Companion Animals and Us

Exploring the Relationships Between People and Pets

Author: Anthony L. Podberscek,Elizabeth S. Paul,James A. Serpell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521017718

Category: Pets

Page: 348

View: 9033

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Explores our complex relationships with pets.

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies

Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526768

Category: Nature

Page: 488

View: 4426

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Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.

Bindung zu Tieren

Psychologische und neurobiologische Grundlagen tiergestützter Interventionen

Author: H. Julius,A. Beetz,K. Kotrschal,D.C. Turner,K. Unväs-Moberg

Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag

ISBN: 3840924944

Category: Psychology

Page: 239

View: 1121

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Die uralte Beziehung zwischen Mensch und Tier hat in jüngerer Zeit durch den Einsatz von Tieren in Therapie und Pädagogik neues Interesse geweckt. Tiergestützte Interventionen nutzen die Beziehung zwischen Mensch und Tier, um psychische Gesundheit zu fördern und die soziale, emotionale und sogar kognitive Entwicklung von Kindern, Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen zu unterstützen. Aber warum sind Menschen und Tiere überhaupt in der Lage, Beziehungen einzugehen? Warum kann diese Beziehung einen therapeutischen Effekt haben? Und wie lässt sich dieses Wissen für die Praxis tiergestützter Interventionen nutzen? In diesem einzigartigen Buch haben führende Fachleute aus Psychologie, Neurobiologie und Evolutionsbiologie aktuelle Wissensbestände ihrer Fachrichtungen integriert, um diese Fragen zu beantworten. Zusammen haben sie ein wissenschaftliches Erklärungsmodell entwickelt, das die bisherigen Daten erklärbar macht und die weitere Entwicklung, Implementation und Evaluation effektiver, tiergestützter Interventionen ermöglicht.

Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Author: Adam Miklosi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191045721

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 4103

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This is the first book to collate and synthesize the recent burgeoning primary research literature on dog behaviour, evolution, and cognition. The author presents a new ecological approach to the understanding of dog behaviour, demonstrating how dogs can be the subject of rigorous and productive scientific study without the need to confine them to a laboratory environment. This second, fully updated edition of Dog Behaviour, Evolution and Cognition starts with an overview of the conceptual and methodological issues associated with the study of the dog, followed by a brief description of their role in human society. An evolutionary perspective is then introduced with a summary of current research into the process of domestication. The central part of the book is devoted to issues relating to the cognitive aspects of behaviour which have received particular attention in recent years from both psychologists and ethologists. The book's final chapters introduce the reader to many novel approaches to dog behaviour, set in the context of behavioural development and genetics. This second edition recognises and discusses the fact that dogs are increasingly being used as model organisms for studying aspects of human biology, such as genetic diseases and ageing. Specific attention is also given in this edition to attachment behaviour which emerges between humans and dogs, the importance of inter-specific communication in the success of dogs in human communities and the broad aspects of social cognition and how this may contribute to human-dog cooperation Directions for future research are highlighted throughout the text which also incorporates links to human and primate research by drawing on homologies and analogies in both evolution and behaviour. The book will therefore be of relevance and use to anyone with an interest in behavioural ecology including graduate students of animal behaviour and cognition, as well as a more general audience of dog enthusiasts, biologists, psychologists, veterinarians, and sociologists.

The Significance of Children and Animals

Social Development and Our Connections to Other Species

Author: O. Gene Myers

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557534292

Category: Nature

Page: 241

View: 1791

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What role does an animal play in a child's developing sense of self? Are children and animals interacting in ways no longer recognizable to adults? ""The Significance of Children and Animals"" addresses these and other intriguing questions by revealing the interconnected lives of the inhabitants of the preschool classroom - an environment abounding in childish verbal and nonverbal interactions with birds, turtles, toads, birds, bugs, and other creatures. Regarded as a pivotal analysis of child-animal interaction with wider implications for human-animal studies, the original 1998 edition has been revised here to incorporate the recent literature, while preserving the basic nature of the text. This book provides a delightful and rewarding opportunity for parents, educators, and students of early childhood social development, as well as scholars of the intersection of human experience and the natural environment.

