Crusader Castles

Author: Hugh Kennedy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583597

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1835

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This is a general account of the history and architecture of Crusader castles in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, County of Tripoli and Principality of Antioch between 1099 and 1291, the years during which the Crusaders had a permanent presence on the Levantine coast. Extensive use is made of contemporary chronicles to show the reasons why castles were built and how they were used in peace and war. The book is fully illustrated by photographs, drawings and plans, and contains a comprehensive bibliography.

Unknown Crusader Castles

Author: Kristian Molin

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781852852610

Category: History

Page: 421

View: 4114

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The capture of Jerusalem by the First Crusade in 1099 signalled the beginning of an armed struggle in Palestine and throughout the Eastern Mediterranean which lasted until the fifteenth century. It was a war dominated by the building, securing and besieging of castles rather than by pitched battles. Kristian Molin covers the military history of the crusades on a wider geographical scale than previous historians, taking in Armenia, Cyprus and Greece as well as the Holy Land. He also shows the role of castles as administrative, judicial and social centres in times of peace as well as in war. Unknown Crusader Castles provides a fresh perspective on the history of the crusades.

Crusader Castles

Christian Fortresses in the Middle East

Author: Brian Hoggard

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780823942121

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 4707

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Looks at the costs, construction, builders, and renovations of fortresses created by the Crusaders occupying the Middle East.

Crusader Castles and Modern Histories

Author: Ronnie Ellenblum

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462555

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2137

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For the last 150 years the historiography of the Crusades has been dominated by nationalist and colonialist discourses in Europe and the Levant. These modern histories have interpreted the Crusades in terms of dichotomous camps, Frankish and Muslim. In this revisionist study, Ronnie Ellenblum presents an interpretation of Crusader historiography that instead defines military and architectural relations between the Franks, local Christians, Muslims and Turks in terms of continuous dialogue and mutual influence. Through close analysis of siege tactics, defensive strategies and the structure and distribution of Crusader castles, Ellenblum relates patterns of crusader settlement to their environment and demonstrates the influence of opposing cultures on tactics and fortifications. He argues that fortifications were often built according to economic and geographic considerations rather than for strategic reasons or to protect illusory 'frontiers', and that Crusader castles are the most evident expression of a cultural dialogue between east and west.

Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (1)

The red-brick castles of Prussia 1230–1466

Author: Stephen Turnbull

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1849080100

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 7176

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Throughout their stormy history the Teutonic Knights of Germany have always been the most controversial brotherhood ever to call themselves 'Knights of Christ'.They were the most warlike of the religious orders, and this is reflected in the architecture they left behind. In contrast to the Templars who are remembered for their churches, the Teutonic memorials are the magnificent brick-built castles they built as a result of their conquest of Prussia between 1230 and 1380. Many of these dramatic fortresses still exist today in what is now Poland and provide a unique example of an architectural style that closely reflects the nature of the Order.

Crusader Castles in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean 1191–1571

Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472803817

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 7764

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The castles built by the Crusaders, Hospitallers, Venetians and Genoese in Cyprus, Greece, the Aegean, and on the Black Sea served to defend against a complex array of constantly changing threats: Mamluks, Catalan mercenaries, Ottoman Turks, Byzantines, independent Islamic states, Timur-i-Lenk, and widespread piracy, to name but few. The resulting fortifications some inherited from conquered the territories of the former Byzantine empire, some built from scratch were very different to those found in the Middle East. This superbly illustrated book explores their design, development and fate in detail, documenting the rich architectural heritage of this region and its complex history.

Crusader Castles in the Holy Land

An Illustrated History of the Crusader Fortifications of the Middle East and Mediterranean

Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9781846033490

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 8256

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The bloody crusades that swept across the Middle East in medieval times left their mark on the landscape, where fortifications which once acted as bastions of power for the beleaguered Crusader States now cast their ruined shadows over the earth. These fortifications varied considerably in size, architecture and function from the mighty Crac de Chevaliers, the headquarters of the Knights Hospitaller in Syria to smaller fortified dwellings and religious centers. With almost constant warfare between Crusaders and Saracens they were vitally important both as centers of defense and bases for the launch of offensive operations. Citadels of Christendom is a beautifully illustrated guide to the development, construction, purpose and history of these castles. Examining the castles built in the Holy Land between 1097 and 1302 as well as the castles built in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean between 1191 and 1571, this book provides a rare overview of the history and notably the evolution of fortresses and defenses during the Crusades. Contemporary photographs and the latest research resurrect these imposing reminders of over two centuries of conflict.

