Collective Intelligence in Action

Author: Satnam Alag

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781933988313

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 8402

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Provides information on using a Java-based CI toolkit to mine information to build more effective Web sites.

The Power of Minds at Work

Organizational Intelligence in Action

Author: Karl Albrecht

Publisher: AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn

ISBN: 9780814407370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 260

View: 2952

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This text introduces the concept of "OI" (Organizational Intelligence) and shows how an enterprise can mobilize its collective brain power.

Programming Collective Intelligence

Building Smart Web 2.0 Applications

Author: Toby Segaran

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596550685

Category: Computers

Page: 362

View: 6812

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Want to tap the power behind search rankings, product recommendations, social bookmarking, and online matchmaking? This fascinating book demonstrates how you can build Web 2.0 applications to mine the enormous amount of data created by people on the Internet. With the sophisticated algorithms in this book, you can write smart programs to access interesting datasets from other web sites, collect data from users of your own applications, and analyze and understand the data once you've found it. Programming Collective Intelligence takes you into the world of machine learning and statistics, and explains how to draw conclusions about user experience, marketing, personal tastes, and human behavior in general -- all from information that you and others collect every day. Each algorithm is described clearly and concisely with code that can immediately be used on your web site, blog, Wiki, or specialized application. This book explains: Collaborative filtering techniques that enable online retailers to recommend products or media Methods of clustering to detect groups of similar items in a large dataset Search engine features -- crawlers, indexers, query engines, and the PageRank algorithm Optimization algorithms that search millions of possible solutions to a problem and choose the best one Bayesian filtering, used in spam filters for classifying documents based on word types and other features Using decision trees not only to make predictions, but to model the way decisions are made Predicting numerical values rather than classifications to build price models Support vector machines to match people in online dating sites Non-negative matrix factorization to find the independent features in a dataset Evolving intelligence for problem solving -- how a computer develops its skill by improving its own code the more it plays a game Each chapter includes exercises for extending the algorithms to make them more powerful. Go beyond simple database-backed applications and put the wealth of Internet data to work for you. "Bravo! I cannot think of a better way for a developer to first learn these algorithms and methods, nor can I think of a better way for me (an old AI dog) to reinvigorate my knowledge of the details." -- Dan Russell, Google "Toby's book does a great job of breaking down the complex subject matter of machine-learning algorithms into practical, easy-to-understand examples that can be directly applied to analysis of social interaction across the Web today. If I had this book two years ago, it would have saved precious time going down some fruitless paths." -- Tim Wolters, CTO, Collective Intellect

Mahout in Action

Author: Sean Owen,Robin Anil,Ted Dunning

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781935182689

Category: Computers

Page: 387

View: 8176

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Presents information on machine learning through the use of Apache Mahout, covering such topics as using group data to make individual recommendations, finding logical clusters, and filtering classifications.

Machine Learning in Action

Author: Peter Harrington

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781617290183

Category: Computers

Page: 354

View: 5955

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Provides information on the concepts of machine theory, covering such topics as statistical data processing, data visualization, and forecasting.

The United Nations and the Rationale for Collective Intelligence

Author: Bassey Ekpe

Publisher: Cambria Press

ISBN: 1604976144

Category: Law

Page: 390

View: 5486

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Taking as its central argument the question of whether an intelligence system is both desirable and feasible within the UN structure, this study explores the complex and sometimes, irreconcilable issues of strategic intelligence in a sharing context. This study further identifies and develops both conceptual and empirical framework for a viable intelligence capability in multi-agency institutions; exploring and suggesting, for the first time, necessary and acceptable conditions for collective intelligence in an environment characterised by conflicting objectives among international actors. It takes as its main premise the view that the United Nations and the world of intelligence are two separate and contradicting entities that conflict in both principles and operating doctrines. From this point of view, the author explores the many theoretical imperatives which set the two institutions apart and stand in the way of understanding the concepts. He also goes further to examine the contexts in which the contradictions could be harmonised. This book is one of a handful of studies; it is highly original in that it focuses on the relationship between intelligence and the United Nations. While previous efforts to examine the subject have approached it from a strictly practical point of view, this work is clearly focused on the linkages between theory and practice. The methodology is thoughtful and broad in scope, and the work is theoretically well informed and sophisticated in its analysis of the subject matter. The discussion of aspects of the theory of international relations--specifically those relevant to the role of international governance and the examination of the working of the UN--and several case studies of the UN in action are further characteristics of the rigor and clarity in which the author approaches the study in an intelligent and illuminating manner. While the book's many contributions can be found at various levels of originality, its thorough assessment of the linkage between theory and policy stands out, perhaps, as the most important and primary contribution to the areas of collective intelligence and international relations. Other important contributions include the case study analyses and specification of criteria for evaluating collective security intelligence mechanisms. In essence, a lack of scholarly efforts to ground the notion of collective intelligence within a rigorous intellectual framework is a significant vacuum in the study of intelligence which the present study has filled. Scholars working within the international relations discipline and more specifically issues of global governance and security will find this study invaluable. The book should also appeal to many categories of readers working in information and policy environment, as well as governmental and non-governmental organisations.

