andrea J. Dew investigate the history and politics of modern asymmetrical warfare. By focusing on four specific hotbeds of instability—Somalia, Chechnya, Afghanistan, and Iraq—Shultz and Dew conduct a careful analysis of tribal culture and the value of clan associations. They examine why these "traditional" or "tribal" warriors fight, how they recruit, where they find sanctuary, and what is behind their strategy. Traveling across two centuries and several continents, Shultz and Dew examine the doctrinal, tactical, and strategic advantages and consider the historical, cultural, and anthropological factors behind the motivation and success of the warriors of contemporary combat. In their provocative argument, Shultz and Dew propose that war in the post-Cold War era cannot be waged through traditional Western methods of combat, especially when friendly states and outside organizations like al-Qaeda serve as powerful allies to the enemy. Thoroughly researched and highly readable, Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias examines how non-state armies fight, identifies the patterns and trends of their combat, and recommends how conventional militaries can defeat these irregular yet highly effective organizations.

The Predicament of Chukotka's Indigenous Movement

Post-Soviet Activism in the Russian Far North

Author: Patty A. Gray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521823463

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 6103

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In this book, Patty Gray explores why the 'indigenous rights movement' of the Chukotko people has been unsuccessful.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 6372

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Einladung zur Soziologie

Eine humanistische Perspektive

Author: Peter Berger

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825248321

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8672

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Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.

Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology

Samuel Beckett and the Cultural Politics of the Modern Novel

Author: Herbert A. Applebaum

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887064388

Category: Social Science

Page: 614

View: 1043

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Designed as a reader for courses, this anthology presents an array of theories and interpretations in the field of modern cultural anthropology. It provides a deeper understanding of the major theoretical orientations which have historically guided and currently guide anthropological research.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 8565

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Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Building a New Biocultural Synthesis

Political-economic Perspectives on Human Biology

Author: Alan H. Goodman,Thomas L. Leatherman

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472066063

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 486

View: 4137

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Shows the potential for a reintegrated, critical, and politically relevant biocultural anthropology

Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge

Author: William Haviland,Harald Prins,Bunny McBride,Dana Walrath

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133957420

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 4527

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Explore the most fascinating, creative, dangerous, and complex species alive today: you and your neighbors in the global village. With compelling photos, engaging examples, and select studies by anthropologists in far-flung places, the authors of CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: THE HUMAN CHALLENGE provide a holistic view of anthropology to help you make sense of today’s world. With this text you will discover the different ways humans face the challenge of existence, the connection between biology and culture in the shaping of human beliefs and behavior, and the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Cultural Neuroscience: Cultural Influences on Brain Function

Author: Juan Y. Chiao

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080952216

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6367

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This volume presents recent empirical advances using neuroscience techniques to investigate how culture influences neural processes underlying a wide range of human abilities, from perception and scene processing to memory and social cognition. It also highlights the theoretical and methodological issues with conducting cultural neuroscience research. Section I provides diverse theoretical perspectives on how culture and biology interact are represented. Sections II –VI is to demonstrate how cultural values, beliefs, practices and experience affect neural systems underlying a wide range of human behavior from perception and cognition to emotion, social cognition and decision-making. The final section presents arguments for integrating the study of culture and the human brain by providing an explicit articulation of how the study of culture can inform the study of the brain and vice versa.

Natural Resource Use and Global Change

New Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Social Ecology

Author: K. Bruckmeier

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137303158

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 9846

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Building on recent developments in social ecology, this book advances a new critical theory of society and nature, exploring social metabolism and global resource flows in contemporary society. Barriers to global sustainability are identified and conditions for transforming industrial economies towards new sustainable resource use are described.

The Anthropology of Climate Change

An Integrated Critical Perspective

Author: Hans Baer,Merrill Singer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317817672

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 2964

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In addressing the urgent questions raised by climate change, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the anthropology of climate change guided by a critical political ecological framework. It argues that anthropologists must significantly expand their focus on climate change and their contributions to responding to climate change as a grave risk to humanity. The book presents a human socioecological framework for conceptualizing climate change. It examines the emergence and slow maturation of the anthropology of climate change; reviews the historic foundations for this work in the archaeology of climate change; and presents three alternative contemporary theoretical perspectives in the anthropology of climate change. The book synthesizes anthropological work and perspectives on climate change in the form of case studies in various regions of the world revealing the nature of global climate change as constituting multiple and somewhat diverse changes in local settings. It explores the applied anthropology of climate change in terms of the ways anthropologists are contributing to climate policy, working with communities on climate change issues, as well as within the climate movement both internationally and nationally. Finally it provides an overview of what other the social sciences are saying about climate change and explores ways that the anthropology of climate change can interface with sociology, political science, and human geography in order to create an integrated social science of climate change. This book gives researchers and students in Environmental Anthropology, Climate Change, Human Geography, and Sociology, a novel framework for understanding climate change that emphasizes human socioecological interactions.

Culture, Health and Illness, Fifth edition

Author: Cecil G. Helman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444113631

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 892

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Culture, Health and Illness is the leading international textbook on the role of cultural and social factors in health, illness, and medical care. Since first published in 1984, it has been used in over 40 countries within universities, medical schools and nursing colleges. This new edition meets the ever-growing need for a clear starting point in understanding the clinical significance of cultural and social factors. The book addresses the complex interactions between health, illness and culture by setting out anthropological theory in a highly readable, jargon-free style and integrating this with the practice of health care using real-life examples and case histories. Fully revised throughout, the fifth edition has expanded its coverage of topics that are challenging both the patient and the carer's understanding of health and illness: poverty and inequality of healthcare, genetics, biotechnology, the internet and health, chronic diseases, drug-resistant infections, changes in nutrition and body image, medical care of migrants, medical technology, global pandemics such as AIDS and malaria, drug and alcohol dependence, and patients' 'languages of distress', a complex topic central to the doctor-patient relationship. In today's world of increasing cultural, religious and ethnic diversity of populations, Culture, Health and Illness is essential reading for students of medicine, nursing, psychiatry, public health, health education, international health and medical anthropology, across the globe.

A Commentary on the Order of Mass of The Roman Missal : A New English Translation

Author: Edward Foley

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 0814662560

Category: Religion

Page: 680

View: 6319

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A Commentary on the Order of Mass of The Roman Missal gathers the insights of some of today's foremost English-speaking liturgical scholars to aid in understanding this most recent edition of the Order of Mass and its new English translation. Developed under the auspices of the Catholic Academy of Liturgy this commentary was guided by three primary concerns: to situate the promulgation of a new English translation of the Roman Missal historically and theologically to aid in the pastoral implementation of these texts and rites to contribute to the ongoing development of vernacular worship for English-speaking Roman Catholics Contributors include: John Baldovin Anscar Chupungco Mary Collins Keith Pecklers David Power Joyce Ann Zimmermann The volume is edited by John Baldovin, SJ, Professor of Historical and Liturgical Theology at the Boston College School of Theology and Ministry Mary Collins, OSB, Professor Emerita at The Catholic University of America School of Theology and Religious Studies, Washington DC Edward Foley, Capuchin, the Duns Scotus Professor of Spirituality and Professor of Liturgy and Music at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago Joanne Pierce, Associate Professor in the Department of Religious Studies at the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA