Cosmopolitanism and International Relations Theory

Author: Richard Beardsworth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745637302

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1940

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Globalization has been contested in recent times. Among the critical perspectives is cosmopolitanism. Yet, with the exception of normative theory, international relations as a field has ignored cosmopolitan thinking. This book redresses this gap and develops a dialogue between cosmopolitanism and international relations. The dialogue is structured around three debates between non-universalist theories of international relations and contemporary cosmopolitan thought. The theories chosen are realism, (post-)Marxism and postmodernism. All three criticize liberalism in the international domain, and, therefore, cosmopolitanism as an offshoot of liberalism. In the light of each school's respective critique of universalism, the book suggests both the importance and difficulty of the cosmopolitan perspective in the contemporary world. Beardsworth emphasizes the need for global leadership at nation-state level, re-embedding of the world economy, a cosmopolitan politics of the lesser violence, and cosmopolitan political judgement. He also suggests research agendas to situate further contemporary cosmopolitanism in international relations theory. This book will appeal to all students of political theory and international relations, especially those who are seeking more articulation of the main issues between cosmopolitanism and its critics in international relations.

Cosmopolitan Global Politics

Author: Patrick Hayden

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754642763

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 2629

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Cosmopolitan conceptions of justice in global politics are gaining in importance in the field of international political theory. Cosmopolitanism claims that we owe duties of justice to all the persons of the world and thus that normative theories of global politics should focus first on the interests or welfare of persons rather than of states. Providing a thorough analysis of relevant literature and covering issues such as war and conflict, peace and human security, accountability for gross violations of human rights, environmental degradation, and the democratic deficit in transnational political actions and institutions, Patrick Hayden deftly examines the connections between accounts of cosmopolitanism and the part they play in contemporary global politics. He identifies competing theories of cosmopolitanism and defends them as strategies for serving the aims of justice in world affairs. Furthermore, he explores how cosmopolitan theories can function positively in processes of shaping international norms.

Weltarmut und Menschenrechte

kosmopolitische Verantwortung und Reformen

Author: Thomas Pogge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783111740164

Category: Cosmopolitanism

Page: 389

View: 8360

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Thomas Pogge s book explains why so many of the wealthy believe that they have no responsibility for the elimination of poverty even though a degree of income transfer seems morally required. The theories of the wealthy are seemingly disconnected from poverty in other countries. Pogge dispatches with this illusion and suggests a realistic standard of global economic justice."

Warum Krieg? / Zeitgemäßes über Krieg und Tod

Zwei Essays

Author: Sigmund Freud

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 395455271X

Category: Psychology

Page: 76

View: 1930

DOWNLOAD NOW »

1932 warf Albert Einstein in einem Brief an Sigmund Freud die Frage auf, inwieweit sich aus psychoanalytischer Sicht der menschliche Hang zur Destruktion eindämmen lässt. Freud stellte in dem Antwortschreiben den Lebenstrieb (Eros) dem auf Zerstörung gerichteten Todestrieb gegenüber und zog daraus den Schluss, das die allgemeine Kulturentwicklung sowie die Angst vor der Vernichtungskraft moderner Waffen militärischen Konflikten allmählich ein Ende bereiten werden. In »Zeitgemäßes über Krieg und Tod«, 1915 mitten im Ersten Weltkrieg veröffentlicht, hatte Freud bereits ähnlich argumentiert und einen sich im Krieg artikulierenden Konflikt zwischen Triebleben und Kultur konstatiert.

Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3965420968

Category: Philosophy

Page: 24

View: 4650

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Der Mensch will Eintracht; aber die Natur weiß besser, was für seine Gattung gut ist: sie will Zwietracht." Immanuel Kant. Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Erstdruck in: Berlinische Monatsschrift, S. 385-411, Berlin, November 1784. Vollständige Neuausgabe, Göttingen 2019. LIWI Literatur- und Wissenschaftsverlag.