Crusader Castles

The History of the Medieval Castles Built in the Holy Lands During the Crusades

Author: Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781978293151

Category:

Page: 94

View: 1057

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*Includes pictures *Profiles the various defensive features of castles and the technologies and weapons used by the sides attacking and defending them *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading A series of mountain chains frame the Levantine coast, growing in height as they approach modern-day Lebanon. These provided a natural defense along the important coast, and the few passes through these mountain ranges were the focal points of movement and communication. For this reason, these locations were where many crusader castles were erected. Bristling with fortifications, these impressive structures were occupied by orders of knights that came to the Holy Land with the Pope's blessing, and who have gained a most romantic status over history. These Crusaders were called al-Faranj ("Franks") by the Arabs in the Holy Land, reflecting the French origins of many of the knights, even though the knights, soldiers, and pilgrims came to the Holy Land from all over Europe, and in particular from southern Italy, Germany, and England. For the men who built and manned these castles, they were much more than buildings surrounded by stone walls or wooden palisades. They were also more than a headquarters for knights and their armies during battle, or a storehouse for goods in the remoteness of the Levant. These castles were the central focal point for those who held them and those trying to conquer them, and it would not be an exaggeration to claim that castles were the nexus for much activity and conflict within the Holy Lands. At the same time, the castles were filled with the hustle and bustle of activity caused by a wide range of actors even in times of relative peace and stability. Men-at-arms were the soldiers who manned the castle, protected the borders of the Crusader States, and followed the orders of their noble knight lords, but the castles also served as a gathering place for skilled craftsmen such as blacksmiths, potters, stone masons, bakers, carpenters, and the like. Many served as religious centers in their own right, containing at least one chapel of either Christian or Muslim faith. The Muslim efforts to reclaim and rule the Levant were just as important and interesting as those of the Crusaders. Initially led by the atabegs of Aleppo, and later by the renowned Saladin (known also as Salah Ed-Din), various Muslim forces took and retook the Holy City of Jerusalem. The cycle of conflicts between the Crusader states and the Muslim armies was disrupted in 1260 CE when the Mongols, having roved without obstruction across Eurasia, invaded the region with the support of the Armenians and some of the Crusader States. However, they were eventually defeated by the mighty Mamelukes of Egypt, who in turn focused their attention on consolidating their control over the Near East and eradicating the European presence in the region. Finally, in 1302 CE the Mamelukes conquered the last Crusader stronghold at Arwad, leaving one last remaining Crusader state - the Kingdom of Cyprus, which held out until it was invaded by the Ottomans in 1571 CE. Crusader Castles: The History of the Medieval Castles Built in the Holy Lands during the Crusades examines the construction of the castles, daily life inside of them, and the fighting over them during the Crusades. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about Crusader castles like never before.

Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1192–1302

Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9781841768274

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 5128

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The debacle of the Second Crusade in 1148 caused the Crusader States to realise the necessity of developing a more cautious strategy. The original expansionist spirit largely disappeared, and the Crusader States made priorities of strengthening their existing fortifications and towns and building new castles. These structures encompassed core aspects of Western European military architecture with the integration of rapidly developing Arab and Islamic traditions. Following Fortress 21: 'Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097–1192', this book examines the design, development and defensive principles of some of the best-known Crusader fortifications and castles, including Crac des Chevaliers, Castel Blanc, Arsuf, Margat, Atlit, Montfort and Acre.

