Criminology as peacemaking

Author: Harold E. Pepinsky,Richard Quinney

Publisher: Indiana Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 339

View: 3311

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Criminology has traditionally been a military science, a science of war. "The criminal element" is the enemy. Repression and restraint are the primary tools of criminal justice, and criminologists study how to make those tools effective in the "war on crime." We are beginning to realize that this is a war against ourselves and one that we are losing. Our inability to make peace with crime and criminals is reflected in the paucity of our daily personal relations, where we live by domination and discipline, where forgiveness and mercy are seen as naive surrender to victimization. The essays in this volume propose peacemaking as an effective alternative to the "war" on crime. They range from studies of the intellectual roots of the peacemaking tradition to concrete examples of peacemaking in the community, with special attention to feminist peacemmaking traditions and women's experience.

Criminology as Peacemaking

Author: Harold E. Pepinsky,Richard Quinney

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780253206596

Category: Social Science

Page: 339

View: 7148

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Criminology has traditionally been a military science, a science of war. "The criminal element" is the enemy. Repression and restraint are the primary tools of criminal justice, and criminologists study how to make those tools effective in the "war on crime." We are beginning to realize that this is a war against ourselves and one that we are losing. Our inability to make peace with crime and criminals is reflected in the paucity of our daily personal relations, where we live by domination and discipline, where forgiveness and mercy are seen as naive surrender to victimization. The essays in this volume propose peacemaking as an effective alternative to the "war" on crime. They range from studies of the intellectual roots of the peacemaking tradition to concrete examples of peacemaking in the community, with special attention to feminist peacemmaking traditions and women's experience.

Transformative Justice

Critical and Peacemaking Themes Influenced by Richard Quinney

Author: John Francis Wozniak

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739109328

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 1189

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Transformative Justice illustrates how critical restorative and peacemaking perspectives on crime form the basis of a transformative criminology (a call for personal and institutional transformation of crime and justice). Transformative criminology is explored in terms of theoretical influences, peacemaking and restorative applications, and next steps to be taken in this needs-based and compassionate orientation toward social life.

Peacemaking

Reflections of a Radical Criminologist

Author: Harold E. Pepinsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780776606408

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 5170

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These reflections trace how over some thirty-five years as a criminologist, the author's thinking has evolved, principally to replace notions of "crime" and "criminal justice" with the notions of "violence" and "peacemaking". Pepinsky traces the evolution of the criminal justice system in the United States since 1973. He discusses how he came to embrace the radical feminist view that patriarchy and the "politics of fear" can provide explanations for the rise in incarcerations in the US, as well as for other forms of systemic power in society. The author's own current research paradigm rests on the concepts of "violence" and "peacemaking", which are explored and defined in turn. The book concludes with practical suggestions on how to transform violence, as defined herein, into safety, security, and trust among those involved in conflict.

The Political Economy of Peacemaking

Author: Achim Wennmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136854622

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 9094

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This book focuses on the economic dimensions of peace processes and examines the opportunities and constraints for assisting negotiated exits out of conflict.

Regional Organizations and Peacemaking

Challengers to the UN?

Author: Peter Wallensteen,Anders Bjurner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317696700

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 328

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This book analyses the new and difficult roles of regional organizations in peacemaking after the end of the Cold War and how they relate to the United Nations (UN). Regional organizations have taken an increasingly prominent role in international efforts to deal with international security. The book highlights the complex interaction between the regional and sub-regional organizations, on the one hand, and their relations with the United Nations, on the other. Thus, the general issues of UN and its authority are scrutinized from legal, practical and geopolitical perspectives. Taking on a broad geographical focus on Africa, the Arab world and Europe, the book also provides an extensive range of case studies, with detailed analysis of particular situations, organizations and armed conflicts. The authors scrutinise the heterogeneous relationship between the different organizations as well as the challenges to them: political resources, legal standing, financial assets, capabilities and organizational set up. Moreover, they investigate whether regional organizations, as compared to the UN, are better suited to deal with today’s intra-state conflicts. The book also aims to dissect the evolution of these institutions historically – in relation to Chapter VIII of the UN Charter which mentions the resort to 'regional arrangements’ for conflict management – as well as more generally in relation to the principles of international law and UN principles of peacemaking. This book, written by a mixture of established scholars, diplomats and high-level policymakers, will be of great interest to students as well as practitioners in the field of peace and conflict studies, regional security, international organisations, conflict management and IR in general.

A Peacemaking Approach to Criminology

A Collection of Writings

Author: Louis J. Gesualdi

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761862153

Category: Social Science

Page: 90

View: 6156

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A peacemaking approach to criminology is a humane, nonviolent, and scientific approach to the treatment of crime and the offender. This collection of twenty-two essays provides a comprehensive introduction to a peacemaking approach to criminology.

Corrections, Peacemaking and Restorative Justice

Transforming Individuals and Institutions

Author: Michael Braswell,John Fuller,Bo Lozoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317523547

Category: Law

Page: 164

View: 5137

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This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.

Criminological Theories

Introduction and Evaluation

Author: Ronald L. Akers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135948291

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6753

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In Criminological Theories, the noted criminologist Ronald Akers provides thorough description, discussion, and appraisal of the leading theories of crime/delinquent behavior and law/criminal justice - the origin and history of each theory and its contemporary developments and adherents. Akers offers a clear explanation of each theory (the central concepts and hypotheses of each theory as well as critical criteria for evaluating each theory in terms of its empirical validity). Researchers and librarians, as well as general readers, will find this book a very useful tool and will applaud its clear and understandable exposition of abstract concepts.

Criminological Theories

Traditional and Non-Traditional Voices and Themes

Author: Imogene Moyer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342050

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 2780

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This comprehensive textbook not only offers a detailed presentation of theoretical perspectives and theorists, but also includes a history of the social environment for each theoretical perspective and biographies of the various theorists. Unlike other comparable criminology texts, Imogene L. Moyer includes discussions of the levels of analysis and the assumptions of the theorists regarding society and people. In addition to covering the traditional theories, the book features currently developing feminist and peacemaking theories, as well as theories from people of color. Exerts from the original sources are frequently incorporated into the chapters. The text features flow charts, photographs, inset biographical sketches, and disc

Peacemaking Circles

From Crime to Community

Author: Kay Pranis,Barry Stuart,Mark Wedge

Publisher: Living Justice Press

ISBN: 1937141012

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 5239

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"Peacemaking Circles - From Crime to Community is written by experienced circle practitioners. It reveals the values and principles of circles and how circles can be used to respond to crime, from attending to immediate hurts and needs to changing deeper causes, judges, defense attorneys, prosecuters, probation officers and police as well as victim advocates, offenders and community members can learn what makes the circle space uniquely conducive to working through the complex harms of crime in a good way."

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192790

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 9843

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The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is a collection of original essays specifically designed to offer students, faculty, policy makers, and others an in-depth overview of the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as cultural criminology, masculinities studies, and feminist criminologies. Its diverse essays not only cover the history of critical criminology and cutting edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, and that generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The Handbook explores up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions, and is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students, researchers, and policy makers.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412936322

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 6340

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The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.

An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation

Author: Robert C. Winters,Julie L. Globokar,Cliff Roberson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466597119

Category: Computers

Page: 323

View: 3869

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An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation is a student-friendly textbook that defines and explains the concepts of crime, criminal law, and criminology. Ideal for a one-semester course, the book compares and contrasts early criminal behavior and today’s modern forms of crime. It also explores society’s responses to criminal behavior in the past and in the present day. It covers both major and lesser-known crime causation theories and their impact on society. Topics covered include: The importance of understanding crime data The goals of punishment The history of criminology, including the influence of social Darwinism on early trait theorists Crime causation theories, including a comparison of mainstream and critical theories The relationship between crime and biology, including the influence of genetics, substance use, and mental illness The social structural approach to crime, including a consideration of the changing contexts of urban criminality The nature and function of the justice system at the local, state, and federal levels, and basic categories of crimes Drug trafficking crimes, drug court efforts, and perceived weaknesses in current antidrug efforts Each chapter begins with a set of objectives and concludes with a summary. Interactive questions promote classroom discussion and practicum sections facilitate contextual learning. Drawn from different and distinct backgrounds, the authors each have unique perspectives on crime, making for a particularly well-rounded text that explores crime from several angles. The book attempts to educate readers in the development of new insights on crime and crime causation and provides a greater understanding of the steps that need to be taken before a significant reduction in crime can occur.

A Peacemaking Approach to Criminology

A Collection of Writings

Author: Louis J. Gesualdi

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761862153

Category: Social Science

Page: 90

View: 2892

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A peacemaking approach to criminology is a humane, nonviolent, and scientific approach to the treatment of crime and the offender. This collection of twenty-two essays provides a comprehensive introduction to a peacemaking approach to criminology.

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351487027

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 1146

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Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. Th e very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competin paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Th eir challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development.

Criminology: The Core

Author: Larry Siegel

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495809837

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 7007

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It’s no mystery why Larry Siegel remains THE best-selling author in criminology education. Professor Siegel fascinates students with real-life stories of crime, criminals, and the hottest debates in the field. CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE, Fourth Edition does not disappoint. Clear, engaging, and completely current, this paperback is also concise and absolutely affordable. The text effectively uses real-world material to clarify criminology’s concepts and theories--equipping students with a solid foundation in modern criminology. Grounded in Siegel’s signature cutting-edge theory and meticulous research, this book covers all sides of an issue without a political or theoretical position, allowing students to form their own opinions and appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of criminology. It is also packed with engaging learning tools to maximize student success. Four-color, succinct, and affordable, CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE is a briefer, less expensive alternative to the markets more lengthy criminology tomes--giving instructors ultimate flexibility. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology

The Intersections

Author: Dragan Milovanovic,Martin D. Schwartz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317298594

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 2520

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These essays, first published in 1996, focus on class, race, and gender as organising and analytical concepts in criminology. For many years, their importance in studying how the world relates to crime and its control was minimized or ignored. It is clear, however, that these concepts are of critical importance in understanding societal issues, especially crime and societal responses to it. This title will be of interest to students of criminology.

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,John Wright,Kristie Blevins

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412809832

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 5512

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Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. The very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competing paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Their challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development. The volume begins with an assessment of three perspectives that have long been at the core of criminology: social learning theory, control theory, and strain theory. Drawing on these traditions, two major contemporary macro-level theories of crime have emerged and are here reviewed: institutional-anomie theory and collective efficacy theory. Critical criminology has yielded diverse contributions discussed in essays on feminist theories, radical criminology, peacemaking criminology, and the effects of racial segregation. The volume includes chapters examining Moffitt's insights on life-course persistent/adolescent-limited anti-social behavior and Sampson and Laub's life-course theory of crime. In addition, David Farrington provides a comprehensive assessment of the adequacy of the leading developmental and life-course theories of crime. Finally, Taking Stock presents essays that review the status of perspectives that have direct implications for the use of criminological knowledge to control crime. Taken together, these chapters provide a comprehensive update of the field's leading theories of crime. The volume will be of interest to criminological scholars and will be ideal for classroom use in courses reviewing contemporary theories of criminal behavior.