Cosmopolitanism and International Relations Theory

Author: Richard Beardsworth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745637302

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8420

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Globalization has been contested in recent times. Among the critical perspectives is cosmopolitanism. Yet, with the exception of normative theory, international relations as a field has ignored cosmopolitan thinking. This book redresses this gap and develops a dialogue between cosmopolitanism and international relations. The dialogue is structured around three debates between non-universalist theories of international relations and contemporary cosmopolitan thought. The theories chosen are realism, (post-)Marxism and postmodernism. All three criticize liberalism in the international domain, and, therefore, cosmopolitanism as an offshoot of liberalism. In the light of each school's respective critique of universalism, the book suggests both the importance and difficulty of the cosmopolitan perspective in the contemporary world. Beardsworth emphasizes the need for global leadership at nation-state level, re-embedding of the world economy, a cosmopolitan politics of the lesser violence, and cosmopolitan political judgement. He also suggests research agendas to situate further contemporary cosmopolitanism in international relations theory. This book will appeal to all students of political theory and international relations, especially those who are seeking more articulation of the main issues between cosmopolitanism and its critics in international relations.

Weltarmut und Menschenrechte

Kosmopolitische Verantwortung und Reformen

Author: De Gruyter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110227355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 389

View: 1684

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Thomas Pogge’s book explains why so many of the wealthy believe that they have no responsibility for the elimination of poverty even though a degree of income transfer seems morally required. The theories of the wealthy are seemingly disconnected from poverty in other countries. Pogge dispatches with this illusion and suggests a realistic standard of global economic justice.

Politicizing Ethics in International Relations

Cosmopolitanism as Hospitality

Author: Gideon Baker

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136812504

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 2558

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Addressing key issues including sovereignty, political community, democracy and international intervention, this book outlines a theory of cosmopolitan politics based on hospitality and makes an important contribution to the debates about cosmopolitanism and ethics in IR.

Cosmopolitan Global Politics

Author: Patrick Hayden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351948288

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 9777

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Cosmopolitan conceptions of justice in global politics are gaining in importance in the field of international political theory. Cosmopolitanism claims that we owe duties of justice to all the persons of the world and thus that normative theories of global politics should focus first on the interests or welfare of persons rather than of states. Providing a thorough analysis of relevant literature and covering issues such as war and conflict, peace and human security, accountability for gross violations of human rights, environmental degradation, and the democratic deficit in transnational political actions and institutions, Patrick Hayden deftly examines the connections between accounts of cosmopolitanism and the part they play in contemporary global politics. He identifies competing theories of cosmopolitanism and defends them as strategies for serving the aims of justice in world affairs. Furthermore, he explores how cosmopolitan theories can function positively in processes of shaping international norms.

International Political Theory

Rethinking Ethics in a Global Era

Author: Kimberly Hutchings

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473946158

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3080

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`A lucid, comprehensive analysis of normative approaches to international relations, and an original contribution to critical theory' - Andrew Linklater, University of Keele `Hutchings combines a valuable account of the current state of the art with a lucid expositon of her own, highly distinctive, position. This will be required reading for students in international political theory, and indeed anyone interested in normative issues in international relations' - Chris Brown, London School of Economics and Political Science Providing an invaluable overview of the competing schools of thought in traditional and contemporary international theory, this book seeks to path the way forward for new ways of thinking about international political morality. First, the role and place of normative theory in the study of international politics is explained before a discussion of mainstream approaches within international relations and applied ethics. Here the student is introduced to the central debates between realists and idealists, and cosmopolitans and communitarians. Second, the conceptual challenges of contemporary approaches in critical theory, postmodernism and feminism are outlined and then used as a platform to develop the author's own Hegelian-Foucauldian approach for doing normative international theory. Third, the insights drawn from each approach are applied to the study of two key topics in contemporary theoretical debate: the right to self-determination, and the idea of cosmopolitan democracy, and conclusions drawn for transcending the theoretical deadlock in international relations. Accessibly written and wide-ranging, this text will quickly become essential reading for all students and academics of politics and international relations seeking a deeper understanding of the underlying tensions and future potential of international theory today.

Warum Krieg?

Author: Albert Einstein,Sigmund Freud,Isaac Asimov

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: War

Page: 62

View: 5468

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Ethics, Justice and International Relations

Constructing an International Community

Author: Peter Sutch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134571585

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9786

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This topical and timely book critically explores contemporary liberal international relations theory. In the fifty years since the declaration of human rights, the language of international relations has come to incorporate the language of justice and injustice. The book argues that if justice is to become the governing principle of international politics, then liberals must recognise that their political preferences cannot be the preconditions of global ethics. The hierarchy of international political ethics must be constructed afresh so that the first principles of justice are accessible to all agents as political and ethical equals. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars in politics, international relations, political theory and ethics.

