Crossing the Next Meridian

Land, Water, and the Future of the West

Author: Charles F. Wilkinson

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 159726914X

Category: Nature

Page: 400

View: 9310

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In Crossing the Next Meridian, Charles F. Wilkinson, an expert on federal public lands, Native American issues, and the West's arcane water laws explains some of the core problems facing the American West now and in the years to come. He examines the outmoded ideas that pervade land use and resource allocation and argues that significant reform of Western law is needed to combat desertification and environmental decline, and to heal splintered communities. Interweaving legal history with examples of present-day consequences of the laws, both intended and unintended, Wilkinson traces the origins and development of the laws and regulations that govern mining, ranching, forestry, and water use. He relates stories of Westerners who face these issues on a day-to-day basis, and discusses what can and should be done to bring government policies in line with the reality of twentieth-century American life.

Staking Out the Terrain

Power and Performance Among Natural Resource Agencies, Second Edition

Author: Jeanne Nienaber Clarke,Daniel McCool

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791429457

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 2706

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An original approach to the study of bureaucratic behavior that formulates a model of agency power supported by analysis of seven federal natural resource agencies.

Preserving Western History

Author: Andrew Gulliford

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826333100

Category: History

Page: 415

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The first collection of essays on public history in the American West.

Bird on Fire

Lessons from the World's Least Sustainable City

Author: Andrew Ross

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912297

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 5557

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Phoenix, Arizona is one of America's fastest growing metropolitan regions. It is also its least sustainable one, sprawling over a thousand square miles, with a population of four and a half million, minimal rainfall, scorching heat, and an insatiable appetite for unrestrained growth and unrestricted property rights. In Bird on Fire, eminent social and cultural analyst Andrew Ross focuses on the prospects for sustainability in Phoenix--a city in the bull's eye of global warming--and also the obstacles that stand in the way. Most authors writing on sustainable cities look at places that have excellent public transit systems and relatively high density, such as Portland, Seattle, or New York. But Ross contends that if we can't change the game in fast-growing, low-density cities like Phoenix, the whole movement has a major problem. Drawing on interviews with 200 influential residents--from state legislators, urban planners, developers, and green business advocates to civil rights champions, energy lobbyists, solar entrepreneurs, and community activists--Ross argues that if Phoenix is ever to become sustainable, it will occur more through political and social change than through technological fixes. Ross explains how Arizona's increasingly xenophobic immigration laws, science-denying legislature, and growth-at-all-costs business ethic have perpetuated social injustice and environmental degradation. But he also highlights the positive changes happening in Phoenix, in particular the Gila River Indian Community's successful struggle to win back its water rights, potentially shifting resources away from new housing developments to producing healthy local food for the people of the Phoenix Basin. Ross argues that this victory may serve as a new model for how green democracy can work, redressing the claims of those who have been aggrieved in a way that creates long-term benefits for all. Bird on Fire offers a compelling take on one of the pressing issues of our time--finding pathways to sustainability at a time when governments are dismally failing in their responsibility to address climate change.

Tribes, Land, and the Environment

Author: Professor Ezra Rosser,Professor Sarah Krakoff

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140949800X

Category: Law

Page: 226

View: 6079

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Legal and environmental concerns related to Indian law and tribal lands remain an understudied branch of both indigenous law and environmental law. Native American tribes have a far more complex relationship with the environment than is captured by the stereotype of Indians as environmental stewards. Meaningful tribal sovereignty requires that non-Indians recognize the right of Indians to determine their own relationship to the land and the environment. But tribes do not exist in a vacuum: in fact they are deeply affected by off-reservation activities and, similarly, tribal choices often have effects on nearby communities. This book brings together diverse essays by leading Indian law scholars across the disciplines of indigenous and environmental law. The chapters reveal the difficulties encountered by Native American tribes in attempts to establish their own environmental standards within federal Indian law and environmental law structures. Gleaning new insights from a focus on tribal land and property law, the collection studies the practice of tribal sovereignty as experienced by Indians and non-Indians, with an emphasis on the development and regulatory challenges these tribes face in the wake of climate change. This volume will advance the reader's knowledge and understanding of these challenging issues.

