Courts without Borders

Law, Politics, and US Extraterritoriality

Author: Tonya L. Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107137098

Category: Law

Page: 330

View: 5785

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This book is about the US politics and law of judicial extraterritoriality and how it influences international rule making and enforcement.

Zivil- und strafrechtliche Unternehmensverantwortung für Menschenrechtsverletzungen

Author: Markus Krajewski,Franziska Oehm,Miriam Saage-Maaß

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662550164

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 1375

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Der Band enthält Untersuchungen zu zivil- und strafrechtlichen Konsequenzen unternehmerischen Handelns bei Menschenrechtsverletzungen. Im Zentrum stehen dabei deutsches Zivil-, Handels- und Internationales Privatrecht sowie deutsches und internationales Strafrecht. Hinzu treten Analysen des englischen und US-amerikanischen Haftungsrechts. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes fassen den aktuellen Forschungs- und Diskussionsstand zusammen und zeigen sowohl rechtspolitische Handlungsmöglichkeiten als auch weiteren Forschungsbedarf auf. Die in dem Band erörterten und analysierten Fragen sind zugleich als Ausgangspunkt und Referenzrahmen für ein besseres Verständnis und eine Weiterentwicklung des Zusammenhangs von Wirtschaft und Menschenrechten.

The Extraterritoriality of Law

History, Theory, Politics

Author: Daniel S. Margolies,Umut Özsu,Maïa Pal,Ntina Tzouvala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351231979

Category: Law

Page: 235

View: 6194

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Questions of legal extraterritoriality figure prominently in scholarship on legal pluralism, transnational legal studies, international investment law, international human rights law, state responsibility under international law, and a large number of other areas. Yet many accounts of extraterritoriality make little effort to grapple with its thorny conceptual history, shifting theoretical valence, and complex political roots and ramifications. This book brings together thirteen scholars of law, history, and politics in order to reconsider the history, theory, and contemporary relevance of legal extraterritoriality. Situating questions of extraterritoriality in a set of broader investigations into state-building, imperialist rivalry, capitalist expansion, and human rights protection, it tracks the multiple meanings and functions of a distinct and far-reaching mode of legal authority. The fundamental aim of the volume is to examine the different geographical contexts in which extraterritorial regimes have developed, the political and economic pressures in response to which such regimes have grown, the highly uneven distributions of extraterritorial privilege that have resulted from these processes, and the complex theoretical quandaries to which this type of privilege has given rise. The book will be of considerable interest to scholars in law, history, political science, socio-legal studies, international relations, and legal geography.

Of Privacy and Power

The Transatlantic Struggle over Freedom and Security

Author: Henry Farrell,Abraham L. Newman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691183643

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 6798

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How disputes over privacy and security have shaped the relationship between the European Union and the United States and what this means for the future We live in an interconnected world, where security problems like terrorism are spilling across borders, and globalized data networks and e-commerce platforms are reshaping the world economy. This means that states’ jurisdictions and rule systems clash. How have they negotiated their differences over freedom and security? Of Privacy and Power investigates how the European Union and United States, the two major regulatory systems in world politics, have regulated privacy and security, and how their agreements and disputes have reshaped the transatlantic relationship. The transatlantic struggle over freedom and security has usually been depicted as a clash between a peace-loving European Union and a belligerent United States. Henry Farrell and Abraham Newman demonstrate how this misses the point. The real dispute was between two transnational coalitions—one favoring security, the other liberty—whose struggles have reshaped the politics of surveillance, e-commerce, and privacy rights. Looking at three large security debates in the period since 9/11, involving Passenger Name Record data, the SWIFT financial messaging controversy, and Edward Snowden’s revelations, the authors examine how the powers of border-spanning coalitions have waxed and waned. Globalization has enabled new strategies of action, which security agencies, interior ministries, privacy NGOs, bureaucrats, and other actors exploit as circumstances dictate. The first serious study of how the politics of surveillance has been transformed, Of Privacy and Power offers a fresh view of the role of information and power in a world of economic interdependence.

