Collective Intelligence in Action

Author: Satnam Alag

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781933988313

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 7890

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Provides information on using a Java-based CI toolkit to mine information to build more effective Web sites.

Advances in Collective Intelligence 2011

Author: Jörn Altmann,Ulrike Baumöl,Bernd Krämer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642253210

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 8496

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Collective intelligence has become an attractive subject of interest for both academia and industry. More and more conferences and workshops discuss the impact of the users‘ motivation to participate in the value creation process, the enabling role of leading-edge information and communication technologies and the need for better algorithms to deal with the growing amount of shared data. There are many interesting and challenging topics that need to be researched and discussed with respect to knowledge creation, creativity and innovation processes carried forward in the emerging communities of practice. COLLIN is on the path to become the flagship conference in the areas of collective intelligence and ICT-enabled social networking. We were delighted to again receive contributions from different parts of the world including Australia, Europe, Asia, and the United States. Encouraged by the positive response, we plan COLLIN 2012 to be held next year end of August at FernUniverstität in Hagen. In order to guarantee the quality of the event, each paper went through a doubleblind review process. The reviews concentrated on originality, quality and relevance of the paper topic to the symposium. In addition, we invited a few renowned experts in the field to contribute to the success of the symposium with outstanding papers reporting on their most recent research. Our special thanks go to the authors for submitting their papers, to the international program committee members, and to numerous reviewers who did an excellent job in guaranteeing that the papers in this volume are of very high quality.

New Challenges in Computational Collective Intelligence

Author: Radoslaw Katarzyniak,Adam Janiak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364203957X

Category: Computers

Page: 349

View: 6549

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Collective intelligence has become one of major research issues studied by today’s and future computer science. Computational collective intelligence is understood as this form of group intellectual activity that emerges from collaboration and compe- tion of many artificial individuals. Robotics, artificial intelligence, artificial cognition and group working try to create efficient models for collective intelligence in which it emerges from sets of actions carried out by more or less intelligent individuals. The major methodological, theoretical and practical aspects underlying computational collective intelligence are group decision making, collective action coordination, collective competition and knowledge description, transfer and integration. Obviously, the application of multiple computational technologies such as fuzzy systems, evo- tionary computation, neural systems, consensus theory, knowledge representation etc. is necessary to create new forms of computational collective intelligence and support existing ones. Three subfields of application of computational technologies to support forms of collective intelligence are of special attention to us. The first one is semantic web treated as an advanced tool that increases the collective intelligence in networking environments. The second one covers social networks modeling and analysis, where social networks are this area of in which various forms of computational collective intelligence emerges in a natural way. The third subfield relates us to agent and mul- agent systems understood as this computational and modeling paradigm which is especially tailored to capture the nature of computational collective intelligence in populations of autonomous individuals.

Collective Intelligence in Computer-Based Collaboration

Author: John B. Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780805813203

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 8087

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Proposing a new paradigm for Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), this ground-breaking book presents a research agenda for developing and testing that paradigm. It constitutes the first attempt to outline a comprehensive model of collaboration that integrates the cognitive/conceptual and social dynamics of groups. The challenge faced by all groups engaged in intellectual work is, on the one hand, to divide the task so that efforts of individual members may proceed in parallel and, on the other hand, to synthesize their separate contributions to form a coherent whole. Addressing this challenge, Smith examines the general form of a theory of computer-based collaboration that extends across different tasks and working situations. He uses the work of Newell, Simon, and Anderson as a base from which to consider a group as a form of distributed information processing system. Within groups, there are constructs analogous to human long-term and short-term memory, conceptual processes, and problem solving and knowledge-construction strategies. He discusses two metacognitive issues -- awareness and control -- as they occur in collaborative behavior. And he reviews a number of advanced computer systems that support collaboration, focusing on their impact on the thinking and behavior of groups. Smith's theoretical framework combines elements of Information Processing System theory -- and its detailed process models of cognitive behavior -- with the situated perspective of activity theory. The book suggests new and useful ways of conceiving problems and solutions to all those interested in the ways in which people interact with each other and with computers to achieve goals.

