Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America

Author: U. Seeliger,B. Kjerfve

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366204482X

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 6001

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Coastal and marine ecosystems, some severely degraded, other still pristine, control rich resources of inshore environments and coastal seas of Latin America's Pacific and Atlantic margins. Conflicts between the needs of the region's nations and diminishing revenues and environmental quality have induced awareness of coastal ecological problems and motivated financial support for restoration and management. The volume provides a competent review on the structure, processes and function of 22 important Latin American coastal marine ecosystems. Each contribution describes the environmental settings, biotic components and structure of the system, considers trophic processes and energy flow, evaluates the modifying influence of natural and human perturbations, and suggests management needs. Although the focus of the book is on basic ecological research, the results have application for coastal managers.

Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems

A Global Perspective

Author: Torben C. Rick,Jon M. Erlandson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520253438

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 5559

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“An excellent volume with mature, sophisticated, comprehensive research by leaders in the fields of archaeology, zooarchaeology, and paleoarchaeology that will be useful to scientists of many interests.”—David Steadman, author of Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds “This volume will make a significant contribution to our understanding of ancient human impacts on marine ecosystems, which will be of interest to all researchers who are concerned about the environment. The editors and contributors are commended for their efforts on this significant research topic.”—Steven R. James, coeditor of The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment

World Atlas of Mangroves

Author: Mark Spalding,Mami Kainuma,Lorna Collins

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849776601

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 1154

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"This atlas provides the first truly global assessment of the state of the world's mangroves. Written by the leading expert on mangroves with support from the top international researchers and conservation organizations, this full color atlas contains 60 full-page maps, hundreds of photographs and illustrations and a comprehensive country-by-country assessment of mangroves. Included are the first detailed estimates of changes in mangrove forestcover worldwide and at regional and national levels, an assessment of these changes and a country-by-country examination of biodiversity protection. The book also presents a wealth of global statistics on biodiversity, habitat area, loss and economic value which provide a unique record of mangroves against which future threats and changes can be evaluated. Case-studies, written by regional experts, provide insights into regional mangrove issues, including primary and potential productivity, biodiversity, and information on present and traditional uses and values and sustainable management."--Pub. desc.

Towards Marine Ecosystem-based Management in the Wider Caribbean

Author: Lucia Fanning,Robin Mahon,Patrick McConney

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089642420

Category: Political Science

Page: 425

View: 9949

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An approach that encompasses the human and natural dimensions of ecosystems is one that the Wider Caribbean Region knows it must adopt and implement, in order to ensure the sustainable use of the region's shared marine resources. This volume contributes towards that vision, bringing together the collective knowledge and experience of scholars and practitioners within the Wider Caribbean to begin the process of assembling a road map towards marine ecosystem based management (EBM) for the region. It also serves a broader purpose of providing stakeholders and policy actors in each of the world's sixty-four Large Marine Ecosystems, with a comparative example of the challenges and information needs required to implement principled ocean governance generally and marine EBM in particular, at multiple levels. Additionally, the volume serves to supplement the training of graduate level students in the marine sciences by enhancing interdisciplinary understanding of challenges in implementing marine EBM.

The Northeast Shelf Ecosystem

Assessment, Sustainability, and Management

Author: Kenneth Sherman,Norbert A. Jaworski,Theodore J. Smayda

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780865424685

Category: Nature

Page: 564

View: 6562

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The Northeast Shelf ecosystem is one of the 49 large marine ecosystems (LMEs) located around the coastal margin of the world's ocean basins. It extends from the Gulf of Maine south to Cape Hatteras and from the coast seaward to the edge of the continental shelf. The Northeast Shelf ecosystem is one of the most productive LMEs in the world, but it is under considerable stress. This volume carefully examines the unprecedented changes that have occurred in the Northeast Shelf ecosystem over the last 30 years and the actions underway to alleviate the resulting ecological damage. Expert in its synthesis and unrivaled in its comprehensiveness, The Northeast Shelf Ecosystem: Assessment, Sustainability, and Management is ideal for students, researchers, and policy makers.

Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems

Ecological, Management, and Geographic Perspectives

Author: Gil Rilov,Jeffrey A. Crooks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354079235X

Category: Science

Page: 641

View: 2867

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Biological invasions are considered to be one of the greatest threats to the integrity of most ecosystems on earth. This volume explores the current state of marine bioinvasions, which have been growing at an exponential rate over recent decades. Focusing on the ecological aspects of biological invasions, it elucidates the different stages of an invasion process, starting with uptake and transport, through inoculation, establishment and finally integration into new ecosystems. Basic ecological concepts - all in the context of bioinvasions - are covered, such as propagule pressure, species interactions, phenotypic plasticity, and the importance of biodiversity. The authors approach bioinvasions as hazards to the integrity of natural communities, but also as a tool for better understanding fundamental ecological processes. Important aspects of managing marine bioinvasions are also discussed, as are many informative case studies from around the world.

