Crises of the Republic

Lying in Politics, Civil Disobedience on Violence, Thoughts on Politics, and Revolution

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780156232005

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5221

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In this stimulating collection of studies, Dr. Arendt, from the standpoint of a political philosopher, views the crises of the 1960s and early '70s as challenges to the American form of government. The book begins with "Lying in Politics," a penetrating analysis of the Pentagon Papers that deals with the role of image-making and public relations in politics. "Civil Disobedience" examines the various opposition movements from the Freedom Riders to the war resisters and the segregationists. "Thoughts on Politics and Revolution," cast in the form of an interview, contains a commentary to the author's theses in "On Violence." Through the connected essays, Dr. Arendt examines, defines, and clarifies the concerns of the American citizen of the time.--From publisher description.

Arendt and Adorno

Political and Philosophical Investigations

Author: Lars Rensmann,Samir Gandesha

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804782571

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 8582

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Hannah Arendt and Theodor W. Adorno, two of the most influential political philosophers and theorists of the twentieth century, were contemporaries with similar interests, backgrounds, and a shared experience of exile. Yet until now, no book has brought them together. In this first comparative study of their work, leading scholars discuss divergences, disclose surprising affinities, and find common ground between the two thinkers. This pioneering work recovers the relevance of Arendt and Adorno for contemporary political theory and philosophy and lays the foundation for a critical understanding of political modernity: from universalistic claims for political freedom to the abyss of genocidal politics.

The American Deep State

Wall Street, Big Oil, and the Attack on U.S. Democracy

Author: Peter Dale Scott

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442214260

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1085

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Scott marshals convincing evidence for an American deep state, institutionalized in non-accountable intelligence agencies and private corporations. When the influence of Wall Street and international oil are added, the author argues that these powerful interests form a supranational state, repeatedly at odds with U.S. policies and interests.

Identity and Form in Contemporary Literature

Author: Ana María Sánchez-Arce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136758003

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 276

View: 9330

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This ambitious and wide-ranging essay collection analyses how identity and form intersect in twentieth- and twenty-first century literature. It revises and deconstructs the binary oppositions identity-form, content-form and body-mind through discussions of the role of the author in the interpretation of literary texts, the ways in which writers bypass or embrace identity politics and the function of identity and the body in form. Essays tackle these issues from a number of positions, including identity categories such as (dis)ability, gender, race and sexuality, as well as questioning these categories themselves. Essayists look at both identity as form and form as identity. Although identity and form are both staples of current research on contemporary literature, they rarely meet in the way this collection allows. Authors studied include Beryl Bainbridge, Samuel Beckett, John Berryman, Brigid Brophy, Angela Carter, J.M. Coetzee, Anne Enright, William Faulkner, Mark Haddon, Ted Hughes, Kazuo Ishiguro, B.S. Johnson, A.L. Kennedy, Toby Litt, Hilary Mantel, Andrea Levy, Robert Lowell, Ian McEwan, Flannery O’Connor, Alice Oswald, Sylvia Plath, Jeremy Reed, Anne Sexton, Edith Sitwell, Wallace Stevens, Jeremy Reed, Jeanette Winterson and Virginia Woolf. The book engages with key theoretical approaches to twentieth- and twenty-first century literature of the last twenty years while at the same time advancing new frameworks that enable readers to reconsider the identity and form conundrum. In both its choice of texts and diverse approaches, it will be of interest to those working on English and American Literatures, gender studies, queer studies, disability studies, postcolonial literature, and literature and philosophy.

Horrorism

Naming Contemporary Violence

Author: Adriana Cavarero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231144571

Category: Philosophy

Page: 154

View: 8946

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In this brilliant book, one of the world's most provocative feminist theorists and political philosophers introduces a new word? horrorism?to capture the experience of violence. Unlike terror, horrorism is a form of violation grounded in the offense of disfiguration and massacre. Numerous outbursts of violence fall within Adriana Cavarero's category of horrorism, especially when the phenomenology of violence is considered from the perspective of the victim rather than that of the warrior. Through her searing analysis, Cavarero proves that violence against the helpless claims a specific vocabulary, one that has been known for millennia, and not just to the Western tradition.

Speaking Rights to Power

Constructing Political Will

Author: Alison Brysk

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359261

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 728

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How can "Speaking Rights to Power" construct political will to respond to human rights abuse worldwide? Examining dozens of cases of human rights campaigns and using an innovative analysis of the politics of persuasion, this book shows how communication politics build recognition, solidarity, and social change. Building on twenty years of research on five continents, this comprehensive study ranges from Aung San Suu Kyi to Anna Hazare, from Congo to Colombia, and from the Arab Spring to Pussy Riot. Speaking Rights to Power addresses cutting edge debates on human rights and the ethic of care, cosmopolitanism, charismatic leadership, communicative action and political theater, and the role of social media. It draws on constructivist literature from social movement and international relations theory, and analyzes human rights as a form of global social imagination. Combining a normative contribution with judicious critique, this book shows how human rights rhetoric matters-and how to make it matter more.

