Complex Sovereignty

Reconstituting Political Authority in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Edgar Grande,Louis W. Pauly

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780802095282

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 6970

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. Editors Edgar Grande and Louis W. Pauly and the contributors to this volume elucidate the meaning of ?complex sovereignty? through a set of conceptual and empirical studies.

Religion, Education and Governance in the Middle East

Between Tradition and Modernity

Author: Professor Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409471918

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 5901

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The Middle East is a key geopolitical strategic region in the international system but its distinctive cultural and political divisions present a mosaic of states that do not lend themselves to simplistic interpretations. A thoughtful analysis of the Middle East requires an understanding of the synergism between tradition and modernity in the region as it adapts to a globalizing world. Religious education and activism continue to remain a significant factor in the modernization process and the development of modern governance in the states of the Middle East. This interdisciplinary book explores the historical and contemporary role of religious tradition and education on political elites and governing agencies in several major states as well as generally in the region. The relationship between democracy and authority is examined to provide a better understanding of the complexity underlying the emergence of new power configurations. As the region continues to respond to the forces of change in the international system it remains an important and intriguing area for analysts.

Learning to School

Federalism and Public Schooling in Canada

Author: Jennifer Wallner

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442669292

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 413

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Among countries in the industrialized world, Canada is the only one without a national department of education, national standards for education, and national regulations for elementary or secondary schooling. For many observers, the system seems impractical and almost incoherent. But despite a total lack of federal oversight, the educational policies of all ten provinces are very similar today. Without intervention from Ottawa, the provinces have fashioned what amounts to a de facto pan-Canadian system. Learning to School explains how and why the provinces have achieved this unexpected result. Beginning with the earliest provincial education policies and taking readers right up to contemporary policy debates, the book chronicles how, through learning and cooperation, the provinces gradually established a country-wide system of public schooling. A rich and ambitious work of scholarship, it will appeal to readers seeking fresh insights on Canadian federalism, education policy, and policy diffusion.

Political Representation and European Union Governance

Author: Peter Mair,Jacques Thomassen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317986636

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

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This book confronts and discusses different conceptions of political representation with respect to their application to the system of multi-level governance in the European Union. Political representation is an essentially contested concept. Its meaning has evolved with the development of representative democracy at the level of the nation state, and normative theories of political representation often evolved as a reflection on developing practices rather than the other way around. Since the EU is not a conventional nation state, and since the effectiveness and legitimacy of classic notions of political representation at the level of the national state has also become a matter of dispute, the EU has become a playground for the development of alternative or additional conceptions of democracy. The contributions to this volume evaluate these alternative conceptions with regard to both their effectiveness and their legitimacy, and combine both conceptual and empirical analyses. This book was based on a special issue of Journal of European Public Policy.

Governance Without a State?

Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood

Author: Thomas Risse

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231521871

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4044

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Governance discourse centers on an "ideal type" of modern statehood that exhibits full internal and external sovereignty and a legitimate monopoly on the use of force. Yet modern statehood is an anomaly, both historically and within the contemporary international system, while the condition of "limited statehood," wherein countries lack the capacity to implement central decisions and monopolize force, is the norm. Limited statehood, argue the authors in this provocative collection, is in fact a fundamental form of governance, immune to the forces of economic and political modernization. Challenging common assumptions about sovereign states and the evolution of modern statehood, particularly the dominant paradigms supported by international relations theorists, development agencies, and international organizations, this volume explores strategies for effective and legitimate governance within a framework of weak and ineffective state institutions. Approaching the problem from the perspectives of political science, history, and law, contributors explore the factors that contribute to successful governance under conditions of limited statehood. These include the involvement of nonstate actors and nonhierarchical modes of political influence. Empirical chapters analyze security governance by nonstate actors, the contribution of public-private partnerships to promote the United Nations Millennium Goals, the role of business in environmental governance, and the problems of Western state-building efforts, among other issues. Recognizing these forms of governance as legitimate, the contributors clarify the complexities of a system the developed world must negotiate in the coming century.

The Organization of European Security Governance

Internal and External Security in Transition

Author: Ursula C. Schroeder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113674522X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7742

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The Organization of European Security Governance investigates what impact the changing nature of security challenges has had on the organization of security governance in Europe. As the most pervasive security challenges today are difficult to classify as either internal or external, the traditional divide between domestic and international security has become blurred. In response, European leaders have emphasized the need to develop comprehensive and horizontal approaches to security in the European Union. But has the European Union been able to deliver a coherent response to this new security environment? In a detailed comparative study of two crucial policy fields - EU counter-terrorism and post-conflict crisis management – the book outlines the scope of the ongoing transformation of Europe's security order, examines its challenges and explains its defects. This important volume will be of interest to students and scholars of Security Studies and European Politics.

