Courts without Borders

Law, Politics, and US Extraterritoriality

Author: Tonya L. Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107137098

Category: Law

Page: 330

View: 9481

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This book is about the US politics and law of judicial extraterritoriality and how it influences international rule making and enforcement.

Zivil- und strafrechtliche Unternehmensverantwortung für Menschenrechtsverletzungen

Author: Markus Krajewski,Franziska Oehm,Miriam Saage-Maaß

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662550164

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 2219

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Der Band enthält Untersuchungen zu zivil- und strafrechtlichen Konsequenzen unternehmerischen Handelns bei Menschenrechtsverletzungen. Im Zentrum stehen dabei deutsches Zivil-, Handels- und Internationales Privatrecht sowie deutsches und internationales Strafrecht. Hinzu treten Analysen des englischen und US-amerikanischen Haftungsrechts. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes fassen den aktuellen Forschungs- und Diskussionsstand zusammen und zeigen sowohl rechtspolitische Handlungsmöglichkeiten als auch weiteren Forschungsbedarf auf. Die in dem Band erörterten und analysierten Fragen sind zugleich als Ausgangspunkt und Referenzrahmen für ein besseres Verständnis und eine Weiterentwicklung des Zusammenhangs von Wirtschaft und Menschenrechten.

Solving the Internet Jurisdiction Puzzle

Author: Dan Jerker B. Svantesson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019879567X

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 5071

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Internet jurisdiction has emerged as one of the greatest and most urgent challenges online; affecting areas as diverse as e-commerce, data privacy, law enforcement, content take-downs, cloud computing, e-health, cyber security, intellectual property, freedom of speech, and cyberwar. In this innovative book, Professor Svantesson presents a vision for a new approach to Internet jurisdiction based on an extensive period of research dedicated to the topic. The book demonstrates that our current paradigm remains attached to territorial thinking that is out of sync with our modern world, especially, but not only, online. Having made the claim that our adherence to the territoriality principle is based more on habit rather than on any clear and universally accepted legal principles, Professor Svantesson advances a new jurisprudential framework for how we approach jurisdiction - a framework that unites private, and public, international law. He also proposes several other reform initiatives aimed at equipping us to solve the Internet jurisdiction puzzle. In addition, the book provides a history of Internet jurisdiction, and challenges our traditional categorisation of different types of jurisdiction. It places Internet jurisdiction in a broader context and outlines methods for how to properly understand and work with rules of Internet jurisdiction. While Solving the Internet Jurisdiction Puzzle paints a clear picture of the concerns involved and the problems that needs to be overcome, this book is distinctly aimed at finding practical solutions anchored in a solid theoretical framework. Professor Svantesson argues that many of the Internet jurisdiction problems we face are due to a sleepwalking-like acceptance of orthodox thinking. Solving the Internet Jurisdiction Puzzle acts as a wake-up call to this issue.

Law's Trials

The Performance of Legal Institutions in the US 'War on Terror'

Author: Richard L. Abel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108691412

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1787

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The US 'war on terror' has repeatedly violated fundamental rule of law values. When executive and legislature commit such egregious wrongs, courts represent the ultimate defense. Law's Trials: The Performance of Legal Institutions in the US 'War on Terror' offers the first comprehensive account of judicial performance during the 16 years of the Bush and Obama administrations. Abel examines criminal prosecutions of alleged terrorists, courts martial of military personnel accused of law of war violations, military commission trials of 'high value detainees', habeas corpus petitions by Guantánamo detainees, civil damage actions by victims of both the 'war on terror' and terrorism, and civil liberties violations by government officials and Islamophobic campaigners. Law's Trials identifies successful defenses of the rule of law through qualitative and quantitative analyses, comparing the behavior of judges within and between each category of cases and locating those actions in a comparative history of efforts to redress fundamental injustices.