The United Nations and the Rationale for Collective Intelligence

Author: Bassey Ekpe

Publisher: Cambria Press

ISBN: 1604976144

Category: Law

Page: 390

View: 9049

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Taking as its central argument the question of whether an intelligence system is both desirable and feasible within the UN structure, this study explores the complex and sometimes, irreconcilable issues of strategic intelligence in a sharing context. This study further identifies and develops both conceptual and empirical framework for a viable intelligence capability in multi-agency institutions; exploring and suggesting, for the first time, necessary and acceptable conditions for collective intelligence in an environment characterised by conflicting objectives among international actors. It takes as its main premise the view that the United Nations and the world of intelligence are two separate and contradicting entities that conflict in both principles and operating doctrines. From this point of view, the author explores the many theoretical imperatives which set the two institutions apart and stand in the way of understanding the concepts. He also goes further to examine the contexts in which the contradictions could be harmonised. This book is one of a handful of studies; it is highly original in that it focuses on the relationship between intelligence and the United Nations. While previous efforts to examine the subject have approached it from a strictly practical point of view, this work is clearly focused on the linkages between theory and practice. The methodology is thoughtful and broad in scope, and the work is theoretically well informed and sophisticated in its analysis of the subject matter. The discussion of aspects of the theory of international relations--specifically those relevant to the role of international governance and the examination of the working of the UN--and several case studies of the UN in action are further characteristics of the rigor and clarity in which the author approaches the study in an intelligent and illuminating manner. While the book's many contributions can be found at various levels of originality, its thorough assessment of the linkage between theory and policy stands out, perhaps, as the most important and primary contribution to the areas of collective intelligence and international relations. Other important contributions include the case study analyses and specification of criteria for evaluating collective security intelligence mechanisms. In essence, a lack of scholarly efforts to ground the notion of collective intelligence within a rigorous intellectual framework is a significant vacuum in the study of intelligence which the present study has filled. Scholars working within the international relations discipline and more specifically issues of global governance and security will find this study invaluable. The book should also appeal to many categories of readers working in information and policy environment, as well as governmental and non-governmental organisations.

Intelligence in Action

Strategically Managing Knowledge Assets

Author: G. Erickson,H. Rothberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 227

View: 750

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First book to combine financial results with proprietary benchmarking data and in-depth interviews with experienced knowledge practitioners. The resulting framework provides an inside- and outside-the-firm view of the risks and opportunities found in knowledge management and competitive intelligence.

The Power of Minds at Work

Organizational Intelligence in Action

Author: Karl Albrecht

Publisher: Karl Albrecht International

ISBN: 9780913351215

Category:

Page: 274

View: 9754

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Drawing on his 30 years of experience as an organizational consultant, Karl Albrecht delivers a whack on the head to today's leaders: we've got to make our organizations smarter. He coined Albrecht's Law to express the problem: "Intelligent people, when assembled into an organization, will tend toward collective stupidity." Using a wide variety of personal experiences, success and failure stories, and real cases, he lays out a manifesto for escaping from collective stupidity and achieving collective intelligence - in short, organizational intelligence, or "OI." While some might argue that OI is an oxymoron, or contradiction in terms, Karl Albrecht argues that it can - and must - be achieved if our business enterprises are to move to the next level of performance of which they are capable. He defines and explains seven key dimensions of OI, and devotes a full chapter to each one. Each chapter poses seven diagnostic questions that help you evaluate the OI status of your organization on that dimension. Put all 49 questions together and you have the complete Organizational Intelligence Profile, which you can also download in ready-to-use format (.pdf) from the KAI website. Prof. Warren Bennis of USC (author of On Becoming a Leader) says, "This is a book about how organizations can release and deploy human imagination. What can be more important?" Provide a copy of Minds at Work to each of your executives, managers, and team leaders.

The Education of John Dewey

A Biography

Author: Jay Martin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231507453

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 592

View: 1205

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During John Dewey's lifetime (1859-1952), one public opinion poll after another revealed that he was esteemed to be one of the ten most important thinkers in American history. His body of thought, conventionally identified by the shorthand word "Pragmatism," has been the distinctive American philosophy of the last fifty years. His work on education is famous worldwide and is still influential today, anticipating as it did the ascendance in contemporary American pedagogy of multiculturalism and independent thinking. His University of Chicago Laboratory School (founded in 1896) thrives still and is a model for schools worldwide, especially in emerging democracies. But how was this lifetime of thought enmeshed in Dewey's emotional experience, in his joys and sorrows as son and brother, husband and father, and in his political activism and spirituality? Acclaimed biographer Jay Martin recaptures the unity of Dewey's life and work, tracing important themes through the philosopher's childhood years, family history, religious experience, and influential friendships. Based on original sources, notably the vast collection of unpublished papers in the Center for Dewey Studies, this book tells the full story, for the first time, of the life and times of the eminent American philosopher, pragmatist, education reformer, and man of letters. In particular, The Education of John Dewey highlights the importance of the women in Dewey's life, especially his mother, wife, and daughters, but also others, including the reformer Jane Addams and the novelist Anzia Yezierska. A fitting tribute to a master thinker, Martin has rendered a tour de force portrait of a philosopher and social activist in full, seamlessly reintegrating Dewey's thought into both his personal life and the broader historical themes of his time.

