Criminology as peacemaking

Author: Harold E. Pepinsky,Richard Quinney

Publisher: Indiana Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 339

View: 7996

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Criminology has traditionally been a military science, a science of war. "The criminal element" is the enemy. Repression and restraint are the primary tools of criminal justice, and criminologists study how to make those tools effective in the "war on crime." We are beginning to realize that this is a war against ourselves and one that we are losing. Our inability to make peace with crime and criminals is reflected in the paucity of our daily personal relations, where we live by domination and discipline, where forgiveness and mercy are seen as naive surrender to victimization. The essays in this volume propose peacemaking as an effective alternative to the "war" on crime. They range from studies of the intellectual roots of the peacemaking tradition to concrete examples of peacemaking in the community, with special attention to feminist peacemmaking traditions and women's experience.

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 8187

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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192790

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 799

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The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is a collection of original essays specifically designed to offer students, faculty, policy makers, and others an in-depth overview of the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as cultural criminology, masculinities studies, and feminist criminologies. Its diverse essays not only cover the history of critical criminology and cutting edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, and that generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The Handbook explores up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions, and is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students, researchers, and policy makers.

Corrections, Peacemaking and Restorative Justice

Transforming Individuals and Institutions

Author: Michael Braswell,John Fuller,Bo Lozoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317523547

Category: Law

Page: 164

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This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.

Criminological Theories

Introduction and Evaluation

Author: Ronald L. Akers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135948291

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7024

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In Criminological Theories, the noted criminologist Ronald Akers provides thorough description, discussion, and appraisal of the leading theories of crime/delinquent behavior and law/criminal justice - the origin and history of each theory and its contemporary developments and adherents. Akers offers a clear explanation of each theory (the central concepts and hypotheses of each theory as well as critical criteria for evaluating each theory in terms of its empirical validity). Researchers and librarians, as well as general readers, will find this book a very useful tool and will applaud its clear and understandable exposition of abstract concepts.

An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation

Author: Robert C. Winters,Julie L. Globokar,Cliff Roberson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466597119

Category: Computers

Page: 323

View: 1081

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An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation is a student-friendly textbook that defines and explains the concepts of crime, criminal law, and criminology. Ideal for a one-semester course, the book compares and contrasts early criminal behavior and today’s modern forms of crime. It also explores society’s responses to criminal behavior in the past and in the present day. It covers both major and lesser-known crime causation theories and their impact on society. Topics covered include: The importance of understanding crime data The goals of punishment The history of criminology, including the influence of social Darwinism on early trait theorists Crime causation theories, including a comparison of mainstream and critical theories The relationship between crime and biology, including the influence of genetics, substance use, and mental illness The social structural approach to crime, including a consideration of the changing contexts of urban criminality The nature and function of the justice system at the local, state, and federal levels, and basic categories of crimes Drug trafficking crimes, drug court efforts, and perceived weaknesses in current antidrug efforts Each chapter begins with a set of objectives and concludes with a summary. Interactive questions promote classroom discussion and practicum sections facilitate contextual learning. Drawn from different and distinct backgrounds, the authors each have unique perspectives on crime, making for a particularly well-rounded text that explores crime from several angles. The book attempts to educate readers in the development of new insights on crime and crime causation and provides a greater understanding of the steps that need to be taken before a significant reduction in crime can occur.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412936322

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 5106

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The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.

A Peacemaking Approach to Criminology

A Collection of Writings

Author: Louis J. Gesualdi

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761862153

Category: Social Science

Page: 90

View: 5193

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A peacemaking approach to criminology is a humane, nonviolent, and scientific approach to the treatment of crime and the offender. This collection of twenty-two essays provides a comprehensive introduction to a peacemaking approach to criminology.

Criminology: The Core

Author: Larry Siegel

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495809837

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 4589

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It’s no mystery why Larry Siegel remains THE best-selling author in criminology education. Professor Siegel fascinates students with real-life stories of crime, criminals, and the hottest debates in the field. CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE, Fourth Edition does not disappoint. Clear, engaging, and completely current, this paperback is also concise and absolutely affordable. The text effectively uses real-world material to clarify criminology’s concepts and theories--equipping students with a solid foundation in modern criminology. Grounded in Siegel’s signature cutting-edge theory and meticulous research, this book covers all sides of an issue without a political or theoretical position, allowing students to form their own opinions and appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of criminology. It is also packed with engaging learning tools to maximize student success. Four-color, succinct, and affordable, CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE is a briefer, less expensive alternative to the markets more lengthy criminology tomes--giving instructors ultimate flexibility. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Peacemaking

Reflections of a Radical Criminologist

Author: Harold E. Pepinsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780776606408

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 485

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These reflections trace how over some thirty-five years as a criminologist, the author's thinking has evolved, principally to replace notions of "crime" and "criminal justice" with the notions of "violence" and "peacemaking". Pepinsky traces the evolution of the criminal justice system in the United States since 1973. He discusses how he came to embrace the radical feminist view that patriarchy and the "politics of fear" can provide explanations for the rise in incarcerations in the US, as well as for other forms of systemic power in society. The author's own current research paradigm rests on the concepts of "violence" and "peacemaking", which are explored and defined in turn. The book concludes with practical suggestions on how to transform violence, as defined herein, into safety, security, and trust among those involved in conflict.