Protecting the Gulf's Marine Ecosystems from Pollution

Author: Abdulaziz H. Abuzinada,Hans-Jörg Barth,Friedhelm Krupp,Benno Böer,Thabit Zahran Al Abdessalaam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764379476

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 1461

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This volume reviews present sources and levels of pollution in The Gulf, assesses their causes and effects on biota and ecosystems, and identifies preventive and remedial measures reducing levels of pollution and mitigating adverse impacts. It is supported by UNESCO, Doha.

Subtropical Convergence Environments

The Coast and Sea in the Southwestern Atlantic

Author: Ulrich Seeliger,Clarisse Odebrecht,Jorge P. Castello

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642604676

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 3325

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Subtropical convergence regions in the southwestern Atlantic have a high biological productivity, and are important as nursery and feeding areas and as reproduction grounds for fishery stocks of subtropical and antarctic origin. This book represents the first multidisciplinary treatise of this large and complex marine ecosystem. It analyses how subtropical convergence and land-sea interactions influence the coast, and sea and their biota. Synthesizing the rapidly expanding information, it provides a comprehensive appraisal of the biological resources, an assessment of their sustainable exploitation, and an evaluation of oceanographic processes. An inventory of all marine taxa in the southwestern Atlantic is included as an appendix.

Latin American Coral Reefs

Author: J. Cortés

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080535395

Category: Science

Page: 508

View: 6085

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Most of the coral reefs of the American continent: the Brazilian waters, the Caribbean Sea and the eastern Pacific Ocean are in Latin American countries, the subject of this book. For the first time, information on coral reefs of such a vast region is mined from reports, obscure journals, university thesis and scientific journals, summarized and presented in a way both accessible and informative for the interested reader as well as for the coral reef expert. The chapters of the book, divided by country and ocean, were written by either scientists from the countries or by those that know the area well. Reefs not documented in the past are described in detail here, including location maps. The natural and anthropogenic impacts affecting the reefs are presented, as well as sections on management, conservation and legislation in each country. Nineteen chapters, plus an introduction, present information of coral reefs from Brazil to Mexico, and from Chile to Cuba.

Introduction to the Modelling of Marine Ecosystems

(with MATLAB programs on accompanying CD-ROM)

Author: W. Fennel,T. Neumann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008053497X

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 7721

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Modelling of marine ecosystems is a rapidly developing branch of interdisciplinary oceanographic research. Introduction to the Modelling of Marine Ecosystems is the first consistent and comprehensive introduction to the development of models of marine ecosystems. It begins with simple first steps of modelling and develops more and more complex models. This step-by-step approach to increasing the complexity of the models is intended to allow students of biological oceanography and interested scientists with only limited experience in mathematical modelling to explore the theoretical framework and familiarize oneself with the methods. The book describes how biological model components can be integrated into three dimensional circulation models and how such models can be used for 'numerical experiments'. The book illustrates the mathematical aspects of modelling and gives application examples. The tutorial aspect of the book is supported by a set of MATLAB programs, which are provided on an accompanying CD-Rom and which can be used to reproduce many of the results presented in the book. Also available in paperback, ISBN 0-444-51704-9

Coastal and Marine Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Author: Jean Ellis,Douglas J. Sherman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123965381

Category: Nature

Page: 592

View: 7422

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Sea and Ocean Hazards, Risks and Disasters provides a scientific approach to those hazards and disasters related to the Earth's coasts and oceans. This is the first book to integrate scientific, social, and economic issues related to disasters such as hazard identification, risk analysis, and planning, relevant hazard process mechanics, discussions of preparedness, response, and recovery, and the economics of loss and remediation. Throughout the book cases studies are presented of historically relevant hazards and disasters as well as the many recent catastrophes. Contains contributions from experts in the field selected by a world-renowned editorial board Cutting-edge discussion of natural hazard topics that affect the lives and livelihoods of millions of humans worldwide Numerous full-color tables, GIS maps, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs of hazardous processes in action will be included

Environmental Geochemistry in Tropical and Subtropical Environments

Author: Luiz Drude de Lacerda,Ricardo Erthal Santelli,Egbert K. Duursma,Jorge Joao Abrao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366207060X

Category: Nature

Page: 385

View: 7917

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This book incorporates twenty contributions on diverse aspects of the environmental geochemistry in tropical and sub-tropical environments, drawing together extensive original research not readily available elsewhere. Coverage includes intercontinental comparisons drawn on paleoclimatology, environmental impacts of mining and geochemistry of continetal shelf sediments.