A Great Aridness

Climate Change and the Future of the American Southwest

Author: William Debuys

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199974675

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 4725

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With its soaring azure sky and stark landscapes, the American Southwest is one of the most hauntingly beautiful regions on earth. Yet staggering population growth, combined with the intensifying effects of climate change, is driving the oasis-based society close to the brink of a Dust-Bowl-scale catastrophe. In A Great Aridness, William deBuys paints a compelling picture of what the Southwest might look like when the heat turns up and the water runs out. This semi-arid land, vulnerable to water shortages, rising temperatures, wildfires, and a host of other environmental challenges, is poised to bear the heaviest consequences of global environmental change in the United States. Examining interrelated factors such as vanishing wildlife, forest die backs, and the over-allocation of the already stressed Colorado River--upon which nearly 30 million people depend--the author narrates the landscape's history--and future. He tells the inspiring stories of the climatologists and others who are helping untangle the complex, interlocking causes and effects of global warming. And while the fate of this region may seem at first blush to be of merely local interest, what happens in the Southwest, deBuys suggests, will provide a glimpse of what other mid-latitude arid lands worldwide--the Mediterranean Basin, southern Africa, and the Middle East--will experience in the coming years. Written with an elegance that recalls the prose of John McPhee and Wallace Stegner, A Great Aridness offers an unflinching look at the dramatic effects of climate change occurring right now in our own backyard.

Renewable Resource Policy

The Legal-Institutional Foundations

Author: David A. Adams

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610913108

Category: Nature

Page: 572

View: 3158

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Renewable Resource Policy is a comprehensive volume covering the history, laws, and important national policies that affect renewable resource management. The author traces the history of renewable natural resource policy and management in the United States, describes the major federal agencies and their functions, and examines the evolution of the primary resource policy areas. The book provides valuable insight into the often neglected legal, administrative, and bureaucratic aspect of natural resource management. It is a definitive and essential source of information covering all facets of renewable resource policy that brings together a remarkable range of information in a coherent, integrated form.

Who Controls Public Lands?

Mining, Forestry, and Grazing Policies, 1870-1990

Author: Christopher McGrory Klyza

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807862533

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8445

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In this historical and comparative study, Christopher McGrory Klyza explores why land-management policies in mining, forestry, and grazing have followed different paths and explains why public-lands policy in general has remained virtually static over time. According to Klyza, understanding the different philosophies that gave rise to each policy regime is crucial to reforming public-lands policy in the future. Klyza begins by delineating how prevailing policy philosophies over the course of the last century have shaped each of the three land-use patterns he discusses. In mining, the model was economic liberalism, which mandated privatization of public lands; in forestry, it was technocratic utilitarianism, which called for government ownership and management of land; and in grazing, it was interest-group liberalism, in which private interests determined government policy. Each of these philosophies held sway in the years during which policy for that particular resource was formed, says Klyza, and continues to animate it even today.

Water Policy in New Mexico

Addressing the Challenge of an Uncertain Future

Author: David Brookshire,Hoshin Gupta,Olen Paul Matthews

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134282826

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 6279

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This book addresses water management issues in the State of New Mexico. It focuses on our current understanding of the natural world, capabilities in numerical modeling, existing and evolving regulatory frameworks, and specific issues such as water quality, endangered species and the evolution of new water management institutions. Similar to its neighboring states, New Mexico regularly experiences cycles of drought. It is also experiencing rapid economic growth while at the same time is experiencing a fundamental climate shift. These factors place severe demands on its scarce water resources. In addition to historical uses by the native inhabitants of the region and the agricultural sector, new competitive uses have emerged which will require reallocation. This effort is complicated by unadjudicated water rights, the need to balance the ever-increasing needs of growing urban and rural populations, and the requirements of the ecosystem and traditional users. It is clear that New Mexico, as with other semi-arid states and regions, must find efficient ways to reallocate water among various beneficial uses. This book discusses how a proper coordination of scientific understanding, modeling advancements, and new and emerging institutional structures can help in achieving improved strategies for water policy and management. To do so, it calls upon the expertise of academics from multiple disciplines, as well as officials from federal and state agencies, to describe in understandable terms the issues currently being faced and how they can be addressed via an iterative strategy of adaptive management.

Contracting for Property Rights

Author: Gary D. Libecap

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521449045

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 132

View: 1890

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In this book the author examines the problems encountered in negotiations among claimants and the political and economic considerations that influence property rights arrangements. The histories of mineral rights, rights to range and timber land, and fishery and crude oil production rights in the United States are examined and reveal a surprising variety of contractual negotiations and economic outcomes. The author concludes that in addition to an analysis of distributional outcomes, an examination of the details of the political bargaining underlying property rights contracts is essential to an understanding of why rights emerge as they do. The book is an important contribution to both property rights theory and to American economic history.