Kant and International Relations Theory

Cosmopolitan Community-building

Author: Dora Ion

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136334726

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 683

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book challenges popular international relations theories that claim to be based on the political writings of Immanuel Kant, and sheds new light on the philosopher's perspective on peace. Through an analysis of Kant's philosophical work and political traditions of his time, as well as of neglected concepts and theory, this book reappraises modern perspectives on his work. Kant advocated a cosmopolitan community building perspective of peace and international relations that considered issues that are now significant topics of debate such as state sovereignty and unequal access to resources. This book reveals how Kant's political views translate into a vision of international relations that cannot be associated with the democratic and neoliberal theories of peace which until now have claimed Kant's legacy. While the democratic peace theory continues to inspire policy-making, Kant's predictions on war and peace ultimately prove to be most appropriate for the current issues of globalization and diversity. Offering new insights into the meaning of peace and war in international relations, Kant and International Relations Theory is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of international relations and political theory, as well as for those interested in Kant's scholarship.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Ethics and International Relations

Author: Professor Patrick Hayden

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409499197

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 2472

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This indispensable research companion widens the perspective of moral consideration in international relations from 'ethics and international relations' to 'ethics in international relations', redressing the (mis)perception that ethical concepts, principles, norms and rules are not in part constitutive of the international system and the agents acting within that system.

Tragedy and International Relations

Author: T. Erskine,R. Lebow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390331

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 7323

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Nowhere are clashes between competing ethical perspectives more prevalent than in the realm of International Relations. Thus, understanding tragedy is directly relevant to understanding IR. This volume explores the various ways that tragedy can be used as a lens through which international relations might be brought into clearer focus.

Politics and Cosmopolitanism in a Global Age

Author: Sonika Gupta,Sudarsan Padmanabhan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317341333

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 6689

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book offers a unique reconceptualization of cosmopolitanism. It examines several themes that inform politics in a globalized era, including global governance, international law, citizenship, constitutionalism, community, domesticity, territory, sovereignty, and nationalism. The volume explores the specific philosophical and institutional challenges in constructing a cosmopolitan political community beyond the nation state. It reorients and decolonizes the boundaries of ‘cosmopolitanism’ and questions the contemporary discourse to posit inclusive alternatives. Presenting rich and diverse perspectives from across the world, the volume will interest scholars and students of politics and international relations, political theory, public policy, ethics, and philosophy.

Building Cosmopolitan Communities

A Critical and Multidimensional Approach

Author: A. Nascimento

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137348763

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9354

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Building Cosmopolitan Communities contributes to current cosmopolitanism debates by evaluating the justification and application of norms and human rights in different communitarian settings in order to achieve cosmopolitan ideals. Relying on a critical tradition that spans from Kant to contemporary discourse philosophy, Nascimento proposes the concept of a "multidimensional discourse community." The multidimensional model is applied and tested in various dialogues, resulting in a new cosmopolitan ideal based on a contemporary discursive paradigm. As the first scholarly text to provide an interdisciplinary survey of the theories and discourses on human rights and cosmopolitanism, Building Cosmopolitan Communities is a valuable resource to scholars of philosophy, political science, social theory, and globalization studies.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author: Jack Snyder

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526911

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 7365

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 9501

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Cosmopolitanism and Global Financial Reform

A Pragmatic Approach to the Tobin Tax

Author: James Brassett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113697072X

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 1991

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Acknowledgement of the ethical dimension of global finance is commonplace in the wake of financial crises. The sub-prime crisis and ensuing credit crunch are only the latest in a long run of global financial crises that wreak social havoc and force us to consider alternative possibilities for global finance. By defining cosmopolitanism and analysing how cosmopolitan ideas can increasingly provide an account of the governance of global finance, Brassett examines whether global finance can be regulated so as to provide cosmopolitan values like social security, equality and democratic accountability. It suggests that such an exercise is not adequately resourced by existing theoretical approaches to critical IPE and instead develops a new pragmatic approach based on the thought of Richard Rorty. Combining ethical theory with empirical analysis, it focuses on the Tobin Tax – (a proposal to place a small levy on foreign currency transactions to dampen speculation and raise vast revenues) – and explores whether it could underpin more cosmopolitan forms of global financial governance. This book situates cosmopolitan ideas in the extant dilemmas and indeterminacies of global ethics, suggesting alternatives where possible. It will be of interest to students and scholars of international ethics, global governance, global civil, international relations, international political economy, global finance, public policy, critical theory, political theory and philosophy.