Animal-assisted Psychotherapy

Theory, Issues, and Practice

Author: Nancy Parish-Plass

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557536511

Category: Medical

Page: 498

View: 7489

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The use of animals by psychotherapists has been a growing trend. Psychological problems treated include emotional and behavioral problems, attachment issues, trauma, and developmental disorders. An influential 1970s survey suggests that over 20 percent of therapists in the psychotherapy division of the American Psychological Association incorporated animals into their treatment in some fashion. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the number is much higher today. Since Yeshiva psychologist Boris Levinson popularized the use of animals in the 1960s, Israel has come to be perhaps the most advanced country in the world in the area of animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP). This is true especially in the area of training programs, theory-building, and clinical practice. Great effort has been put into understanding the mechanisms behind AAP, as well as into developing ethical guidelines that take into account the therapist's responsibility toward both client and animal. This book exposes the world to the theory and practice of AAP as conceived and used in Israel. It emphasizes evidence-based and clinically sound applications, differentiating between AAP, a psychotherapeutic approach, and AAE (animal-assisted education) and AAA (animal-assisted activities), both of which are psychoeducational. Not anyone and his/her dog can become an animal-assisted therapist, and this volume demonstrates not only the promise of animal-assisted psychotherapeutic approaches, but also some of the challenges the field still needs to overcome to gain widespread legitimacy.

Animals are the Issue

Library Resources on Animal Issues

Author: Linda S Katz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131795162X

Category: Pets

Page: 166

View: 4639

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Supply your library with the best collection of resources on animal issues! Animals are the Issue: Library Resources on Animal Issues is a guide to books, journals, and Web sites on historic and modern animal treatment. Expert librarians and scholars provide helpful resources showing what ideals and practical solutions exist in animal rights and welfare debates. With this book, students, philosophers, and politicians can find the best of written and electronic resources about the protection and ethical use of animals by humankind. Animals are the Issue stands alone as a source for locating materials on animal protection and welfare. This valuable guide will help librarians save time and money in locating diverse areas of information regarding animal consumption and exploitation. The authors have noted what they consider to be the most essential resources for library collections. This book offers references that discuss the utilization of animals by humans: as companions in sports and entertainment in religion in science and education in industry in hunting Animals Are the Issue explores how animals are seen, viewed, and used by humans. With bibliographies, annotated lists, and short commentaries by the authors on nearly every item, you’ll be able to supply your patrons with a highly effective animal rights/welfare collection.

Animal Ethics and Theology

The Lens of the Good Samaritan

Author: Daniel Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136490191

Category: Religion

Page: 250

View: 2266

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In this book, Daniel K. Miller articulates a new vision of human and animal relationships based on the foundational love ethic within Christianity. Framed around Jesus’ parable of the Good Samaritan, Animal Ethics and Theology thoughtfully examines the shortcomings of utilitarian and rights-based approaches to animal ethics. By considering the question of animals within the Christian concept of neighbourly love, Miller provides an alternative narrative for understanding the complex relationships that humans have with other animals. This book addresses significant theological questions such as: Does being created in the image of God present a meaningful distinction between humans and other animals? What does it mean for humans to have dominion (Gen. 1:28) over animals? Is meat eating a moral problem for Christians? In addition to drawing out the significance of Christian theology for field of animal ethics this book also engages environmental and feminist ethics. Miller brings a theological perspective to such questions as: Should care for animals be distinguished from care for the environment, and what role should human emotions play in our ethical dealings with other animals? As the title suggests, this book provides fresh insight into the theological significance of human relationships with other animals.

Between Pets and People

The Importance of Animal Companionship

Author: Alan M. Beck,Aaron Honori Katcher

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9781557530776

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 5562

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Since the first edition of Between Pets and People in 1983, the authors' then-startling contention that pets benefit our mental and physical health has found wide acceptance. Evidence in our daily lives - in television pet food ads, in doctor's offices outfitted with aquaria - attests to how widely the belief in pets' therapeutic influence is now held. This revised edition of Between Pets and People, with additional data and case studies and expanded references - including a listing of Internet resources - and a foreword by Elizabeth Marshall Thomas, analyzes the surprisingly complex relationships we have with our pets. This book contains an important lesson for everyone - to accept ourselves and others in the uncritical way that pets accept us, and come to terms with our own animal nature.

