Cosmopolitanism and International Relations Theory

Author: Richard Beardsworth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745637302

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8365

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Globalization has been contested in recent times. Among the critical perspectives is cosmopolitanism. Yet, with the exception of normative theory, international relations as a field has ignored cosmopolitan thinking. This book redresses this gap and develops a dialogue between cosmopolitanism and international relations. The dialogue is structured around three debates between non-universalist theories of international relations and contemporary cosmopolitan thought. The theories chosen are realism, (post-)Marxism and postmodernism. All three criticize liberalism in the international domain, and, therefore, cosmopolitanism as an offshoot of liberalism. In the light of each school's respective critique of universalism, the book suggests both the importance and difficulty of the cosmopolitan perspective in the contemporary world. Beardsworth emphasizes the need for global leadership at nation-state level, re-embedding of the world economy, a cosmopolitan politics of the lesser violence, and cosmopolitan political judgement. He also suggests research agendas to situate further contemporary cosmopolitanism in international relations theory. This book will appeal to all students of political theory and international relations, especially those who are seeking more articulation of the main issues between cosmopolitanism and its critics in international relations.

Politicizing Ethics in International Relations

Cosmopolitanism as Hospitality

Author: Gideon Baker

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136812504

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 3313

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Addressing key issues including sovereignty, political community, democracy and international intervention, this book outlines a theory of cosmopolitan politics based on hospitality and makes an important contribution to the debates about cosmopolitanism and ethics in IR.

Cosmopolitan Global Politics

Author: Patrick Hayden

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754642763

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 7759

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Cosmopolitan conceptions of justice in global politics are gaining in importance in the field of international political theory. Cosmopolitanism claims that we owe duties of justice to all the persons of the world and thus that normative theories of global politics should focus first on the interests or welfare of persons rather than of states. Providing a thorough analysis of relevant literature and covering issues such as war and conflict, peace and human security, accountability for gross violations of human rights, environmental degradation, and the democratic deficit in transnational political actions and institutions, Patrick Hayden deftly examines the connections between accounts of cosmopolitanism and the part they play in contemporary global politics. He identifies competing theories of cosmopolitanism and defends them as strategies for serving the aims of justice in world affairs. Furthermore, he explores how cosmopolitan theories can function positively in processes of shaping international norms.

Weltarmut und Menschenrechte

kosmopolitische Verantwortung und Reformen

Author: Thomas Pogge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783111740164

Category: Cosmopolitanism

Page: 389

View: 8350

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Thomas Pogge s book explains why so many of the wealthy believe that they have no responsibility for the elimination of poverty even though a degree of income transfer seems morally required. The theories of the wealthy are seemingly disconnected from poverty in other countries. Pogge dispatches with this illusion and suggests a realistic standard of global economic justice."

Ethics, Justice and International Relations

Constructing an International Community

Author: Peter Sutch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134571585

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8569

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This topical and timely book critically explores contemporary liberal international relations theory. In the fifty years since the declaration of human rights, the language of international relations has come to incorporate the language of justice and injustice. The book argues that if justice is to become the governing principle of international politics, then liberals must recognise that their political preferences cannot be the preconditions of global ethics. The hierarchy of international political ethics must be constructed afresh so that the first principles of justice are accessible to all agents as political and ethical equals. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars in politics, international relations, political theory and ethics.

Politics and Cosmopolitanism in a Global Age

Author: Sonika Gupta,Sudarsan Padmanabhan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317341333

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 6192

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This book offers a unique reconceptualization of cosmopolitanism. It examines several themes that inform politics in a globalized era, including global governance, international law, citizenship, constitutionalism, community, domesticity, territory, sovereignty, and nationalism. The volume explores the specific philosophical and institutional challenges in constructing a cosmopolitan political community beyond the nation state. It reorients and decolonizes the boundaries of ‘cosmopolitanism’ and questions the contemporary discourse to posit inclusive alternatives. Presenting rich and diverse perspectives from across the world, the volume will interest scholars and students of politics and international relations, political theory, public policy, ethics, and philosophy.