Beyond National Borders

States' Human Rights Obligations in International Cooperation

Author: Sigrun Skogly

Publisher: Intersentia nv

ISBN: 9050954340

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 8502

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Within and outside the legal and academic professions, it is now increasingly recognised that the human rights consequences of states' actions are not limited to the domestic sphere but quite often transcend national borders. This is a challenge to the human rights community, which up to the present time has focused almost exclusively on human rights violations and protections solely within a national setting. The term "extraterritorial" effect/application/obligation in international law refers to acts that are taken by one actor (state) that have some kind of effect within another country's territory, with or without this second country's implicit or explicit agreement. Extraterritoriality within international human rights law, then, concerns actions or omissions by one state that have an effect on the human rights of individuals in another state - with or without this other state's agreement. This effect may be positive or negative in that such actions or omissions by foreign states may contribute positively to the enjoyment of human rights; or alternatively, they may result in a deteriorated human rights situation, and even human rights violations. This book gives, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of extraterritorial obligations in international human rights law by placing the discussion in a larger international law context, interpreting obligations in the various sources of international human rights law, and discussing the way in which extraterritoriality has been approached by international courts and human rights implementation bodies in theUnited Nations and regional systems.

Spaces of Law in American Foreign Relations

Extradition and Extraterritoriality in the Borderlands and Beyond, 1877-1898

Author: Daniel S. Margolies

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820338710

Category: Law

Page: 427

View: 7611

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In the late nineteenth century the United States oversaw a great increase in extraterritorial claims, boundary disputes, extradition controversies, and transborder abduction and interdiction. In this sweeping history of the underpinnings of American empire, Daniel S. Margolies offers a new frame of analysis for historians to understand how novel assertions of legal spatiality and extraterritoriality were deployed in U.S. foreign relations during an era of increased national ambitions and global connectedness. Whether it was in the Mexican borderlands or in other hot spots around the globe, Margolies shows that American policy responded to disputes over jurisdiction by defining the space of law on the basis of a strident unilateralism. Especially significant and contested were extradition regimes and the exceptions carved within them. Extradition of fugitives reflected critical questions of sovereignty and the role of the state in foreign affair during the run-up to overseas empire in 1898. Using extradition as a critical lens, Spaces of Law in American Foreign Relations examines the rich embeddedness of questions of sovereignty, territoriality, legal spatiality, and citizenship and shows that U.S. hegemonic power was constructed in significant part in the spaces of law, not simply through war or trade.

Political Thought and the American Judiciary

Author: H. L. Pohlman

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9780870238307

Category: Law

Page: 326

View: 5547

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A collection of readings from over two hundred years of judicial decision-making, this volume explores the changing meaning of the central tenets of American political culture. Organized into chapters on natural law, freedom, democracy, equality, and privacy, the selections address issues ranging from the limits of free speech to the right to die with dignity, from affirmative action to abortion. Together the judges' opinions reflect not only the influence of abstract ideas and ideals on the judiciary, but also the evolution of American political values.H. L. Pohlman introduces each chapter with an essay that traces the genealogy of the principle in question from antiquity to modern times. He also provides headnotes to each chapter subsection explaining the key facts of specific cases. For the most part, however, Pohlman allows the judges to speak for themselves.The opinions included in the book are drawn from state and lower courts as well as from the records of the United States Supreme Court. As a result, while some of the excerpts, such as Chief Justice Earl Warren's majority opinion in Brown v. Board of Education, are well known, others are less familiar. Whatever the source, each provides a unique perspective on the moral and political ambiguities that have shaped American History.

