Constructing Global Civil Society

Morality and Power in International Relations

Author: D. Chandler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230005845

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

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Global Civil Society is a crucial concept in International Relations today, used as both a description of new mechanisms of non-state actor and NGO engagement in international policy-making and as a normative political project of international change. David Chandler critically investigates the claims made by the advocates of global civil society, analyzing the limits of the concept as a way of describing actual policy processes and the political dynamics behind the search for an international source of collective ethical values and social change.

Global Civil Society

Contested Futures

Author: Gideon Baker,David Chandler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134256876

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6383

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For many commentators, global civil society is revolutionising our approach to global politics, as new non-state-based and border-free expressions of political community challenge territorial sovereignty as the exclusive basis for political community and identity. This challenge 'from below' to the nation-state system is increasingly seen as promising nothing less than a reconstruction, or a re-imagination, of world politics itself. Whether in terms of the democratisation of the institutions of global governance, the spread of human rights across the world, or the emergence of a global citizenry in a worldwide public sphere, global civil society is understood by many to provide the agency necessary for these hoped-for transformations. Global Civil Society asks whether this idea is such a qualitatively new phenomenon after all; whether the transformation of the nation-state system is actually within its reach; and what some of the drawbacks might be.

Human Security

Author: Mary Kaldor

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745638546

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 8203

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There is a real security gap in the world today. Millions of people in regions like the Middle East or East and Central Africa or Central Asia where new wars are taking place live in daily fear of violence. Moreover new wars are increasingly intertwined with other global risks the spread of disease, vulnerability to natural disasters, poverty and homelessness. Yet our security conceptions, drawn from the dominant experience of World War II and based on the use of conventional military force, do not reduce that insecurity; rather they make it worse. This book is an exploration of this security gap. It makes the case for a new approach to security based on a global conversation– a public debate among civil society groups and individuals as well as states and international institutions. The chapters follow on from Kaldors path breaking analysis of the character of new wars in places like the Balkans or Africa during the 1990s. The first four chapters provide a context; they cover the experience of humanitarian intervention, the nature of American power, the new nationalist and religious movements that are associated with globalization, and how these various aspects of current security dilemmas have played out in the Balkans. The last three chapters are more normative, dealing with the evolution of the idea of global civil society, the relevance of just war theory in a global era, and the concept of human security and what it might mean to implement such a concept. This book will appeal to all those interested in issues of peace and conflict, in particular to students of politics and international relations.

Territories of Citizenship

Author: L. Beckman,E. Erman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137031700

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

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A comprehensive exploration of theories of citizenship and inclusiveness in an age of globalization. The authors analyze democracy and the political community in a transnational context, using new critical, conceptual and normative perspectives on the borders, territories and political agents of the state.

The Future of Political Community

Author: Gideon Baker,Jens Bartelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134033354

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

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This book explores the alternative futures of political community and moves beyond the critique of what is wrong with existing, state-based forms of political community. It does so not with the defence of a particular normative model of political community in mind, but rather in the quest for new ways of thinking about political community itself. Exploring how the political must be rethought in the twenty-first century and beyond, this book is divided into three parts: Part I focuses on the core problem that, despite the obvious need to rethink political community ‘beyond’ the nation state, our conceptual language is still thoroughly shaped by modernity, its prioritisation of the state and sovereignty, and its assumption of unifying progress in history. Part II focuses on postmodern political community, these chapters take up the calls made above for new thinking about political community that goes ‘beyond’ modern conceptions. Part III turns to the question of the emergence and decline of new forms of political community. The purpose of this section is to consider how the transformation of political community occurs in practice, and what the primary driver of this change is globally, locally and historically. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of International Relations, Political and Social Theory.

EU Strategies on Governance Reform

Between Development and State-building

Author: Wil Hout

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135737649

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 6497

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This book discusses the European Union’s approach to governance reform in its development assistance relationships with various groups of developing countries. A group of expert authors outline the general features of the position on governance taken by the EU, which is currently the major multilateral donor of development assistance, and discuss the implementation of EU policies in a set of cases: the group of African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), Southeastern Europe, Central Asia, the Euro-Mediterranean, Latin America and fragile states. The contributions to the book argue that the EU’s position on governance reform, particularly since the adoption of the European Consensus on Development in 2005, has had distinctly neoliberal overtones. The EU’s governance-related strategies have been instrumental to deepening market-based reform in aid-receiving countries. Policies on state-building adopted by the EU reflect mainly the interests of and ideas embraced by the EU and its member states. To an important extent, the rhetoric accompanying EU policies does not match with the political and social dynamics inherent in governance structures on the ground in many of its aid-recipient partner countries. This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.

