Complex Sovereignty

Reconstituting Political Authority in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Edgar Grande,Louis W. Pauly

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780802095282

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 2015

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. Editors Edgar Grande and Louis W. Pauly and the contributors to this volume elucidate the meaning of ?complex sovereignty? through a set of conceptual and empirical studies.

Religion, Education and Governance in the Middle East

Between Tradition and Modernity

Author: Professor Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409471918

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 6014

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The Middle East is a key geopolitical strategic region in the international system but its distinctive cultural and political divisions present a mosaic of states that do not lend themselves to simplistic interpretations. A thoughtful analysis of the Middle East requires an understanding of the synergism between tradition and modernity in the region as it adapts to a globalizing world. Religious education and activism continue to remain a significant factor in the modernization process and the development of modern governance in the states of the Middle East. This interdisciplinary book explores the historical and contemporary role of religious tradition and education on political elites and governing agencies in several major states as well as generally in the region. The relationship between democracy and authority is examined to provide a better understanding of the complexity underlying the emergence of new power configurations. As the region continues to respond to the forces of change in the international system it remains an important and intriguing area for analysts.

The Routledge Research Companion to Security Outsourcing

Author: Joakim Berndtsson,Christopher Kinsey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317042220

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 630

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Conveniently structured into five sections, The Routledge Research Companion to Outsourcing Security offers an overview of the different ways in which states have come to rely on private contractors to support interventions. Part One puts into context the evolution of outsourcing in Western states that are actively involved in expeditionary operations as well as the rise of the commercial security sector in Afghanistan. To explain the various theoretical frameworks that students can use to study security/military outsourcing, Part Two outlines the theories behind security outsourcing. Part Three examines the law and ethics surrounding the outsourcing of security by focusing on how states might monitor contractor behaviour, hold them to account and prosecute them where their behaviour warrants such action. The drivers, politics and consequences of outsourcing foreign policy are covered in Part Four, which is divided into two sections: section one is concerned with armed contractors (providing the provision of private security with the main driver being a capability gap on the part of the military/law enforcement agencies), and section two looks at military contractors (supporting military operations right back to antiquity, less controversial politically and often technologically driven). The final Part takes into consideration emerging perspectives, exploring areas such as gender, feminist methodology, maritime security and the impact of private security on the military profession. This book will be of much interest to students of military and security studies, foreign policy and International Relations.

Governance Without a State?

Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood

Author: Thomas Risse

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231521871

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8240

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Governance discourse centers on an "ideal type" of modern statehood that exhibits full internal and external sovereignty and a legitimate monopoly on the use of force. Yet modern statehood is an anomaly, both historically and within the contemporary international system, while the condition of "limited statehood," wherein countries lack the capacity to implement central decisions and monopolize force, is the norm. Limited statehood, argue the authors in this provocative collection, is in fact a fundamental form of governance, immune to the forces of economic and political modernization. Challenging common assumptions about sovereign states and the evolution of modern statehood, particularly the dominant paradigms supported by international relations theorists, development agencies, and international organizations, this volume explores strategies for effective and legitimate governance within a framework of weak and ineffective state institutions. Approaching the problem from the perspectives of political science, history, and law, contributors explore the factors that contribute to successful governance under conditions of limited statehood. These include the involvement of nonstate actors and nonhierarchical modes of political influence. Empirical chapters analyze security governance by nonstate actors, the contribution of public-private partnerships to promote the United Nations Millennium Goals, the role of business in environmental governance, and the problems of Western state-building efforts, among other issues. Recognizing these forms of governance as legitimate, the contributors clarify the complexities of a system the developed world must negotiate in the coming century.

Political Representation and European Union Governance

Author: Peter Mair,Jacques Thomassen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317986636

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 1718

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This book confronts and discusses different conceptions of political representation with respect to their application to the system of multi-level governance in the European Union. Political representation is an essentially contested concept. Its meaning has evolved with the development of representative democracy at the level of the nation state, and normative theories of political representation often evolved as a reflection on developing practices rather than the other way around. Since the EU is not a conventional nation state, and since the effectiveness and legitimacy of classic notions of political representation at the level of the national state has also become a matter of dispute, the EU has become a playground for the development of alternative or additional conceptions of democracy. The contributions to this volume evaluate these alternative conceptions with regard to both their effectiveness and their legitimacy, and combine both conceptual and empirical analyses. This book was based on a special issue of Journal of European Public Policy.

Accountability and European Governance

Author: Deirdre Curtin,Peter Mair,Yannis Papadopoulos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317999568

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2438

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In recent years there has been a considerable effort in some transnational organizations and institutions to confront a crisis of legitimacy by promising more accountability and openness. This volume takes as its central focus the role of accountability in democratic governance, and attempts to position a broad understanding of the notion of accountability within the overall context of the evolving political system of governance in Europe and in particular of the European Union. Bringing together new work by some of the leading scholars in the field, this volume considers the relationship between accountability and a wide range of other themes in European governance such as problems of representation, transparency, bureaucracy, and transnational relations. The volume also deals with the role of accountability in multi-level governance, and its relationship to both direct democracy and civil society. This book was published as a special issue of West European Politics.