Crusader Castles

Latrun, Caesarea Maritima, Krak Des Chevaliers, Tzippori, Majdal Yaba, Ibelin, Tartus, Kafr Lam, Tomb of Samuel, Safita, Kyrenia Cas

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN: 9781230552835

Category:

Page: 44

View: 9094

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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 42. Chapters: Latrun, Caesarea Maritima, Krak des Chevaliers, Tzippori, Majdal Yaba, Ibelin, Tartus, Kafr Lam, Tomb of Samuel, Safita, Kyrenia Castle, Toron, Beaufort Castle, Lebanon, Citadel of Salah Ed-Din, Arsuf, Kerak, Chateau Pelerin, Margat, Belvoir Fortress, Mseilha Fort, Montreal, Roche-Guillaume, Ein Hemed, Chastel Rouge, Bagras, HaBonim, Israel, Y lankale, List of Crusader castles, Lampron, Kolossi Castle, Trapessac, Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles, Kantara Castle, Migdal Afek, Byblos Castle, Servantikar, Vaux Moise, Amouda, Kaysun, Casal Humberti, Cafarlet, Le Destroit. Excerpt: Tzippori (Hebrew: ), also known as Sepphoris, Dioceserea and Saffuriya (Arabic:, also transliterated Safurriya and Suffurriye) is located in the central Galilee region, 6 kilometers (4 mi) north-northwest of Nazareth, in modern-day Israel. The site holds a rich and diverse historical and architectural legacy that includes Assyrian, Hellenistic, Judean, Babylonian, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic, Crusader, Arabic and Ottoman influences. Interest on the part of Biblical archaeologists is related to the belief in Christian tradition that the parents of the Virgin Mary, Anna and Joachim, were natives of Tzippori, at the time a Hellenized town. Notable structures at the site include a Roman theater, two early Christian Churches, a Crusader fortress that was renovated by Daher El-Omar in the 18th century, and upwards of forty different mosaics. Tzippori once served as a center of Jewish religious and spiritual life in the Galilee; remains of a 6th century synagogue have been uncovered in the lower section of the site. In the 7th century, it came under the rule of the Arab caliphates like much of the rest of Palestine. Successive Arab and Islamic imperial authorities ruled the area until the end of the first World War I, with a brief...

A Prince of Our Disorder

The Life of T. E. Lawrence

Author: John E. Mack

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674704947

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 561

View: 6117

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Presents portrait of the soldier and leader most widely known as Lawrence of Arabia, set against the history, politics, and society of the times.

Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097–1192

Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9781841767154

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 9611

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The Crusaders that landed in the Middle East in the late-11th century brought with them their own traditions of military architecture, but it was not long before their defensive construction began to reflect a broad array of local influences. Most early Crusader structures were relatively small, and tended to increase the existing natural and defensive features of a site. The basic forms comprised freestanding towers, castra, and hilltop and spur-castles, but urban centres, religious sites and rural dwellings were also fortified. From the 1160s, bigger, stronger and more expensive castles began to appear, in response to developments in Islamic siege weaponry. This title examines the early fortifications erected by the Crusaders in modern-day Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and south-eastern Turkey.

Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (2)

The stone castles of Latvia and Estonia 1185–1560

Author: Stephen Turnbull

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9781841767123

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 4012

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The original forced conversion of pagan Livonia, what is now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was carried out by a military order known as the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order was incorporated into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic military defeat. The knights had always consolidated their conquests through networks of castles and fortified places, and the Livonian Chapter of the Teutonic Order built castles of stone. This title covers the developmental and operational history of these fortresses over the length of the Middle Ages. It details how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights evolved to reflect the changing nature of siege warfare and the increasing dominance of gunpowder in warfare.

Castles of the Western World

With 240 Illustrations

Author: Armin Tuulse

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486423326

Category: Architecture

Page: 141

View: 8675

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This superb archive focuses on more than 200 structures — from temples, palaces and walls of ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, to Romansque strongholds of the Normans and Gothic edifices of the crusaders and Teutonic knights, to lavish palaces built in Italy, France, England, Germany, Austria, and Scandinavia. 240 illustrations, including 98 plans and drawings.

A History of the Crusades

The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States

Author: Kenneth M. Setton,Harry W. Hazard

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299068240

Category: Architecture

Page: 448

View: 5829

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The six volumes of A History of the Crusades will stand as the definitive history of the Crusades, spanning five centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian perspectives, and containing a wealth of information and analysis of the history, politics, economics, and culture of the medieval world.