Ethics, Justice and International Relations

Constructing an International Community

Author: Peter Sutch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134571585

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7534

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This topical and timely book critically explores contemporary liberal international relations theory. In the fifty years since the declaration of human rights, the language of international relations has come to incorporate the language of justice and injustice. The book argues that if justice is to become the governing principle of international politics, then liberals must recognise that their political preferences cannot be the preconditions of global ethics. The hierarchy of international political ethics must be constructed afresh so that the first principles of justice are accessible to all agents as political and ethical equals. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars in politics, international relations, political theory and ethics.

The Right to Justification

Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519583

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 2020

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Contemporary philosophical pluralism recognizes the inevitability and legitimacy of multiple ethical perspectives and values, making it difficult to isolate the higher-order principles on which to base a theory of justice. Rising up to meet this challenge, Rainer Forst, a leading member of the Frankfurt School's newest generation of philosophers, conceives of an "autonomous" construction of justice founded on what he calls the basic moral right to justification. Forst begins by identifying this right from the perspective of moral philosophy. Then, through an innovative, detailed critical analysis, he ties together the central components of social and political justice freedom, democracy, equality, and toleration and joins them to the right to justification. The resulting theory treats "justificatory power" as the central question of justice, and by adopting this approach, Forst argues, we can discursively work out, or "construct," principles of justice, especially with respect to transnational justice and human rights issues. As he builds his theory, Forst engages with the work of Anglo-American philosophers such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen, and critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser, and Axel Honneth. Straddling multiple subjects, from politics and law to social protest and philosophical conceptions of practical reason, Forst brilliantly gathers contesting claims around a single, elastic theory of justice.

Parochialism, Cosmopolitanism, and the Foundations of International Law

Author: M. N. S. Sellers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521518024

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 2096

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book examines the boundary between parochial and cosmopolitan justice. To what extent should international law recognize or support the political, historical, cultural, and economic differences among nations? Ten lawyers and philosophers from five continents consider whether certain states or persons deserve special treatment, exemptions, or heightened duties under international law. This volume draws the line between international law, national jurisdiction, and the private autonomy of persons.

Adam Smith and the Circles of Sympathy

Cosmopolitanism and Moral Theory

Author: Fonna Forman-Barzilai

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521761123

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 369

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A broad-ranging 2010 study of Smith's views on moral judgement, humanitarian care, commerce, justice and international law.

Politics and Teleology in Kant

Author: Tatiana Patrone,Paul Formosa,Avery Goldman

Publisher: University of Wales Press

ISBN: 1783160675

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9179

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume critically examines and elucidates the complex relationship between politics and teleology in Kant's philosophical system. Examining this relationship is of key philosophical importance since Kant develops his political philosophy in the context of a teleological conception of the purposiveness of both nature and human history. Kant's approach poses the dual task of reconciling his normative political theory with both his priori moral philosophy and his teleological philosophy of nature and human history. The fourteen essays in this volume, by leading scholars in the field, explore the relationship between teleology and politics from multiple perspectives. Together, the essays explore Kant's normative political theory and legal philosophy, his cosmopolitanism and views on international relations, his theory of history, his theory of natural teleology, and the broader relationship between morality, history, nature and politics in Kant's works. This important new volume will be of interest to a wide audience, including Kant scholars, scholars and students working on topics in moral and political philosophy, the philosophy of history, political theory and political science, legal scholars and international relations theorists, as well as those interested broadly in the history of ideas.