Back to Basics

State Power in a Contemporary World

Author: Martha Finnemore,Judith Goldstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199339716

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 7854

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No scholar better exemplifies the intellectual challenges foisted on the Neorealist school of international relations than prominent scholar Stephen Krasner (Graham H. Stuart Professor of International Studies, the Senior Associate Dean for the Social Sciences, School of Humanities & Sciences, and Director of Policy Planning at the US State Department 2005-2007). Throughout his career he has wrestled with realism's promises and limitations. Krasner has always been a prominent defender of realism and the importance of power understood in material terms, whether military or economic. Yet realist frameworks rarely provided a complete explanation for outcomes, in Krasner's analyses, and much of his work involved understanding power's role in situations not well explained by realism. If states seek power, why do we see cooperation? If hegemony promotes cooperation why does cooperation continue in the face of America's decline? Do states actually pursue their national interests or do domestic structures and values derail the rational pursuit of material objectives? Krasner's explanations were as diverse as were the problems. They pushed, to use his phrase, "the limits of realism." Edited by Martha Finnemore and Judith Goldstein, Back to Basics asks scholars to reflect on the role power plays in contemporary politics and how a power politics approach is influential today. The arguments made by the authors in this volume speak to one of three themes that run through Krasner's work: state power and hegemony; the relationship between states and markets; conceptions of the nation state in international politics. These themes appeared regularly in Krasner's scholarship as he wrestled, over his career, with fundamental questions of inter-state politics. Contributors largely agree on the centrality of power but diverge substantially on the ways power is manifest and should be measured and understood. Many of the contributors confronted the same intellectual dilemmas as Krasner in struggling to define power and its relationship to interests, yet their responses are different. Together, these essays explore new ways of thinking about power's role in contemporary politics and demonstrate the concepts continued relevance for both policy and theory.

The Making of Informal States

Statebuilding in Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria

Author: D. Isachenko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230392067

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 413

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Using the cases of Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria, the author examines state-building as practiced by informal states. Exploring symbolic and economic dimensions of state-building projects and using insights from political sociology, she investigates how they function under circumstances of non-recognition.

Entgrenzte Demokratie?

Herausforderungen für die politische Interessenvermittlung

Author: Otfried Jarren,Dominik Lachenmeier,Adrian Steiner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication

Page: 367

View: 7355

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Osteuropa

Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: Aron Buzogány,Rolf Frankenberger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832930646

Category: Europe, Eastern

Page: 291

View: 6093

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The Balancing Act

National Identity and Sovereignty for Britain in Europe

Author: Atsuko Ichijo

Publisher: Societas

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 151

View: 418

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This book is a careful examination of the historical formation of Britain as a conglomerate state and of key moments in its interrelations with the European powers. The author relates this to the governing discourses of politicians, the mass media and of the British people. There emerges the centrality of the rhetoric of sovereignty to political elites and to the population at large, one that conceives of Britain's engagement with Europe as a zero-sum game. A second related theme is the power of geographical images - of Britain as an island, in giving sustenance to this idea of the British nation as by nature separate and autonomous. It follows then that the European Union is seen as 'other' and that involvement in European decision-making tends to be viewed in terms of threat rather than of possibility.Dr Ichijo argues that the concept of sovereignty that underlies this is somewhat naive, since nation-states are not autonomous, economically, militarily or politically, in an increasing

Complexity and Public Policy

A New Approach to Twenty-first Century Politics, Policy and Society

Author: Robert Geyer,Samir Rihani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415556637

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 5589

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This book provides a clear, concise and readable introduction to complexity thinking, its application to the social sciences and public policy, and the relevance of some of its various tools to those fields of politics, health, the international realm, development, planning and terrorism. The authors argue that the foundation for many of the current crises in these areas can be traced to the attempt by social scientists and policy-makers to treat these systems and processes as fundamentally orderly, predictable and controllable. By providing an overview of complex systems, a practical introduction to basic concepts and tools of these systems, and examples for understanding and managing them in real life policy situations they provide an exciting new perspective for rethinking our basic approaches to the social sciences and for understanding and managing the increasingly interdependent world of public policy. The book is vital reading for students and scholars of the social sciences and public policy, and also policymakers and the policy actor audience.

On global order

power, values, and the constitution of international society

Author: Andrew Hurrell

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 354

View: 3742

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How is the world organized politically? What forms of international political organization are required to deal with such problems as climate change, nuclear proliferation or the management of globalization? Drawing on work in International Relations, International Law and Global Governance, this book aims to provide a clear and wide-ranging introduction to the analysis of global political order. Connecting classical arguments with contemporary theories, it explores the fate of international society in an era of globalization and asks how it has confronted its three most fundamental challenges: the promotion of common interest; the management of unequal power; and the mediation of diversity and conflicting values. Book jacket.

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 3921

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Playing the identity card

surveillance, security and identification in global perspective

Author: Colin J. Bennett,David Lyon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415465649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 287

View: 3275

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National identity cards are in the news. While paper ID documents have been used in some countries for a long time, today's rapid growth features high-tech IDs with built-in biometrics and RFID chips. Both long-term trends towards e-Government and the more recent responses to 9/11 have prompted the quest for more stable identity systems. Commercial pressures mix with security rationales to catalyze ID development, aimed at accuracy, efficiency and speed. New ID systems also depend on computerized national registries. Many questions are raised about new IDs but they are often limited by focusing on the cards themselves or on "privacy." Playing the Identity Card shows not only the benefits of how the state can "see" citizens better using these instruments but also the challenges this raises for civil liberties and human rights. ID cards are part of a broader trend towards intensified surveillance and as such are understood very differently according to the history and cultures of the countries concerned.

Private Institutions and Global Governance

The New Politics of Environmental Sustainability

Author: Philipp H. Pattberg

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3317

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'Philipp Pattberg's excellent study explores much uncharted ground and provides new insights in analysing the growing role of private institutions in an emerging system of governance.' - Karl Kaiser, Harvard University, US This book analyses the recent emergence of transnational forms of environmental regulation within the larger conceptual context of global governance research and institutional theory. Increasingly, private policies at the transnational level complement, and in some cases even replace, public interventions. the author takes a deep and broad look at the phenomenon to account for both the emergence and the influence of private institutions in global governance and sustainability.