Crises of the Republic

Lying in Politics, Civil Disobedience on Violence, Thoughts on Politics, and Revolution

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780156232005

Category: History

Page: 240

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In this stimulating collection of studies, Dr. Arendt, from the standpoint of a political philosopher, views the crises of the 1960s and early '70s as challenges to the American form of government. The book begins with "Lying in Politics," a penetrating analysis of the Pentagon Papers that deals with the role of image-making and public relations in politics. "Civil Disobedience" examines the various opposition movements from the Freedom Riders to the war resisters and the segregationists. "Thoughts on Politics and Revolution," cast in the form of an interview, contains a commentary to the author's theses in "On Violence." Through the connected essays, Dr. Arendt examines, defines, and clarifies the concerns of the American citizen of the time.--From publisher description.

Arendt and Adorno

Political and Philosophical Investigations

Author: Lars Rensmann,Samir Gandesha

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804782571

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 9361

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Hannah Arendt and Theodor W. Adorno, two of the most influential political philosophers and theorists of the twentieth century, were contemporaries with similar interests, backgrounds, and a shared experience of exile. Yet until now, no book has brought them together. In this first comparative study of their work, leading scholars discuss divergences, disclose surprising affinities, and find common ground between the two thinkers. This pioneering work recovers the relevance of Arendt and Adorno for contemporary political theory and philosophy and lays the foundation for a critical understanding of political modernity: from universalistic claims for political freedom to the abyss of genocidal politics.

The American Deep State

Wall Street, Big Oil, and the Attack on U.S. Democracy

Author: Peter Dale Scott

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442214260

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5129

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Scott marshals convincing evidence for an American deep state, institutionalized in non-accountable intelligence agencies and private corporations. When the influence of Wall Street and international oil are added, the author argues that these powerful interests form a supranational state, repeatedly at odds with U.S. policies and interests.

Identity and Form in Contemporary Literature

Author: Ana María Sánchez-Arce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136758003

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 276

View: 1019

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This ambitious and wide-ranging essay collection analyses how identity and form intersect in twentieth- and twenty-first century literature. It revises and deconstructs the binary oppositions identity-form, content-form and body-mind through discussions of the role of the author in the interpretation of literary texts, the ways in which writers bypass or embrace identity politics and the function of identity and the body in form. Essays tackle these issues from a number of positions, including identity categories such as (dis)ability, gender, race and sexuality, as well as questioning these categories themselves. Essayists look at both identity as form and form as identity. Although identity and form are both staples of current research on contemporary literature, they rarely meet in the way this collection allows. Authors studied include Beryl Bainbridge, Samuel Beckett, John Berryman, Brigid Brophy, Angela Carter, J.M. Coetzee, Anne Enright, William Faulkner, Mark Haddon, Ted Hughes, Kazuo Ishiguro, B.S. Johnson, A.L. Kennedy, Toby Litt, Hilary Mantel, Andrea Levy, Robert Lowell, Ian McEwan, Flannery O’Connor, Alice Oswald, Sylvia Plath, Jeremy Reed, Anne Sexton, Edith Sitwell, Wallace Stevens, Jeremy Reed, Jeanette Winterson and Virginia Woolf. The book engages with key theoretical approaches to twentieth- and twenty-first century literature of the last twenty years while at the same time advancing new frameworks that enable readers to reconsider the identity and form conundrum. In both its choice of texts and diverse approaches, it will be of interest to those working on English and American Literatures, gender studies, queer studies, disability studies, postcolonial literature, and literature and philosophy.

Horrorism

Naming Contemporary Violence

Author: Adriana Cavarero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231144571

Category: Philosophy

Page: 154

View: 4374

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In this brilliant book, one of the world's most provocative feminist theorists and political philosophers introduces a new word? horrorism?to capture the experience of violence. Unlike terror, horrorism is a form of violation grounded in the offense of disfiguration and massacre. Numerous outbursts of violence fall within Adriana Cavarero's category of horrorism, especially when the phenomenology of violence is considered from the perspective of the victim rather than that of the warrior. Through her searing analysis, Cavarero proves that violence against the helpless claims a specific vocabulary, one that has been known for millennia, and not just to the Western tradition.

Speaking Rights to Power

Constructing Political Will

Author: Alison Brysk

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359261

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8831

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How can "Speaking Rights to Power" construct political will to respond to human rights abuse worldwide? Examining dozens of cases of human rights campaigns and using an innovative analysis of the politics of persuasion, this book shows how communication politics build recognition, solidarity, and social change. Building on twenty years of research on five continents, this comprehensive study ranges from Aung San Suu Kyi to Anna Hazare, from Congo to Colombia, and from the Arab Spring to Pussy Riot. Speaking Rights to Power addresses cutting edge debates on human rights and the ethic of care, cosmopolitanism, charismatic leadership, communicative action and political theater, and the role of social media. It draws on constructivist literature from social movement and international relations theory, and analyzes human rights as a form of global social imagination. Combining a normative contribution with judicious critique, this book shows how human rights rhetoric matters-and how to make it matter more.