What Water Is Worth: Overlooked Non-Economic Value in Water Resources

Author: K. Russo,Z. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137062495

Category: Political Science

Page: 104

View: 1354

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What Water is Worth addresses both conventional and non-conventional values of water, discussing the value of water as it relates to conventional microeconomics, water's true utility and government regulation, and new and current practices in water management.

Designing Field Studies for Biodiversity Conservation

Author: Peter Feinsinger

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559638788

Category: Nature

Page: 212

View: 1837

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Anyone working in biodiversity conservation or field ecology should understand and utilize the common-sense process of scientific inquiry: observing surroundings, framing questions, answering those questions through well-designed studies, and, in many cases, applying results to decision making. Yet the interdisciplinary nature of conservation means that many workers are not well versed in the methods of science and may misunderstand or mistrust this indispensable tool.Designing Field Studies for Biodiversity Conservation addresses that problem by offering a comprehensible, practical guide to using scientific inquiry in conservation work. In an engaging and accessible style, award-winning tropical ecologist and teacher Peter Feinsinger melds concepts, methods, and intellectual tools into a unique approach to answering environmental questions through field studies. Focusing on the fundamentals of common sense, independent thinking, and natural history, he considers: framing the question and designing the study interpreting and applying results through judicious use of statistical inference taking into account the natural history of plants, animals, and landscapes monitoring and assessing progress through approaches such as "bioindicator species" or "species diversity measures" helping other interested parties (park guards, local communities, school teachers) use scientific inquiry in addressing their own concernsDetailed appendixes explain technical issues, while numerous sidebars and illustrations provide important background and thought-provoking exercises. Throughout, the author challenges the reader to integrate conceptual thinking with on-the-ground practice in order to make conservation truly effective. Feinsinger concentrates on examples from Latin America but stresses that the approach applies to local conservation concerns or field biology questions in any landscape.Designing Field Studies for Biodiversity Conservation is an essential handbook for staff and researchers working with conservation institutions or projects worldwide, as well as for students and professionals in field ecology, wildlife biology, and related areas.

Economic Analysis of Property Rights

Author: Yoram Barzel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521597135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 5532

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This study offers a unified theoretical structure to analyze exchange, formation of economic rights, and organization. The cost of measuring accurately all assets' attributes is prohibitive. Therefore, rights are never fully delineated and others (using theft, adverse selection, free riding, and shirking) may appropriate one's assets. The central question is how people allocate resources and organize their activities to maximize the value of their rights. The approach emphasizes nonmarket constraints, but is also applicable to market economies. It is useful for analyzing allocations within organizations as well as allocation by voting and charity. Chapters have been extended for this second edition and a new chapter devoted to the firm has been added.

Water and Climate in the Western United States

Author: William M. Lewis

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 3351

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Although developed intensively as a resource for more than a century, the use and management of water in the Western United States are far from being settled matters. With papers from researchers and managers representing the multiple viewpoints of climate forecasting, water management, water law, and water allocation, Water and Climate in the Western United States demonstrates that new technologies and a new scientific understanding of the water cycle are developing. This new insight is emerging at a time when demands for water are expanding and changing as traditional policies and institutions are coming under severe criticism for their inadequacy. The degree to which vagaries of climate can be anticipated and countered--through better predictions, better supervision, and reformed legal and management systems for allocating water--are explored thoroughly by the contributors in the context of a long-term climate record and changes in water use. The papers in this volume highlight both the opportunity and necessity for change in human management of water, the West's most limited resource. Unique in its full, integrated coverage, Water and Climate in the Western United States will appeal to academics and policymakers interested in water supply and management questions as well as climate prediction.

Dividing the waters

governing groundwater in southern California

Author: William Andrew Blomquist

Publisher: Ics Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 415

View: 1492

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An environmentally aware proposal for maintaining natural resources suggests using a local, businesslike approach as opposed to government regulations, using the water management of Los Angeles as a model for this new way of thinking.