A Just World

Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Social Justice

Author: Heon Kim

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443867624

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 8892

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A Just World: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Social Justice is a multi-disciplinary analysis of social justice intended to foster scholarly discussion on a just world. The contributors to this volume maintain that justice in society is a most pressing concern in the world today, and discussion about it must be, beyond theory, practical and multi-disciplinary. While dialogue concerning social justice occurs in many academic disciplines, it can be neither solely an issue of, nor fully understood by, one discipline. Its complex involvement in all human social life necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach. To this end, this volume offers an inter-disciplinary insight into what social justice means today, and how it can be achieved to create a more just world. Eight scholars representing different disciplines shed light on various aspects of social justice today from their unique perspectives – the humanities, the social sciences, the business world, and the field of education. Without losing their unique approaches to social justice, they are inclusive in this collection. These contributors directly address problems facing our societies today from a broad spectrum of capitalist neo-liberal world order, and with specific cases, including the Arab Spring and the Occupy Movement. In addressing the problems, the chapters in this volume also reveal deep-seated causes of the problems, and thereby identify the nature and characteristics of social justice in a contemporary context, providing considerable insight into long-term, sustainable solutions toward more just societies and a just world. A Just World: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Social Justice is unique in that it provides the most recent discussion on the timely topic of social justice. Given the matchless credentials of the contributors, the editor is confident that this volume will be received as nothing short of a landmark in multi-disciplinary discussion on social justice. It is destined to also make a considerable impact in charting new directions for future scholarly work on justice. The sweeping global problem of injustice has resulted in a considerable number of studies; however, there has been little done to examine justice from a multi-disciplinary perspective, and this volume fills that void, particularly as it presents common features of today’s problems and discusses global social justice. While this volume provides discourse by specialists in justice, it will attract a readership beyond academia and will catch the attention of anyone who is interested in justice and who seeks a just world.

Leadership Gender And Culture In Education

Author: Collard, John,Reynolds, Cecilia

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033522458X

Category: Education

Page: 257

View: 4134

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The book shows how early research has over-emphasized gender stereotypes and tended to simplify and polarize the ways men and women lead. Looking at differences and similarities in how men and women take on and exercise leadership roles, the authors counter essentialist claims based on biological, psychological and sociological theories that stress gender difference. The discussions employ sophisticated understandings of gender relations and leadership discourses in today’s globalized context.

A Provincial History of the Ottoman Empire

Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Marc Aymes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113504144X

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2638

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Provincializing the history of the Ottoman Empire, this book provides a critical approach to the projects of ‘modernity’ that took place in the Eastern Mediterranean over the past two centuries. Leaving their mark on this period are; the turmoil of insurgency in Greece and Egypt, a growing intervention of European Powers in Eastern Mediterranean politics, and the unfolding of large reform projects within the administration of the Ottoman Empire. Whilst these developments have prompted enduring debates over Middle Eastern paths of transformation, the case of Cyprus has remained isolated from these discussions, something this book seeks to address. One of the first research monographs to appear in English on Cyprus during the eventful times of the Ottoman ‘long’ 19th century, this book consistently seeks to provide a dialogue between source analyses and theoretical frameworks. Exploring the myriad relationships between this singular locality and the regional – not to say global – dynamics of empire, trade and social change at that time, A Provincial History of the Ottoman Empire will be of interest to students and scholars with an interest in the Middle East and Modern History.

Eichmann in Jerusalem

Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492962580

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 2392

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Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6992

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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

The Book review digest

Annual cumulation

Author: Clara Elizabeth Fanning,Margaret Jackdon,H.W. Wilson Company,Mary Katharine Reely,Mertice May James

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 2002

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Uncivil Disobedience

Studies in Violence and Democratic Politics

Author: Jennet Kirkpatrick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 139

View: 6895

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"Kirkpatrick looks at some of the most explosive instances of uncivil disobedience in American history: the contemporary militia movement, Southern lynch mobs, frontier vigilantism, and militant abolitionism. She argues that the groups behind these violent episodes are often motivated by admirable democratic ideas of popular power and autonomy. Kirkpatrick shows how, in this respect, they are not so unlike the much-admired adherents of nonviolent civil disobedience, yet she reveals how those who engage in violent disobedience use these admirable democratic principles as a justification for terrorism and killing. She uses a "bottom-up" analysis of events to explain how this transformation takes place, paying close attention to what members of these groups do and how they think about the relationship between citizens and the law."