Developing and Leading Emergence Teams

A new approach for identifying and resolving complex business problems

Author: Peter A.C. Smith,Tom Cockburn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317151933

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 170

View: 8352

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Developing and Leading Emergence Teams describes a future business landscape that seems to be complicated, complex and chaotic, in almost equal measures. The variety and diversity of the environments within which large organizations will be seeking to operate, require a similar variety of systems, process and structures if they are to respond successfully to emerging opportunities. The established models of teamworking (matrix, cross-functional or transdisciplinary) can all adapt to this new environment but will only do so if the culture, leadership and management style of the business enables this. The authors describe a model of emergence teams; high-trust teams that exhibit exceptional affinity for knowledge sharing, sense making, and consensus building. They then explore the specifics of leading such a team, how the team leader should: design the team; interact and facilitate the team’s development; understand the personal nature of each of the team members and the overall emotional regime that will affect trust, commitment and motivation. Peter Smith and Tom Cockburn draw on research and detailed case examples to provide techniques your organization can adopt in order to build and support the various teams capable of addressing complexity.

Advanced Methods for Computational Collective Intelligence

Author: Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Bogdan Trawiński,Radosław Katarzyniak,Geun-Sik Jo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642343007

Category: Computers

Page: 378

View: 8615

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The book consists of 35 extended chapters which have been selected and invited from the submissions to the 4th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence Technologies and Applications (ICCCI 2012) held on November 28-30, 2012 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The book is organized into six parts, which are semantic web and ontologies, social networks and e-learning, agent and multiagent systems, data mining methods and applications, soft computing, and optimization and control, respectively. All chapters in the book discuss theoretical and practical issues connected with computational collective intelligence and related technologies. The editors hope that the book can be useful for graduate and Ph.D. students in Computer Science, in particular participants in courses on Soft Computing, Multiagent Systems, and Data Mining. This book can be also useful for researchers working on the concept of computational collective intelligence in artificial populations. It is the hope of the editors that readers of this volume can find many inspiring ideas and use them to create new cases of intelligent collectives. Many such challenges are suggested by particular approaches and models presented in individual chapters of this book. The editors hope that readers of this volume can find many inspiring ideas and influential practical examples and use them in their future work.

Digital Asset Ecosystems

Rethinking crowds and cloud

Author: Tobias Blanke

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1780633823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 1087

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Digital asset management is undergoing a fundamental transformation. Near universal availability of high-quality web-based assets makes it important to pay attention to the new world of digital ecosystems and what it means for managing, using and publishing digital assets. The Ecosystem of Digital Assets reflects on these developments and what the emerging ‘web of things’ could mean for digital assets. The book is structured into three parts, each covering an important aspect of digital assets. Part one introduces the emerging ecosystems of digital assets. Part two examines digital asset management in a networked environment. The third part covers media ecosystems. Looks to the future of digital asset management, focussing on the next generation web Includes up-to date developments in the field, crowd sourcing, and cloud services Details case studies to demonstrate how generic requirements are met in particular cases

Natürliche und künstliche Intelligenz

Einführung in die Kognitionswissenschaft

Author: Manuela Lenzen

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593400324

Category: Fiction

Page: 163

View: 2152

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Die Erforschung des menschlichen Geistes ist eines der spannendsten Unternehmen der Wissenschaft. Die Kognitionswissenschaft erforscht nicht nur abstrakte intellektuelle Leistungen wie etwa das Schachspiel, sondern die ganze Palette der Intelligenz: Sprache, Gedächtnis, Lernen, Wahrnehmung und Bewegung, neuerdings auch Emotionen und Bewusstsein. Diese Einführung bietet eine übersichtliche Darstellung der Entwicklung sowie der zentralen Probleme und Lösungsstrategien dieser neuen Disziplin. Manuela Lenzen studierte Philosophie in Bochum und Bielefeld. Als freie Wissenschaftsjournalistin schreibt sie u. a. für die Frankfurter Allgemeine und die Süddeutsche Zeitung, für die Frankfurter Rundschau und die Zeit.