Global Marine Biological Diversity

A Strategy For Building Conservation Into Decision Making

Author: Center for Marine Conservation

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559632569

Category: Nature

Page: 383

View: 3345

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In 1989, the Center for Marine Conservation (CMC) joined a large group of international organizations in developing a Global Biodiversity Strategy. Now, CMC, the World Conservation Union, World Wildlife Fund, the World Bank, and the United Nations Environment Programmes have assembled a companion document, focusing on threats to life in the sea and ways to save, study, and use that life sustainably. This work, contributed by more than 100 experts, presents the most up-to-date information and views on the challenge of conserving the living sea. Illustrations, tables, figures, index.

Perspectives on Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Author: Wim Salomons,Kerry Turner,Luiz D. de Lacerda,S. Ramachandran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642601030

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 9549

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All coastal areas are facing a growing range of stresses and shocks, the scale of which now poses threats to the resilience of both human and environmental coastal systems. Responsible agencies are seeking better ways of managing the causes and consequences of the environmental change process in coastal zones. This volume discusses the basic principles underpinning a more integrated approach to coastal management and highlights the obstacles that may be met in practice in both developed and developing countries. Successful strategies will have to encompass all the elements of management, from planning and design through financing and implementation, as highlighted in this book.

Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Author: Manuel Barange,John G. Field,Roger P. Harris,Eileen E. Hofmann,R. Ian Perry,Francisco Werner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199558027

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 7898

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Global changes, including climate change and intensive fishing, are having significant impacts on the world's oceans. This book advances knowledge of the structure and functioning of marine ecosystems and their major sub-systems, and how they respond to physical forcing.

Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Valuation, Institutions, and Policy in Southeast Asia

Author: Nancy Olewiler,Herminia A. Francisco,Alice Joan G. Ferrer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811001413

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 4996

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This book is a compendium of case studies illustrating how economic tools and techniques can be used to address a wide range of problems in the management and conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems in a developing country context. The studies, which were conducted with support from the Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), cover topics such as mobilizing conservation finance from beneficiaries of marine and coastal ecosystem services; quantifying ecosystem damage and its impact on dependents of ecosystem resources and services; determining the best package of policy reforms that put a price on pollution and regulate economic activities generating pollution with the goal of restoring coastal and marine resources; and analyzing community-based institutions that support sustainable management of fisheries and coastal resources. Studies in the book also provide general guidelines for conducting economic appraisals. It is essential reading for teachers, researchers, students and practitioners in fishery economics, economic development, ecosystem management, and other key issues facing policymakers in the Southeast Asian region.

Environmental Management of Marine Ecosystems

Author: Md. Nazrul Islam,Sven Erik Jorgensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351649973

Category: Law

Page: 362

View: 6322

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This book will illustrate the current status, trends and effects of climate, natural disturbances and anthropogenic stressors on marine ecosystems. It shows how to integrate different management tools and models in an up-to-date, multidisciplinary approach to environmental management. Through several case studies, it provides a powerful framework for identifying management tools and their applications in coral reefs, fisheries, migratory species, marine islands and associated ecosystems such as mangroves and sea grass beds, including their ecosystem services, the threats to their sustainability, and the actions needed to protect them.

Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Author: Paul A. del Giorgio,Peter J. le B. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780191523618

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 5276

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Respiration in aquatic ecosystems is one of the major, and also least understood, components of the global carbon cycle; currently there is no textbook that reviews and analyses the extant information on respiration in natural aquatic systems. This book represents a thorough synthesis and in-depth analysis of the current state of understanding of respiration in aquatic systems, as well as of the main scientific questions and challenges that face this particular field. This work is not intended as an introductory textbook, but rather is aimed at advanced graduate students and researchers actively working in the fields of aquatic ecology, biological oceanography, and biogeochemistry in general. - ;Respiration in aquatic ecosystems is one of the major, and also least understood, components of the global carbon cycle; currently there is no textbook that reviews and analyses the extant information on respiration in natural aquatic systems. This book represents a thorough synthesis and in-depth analysis of the current state of understanding of respiration in aquatic systems, as well as of the main scientific questions and challenges that face this particular field. This work is not intended as an introductory textbook, but rather is aimed at advanced graduate students and researchers actively working in the fields of aquatic ecology, biological oceanography, and biogeochemistry in general. - ;Overall, Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems is an inspiration for those in the field to expand their own studies, to students to find out more about the specific role of respiration in global carbon fluxes and for scientists, such as myself, who have not previously considered the community and global implications of respiratory measurements. -