Der gespaltene Westen

Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518123836

Category: Constitutional law

Page: 192

View: 3202

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Der einig geglaubte Westen ist gespalten. Jedoch nicht die Gefahr des internationalen Terrorismus hat diese Entwicklung verursacht, sondern eine Politik der US-Regierung, die das Völkerrecht ignoriert, die Vereinten Nationen an den Rand drängt und den Bruch mit Europa in Kauf nimmt. Die Spaltung zieht sich auch durch Europa und Amerika selbst hindurch. In Deutschland wirkt die Abkehr der amerikanischen Administration und der Eliten von ihren eigenen Traditionen wie ein Lackmustest. Heute zerfällt die chemische Verbindung, aus der die Westorientierung der Bundesrepublik seit Adenauer bestanden hat, in ihre beiden Elemente; opportunistische Anpassung an die hegemoniale Macht trennt sich von intellektueller und moralischer Bindung an die Prinzipien einer westlichen Kultur. Auch im Jahr seines 75. Geburtstages erweist sich der politische Denker Habermas wieder als brillanter Analytiker und Stichwortgeber der Republik und des europäischen Geistes. Der gespaltene Westen versammelt Beiträge, die infolge der Ereignisse vom 11. September 2001 entstanden, darunter der neue, weitausgreifende Essay über die Zukunft des Kantischen Projekts einer weltbürgerlichen Ordnung.

Politics and Cosmopolitanism in a Global Age

Author: Sonika Gupta,Sudarsan Padmanabhan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317341333

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9953

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This book offers a unique reconceptualization of cosmopolitanism. It examines several themes that inform politics in a globalized era, including global governance, international law, citizenship, constitutionalism, community, domesticity, territory, sovereignty, and nationalism. The volume explores the specific philosophical and institutional challenges in constructing a cosmopolitan political community beyond the nation state. It reorients and decolonizes the boundaries of ‘cosmopolitanism’ and questions the contemporary discourse to posit inclusive alternatives. Presenting rich and diverse perspectives from across the world, the volume will interest scholars and students of politics and international relations, political theory, public policy, ethics, and philosophy.

Kant and International Relations Theory

Cosmopolitan Community-building

Author: Dora Ion

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136334726

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 9292

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This book challenges popular international relations theories that claim to be based on the political writings of Immanuel Kant, and sheds new light on the philosopher's perspective on peace. Through an analysis of Kant's philosophical work and political traditions of his time, as well as of neglected concepts and theory, this book reappraises modern perspectives on his work. Kant advocated a cosmopolitan community building perspective of peace and international relations that considered issues that are now significant topics of debate such as state sovereignty and unequal access to resources. This book reveals how Kant's political views translate into a vision of international relations that cannot be associated with the democratic and neoliberal theories of peace which until now have claimed Kant's legacy. While the democratic peace theory continues to inspire policy-making, Kant's predictions on war and peace ultimately prove to be most appropriate for the current issues of globalization and diversity. Offering new insights into the meaning of peace and war in international relations, Kant and International Relations Theory is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of international relations and political theory, as well as for those interested in Kant's scholarship.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Ethics and International Relations

Author: Professor Patrick Hayden

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409499197

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 2068

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This indispensable research companion widens the perspective of moral consideration in international relations from 'ethics and international relations' to 'ethics in international relations', redressing the (mis)perception that ethical concepts, principles, norms and rules are not in part constitutive of the international system and the agents acting within that system.

Tragedy and International Relations

Author: T. Erskine,R. Lebow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390331

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 9134

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Nowhere are clashes between competing ethical perspectives more prevalent than in the realm of International Relations. Thus, understanding tragedy is directly relevant to understanding IR. This volume explores the various ways that tragedy can be used as a lens through which international relations might be brought into clearer focus.

Building Cosmopolitan Communities

A Critical and Multidimensional Approach

Author: A. Nascimento

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137348763

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 1508

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Building Cosmopolitan Communities contributes to current debates on cosmopolitanism by discussing the justification and application of norms and human rights in different communitarian settings.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author: Jack Snyder

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526911

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2569

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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 361

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Cosmopolitanism and Global Financial Reform

A Pragmatic Approach to the Tobin Tax

Author: James Brassett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113697072X

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 6508

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Acknowledgement of the ethical dimension of global finance is commonplace in the wake of financial crises. The sub-prime crisis and ensuing credit crunch are only the latest in a long run of global financial crises that wreak social havoc and force us to consider alternative possibilities for global finance. By defining cosmopolitanism and analysing how cosmopolitan ideas can increasingly provide an account of the governance of global finance, Brassett examines whether global finance can be regulated so as to provide cosmopolitan values like social security, equality and democratic accountability. It suggests that such an exercise is not adequately resourced by existing theoretical approaches to critical IPE and instead develops a new pragmatic approach based on the thought of Richard Rorty. Combining ethical theory with empirical analysis, it focuses on the Tobin Tax – (a proposal to place a small levy on foreign currency transactions to dampen speculation and raise vast revenues) – and explores whether it could underpin more cosmopolitan forms of global financial governance. This book situates cosmopolitan ideas in the extant dilemmas and indeterminacies of global ethics, suggesting alternatives where possible. It will be of interest to students and scholars of international ethics, global governance, global civil, international relations, international political economy, global finance, public policy, critical theory, political theory and philosophy.