A Just World

Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Social Justice

Author: Heon Kim

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443867624

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 4475

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A Just World: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Social Justice is a multi-disciplinary analysis of social justice intended to foster scholarly discussion on a just world. The contributors to this volume maintain that justice in society is a most pressing concern in the world today, and discussion about it must be, beyond theory, practical and multi-disciplinary. While dialogue concerning social justice occurs in many academic disciplines, it can be neither solely an issue of, nor fully understood by, one discipline. Its complex involvement in all human social life necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach. To this end, this volume offers an inter-disciplinary insight into what social justice means today, and how it can be achieved to create a more just world. Eight scholars representing different disciplines shed light on various aspects of social justice today from their unique perspectives – the humanities, the social sciences, the business world, and the field of education. Without losing their unique approaches to social justice, they are inclusive in this collection. These contributors directly address problems facing our societies today from a broad spectrum of capitalist neo-liberal world order, and with specific cases, including the Arab Spring and the Occupy Movement. In addressing the problems, the chapters in this volume also reveal deep-seated causes of the problems, and thereby identify the nature and characteristics of social justice in a contemporary context, providing considerable insight into long-term, sustainable solutions toward more just societies and a just world. A Just World: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Social Justice is unique in that it provides the most recent discussion on the timely topic of social justice. Given the matchless credentials of the contributors, the editor is confident that this volume will be received as nothing short of a landmark in multi-disciplinary discussion on social justice. It is destined to also make a considerable impact in charting new directions for future scholarly work on justice. The sweeping global problem of injustice has resulted in a considerable number of studies; however, there has been little done to examine justice from a multi-disciplinary perspective, and this volume fills that void, particularly as it presents common features of today’s problems and discusses global social justice. While this volume provides discourse by specialists in justice, it will attract a readership beyond academia and will catch the attention of anyone who is interested in justice and who seeks a just world.

Leadership Gender And Culture In Education

Author: Collard, John,Reynolds, Cecilia

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033522458X

Category: Education

Page: 257

View: 4004

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The book shows how early research has over-emphasized gender stereotypes and tended to simplify and polarize the ways men and women lead. Looking at differences and similarities in how men and women take on and exercise leadership roles, the authors counter essentialist claims based on biological, psychological and sociological theories that stress gender difference. The discussions employ sophisticated understandings of gender relations and leadership discourses in today’s globalized context.

Resisting United Nations Security Council Resolutions

Author: Sufyan Droubi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317964284

Category: Law

Page: 251

View: 2207

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The United Nations Security Council has primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. In discharging its powers it must act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the UN, and observe the rules governing voting and procedure established in the Organisation’s Charter. The Council adopts mandatory resolutions that may establish obligations for members and non-members, and such obligations trump conflicting obligations originating from any other international agreement. Member States must cooperate with the Organisation and among themselves, in the implementation of any action prescribed by the Council against States whose behaviour the Council considers an act of aggression, or a threat to, or breach of, international peace and security. This book analyses resistance to Security Council resolutions and puts forward a theory of lawful resistance. Sufyan Droubi takes a positivist approach to the UN Charter regarding it as a constitution. Special emphasis is placed on the construction of the Charter’s meaning through the practice of both organs and Members of the UN and on the need to enhance the effectiveness of the Organization with due respect to the rule of law. The book proposes that nonviolent resistance to a mandatory resolution of the Security Council, on grounds that the latter is incompatible with the Charter or jus cogens norms, may be considered lawful under the Charter if some elements are present. In exploring a number of case studies of individual and collective State resistance to mandatory Council resolutions, the book proposes that resistance may function as a rudimentary instrument of accountability and protection of the Charter and jus cogens, in the absence of more mature mechanisms of judicial review. The book will be of excellent use and interest to scholars and students of constitutional international law and international relations.

Eichmann in Jerusalem

Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492962580

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 5051

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Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8849

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Mein Katalonien

Bericht über den Spanischen Bürgerkrieg

Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257602480

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 2657

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Ende 1936 kam Orwell als Zeitungsreporter nach Barcelona, um über den Bürgerkrieg zu berichten. Er schloß sich der Miliz P.O.U.M. an, der Arbeiterpartei der marxistischen Einigung, und kämpfte den Winter über an der Front in Aragonien. Als er wenig später mit ansehen mußte, wie die Kommunisten bei der Ausschaltung der ihnen nicht genehmen Truppen Methoden der faschistischen Geheimpolizei anwandten, wurde er zu einem der erbittertsten Feinde des sowjetischen Totalitarismus.

The Book review digest

Annual cumulation

Author: Clara Elizabeth Fanning,Margaret Jackdon,H.W. Wilson Company,Mary Katharine Reely,Mertice May James

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 8323

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