Decision Methods for Forest Resource Management

Author: Joseph Buongiorno,J. Keith Gilless

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0121413608

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 439

View: 2132

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Decision Methods for Forest Resource Management focuses on decision making for forests that are managed for both ecological and economic objectives. The essential modern decision methods used in the scientific management of forests are described using basic algebra, computer spreadsheets, and numerous examples and applications. Balanced treatment is given throughout the book to the ecological and economic impacts of alternative management decisions in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. * In-depth coverage of both ecological and economic issues * Hands-on examples with Excel spreadsheets; electronic versions available on the authors' website * Many related exercises with solutions * Instructor's Manual available upon request

Cities in the Wilderness

A New Vision of Land Use in America

Author: Bruce Babbitt

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597261593

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 224

View: 8274

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In this brilliant, gracefully written, and important new book, former Secretary of the Interior and Governor of Arizona Bruce Babbitt brings fresh thought--and fresh air--to questions of how we can build a future we want to live in. We've all experienced America's changing natural landscape as the integrity of our forests, seacoasts, and river valleys succumbs to strip malls, new roads, and subdivisions. Too often, we assume that when land is developed it is forever lost to the natural world--or hope that a patchwork of local conservation strategies can somehow hold up against further large-scale development. In Cities in the Wilderness, Bruce Babbitt makes the case for why we need a national vision of land use. We may have a space program, he points out, but here at home we don't have an open-space policy that can balance the needs for human settlement and community with those for preservation of the natural world upon which life depends. Yet such a balance, the author demonstrates, is as remarkably achievable as it is necessary. This is no call for developing a new federal bureaucracy; Babbitt shows instead how much can be--and has been--done by making thoughtful and beneficial use of laws and institutions already in place. A hallmark of the book is the author's ability to match imaginative vision with practical understanding. Babbitt draws on his extensive experience to take us behind the scenes negotiating the Florida Everglades restoration project, the largest ever authorized by Congress. In California, we discover how the Endangered Species Act, still one of the most effective laws governing land use, has been employed to restore regional habitat. In the Midwest, we see how new World Trade Organization regulations might be used to help restore Iowa's farmlands and rivers. As a key architect of many environmental success stories, Babbitt reveals how broad restoration projects have thrived through federal- state partnership and how their principles can be extended to other parts of the country. Whether writing of land use as reflected in the Gettysburg battlefield, the movie Chinatown, or in presidential political strategy, Babbitt gives us fresh insight. In this inspiring and informative book, Babbitt sets his lens to panoramic--and offers a vision of land use as grand as the country's natural heritage.

The Changing Needs of the West

Oversight Hearing Before the Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session ... Hearing Held in Salt Lake City, UT, April 7, 1994

Author: United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Land use

Page: 257

View: 3264

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On Private Property

Finding Common Ground on the Ownership of Land

Author: Eric T. Freyfogle

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807044162

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 2233

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A fresh legal argument on what it means to own land, navigating issues of eminent domain, sprawl, and conservation Private property poses a great dilemma in American culture. We revere the institution and are quick to protect private-property rights, yet we are troubled when landowners cause harm to their neighbors and communities, especially when new development fuels sprawl and degrades the environment. Recent Supreme Court cases and new state laws around eminent domain have generated great controversy, and yet many people are unsure where they stand on this issue. In this wide-ranging inquiry, law professor Eric Freyfogle explores the inner workings of the familiar but poorly understood institution of private property. He identifies the three threats it currently faces: government mismanagement, the recently reinvigorated property rights movement, and conservation groups’ efforts to buy tracts of land in order to protect them. He then offers a solution in the middle ground between the extreme sides of these debates. In On Private Property, Freyfogle gives glimpses of landownership’s surprising past, revealing its complex links to liberty and ultimately showing why private property rights must remain consistent with a community’s overall good. In conclusion, Freyfogle constructs piece by piece a provocative new vision of landownership, at once respectful of private interests yet responsive to communal needs. “Freyfogle's new book, which probably should have been titled "Roll Over, John Locke," is just what the public debate over property rights needs. Straight talk, and an invitation to open a conversation about the real issues.” —Joseph L. Sax, author of Playing Darts with a Rembrandt: Public and Private Rights in Cultural Treasures “A fresh perspective and penetrating legal and historical analysis of an issue that will continue to be in the forefront of land policy in the 21st century.” —Anthony Flint, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, author of This Land: The Battle over Sprawl and the Future of America “In a work that eschews easy slogans, Eric Freyfogle proves the truth about American property rights—that original intent, early court opinions, and the realities of modern society all mandate that ownership brings with it weighty but reasonable responsibilities to the larger community. This beautifully-articulated book, at once bold and thoughtful, is bound to become a classic in American constitutional and property law.” —Charles Wilkinson, Distinguished University Professor and Moses Lasky Professor of Law at the University of Colorado and author of Crossing the Next Meridian: Land, Water, and the Future of the West