Zur Verfassung Europas

Ein Essay

Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518770004

Category: Fiction

Page: 140

View: 9424

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Die anhaltende Euro-Krise sowie die halbherzigen, oft populistischen Reaktionen der Politik lassen ein Scheitern des europäischen Projekts derzeit als reale Möglichkeit erscheinen. In seinem Essay verteidigt Jürgen Habermas Europa gegen die sich ausbreitende Skepsis, der er ein neues überzeugendes Narrativ für die Geschichte und vor allem die Zukunft der Europäischen Union entgegensetzt. Denkblockaden in Bezug auf die Transnationalisierung der Demokratie räumt er aus dem Weg, indem er den Einigungsprozess in den langfristigen Zusammenhang der Verrechtlichung und Zivilisierung staatlicher Gewalt einordnet. An die Politik richtet Jürgen Habermas schließlich den Appell, das bisher hinter verschlossenen Türen betriebene europäische Projekt endlich auf den hemdsärmeligen Modus eines lärmend argumentierenden Meinungskampfes in der breiten Öffentlichkeit umzupolen. Neben diesem Essay zur Verfassung Europas enthält dieser Band den Aufsatz »Das Konzept der Menschenwürde und die realistische Utopie der Menschenrechte« aus dem Jahr 2010 sowie drei Interventionen, die Jürgen Habermas seit dem Ausbruch der Finanzkrise veröffentlicht hat. »Angesichts eines politisch ungesteuerten Komplexitätswachstums der Weltgesellschaft, das den Handlungsspielraum der Nationalstaaten systemisch immer weiter einschränkt, ergibt sich die Forderung, die politischen Handlungsfähigkeiten über nationale Grenzen hinaus zu erweitern, aus dem normativen Sinn der Demokratie selbst.« Jürgen Habermas

Jenseits der Menschenrechte

Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht

Author: Anne Peters

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161527494

Category: Law

Page: 559

View: 6858

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Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.

Seeking Human Rights Justice in Latin America

Truth, Extra-Territorial Courts, and the Process of Justice

Author: Jeffrey Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521514363

Category: Law

Page: 252

View: 6229

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This book studies how victims of human rights violations in Latin America, their families, and their advocates work to overcome entrenched impunity and seek legal justice. Their struggles show that legal justice is a multifaceted process, the overarching purpose of which is to restore human dignity and prevent further violence. Uncovering, revealing, and proving the truth are essential elements of legal justice, and are also powerful tools to activate the process. When faced with stubborn impunity at home, victims, families, and advocates can carry on their work for legal justice by bringing cases in courts in other countries or in the Inter-American human rights system. These extra-territorial courts can jumpstart the process of legal justice at home. Seeking Human Rights Justice in Latin America examines the political and legal struggle through the lens of the human story at the heart of these cases.

Gerechtigkeit für Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518780204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 813

View: 9169

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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

The Long Decade

How 9/11 Changed the Law

Author: David Jenkins,Amanda Jacobsen,Anders Henriksen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199368341

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 2098

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The terrorist attacks of 9/11 precipitated significant legal changes over the ensuing ten years, a "long decade" that saw both domestic and international legal systems evolve in reaction to the seemingly permanent threat of international terrorism. At the same time, globalization produced worldwide insecurity that weakened the nation-state's ability to monopolize violence and assure safety for its people. The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law contains contributions by international legal scholars who critically reflect on how the terrorist attacks of 9/11 precipitated these legal changes. This book examines how the uncertainties of the "long decade" made fear a political and legal force, challenged national constitutional orders, altered fundamental assumptions about the rule of law, and ultimately raised questions about how democracy and human rights can cope with competing security pressures, while considering the complex process of crafting anti-terrorism measures.

Global Legal Pluralism

A Jurisprudence of Law Beyond Borders

Author: Paul Schiff Berman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769825

Category: LAW

Page: 344

View: 3667

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We live in a world of legal pluralism, where a single act or actor is potentially regulated by multiple legal or quasi-legal regimes imposed by state, substate, transnational, supranational and nonstate communities. Navigating these spheres of complex overlapping legal authority is confusing and we cannot expect territorial borders to solve all these problems. At the same time, those hoping to create one universal set of legal rules are also likely to be disappointed by the sheer variety of human communities and interests. Instead, we need an alternative jurisprudence, one that seeks to create or preserve spaces for productive interaction among multiple, overlapping legal systems by developing procedural mechanisms, institutions and practices that aim to manage, without eliminating, the legal pluralism we see around us. Global Legal Pluralism provides a broad synthesis across a variety of legal doctrines and academic disciplines and offers a novel conceptualization of law and globalization.