The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism

Author: Gillian Brock,Harry Brighouse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521846608

Category: Law

Page: 262

View: 5946

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In a period of rapid internationalization of trade and increased labor mobility, is it relevant for nations to think about their moral obligations to others? Do national boundaries have fundamental moral significance, or do we have moral obligations to foreigners that are equal to our obligations to our compatriots? The latter position is known as cosmopolitanism, and this volume brings together a number of distinguished political philosophers and theorists to explore cosmopolitanism: what it consists in, and the positive case which can be made for it. Their essays provide a comprehensive overview of both the current state of the debate and the alternative visions of cosmopolitanism with which we can move forward, and they will interest a wide range of readers in philosophy, political theory, and law.

Kant and International Relations Theory

Cosmopolitan Community-building

Author: Dora Ion

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136334726

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 7818

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This book challenges popular international relations theories that claim to be based on the political writings of Immanuel Kant, and sheds new light on the philosopher's perspective on peace. Through an analysis of Kant's philosophical work and political traditions of his time, as well as of neglected concepts and theory, this book reappraises modern perspectives on his work. Kant advocated a cosmopolitan community building perspective of peace and international relations that considered issues that are now significant topics of debate such as state sovereignty and unequal access to resources. This book reveals how Kant's political views translate into a vision of international relations that cannot be associated with the democratic and neoliberal theories of peace which until now have claimed Kant's legacy. While the democratic peace theory continues to inspire policy-making, Kant's predictions on war and peace ultimately prove to be most appropriate for the current issues of globalization and diversity. Offering new insights into the meaning of peace and war in international relations, Kant and International Relations Theory is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of international relations and political theory, as well as for those interested in Kant's scholarship.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Ethics and International Relations

Author: Patrick Hayden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317043537

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 1839

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While skepticism about the role of moral considerations in international politics has been influential within the discipline of international relations (IR), those writing on topics such as war, peace, rights and trade up until the twentieth century took seriously the importance of ethical values and moral debates. The 1990s and 2000s have seen a substantial growth of attention to the ways in which IR conceives and analyzes themes of an ethical nature, and how issues, problems and policies involving ethics are addressed by a variety of actors within the international system. This indispensable research companion widens the perspective from 'ethics and international relations' to 'ethics in international relations', redressing the (mis)perception that ethical concepts, principles, norms and rules are not in part constitutive of the international system and the agents acting within that system. Necessarily cross-disciplinary, expertise is drawn from IR and also philosophy, political theory, religious studies, history and law, making this an ideal volume for any library reference collection.

Tragedy and International Relations

Author: T. Erskine,R. Lebow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390331

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 2635

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Nowhere are clashes between competing ethical perspectives more prevalent than in the realm of International Relations. Thus, understanding tragedy is directly relevant to understanding IR. This volume explores the various ways that tragedy can be used as a lens through which international relations might be brought into clearer focus.

Sphären der Gerechtigkeit

ein Plädoyer für Pluralität und Gleichheit

Author: Michael Walzer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593380358

Category:

Page: 478

View: 8748

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Die wissenschaftliche Gerechtigkeitsdebatte, jahrelang dominiert von John Rawls'”Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“, erhielt 1983 durch Michael Walzer eine bedeutende Wendung. In Abgrenzung von Rawls und anderen Gerechtigkeitstheoretikern entwickelte Walzer in seinem inzwischen klassisch gewordenen Werk seine Vision einer”komplexen Gleichheit“. Er geht davon aus, dass wahre Gerechtigkeit nicht durch einen wörtlich verstandenen Gleichheitsbegriff verwirklicht werden kann: Vielmehr verlangen verschiedene wichtige Güter - Reichtum, Macht, Arbeit, Liebe - auch verschiedene Modi der Verteilung. Walzer setzt sich nachdrücklich für einen neuen pluralistischen Gleichheitsbegriff ein, der bis heute nichts an Aktualität verloren hat.

Building Cosmopolitan Communities

A Critical and Multidimensional Approach

Author: A. Nascimento

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137348763

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 3645

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Building Cosmopolitan Communities contributes to current cosmopolitanism debates by evaluating the justification and application of norms and human rights in different communitarian settings in order to achieve cosmopolitan ideals. Relying on a critical tradition that spans from Kant to contemporary discourse philosophy, Nascimento proposes the concept of a "multidimensional discourse community." The multidimensional model is applied and tested in various dialogues, resulting in a new cosmopolitan ideal based on a contemporary discursive paradigm. As the first scholarly text to provide an interdisciplinary survey of the theories and discourses on human rights and cosmopolitanism, Building Cosmopolitan Communities is a valuable resource to scholars of philosophy, political science, social theory, and globalization studies.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author: Jack Snyder