The Transnational Governance of Violence and Crime

Non-State Actors in Security

Author: A. Jakobi,K. Wolf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137334428

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 2034

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Building upon a range of case studies that range from civil war to maritime security and cyber crime, the contributors analyse how non-state actors can and should be involved in contributing to state and human security.

Back to Basics

State Power in a Contemporary World

Author: Martha Finnemore,Judith Goldstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199339716

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 1940

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No scholar better exemplifies the intellectual challenges foisted on the Neorealist school of international relations than prominent scholar Stephen Krasner (Graham H. Stuart Professor of International Studies, the Senior Associate Dean for the Social Sciences, School of Humanities & Sciences, and Director of Policy Planning at the US State Department 2005-2007). Throughout his career he has wrestled with realism's promises and limitations. Krasner has always been a prominent defender of realism and the importance of power understood in material terms, whether military or economic. Yet realist frameworks rarely provided a complete explanation for outcomes, in Krasner's analyses, and much of his work involved understanding power's role in situations not well explained by realism. If states seek power, why do we see cooperation? If hegemony promotes cooperation why does cooperation continue in the face of America's decline? Do states actually pursue their national interests or do domestic structures and values derail the rational pursuit of material objectives? Krasner's explanations were as diverse as were the problems. They pushed, to use his phrase, "the limits of realism." Edited by Martha Finnemore and Judith Goldstein, Back to Basics asks scholars to reflect on the role power plays in contemporary politics and how a power politics approach is influential today. The arguments made by the authors in this volume speak to one of three themes that run through Krasner's work: state power and hegemony; the relationship between states and markets; conceptions of the nation state in international politics. These themes appeared regularly in Krasner's scholarship as he wrestled, over his career, with fundamental questions of inter-state politics. Contributors largely agree on the centrality of power but diverge substantially on the ways power is manifest and should be measured and understood. Many of the contributors confronted the same intellectual dilemmas as Krasner in struggling to define power and its relationship to interests, yet their responses are different. Together, these essays explore new ways of thinking about power's role in contemporary politics and demonstrate the concepts continued relevance for both policy and theory.

The Making of Informal States

Statebuilding in Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria

Author: D. Isachenko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230392067

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1236

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Using the cases of Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria, the author examines state-building as practiced by informal states. Exploring symbolic and economic dimensions of state-building projects and using insights from political sociology, she investigates how they function under circumstances of non-recognition.

Global Liberalism and Political Order

Toward a New Grand Compromise?

Author: Steven Bernstein

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791480283

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 4724

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Examines the possibilities of global governance in the wake of the challenges of globalization.

Power in a Complex Global System

Author: Louis W. Pauly,Bruce W. Jentleson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317812697

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 3523

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Can twenty-first century global challenges be met through the limited adaptation of existing political institutions and prevailing systemic norms, or is a more fundamental reconstitution of governing authority unavoidable? Are the stresses evident in domestic social compacts capable of undermining the fundamental policy capacity of contemporary governments? This book, inspired by the work of the distinguished scholar Peter J. Katzenstein, examines these important and pressing questions. In a period of complex political transition, the authors combine original research and intensive dialogue to build on Katzenstein’s innovative insights. They highlight his seminal work on variations in domestic structures, on the role of ideologies of social partnership, on the regionally differentiated foundations of political legitimation, on diverse conceptions of "civilization," and on the idea and practice of power in a tenuous American imperium. Together, the chapters map the complex terrain upon which legitimate political authority and effective policy capacity will have to be reconstituted to address twenty-first-century global, regional and state-level challenges. The book will be of great interest to students and scholars in international organization, global governance, foreign policy analysis, and comparative politics.

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 6797

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Demagogue

The Fight to Save Democracy from Its Worst Enemies

Author: Michael Signer

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780230618565

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2596

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A demagogue is a tyrant who owes his initial rise to the democratic support of the masses. Huey Long, Hugo Chavez, and Moqtada al-Sadr are all clear examples of this dangerous byproduct of democracy. Demagogue takes a long view of the fight to defend democracy from within, from the brutal general Cleon in ancient Athens, the demagogues who plagued the bloody French Revolution, George W. Bush's naïve democratic experiment in Iraq, and beyond. This compelling narrative weaves stories about some of history's most fascinating figures, including Adolf Hitler, Senator Joe McCarthy, and General Douglas Macarthur, and explains how humanity's urge for liberty can give rise to dark forces that threaten that very freedom. To find the solution to democracy's demagogue problem, the book delves into the stories of four great thinkers who all personally struggled with democracy--Plato, Alexis de Tocqueville, Leo Strauss, and Hannah Arendt.