Rethinking the Liberal Peace

External Models and Local Alternatives

Author: Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136740473

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

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This book presents a critical analysis of the liberal peace project and offers possible alternatives and models.

The Politics of Belonging

Intersectional Contestations

Author: Nira Yuval-Davis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291979

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 6126

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"This is an in-depth examination of a slippery and contradictory subject. Knowledge alone is not enough for this type of project. It takes breaking out of narrow conceptual cages and unsettling what we think of as stable meanings. The author brings all of this to life in often unforgettable ways." - Saskia Sassen, Professor, Columbia University "National identities were once taken largely for granted in social science. Now they are part of an even more complex 'politics of belonging' that challenges both public affairs and the categories of social science. Nira Yuval-Davis offers a nuanced account that will be important for scholars and all those concerned with contemporary politics." - Craig Calhoun, Director, LSE This is a cutting-edge investigation of the challenging debates around belonging and the politics of belonging. Alongside the hegemonic forms of citizenship and nationalism which have tended to dominate our recent political and social history, Nira Yuval-Davis examines alternative contemporary political projects of belonging constructed around the notions of religion, cosmopolitanism and the feminist 'ethics of care'. The book also explores the effects of globalization, mass migration, the rise of both fundamentalist and human rights movements on such politics of belonging, as well as some of its racialized and gendered dimensions. A special space is given to the various feminist political movements that have been engaged as part of or in resistance to the political projects of belonging. Yuval-Davis deconstructs notions of national and ethnic and interrogates the effects that different political projects of belonging have on members of these collectivities who are differentially located socially, economically and politically.

Global Civil Society?

Author: John Keane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894623

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

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Amid fears of terrorism, rising tides of xenophobia, and protests, John Keane explores the contradictory arguments and traces the historical origins, contemporary meanings and political potential of globalization. Defending the idea of a global civil society, Keane stresses the need for new democratic ways of living and demonstrates how it is linked with such developments as turbocapitalism, social movements and the political institutions of "cosmocracy." Keane's provocative reflections in Global Civil Society? draw upon a variety of scholarly sources and offer a fresh perspective on contemporary political thinking and new global problems. John Keane was born in Australia and educated at the Universities of Adelaide, Toronto and Cambridge. He is Professor of Politics at the University of Westminster. In 1989, he founded the Centre for the Study of Democracy. His most recent work is a study of power, Václav Havel: A Political Tragedy in Six Acts (Basic Books, 1999). His other books include Civil Society: Old Images, New Visions (Stanford, 1998), Democracy and Civil Society (Verso Books, 1998), Reflections on Violence (Verso Books, 1996), the prizewinning Tom Paine: A Political Life (Little Brown, 1995), and The Media and Democracy (Blackwell, 1991). He has been awarded many fellowships and research grants and has lectured throughout the world; he often appears on radio and television and is a regular contributor to The Times Literary Supplement. Currently he is writing a full-scale history of democracy.

Human Rights in Global Politics

Author: Tim Dunne,Nicholas J. Wheeler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521641388

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 4110

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There is a stark contradiction between the theory of universal human rights and the everyday practice of human wrongs. This timely volume investigates whether human rights abuses are a result of the failure of governments to live up to a universal human rights standard, or whether the search for moral universals is a fundamentally flawed enterprise which distracts us from the task of developing rights in the context of particular ethical communities. In the first part of the book chapters by Ken Booth, Jack Donnelly, Chris Brown, Bhikhu Parekh and Mary Midgley explore the philosophical basis of claims to universal human rights. In the second part, Richard Falk, Mary Kaldor, Martin Shaw, Gil Loescher, Georgina Ashworth and Andrew Hurrell reflect on the role of the media, global civil society, states, migration, non-governmental organisations, capitalism, and schools and universities in developing a global human rights culture.