Pets and the Family

Author: Marvin B Sussman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317715152

Category: Pets

Page: 238

View: 7191

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This major work summarizes the recent research and findings on the interactions of pets and their owners and the social and emotional benefits that may be derived by families who have pets. Social and health scientists explore the pervasiveness of the animal/human bond and the high prevalence of pets in U.S. households, including pets and children, pets and the elderly, pets as factors of stability and instability in family relationships, and pets as therapy for ill, grieving, and disabled family members. With this carefully researched book, researchers and family health professionals can better understand the complexities of family/animal interaction and can pursue further study into this increasingly important subject in contemporary society.

Altruism and Health

Perspectives from Empirical Research

Author: Stephen Garrard Post

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 458

View: 5520

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We're all quite familiar with the tale of Ebenezer Scrooge, who was miserable in his selfishness, but later became happy when he began helping others. Ebenezer's story is compelling, but is it true that helping others is good for the giver? Although numerous studies have demonstrated that people experience health benefits when treated kindly and compassionately, do those who provide love to others also experience health benefits? In other words, is it at least as good to give as to receive? Does virtue actually have its own rewards? To answer these questions, Altruism and Health brings research in biology, psychiatry, psychology, gerontology, epidemiology, and public health. Much of this research shows that unselfish individuals will find life to be more meaningful, will usually be happier than their selfish counterparts, and will often experience better mental health. Some of this research also finds that unselfish individuals have reduced mortality rates and better physical health. Evolutionary and biological models help to explain these results by elucidating why a person who gives generously to others might live a more functional, happier, and healthier life. There is, however, an obvious caveat: those who allow themselves to be overwhelmed by caregiving will often suffer from the stressful burden of care. These findings challenge the shibboleth that being altruistic has either negative consequences or no benefits. This volume presents the first unified, empirical argument that an individual can live a generous life, without concern for reciprocity or reputational gain, and as a by-product, discover deeper relationships, happiness, health, and even longevity. In doing so, it raises the most essential and perennial questions of moral psychology and the good life.

Animals in person

cultural perspectives on human-animal intimacy

Author: John Knight

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859737286

Category: Nature

Page: 276

View: 6194

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Our relationship with animals is complex and contradictory: we hunt, kill, and eat them, yet we also love, respect and protect them. This ambivalent relationship is further complicated by the fact that we attribute human emotions and intelligence to animals. We even go as far as likening them to children and treating them as family members. Drawing on a diverse range of case studies, this book attempts to unravel our intimate and fascinating link with the animal kingdom.

Bestiality and Zoophilia

Sexual Relations with Animals

Author: Andrea M. Beetz,Anthony Louis Podberscek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 7467

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Bestiality and Zoophilia: Sexual Relations with ANimals is a special issue of Anthrozoos, the journal of the Internationa l Society for Anthrozoology.

A Cultural History of Animals in the Age of Enlightenment

Author: Matthew Senior

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781845203726

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 6100

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The period of the Enlightenment saw great changes in the way animals were seen. The codifying and categorizing impulse of the age of reason saw sharp lines drawn between different animal species and between animals and humans. In 1600, “beasts” were still seen as the foils and adversaries of human reason. By 1800, animals had become exemplars of sentiment and compassion, the new standards of truth and morals. A new age had dawned, a time when humans admired animals and sought to recover their own animality. As with all the volumes in the illustrated Cultural History of Animals, this volume presents an overview of the period and continues with essays on the position of animals in contemporary Symbolism, Hunting, Domestication, Sports and Entertainment, Science, Philosophy, and Art. Volume 4 in the Cultural History of Animals edited by Linda Kalof and Brigitte Resl

The Domestic Dog

Author: James Serpell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024145

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 2707

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Second edition of a classic text on canine science and behavior, incorporating two decades of new evidence and discoveries.