Advances in Collective Intelligence 2011

Author: Jörn Altmann,Ulrike Baumöl,Bernd Krämer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642253210

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 4582

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Collective intelligence has become an attractive subject of interest for both academia and industry. More and more conferences and workshops discuss the impact of the users‘ motivation to participate in the value creation process, the enabling role of leading-edge information and communication technologies and the need for better algorithms to deal with the growing amount of shared data. There are many interesting and challenging topics that need to be researched and discussed with respect to knowledge creation, creativity and innovation processes carried forward in the emerging communities of practice. COLLIN is on the path to become the flagship conference in the areas of collective intelligence and ICT-enabled social networking. We were delighted to again receive contributions from different parts of the world including Australia, Europe, Asia, and the United States. Encouraged by the positive response, we plan COLLIN 2012 to be held next year end of August at FernUniverstität in Hagen. In order to guarantee the quality of the event, each paper went through a doubleblind review process. The reviews concentrated on originality, quality and relevance of the paper topic to the symposium. In addition, we invited a few renowned experts in the field to contribute to the success of the symposium with outstanding papers reporting on their most recent research. Our special thanks go to the authors for submitting their papers, to the international program committee members, and to numerous reviewers who did an excellent job in guaranteeing that the papers in this volume are of very high quality.

Democratic Reason

Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Author: Hélène Landemore

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155658

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

View: 7361

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Individual decision making can often be wrong due to misinformation, impulses, or biases. Collective decision making, on the other hand, can be surprisingly accurate. In Democratic Reason, Hélène Landemore demonstrates that the very factors behind the superiority of collective decision making add up to a strong case for democracy. She shows that the processes and procedures of democratic decision making form a cognitive system that ensures that decisions taken by the many are more likely to be right than decisions taken by the few. Democracy as a form of government is therefore valuable not only because it is legitimate and just, but also because it is smart. Landemore considers how the argument plays out with respect to two main mechanisms of democratic politics: inclusive deliberation and majority rule. In deliberative settings, the truth-tracking properties of deliberation are enhanced more by inclusiveness than by individual competence. Landemore explores this idea in the contexts of representative democracy and the selection of representatives. She also discusses several models for the "wisdom of crowds" channeled by majority rule, examining the trade-offs between inclusiveness and individual competence in voting. When inclusive deliberation and majority rule are combined, they beat less inclusive methods, in which one person or a small group decide. Democratic Reason thus establishes the superiority of democracy as a way of making decisions for the common good.

Big Mind

How Collective Intelligence Can Change Our World

Author: Geoff Mulgan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888514

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 1455

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A new field of collective intelligence has emerged in the last few years, prompted by a wave of digital technologies that make it possible for organizations and societies to think at large scale. This “bigger mind”—human and machine capabilities working together—has the potential to solve the great challenges of our time. So why do smart technologies not automatically lead to smart results? Gathering insights from diverse fields, including philosophy, computer science, and biology, Big Mind reveals how collective intelligence can guide corporations, governments, universities, and societies to make the most of human brains and digital technologies. Geoff Mulgan explores how collective intelligence has to be consciously organized and orchestrated in order to harness its powers. He looks at recent experiments mobilizing millions of people to solve problems, and at groundbreaking technology like Google Maps and Dove satellites. He also considers why organizations full of smart people and machines can make foolish mistakes—from investment banks losing billions to intelligence agencies misjudging geopolitical events—and shows how to avoid them. Highlighting differences between environments that stimulate intelligence and those that blunt it, Mulgan shows how human and machine intelligence could solve challenges in business, climate change, democracy, and public health. But for that to happen we’ll need radically new professions, institutions, and ways of thinking. Informed by the latest work on data, web platforms, and artificial intelligence, Big Mind shows how collective intelligence could help us survive and thrive.

New Challenges in Computational Collective Intelligence

Author: Radoslaw Katarzyniak,Adam Janiak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364203957X

Category: Computers

Page: 349

View: 2570

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Collective intelligence has become one of major research issues studied by today’s and future computer science. Computational collective intelligence is understood as this form of group intellectual activity that emerges from collaboration and compe- tion of many artificial individuals. Robotics, artificial intelligence, artificial cognition and group working try to create efficient models for collective intelligence in which it emerges from sets of actions carried out by more or less intelligent individuals. The major methodological, theoretical and practical aspects underlying computational collective intelligence are group decision making, collective action coordination, collective competition and knowledge description, transfer and integration. Obviously, the application of multiple computational technologies such as fuzzy systems, evo- tionary computation, neural systems, consensus theory, knowledge representation etc. is necessary to create new forms of computational collective intelligence and support existing ones. Three subfields of application of computational technologies to support forms of collective intelligence are of special attention to us. The first one is semantic web treated as an advanced tool that increases the collective intelligence in networking environments. The second one covers social networks modeling and analysis, where social networks are this area of in which various forms of computational collective intelligence emerges in a natural way. The third subfield relates us to agent and mul- agent systems understood as this computational and modeling paradigm which is especially tailored to capture the nature of computational collective intelligence in populations of autonomous individuals.