Religious Internationals in the Modern World

Globalization and Faith Communities since 1750

Author: A. Green,V. Viaene

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137031719

Category: Religion

Page: 383

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Tracing the emergence of 'Religious Internationals' as a distinctive new phenomenon in world history, this book transforms our understanding of the role of religion in our modern world. Through in-depth studies comparing the experiences of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jews and Muslims, leading experts shed new light on 'global civil society'.

Bosnia

Faking Democracy After Dayton

Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745316895

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 8962

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Fresh look at Kurdistan Iraq today, including the role of central government and international forces, and the region's political and economic future.

Humanitarian Intervention After Kosovo

Iraq, Darfur and the Record of Global Civil Society

Author: Aidan Hehir

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230542211

Category: Law

Page: 196

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Humanitarian Intervention after Kosovo identifies why the dominant pro-intervention position has not and cannot serve as a progressive template for establishing a viable model for humanitarian intervention.

Rethinking ethical foreign policy

pitfalls, possibilities and paradoxes

Author: David Chandler,Volker Heins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 5546

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Contemporary foreign policy is increasingly perceived to be about values rather than interests as traditionally conceived. Once marginal, ethics are today held to play a central role in foreign policy. This new book goes beyond current debates which locate the limitations to ethical foreign policy in the strategic and economic interests of nation-states. Rather than counter-posing interests and ethics, trying to find "hidden agendas," or emphasizing the double-standards at play in ethical foreign policy, this text brings together leading international theorists in order to develop a critical understanding of the rise of ethical foreign policy and to analyze the limits of ethical policy-making on its own terms. The book comprises of three clear sections that explore: theoretical issues, techniques and tactics of ethical intervention and the geography/ space of ethical intervention. The authors deal with the limits of "ethical foreign policy" both in the light of the internal dynamic of these policiesthemselves and with regard to the often unintended consequences of policies designed to better the world. Presenting a range of theoretical approaches to the study of ethical foreign policy in the US, UK and Europe, this topical book will be of strong interest to students and researchers of International Relations, Politics, Law and Philosophy.

Empire in denial

the politics of state-building

Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745324289

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 9911

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Ideal for students of international affairs, this book takes a critical look at state building.

Democracy

problems and perspectives

Author: Roland Axtmann

Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

View: 326

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This introduction to democratic thought explores the varieties of democratic imaginations and visions, past and present. It is divided into two parts, part one introduces the various classical and contemporary theories of democracy, part two looks at the way these theories function in practice.

Hollow Hegemony

Rethinking Global Politics, Power and Resistance

Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745329208

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 1599

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David Chandler explores the concept of 'global ideology' and how it impacts on politics, economics, and development studies, explaining why 'the global' is such a damaging construction and exposing the political vacuum at the heart of common perceptions of global politics. He argues that the pre-eminence of the global, whether in terms of global governance, global security or global resistance, is predicated on a lack rather than a presence. It is the lack of clear sites and articulations of power, the lack of clear security threats and the lack of clear political programmes or movements of resistance that drives the concept of international relations in global terms. This wide-ranging analysis is a perfect antidote for students frustrated with the abundant, but vague literature on globalization.

Rethinking Human Rights

Critical Approaches to International Politics

Author: D. Chandler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403914265

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 5308

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Rethinking Human Rights brings together a team of authors from fields as diverse as political theory, peace studies, international law and media studies - concerned with a new international agenda of human rights promotion. The collection presents an original and tightly argued critique of current trends and deals with a range of questions concerning the implication of human rights approaches for humanitarian aid, state sovereignty, international law, democracy and political autonomy.

Policing post-conflict cities

Author: Alice Hills

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781842779705

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

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In this book, Alice Hills discusses the interface between social order and security. Though analysts and aid donors generally focus on security, Hills argues that the concept of order is much more meaningful for peoples' lives. Focusing on the police as both providers of order and a measure of its success, the book shows that order depends more on what has gone before than on reconstruction efforts. From Kabul to Kigali and Kinshasa, and in Baghdad and Basra, with security increasingly ghettoized, people make their own rules for survival. Policing Postconflict Cities provides a powerful critique of the failure of liberal orthodoxy to understand the meaning of order.

Sustaining Civil Society

Economic Change, Democracy, and the Social Construction of Citizenship in Latin America

Author: Philip Oxhorn

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271048948

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 8187

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"Devoting particular emphasis to Bolivia, Chile, and Mexico, proposes a theory of civil society to explain the economic and political challenges for continuing democratization in Latin America"--Provided by publisher.