The Balancing Act

National Identity and Sovereignty for Britain in Europe

Author: Atsuko Ichijo

Publisher: Societas

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 151

View: 457

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This book is a careful examination of the historical formation of Britain as a conglomerate state and of key moments in its interrelations with the European powers. The author relates this to the governing discourses of politicians, the mass media and of the British people. There emerges the centrality of the rhetoric of sovereignty to political elites and to the population at large, one that conceives of Britain's engagement with Europe as a zero-sum game. A second related theme is the power of geographical images - of Britain as an island, in giving sustenance to this idea of the British nation as by nature separate and autonomous. It follows then that the European Union is seen as 'other' and that involvement in European decision-making tends to be viewed in terms of threat rather than of possibility.Dr Ichijo argues that the concept of sovereignty that underlies this is somewhat naive, since nation-states are not autonomous, economically, militarily or politically, in an increasing

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674979850

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 1568

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The main driver of inequality—returns on capital that exceed the rate of economic growth—is again threatening to generate extreme discontent and undermine democratic values. Thomas Piketty’s findings in this ambitious, original, rigorous work will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about wealth and inequality.

On global order

power, values, and the constitution of international society

Author: Andrew Hurrell

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 354

View: 3616

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How is the world organized politically? What forms of international political organization are required to deal with such problems as climate change, nuclear proliferation or the management of globalization? Drawing on work in International Relations, International Law and Global Governance, this book aims to provide a clear and wide-ranging introduction to the analysis of global political order. Connecting classical arguments with contemporary theories, it explores the fate of international society in an era of globalization and asks how it has confronted its three most fundamental challenges: the promotion of common interest; the management of unequal power; and the mediation of diversity and conflicting values. Book jacket.

Innovative governance in the European Union

the politics of multilevel policymaking

Author: Ingeborg Tömmel,Amy Verdun

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 363

View: 2034

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Do the traditional tools of governance make sense in the decidedly nontraditional political entity that is the European Union? Or are the realities of the unique EU system generating new, and sometimes eclectic approaches to policymaking? Responding to these questions, Innovative Governance in the European Union explores the emergence and development of governance approaches in a wide range of policy areas.The book¿s strong conceptual framework coupled with extensive empirical studies allows systematic comparison across EU policy areas. It also sheds light on the politics of policymaking in the context of the incentives and constraints set by the EU¿s institutional structure. Taken as a whole, it provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the forms of governance now emerging in the European Union.

Business power in global governance

Author: Doris A. Fuchs

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 233

View: 1411

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"Has the political power of big business, particularly transnational corporations (TNCs), increased in our globalizing world? What, if anything, constrains TNCs? Analyzing the role of business in the global arena, this systematic and theoretically grounded book addresses these questions."--BOOK JACKET.

Playing the identity card

surveillance, security and identification in global perspective

Author: Colin J. Bennett,David Lyon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415465649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 287

View: 5793

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National identity cards are in the news. While paper ID documents have been used in some countries for a long time, today's rapid growth features high-tech IDs with built-in biometrics and RFID chips. Both long-term trends towards e-Government and the more recent responses to 9/11 have prompted the quest for more stable identity systems. Commercial pressures mix with security rationales to catalyze ID development, aimed at accuracy, efficiency and speed. New ID systems also depend on computerized national registries. Many questions are raised about new IDs but they are often limited by focusing on the cards themselves or on "privacy." Playing the Identity Card shows not only the benefits of how the state can "see" citizens better using these instruments but also the challenges this raises for civil liberties and human rights. ID cards are part of a broader trend towards intensified surveillance and as such are understood very differently according to the history and cultures of the countries concerned.

Complexity and Public Policy

A New Approach to Twenty-first Century Politics, Policy and Society

Author: Robert Geyer,Samir Rihani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415556637

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 2279

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This book provides a clear, concise and readable introduction to complexity thinking, its application to the social sciences and public policy, and the relevance of some of its various tools to those fields of politics, health, the international realm, development, planning and terrorism. The authors argue that the foundation for many of the current crises in these areas can be traced to the attempt by social scientists and policy-makers to treat these systems and processes as fundamentally orderly, predictable and controllable. By providing an overview of complex systems, a practical introduction to basic concepts and tools of these systems, and examples for understanding and managing them in real life policy situations they provide an exciting new perspective for rethinking our basic approaches to the social sciences and for understanding and managing the increasingly interdependent world of public policy. The book is vital reading for students and scholars of the social sciences and public policy, and also policymakers and the policy actor audience.