Mahout in Action

Author: Sean Owen,Robin Anil,Ted Dunning

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781935182689

Category: Computers

Page: 387

View: 2042

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Presents information on machine learning through the use of Apache Mahout, covering such topics as using group data to make individual recommendations, finding logical clusters, and filtering classifications.

On Collective Intelligence

Author: Theo J Bastiaens,Ulrike Baumöl,Bernd Krämer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642144813

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 3969

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Welcome to the proceedings of the inaugural Symposium on Collective Intelligence (COLLIN 2010). This was the first of a new series of events that will evolve over the coming years, and we were happy to hold the event in Hagen where the idea for this symposium was born. The participants visited Hagen in April, with excellent opportunities to get rain, wind and sun. Collective intelligence denotes a phenomenon according to which the purposeful interaction between individuals creates intelligent solutions and behaviors that might not have come to existence without this concerted effort of a community. The members of such communities form a social network, typically over the Internet. They are engage with each other over a sustained period of time to develop an area of innovation through collaboration and exchange of ideas, experiences and information. Leading-edge information and communication technologies (ICT) offer ample opportunities for enabling collective intelligence. COLLIN aims to become the flagship conference in the areas collective intelligence and ICT-enabled social networking, which is attracting more and more researchers and practitioners from both academia and industry.

Dewey and His Critics

Essays from the Journal of Philosophy

Author: John Dewey

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780931206016

Category: Philosophy

Page: 705

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"Absolutely essential to any scholarly study of Dewey's philosophy. By means of it, one is able to appreciate the force of Dewey's thought . . . in contending philosophical ideas of his time." -- Douglas Browning, University of Texas at Austin

Computational Collective Intelligence. Semantic Web, Social Networks and Multiagent Systems

First International Conference, ICCCI 2009, Wroclaw, Poland, October 5-7, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Ryszard Kowalczyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642044409

Category: Computers

Page: 860

View: 7461

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Computational collective intelligence (CCI) is most often understood as a subfield of artificial intelligence (AI) dealing with soft computing methods that enable group decisions to be made or knowledge to be processed among autonomous units acting in distributed environments. The needs for CCI techniques and tools have grown signi- cantly recently as many information systems work in distributed environments and use distributed resources. Web-based systems, social networks and multi-agent systems very often need these tools for working out consistent knowledge states, resolving conflicts and making decisions. Therefore, CCI is of great importance for today’s and future distributed systems. Methodological, theoretical and practical aspects of computational collective int- ligence, such as group decision making, collective action coordination, and knowledge integration, are considered as the form of intelligence that emerges from the collabo- tion and competition of many individuals (artificial and/or natural). The application of multiple computational intelligence technologies such as fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation, neural systems, consensus theory, etc. , can support human and other collective intelligence and create new forms of CCI in natural and/or artificial s- tems.

Social Collective Intelligence

Combining the Powers of Humans and Machines to Build a Smarter Society

Author: Daniele Miorandi,Vincenzo Maltese,Michael Rovatsos,Anton Nijholt,James Stewart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319086812

Category: Computers

Page: 276

View: 8316

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The book focuses on Social Collective Intelligence, a term used to denote a class of socio-technical systems that combine, in a coordinated way, the strengths of humans, machines and collectives in terms of competences, knowledge and problem solving capabilities with the communication, computing and storage capabilities of advanced ICT. Social Collective Intelligence opens a number of challenges for researchers in both computer science and social sciences; at the same time it provides an innovative approach to solve challenges in diverse application domains, ranging from health to education and organization of work. The book will provide a cohesive and holistic treatment of Social Collective Intelligence, including challenges emerging in various disciplines (computer science, sociology, ethics) and opportunities for innovating in various application areas. By going through the book the reader will gauge insight and knowledge into the challenges and opportunities provided by this new, exciting, field of investigation. Benefits for scientists will be in terms of accessing a comprehensive treatment of the open research challenges in a multidisciplinary perspective. Benefits for practitioners and applied researchers will be in terms of access to novel approaches to tackle relevant problems in their field. Benefits for policy-makers and public bodies representatives will be in terms of understanding how technological advances can support them in supporting the progress of society and economy.

Realism in Action

Essays in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Author: Matti Sintonen,Petri Ylikoski,Kaarlo Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400710461

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 4961

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This is a selection of essays written by leading representatives in the fields of action theory and philosophy of mind, philosophy of the social sciences and especially the nature of social action, and of epistemology and philosophy of science. Practical reason, reasons and causes in action theory, intending and trying, and folk-psychological explanation are some of the topics discussed by these leading participants.