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526911

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 8094

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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Im Zwielicht der Aufklärung

Diskursphilosophie und die unvollendete Debatte um die Postmoderne

Author: Amós Nascimento

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631582626

Category: Philosophy

Page: 269

View: 6220

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Ziel dieses Buches ist die indirekte und unvollendete Moderne/Postmoderne-Debatte zwischen der in Frankfurt von Jurgen Habermas und Karl-Otto Apel vertretenen Diskursphilosophie und dem in Paris von Jean-Francois Lyotard inaugurierten Postmodernen Poststrukturalismus wieder aufzunehmen. Da diese beiden Positionen die differenzierten Erben der Aufklarung bzw. der Lumiere vertreten, entweder Rationalitat oder Asthetik betonen, jeweils die Moderne oder die Postmoderne verteidigen und sich partielle Aspekte der Philosophie Immanuel Kants aneignen, fuhrt diese Debatte zu der Annahme einer scheinbaren Inkompatibilitat zwischen zwei Programmen. Um diese Inkompatibilitat in Frage zu stellen, wird die Perspektive einer sich transformierenden kritischen Theorie vorgeschlagen, die zuruck zu Kants "Kritik der Urteilskraft" fuhren muss. In der Moderne/Postmoderne-Debatte handelt es sich also um zwei Erben der europaischen Aufklarung, die Rekurs auf Immanuel Kant nehmen, aber differenzierte Bezuge zu Rationalitat und Asthetik haben. Dies fuhrt zu spannenden Auseinandersetzungen uber Universalitat und Pluralitat. So erklart sich der Titel "Im Zwielicht der Aufklarung.""

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 8849

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Pragmatic Cosmopolitanism

Representation and Leadership in Transnational Democracy

Author: D. Bray

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230342965

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 5560

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Building on the work of philosopher John Dewey, Bray develops an approach to transnational democracy called 'pragmatic cosmopolitanism'. He argues for an ideal of representative democracy that emphasizes the role of democratic leadership and the development of critical intelligence.

Zum ewigen Frieden und andere Schriften

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104018979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 8606

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Mit dem Werkbeitrag aus Kindlers Literatur Lexikon. Mit dem Autorenporträt aus dem Metzler Philosophen Lexikon. Mit Daten zu Leben und Werk, exklusiv verfasst von der Redaktion der Zeitschrift für Literatur TEXT + KRITIK. In einer seiner bekanntesten Schriften entwickelt Immanuel Kant mit atemberaubender Modernität ein Staatskonzept, das zum ›Ewigen Frieden‹ nicht nur eine politisch argumentierende Öffentlichkeit voraussetzt, sondern auch internationale Rechtsverbindlichkeit fordert. 150 Jahre später beginnen die Vereinten Nationen ihre Arbeit daran. Aber Kant mischt sich in seinen anderen Schriften auch in Fragen der Alltagskultur ein, die nichts an Aktualität verloren haben, zum Beispiel das Raubkopieren ...

Cosmopolitanism and Global Financial Reform

A Pragmatic Approach to the Tobin Tax

Author: James Brassett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113697072X

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 2265

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Acknowledgement of the ethical dimension of global finance is commonplace in the wake of financial crises. The sub-prime crisis and ensuing credit crunch are only the latest in a long run of global financial crises that wreak social havoc and force us to consider alternative possibilities for global finance. By defining cosmopolitanism and analysing how cosmopolitan ideas can increasingly provide an account of the governance of global finance, Brassett examines whether global finance can be regulated so as to provide cosmopolitan values like social security, equality and democratic accountability. It suggests that such an exercise is not adequately resourced by existing theoretical approaches to critical IPE and instead develops a new pragmatic approach based on the thought of Richard Rorty. Combining ethical theory with empirical analysis, it focuses on the Tobin Tax – (a proposal to place a small levy on foreign currency transactions to dampen speculation and raise vast revenues) – and explores whether it could underpin more cosmopolitan forms of global financial governance. This book situates cosmopolitan ideas in the extant dilemmas and indeterminacies of global ethics, suggesting alternatives where possible. It will be of interest to students and scholars of international ethics, global governance, global civil, international relations, international political economy, global finance, public policy, critical theory, political theory and philosophy.