Lucene in Action

Author: Michael McCandless,Erik Hatcher,Otis Gospodnetić

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781933988177

Category: Computers

Page: 488

View: 4060

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Lucene remains an indispensable part of most enterprise applications. This search engine now powers Web options in diverse companies, including Netflix, LinkedIn, and the Mayo Clinic. This updated edition is the definitive guide to developing with Lucene.

Collective Action 2.0

The Impact of Social Media on Collective Action

Author: Shaked Spier

Publisher: Chandos Publishing

ISBN: 0081005792

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 198

View: 5191

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Collective Action 2.0 explores the issues related to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in detail, providing a balanced insight into how ICTs leverage and interact with collective action, which will have an impact on the current discourse. Recent events in different authoritarian regimes, such as Iran and Egypt, have drawn global attention to a developing phenomenon in collective action: People tend to organize through different social media platforms for political protest and resistance. This phenomenon describes a change in social structure and behavior tied to ICT. Social media platforms have been used to leverage collective action, which has in some cases arguably lead, to political revolution. The phenomenon also indicates that the way information is organized affects the organization of social structures with which it interoperates. The phenomenon also has another side, which is the use of social media for activist suppression, state and corporate surveillance, commodifi cation of social processes, demobilization, or for the mobilization of collective action toward undesirable ends. Analyzes social media and collective action in an in-depth and balanced manner Presents an account of avoiding technological determinism, utopianism, and fundamentalism Considers the underlying theory behind quick-paced social media Takes an interdisciplinary approach that will resonate with all those interested in social media and collective action, regardless of fi eld specialism

Handbook of Research on Democratic Strategies and Citizen-Centered E-Government Services

Author: Doli?anin, ?emal

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466672676

Category: Law

Page: 455

View: 6891

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Over the past few years, e-government has been rapidly changing the way governmental services are provided to citizens and businesses. These services improve business and government exchange capability, provide a new way to discover and share information, and play a part in the evolution of future technologies. The Handbook of Research on Democratic Strategies and Citizen-Centered E-Government Services seeks to address which services in e-government should be provided to users and how. This premier reference work gives an overview of the latest achievements in the field of e-government services, provides in-depth analysis of and research on the development and deployment of cutting-edge applications, and provides insight into future trends for researchers, teachers, students, government workers, and IT professionals.

The Wisdom Of Crowds

Author: N.A

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0385721706

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 3058

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Looks at the theory that large groups have more collective intelligence than a smaller number of experts, drawing on a wide range of disciplines to offer insight into such topics as politics, business, and the environment.

Hibernate Search in Action

Author: Emmanuel Bernard,John Griffin

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 463

View: 4375

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"Hibernate Search in Action introduces the subject of full-text search and helps readers master the Hibernate Search library. You'll start with the basics, like indexing your domain model and querying. Then, you'll learn to add human-friendly features like phonetic approximation, relevance ranking, and search by synonym. You'll also learn how to scale Lucene in a clustered environment and access Lucene natively to extend Hibernate Search. The book does not assume any previous knowledge of Hibernate Search." --Résumé de l'éditeur.

Scrum in Action:

Agile Software Project Management and Development

Author: Andrew Pham

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1435459148

Category: Agile software development

Page: 320

View: 1800

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SCRUM IN ACTION: AGILE SOFTWARE PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT is a practical how-to guide for software project teams on how to successfully deploy an Agile software framework with Scrum. It is clearly and concisely written and is the first practical

Becoming Virtual

Reality in the Digital Age

Author: Pierre Lévy

Publisher: Plenum Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 207

View: 8312

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Examines the cultural and social impact of new digital technologies and how bodies, texts, and the economy are made virtual, and argues that the virtual has always been an enduring component of the human

Tika in Action

Author: Chris A. Mattmann,Jukka L. Zitting

Publisher: Manning Publications Company

ISBN: 9781935182856

Category: Computers

Page: 229

View: 1563

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The information trapped in text files, PDFs, and other digital content is a valuable information asset that can be very difficult to discover and use. Apache Tika is an open source toolkit that makes it easy for search engines, content management systems and other applications to detect and extract content from digital documents in all major file formats. Tika in Actionis a hands-on guide for developers working with search engines, content management systems and other similar applications who want to exploit the information locked in digital documents. It introduces the world of mining text and binary documents as well as other information sources. The book shows where Tika fits within this landscape and how readers can use Tika to build and extend applications. The book's many case studies give real-world experience from domains ranging from search engines to digital asset management and scientific data processing.

Intelligence in Action

Strategically Managing Knowledge Assets

Author: G. Erickson,H. Rothberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 227

View: 5793

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First book to combine financial results with proprietary benchmarking data and in-depth interviews with experienced knowledge practitioners. The resulting framework provides an inside- and outside-the-firm view of the risks and opportunities found in knowledge management and competitive intelligence.

Reinventing Discovery

The New Era of Networked Science

Author: Michael Nielsen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691148902

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 1188

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"Reinventing Discovery argues that we are in the early days of the most dramatic change in how science is done in more than 300 years. This change is being driven by new online tools, which are transforming and radically accelerating scientific discovery"--Provided by publisher.