Zur Verfassung Europas

Ein Essay

Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518770004

Category: Fiction

Page: 140

View: 3871

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Die anhaltende Euro-Krise sowie die halbherzigen, oft populistischen Reaktionen der Politik lassen ein Scheitern des europäischen Projekts derzeit als reale Möglichkeit erscheinen. In seinem Essay verteidigt Jürgen Habermas Europa gegen die sich ausbreitende Skepsis, der er ein neues überzeugendes Narrativ für die Geschichte und vor allem die Zukunft der Europäischen Union entgegensetzt. Denkblockaden in Bezug auf die Transnationalisierung der Demokratie räumt er aus dem Weg, indem er den Einigungsprozess in den langfristigen Zusammenhang der Verrechtlichung und Zivilisierung staatlicher Gewalt einordnet. An die Politik richtet Jürgen Habermas schließlich den Appell, das bisher hinter verschlossenen Türen betriebene europäische Projekt endlich auf den hemdsärmeligen Modus eines lärmend argumentierenden Meinungskampfes in der breiten Öffentlichkeit umzupolen. Neben diesem Essay zur Verfassung Europas enthält dieser Band den Aufsatz »Das Konzept der Menschenwürde und die realistische Utopie der Menschenrechte« aus dem Jahr 2010 sowie drei Interventionen, die Jürgen Habermas seit dem Ausbruch der Finanzkrise veröffentlicht hat. »Angesichts eines politisch ungesteuerten Komplexitätswachstums der Weltgesellschaft, das den Handlungsspielraum der Nationalstaaten systemisch immer weiter einschränkt, ergibt sich die Forderung, die politischen Handlungsfähigkeiten über nationale Grenzen hinaus zu erweitern, aus dem normativen Sinn der Demokratie selbst.« Jürgen Habermas

Beyond National Borders

States' Human Rights Obligations in International Cooperation

Author: Sigrun Skogly

Publisher: Intersentia nv

ISBN: 9050954340

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 9280

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Within and outside the legal and academic professions, it is now increasingly recognised that the human rights consequences of states' actions are not limited to the domestic sphere but quite often transcend national borders. This is a challenge to the human rights community, which up to the present time has focused almost exclusively on human rights violations and protections solely within a national setting. The term "extraterritorial" effect/application/obligation in international law refers to acts that are taken by one actor (state) that have some kind of effect within another country's territory, with or without this second country's implicit or explicit agreement. Extraterritoriality within international human rights law, then, concerns actions or omissions by one state that have an effect on the human rights of individuals in another state - with or without this other state's agreement. This effect may be positive or negative in that such actions or omissions by foreign states may contribute positively to the enjoyment of human rights; or alternatively, they may result in a deteriorated human rights situation, and even human rights violations. This book gives, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of extraterritorial obligations in international human rights law by placing the discussion in a larger international law context, interpreting obligations in the various sources of international human rights law, and discussing the way in which extraterritoriality has been approached by international courts and human rights implementation bodies in theUnited Nations and regional systems.

Seeking Human Rights Justice in Latin America

Truth, Extra-Territorial Courts, and the Process of Justice

Author: Jeffrey Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521514363

Category: Law

Page: 252

View: 383

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This book studies how victims of human rights violations in Latin America, their families, and their advocates work to overcome entrenched impunity and seek legal justice. Their struggles show that legal justice is a multifaceted process, the overarching purpose of which is to restore human dignity and prevent further violence. Uncovering, revealing, and proving the truth are essential elements of legal justice, and are also powerful tools to activate the process. When faced with stubborn impunity at home, victims, families, and advocates can carry on their work for legal justice by bringing cases in courts in other countries or in the Inter-American human rights system. These extra-territorial courts can jumpstart the process of legal justice at home. Seeking Human Rights Justice in Latin America examines the political and legal struggle through the lens of the human story at the heart of these cases.

Spaces of Law in American Foreign Relations

Extradition and Extraterritoriality in the Borderlands and Beyond, 1877-1898

Author: Daniel S. Margolies

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820338710

Category: Law

Page: 427

View: 1540

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In the late nineteenth century the United States oversaw a great increase in extraterritorial claims, boundary disputes, extradition controversies, and transborder abduction and interdiction. In this sweeping history of the underpinnings of American empire, Daniel S. Margolies offers a new frame of analysis for historians to understand how novel assertions of legal spatiality and extraterritoriality were deployed in U.S. foreign relations during an era of increased national ambitions and global connectedness. Whether it was in the Mexican borderlands or in other hot spots around the globe, Margolies shows that American policy responded to disputes over jurisdiction by defining the space of law on the basis of a strident unilateralism. Especially significant and contested were extradition regimes and the exceptions carved within them. Extradition of fugitives reflected critical questions of sovereignty and the role of the state in foreign affair during the run-up to overseas empire in 1898. Using extradition as a critical lens, Spaces of Law in American Foreign Relations examines the rich embeddedness of questions of sovereignty, territoriality, legal spatiality, and citizenship and shows that U.S. hegemonic power was constructed in significant part in the spaces of law, not simply through war or trade.