Transformative Justice

Critical and Peacemaking Themes Influenced by Richard Quinney

Author: John Francis Wozniak

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739109328

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 1075

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Transformative Justice illustrates how critical restorative and peacemaking perspectives on crime form the basis of a transformative criminology (a call for personal and institutional transformation of crime and justice). Transformative criminology is explored in terms of theoretical influences, peacemaking and restorative applications, and next steps to be taken in this needs-based and compassionate orientation toward social life.

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,John Wright,Kristie Blevins

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412809832

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 9293

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Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. The very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competing paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Their challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development. The volume begins with an assessment of three perspectives that have long been at the core of criminology: social learning theory, control theory, and strain theory. Drawing on these traditions, two major contemporary macro-level theories of crime have emerged and are here reviewed: institutional-anomie theory and collective efficacy theory. Critical criminology has yielded diverse contributions discussed in essays on feminist theories, radical criminology, peacemaking criminology, and the effects of racial segregation. The volume includes chapters examining Moffitt's insights on life-course persistent/adolescent-limited anti-social behavior and Sampson and Laub's life-course theory of crime. In addition, David Farrington provides a comprehensive assessment of the adequacy of the leading developmental and life-course theories of crime. Finally, Taking Stock presents essays that review the status of perspectives that have direct implications for the use of criminological knowledge to control crime. Taken together, these chapters provide a comprehensive update of the field's leading theories of crime. The volume will be of interest to criminological scholars and will be ideal for classroom use in courses reviewing contemporary theories of criminal behavior.

Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology

The Intersections

Author: Martin D. Schwartz,Dragan Milovanovic

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815337263

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 8237

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This work focuses on class, race and gender as organising and analytical concepts in criminology. For many years, their importance in studying how the world relates to crime and its control was minimized or ignored. It is clear, however, that these concepts are of critical importance in understanding societal issues, especially crime and societal responses to it. Featuring work by academics in critical criminology, this volume examines each of these important factors; their intersection and interrelationship.

Droits et voix - Rights and Voices

La criminologie à l'Université d'Ottawa - Criminology at the University of Ottawa

Author: Veronique Strimelle,Françoise Vanhamme

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 2760319091

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l’histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l’accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s’inscrivent dans cet ordre d’idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l’Université d’Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa’s Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.

Justice That Heals

A Biblical Vision for Victims and Offenders

Author: Arthur Paul Boers

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1556357869

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 7981

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How do we deal with crime? It is inescapable. Since 1960, crime in the U.S. has increased 500% while the population has grown by only 41%. What is our responsibility to the victim and the offender? What is the Christian response? Explore the inadequacies of North American criminal justice systems and discover the alternative the Bible has to offer. Listen to stories of those involved in the system and from those pursuing a more restorative justice. Hear clearly God's words of hope, challenge, and counsel.

The Great Awakening

A Buddhist Social Theory

Author: David R. Loy

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0861718631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 9882

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The most essential insight that Buddhism offers is that all our individual suffering arises from three and only three sources, known in Buddhism as the three poisons: greed, ill-will, and delusion. In The Great Awakening, scholar and Zen teacher David Loy examines how these three poisons, embodied in society's institutions, lie at the root of all social maladies as well. The teachings of Buddhism present a way that the individual can counteract these to alleviate personal suffering, and in the The Great Awakening Loy boldly examines how these teachings can be applied to institutions and even whole cultures for the alleviation of suffering on a collective level. This book will help both Buddhists and non-Buddhists to realize the social importance of Buddhist teachings, while providing a theoretical framework for socially engaged members of society to apply their spiritual principles to collective social issues. The Great Awakening shows how Buddhism can help our postmodern world develop liberative possibilities otherwise obscured by the anti-religious bias of so much contemporary social theory.

Criminological Theory

An Analysis of its Underlying Assumptions

Author: Stuart Henry,Werner J. Einstadter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742575624

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 3494

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Designed for upper-level senior and graduate criminological theory courses, this text thoroughly examines the ideas and assumptions underlying each major theoretical perspective in criminology. It lays bare theorists' ideas about human nature, social structure, social order, concepts of law, crime and criminals, the logic of crime causation and the policies and criminal justice practices that follow from these premises. The book provides students with a clear critical, analytic overview of criminological theory that enable enformed evaluative comparisons among different theorists.

Criminology Today

An Integrative Introduction

Author: Frank Schmalleger

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780135130315

Category: Social Science

Page: 666

View: 7569

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Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction 5e is a clear, contemporary and comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology. Offering a thematic approach that contrasts the social responsibility and social problems approaches to crime theory, the book encourages students to think critically about the causes of crime. Completely up to date, this new edition addresses the question of how security & freedom interface in an age of increasing globalism. Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction 5e introduces students to the exciting field of criminology in the 21st century.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 8862

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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.