Cosmopolitanism

Author: Robert Fine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113416419X

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 2875

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The idea of cosmopolitanism has informed some of the most important developments in current sociology. It has changed the way in which we think about a vast array of issues: the forces of globalization, the resurgence of nationalism, the future of political community in Europe, the role of international law in social life, changing forms of violence and even the life of the mind. This book explains what cosmopolitanism is and why it has grabbed the sociological imagination. Robert Fine explores the concept of cosmopolitanism and its application to a range of contemporary issues, including: the future of Europe the role of human rights, global governance and perpetual peace in the construction of a cosmopolitan order crimes against humanity the justification of humanitarian military interventions the extension of democracy beyond national limits. This book offers an innovative mix of theoretical and socio-political elements that will be of great interest to students and researchers in the fields of international political theory, international relations, social theory and cultural studies.

A Cosmopolitanism of Nations

Giuseppe Mazzini's Writings on Democracy, Nation Building, and International Relations

Author: Giuseppe Mazzini

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831319

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5162

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This anthology gathers Giuseppe Mazzini's most important essays on democracy, nation building, and international relations, including some that have never before been translated into English. These neglected writings remind us why Mazzini was one of the most influential political thinkers of the nineteenth century--and why there is still great benefit to be derived from a careful analysis of what he had to say. Mazzini (1805-1872) is best known today as the inspirational leader of the Italian Risorgimento. But, as this book demonstrates, he also made a vital contribution to the development of modern democratic and liberal internationalist thought. In fact, Stefano Recchia and Nadia Urbinati make the case that Mazzini ought to be recognized as the founding figure of what has come to be known as liberal Wilsonianism. The writings collected here show how Mazzini developed a sophisticated theory of democratic nation building--one that illustrates why democracy cannot be successfully imposed through military intervention from the outside. He also speculated, much more explicitly than Immanuel Kant, about how popular participation and self-rule within independent nation-states might result in lasting peace among democracies. In short, Mazzini believed that universal aspirations toward human freedom, equality, and international peace could best be realized through independent nation-states with homegrown democratic institutions. He thus envisioned what one might today call a genuine cosmopolitanism of nations.

Sphären der Gerechtigkeit

ein Plädoyer für Pluralität und Gleichheit

Author: Michael Walzer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593380358

Category:

Page: 478

View: 3474

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Die wissenschaftliche Gerechtigkeitsdebatte, jahrelang dominiert von John Rawls'”Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“, erhielt 1983 durch Michael Walzer eine bedeutende Wendung. In Abgrenzung von Rawls und anderen Gerechtigkeitstheoretikern entwickelte Walzer in seinem inzwischen klassisch gewordenen Werk seine Vision einer”komplexen Gleichheit“. Er geht davon aus, dass wahre Gerechtigkeit nicht durch einen wörtlich verstandenen Gleichheitsbegriff verwirklicht werden kann: Vielmehr verlangen verschiedene wichtige Güter - Reichtum, Macht, Arbeit, Liebe - auch verschiedene Modi der Verteilung. Walzer setzt sich nachdrücklich für einen neuen pluralistischen Gleichheitsbegriff ein, der bis heute nichts an Aktualität verloren hat.

The Right to Justification

Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519583

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 1706

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Contemporary philosophical pluralism recognizes the inevitability and legitimacy of multiple ethical perspectives and values, making it difficult to isolate the higher-order principles on which to base a theory of justice. Rising up to meet this challenge, Rainer Forst, a leading member of the Frankfurt School's newest generation of philosophers, conceives of an "autonomous" construction of justice founded on what he calls the basic moral right to justification. Forst begins by identifying this right from the perspective of moral philosophy. Then, through an innovative, detailed critical analysis, he ties together the central components of social and political justice freedom, democracy, equality, and toleration and joins them to the right to justification. The resulting theory treats "justificatory power" as the central question of justice, and by adopting this approach, Forst argues, we can discursively work out, or "construct," principles of justice, especially with respect to transnational justice and human rights issues. As he builds his theory, Forst engages with the work of Anglo-American philosophers such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen, and critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser, and Axel Honneth. Straddling multiple subjects, from politics and law to social protest and philosophical conceptions of practical reason, Forst brilliantly gathers contesting claims around a single, elastic theory of justice.