Political Thought and the American Judiciary

Author: H. L. Pohlman

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9780870238307

Category: Law

Page: 326

View: 8145

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A collection of readings from over two hundred years of judicial decision-making, this volume explores the changing meaning of the central tenets of American political culture. Organized into chapters on natural law, freedom, democracy, equality, and privacy, the selections address issues ranging from the limits of free speech to the right to die with dignity, from affirmative action to abortion. Together the judges' opinions reflect not only the influence of abstract ideas and ideals on the judiciary, but also the evolution of American political values.H. L. Pohlman introduces each chapter with an essay that traces the genealogy of the principle in question from antiquity to modern times. He also provides headnotes to each chapter subsection explaining the key facts of specific cases. For the most part, however, Pohlman allows the judges to speak for themselves.The opinions included in the book are drawn from state and lower courts as well as from the records of the United States Supreme Court. As a result, while some of the excerpts, such as Chief Justice Earl Warren's majority opinion in Brown v. Board of Education, are well known, others are less familiar. Whatever the source, each provides a unique perspective on the moral and political ambiguities that have shaped American History.

Global Legal Pluralism

A Jurisprudence of Law Beyond Borders

Author: Paul Schiff Berman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769825

Category: LAW

Page: 344

View: 1453

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We live in a world of legal pluralism, where a single act or actor is potentially regulated by multiple legal or quasi-legal regimes imposed by state, substate, transnational, supranational and nonstate communities. Navigating these spheres of complex overlapping legal authority is confusing and we cannot expect territorial borders to solve all these problems. At the same time, those hoping to create one universal set of legal rules are also likely to be disappointed by the sheer variety of human communities and interests. Instead, we need an alternative jurisprudence, one that seeks to create or preserve spaces for productive interaction among multiple, overlapping legal systems by developing procedural mechanisms, institutions and practices that aim to manage, without eliminating, the legal pluralism we see around us. Global Legal Pluralism provides a broad synthesis across a variety of legal doctrines and academic disciplines and offers a novel conceptualization of law and globalization.

Does the Constitution Follow the Flag?

The Evolution of Territoriality in American Law

Author: Kal Raustiala

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199858179

Category: Law

Page: 313

View: 2125

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The Bush Administration has notoriously argued that detainees at Guantanamo do not enjoy constitutional rights because they are held outside American borders. But where do rules about territorial legal limits such as this one come from? Why does geography make a difference for what legal rules apply? Most people intuitively understand that location affects constitutional rights, but the legal and political basis for territorial jurisdiction is poorly understood. In this novel and accessible treatment of territoriality in American law and foreign policy, Kal Raustiala begins by tracing the history of the subject from its origins in post-revolutionary America to the Indian wars and overseas imperialism of the 19th century. He then takes the reader through the Cold War and the globalization era before closing with a powerful explanation of America's attempt to increase its extraterritorial power in the post-9/11 world. As American power has grown, our understanding of extraterritorial legal rights has expanded too, and Raustiala illuminates why America's assumptions about sovereignty and territory have changed. Throughout, he focuses on how the legal limits of territorial sovereignty have diminished to accommodate the expanding American empire, and addresses how such limits ought to look in the wake of Iraq, Afghanistan, and the war on terror. A timely and engaging narrative, Does the Constitution Follow the Flag? will change how we think about American territory, American law, and-ultimately-the changing nature of American power.

Parlament der Menschheit

die Vereinten Nationen und der Weg zur Weltregierung

Author: Paul M. Kennedy

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406563287

Category: International relations

Page: 400

View: 4891

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The Future of U.S.-Korea-Japan Relations

Balancing Values and Interests

Author: Tʻae-hyo Kim,Brad Glosserman

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 9780892064540

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 7391

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"The North Korean nuclear stalemate poses a stark challenge to tripartite security relations among the United States, South Korea, and Japan. How the North Korean issue is managed will redefine the security relationship among the three countries. In particular, how and to what extent the United States, South Korea, and Japan collaborate in the six-party talks (along with China and Russia) will demonstrate whether the trilateral process can play a constructive role in managing the security environment in Northeast Asia." "This book does not argue for stronger security ties among the three countries based solely on a shared understanding of the threats posed by North Korea. Nor does it look toward containment of a rising China or resurgent Russia for its strategic rationale. Rather, the authors argue for broadening the foundation on which the three nations' ties rest. A better understanding of the complex weave of interests and values that binds the United States, South Korea, and Japan will stabilize the relationships and make them more resilient and adaptable to future developments."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved