Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America

Author: U. Seeliger,B. Kjerfve

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366204482X

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 4145

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Coastal and marine ecosystems, some severely degraded, other still pristine, control rich resources of inshore environments and coastal seas of Latin America's Pacific and Atlantic margins. Conflicts between the needs of the region's nations and diminishing revenues and environmental quality have induced awareness of coastal ecological problems and motivated financial support for restoration and management. The volume provides a competent review on the structure, processes and function of 22 important Latin American coastal marine ecosystems. Each contribution describes the environmental settings, biotic components and structure of the system, considers trophic processes and energy flow, evaluates the modifying influence of natural and human perturbations, and suggests management needs. Although the focus of the book is on basic ecological research, the results have application for coastal managers.

World Atlas of Mangroves

Author: Mark Spalding,Mami Kainuma,Lorna Collins

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849776601

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 9659

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"This atlas provides the first truly global assessment of the state of the world's mangroves. Written by the leading expert on mangroves with support from the top international researchers and conservation organizations, this full color atlas contains 60 full-page maps, hundreds of photographs and illustrations and a comprehensive country-by-country assessment of mangroves. Included are the first detailed estimates of changes in mangrove forestcover worldwide and at regional and national levels, an assessment of these changes and a country-by-country examination of biodiversity protection. The book also presents a wealth of global statistics on biodiversity, habitat area, loss and economic value which provide a unique record of mangroves against which future threats and changes can be evaluated. Case-studies, written by regional experts, provide insights into regional mangrove issues, including primary and potential productivity, biodiversity, and information on present and traditional uses and values and sustainable management."--Pub. desc.

Environmental Geochemistry in Tropical and Subtropical Environments

Author: Luiz Drude de Lacerda,Ricardo Erthal Santelli,Egbert K. Duursma,Jorge Joao Abrao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366207060X

Category: Nature

Page: 385

View: 9583

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This book incorporates twenty contributions on diverse aspects of the environmental geochemistry in tropical and sub-tropical environments, drawing together extensive original research not readily available elsewhere. Coverage includes intercontinental comparisons drawn on paleoclimatology, environmental impacts of mining and geochemistry of continetal shelf sediments.

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America

Author: Ulrich Seeliger

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080925677

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 1179

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Published ecological information on Latin American coasts is scarce, despite the growing need for a comprehensive examination of coastal processes on a global scale. This book brings together details on benthic marine algae, seagrasses, salt marsh, mangrove, and dune plant communities throughout Latin America. Researchers and graduate students in plant ecology, marine biology, and environmental management will benefit from the valuable information in this book. Distribution and community ecology Modern research approaches Coastal management possibilities

The Gulf of Guinea Large Marine Ecosystem

Environmental Forcing and Sustainable Development of Marine Resources

Author: J.M. McGlade,P. Cury,K.A. Koranteng,N.J. Hardman-Mountford

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008053273X

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 8454

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The Gulf of Guinea volume is part of a series on the Large Marine Ecosystems. This volume combines the latest research on the Gulf of Guinea from scientists working primarily in the region and from Europe. It covers the dynamics of the oceanic and coastal waters of the region, the major biological resources, pollution in the marine environment and the socio-economics and governance of marine fisheries. A significant number of new data sets, including some which have been repatriated from outside the region, are now made available through this publication. The combination of the various chapters underlines the interlinkages that exist between the interannual and seasonal dynamical behaviour of the oceanic offshore waters and the living marine resources along the coast, and the direct effect they have on the livelihoods of the populations living throughout the Gulf of Guinea. The volume is intended for those who have a general interest in the region as well as those who work professionally in the field. It will also be of immense value to resource managers and policy-makers as a demonstration project on how research can help solve the pressing problems of economic and food security in coastal regions.

The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries

Author: Gabriella Bianchi,Hein Rune Skjoldal

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845934431

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 363

View: 6759

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Sustainable use of aquatic ecosystems is high on regional, national and international agendas and central to the implementation of international agreements on biological diversity, fisheries and fish stock management. This book covers theoretical and applied aspects of sustainable management, with emphasis on addressing implementation issues.

The Atlantic Forest of South America

Biodiversity Status, Threats, and Outlook

Author: Carlos Galindo Leal,Ibsen de Gusmão Câmara

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559639897

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 7210

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The Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina is one of the most devastated and most highly threatened ecosystem on the planet; less than eight percent of the original forest remains and is facing intense population pressures from all sides.The Atlantic Forest of South America presents a detailed assessment of the state of biodiversity in the Atlantic Forest. Separate sections examine each of the three countries that are home to the forest, beginning with a brief overview that explores the dynamics of biodiversity loss in that country and outlines the topics to be addressed. Following the overview are individual chapters that analyze:"

High-Latitude Rainforests and Associated Ecosystems of the West Coast of the Americas

Climate, Hydrology, Ecology and Conservation

Author: Richard G. Lawford

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387944876

Category: Nature

Page: 409

View: 9875

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Regional intercomparisons between ecosystems on different continents can be a powerful tool to better understand the ways in which ecosystems respond to global change. Large areas are often needed to characterize the causal mechanisms governing interactions between ecozones and their environments. Factors such as weather and climate patterns, land-ocean and land-atmosphere interactions all play important roles. As a result of the strong physical north-south symmetry between the western coasts of North and South America, the similarities in climate, coastal oceanography and physiography between these two regions have been extensively documented. High Latitude Rain Forests and Associated Ecosystems of the West Coast of the Americas presents current research on West Coast forest and river ecology, and compares ecosystems of the Pacific Northwest with those of South America.

Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology II

Metagenomics in Different Habitats

Author: Frans J. de Bruijn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118010531

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 1891

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The premiere two-volume reference on revelations from studying complex microbial communities in many distinct habitats Metagenomics is an emerging field that has changed the way microbiologists study microorganisms. It involves the genomic analysis of microorganisms by extraction and cloning of DNA from a group of microorganisms, or the direct use of the purified DNA or RNA for sequencing, which allows scientists to bypass the usual protocol of isolating and culturing individual microbial species. This method is now used in laboratories across the globe to study microorganism diversity and for isolating novel medical and industrial compounds. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology is the first comprehensive two-volume reference to cover unculturable microorganisms in a large variety of habitats, which could not previously have been analyzed without metagenomic methodology. It features review articles as well as a large number of case studies, based largely on original publications and written by international experts. This second volume, Metagenomics in Different Habitats, covers such topics as: Viral genomes Metagenomics studies in a variety of habitats, including marine environments and lakes, soil, and human and animal digestive tracts Other habitats, including those involving microbiome diversity in human saliva and functional intestinal metagenomics; diversity of archaea in terrestrial hot springs; and microbial communities living at the surface of building stones Biodegradation Biocatalysts and natural products A special feature of this book is the highlighting of the databases and computer programs used in each study; they are listed along with their sites in order to facilitate the computer-assisted analysis of the vast amount of data generated by metagenomic studies. Such studies in a variety of habitats are described here, which present a large number of different system-dependent approaches in greatly differing habitats. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology II is an invaluable reference for researchers in metagenomics, microbial ecology, microbiology, and environmental microbiology; those working on the Human Microbiome Project; microbial geneticists; and professionals in molecular microbiology and bioinformatics.

The Global Coastal Ocean

Interdisciplinary Regional Studies and Syntheses

Author: Allan R. Robinson,Kenneth H. Brink

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674015272

Category: Education

Page: 815

View: 7652

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In multidisciplinary efforts to understand and manage our planet, contemporary ocean science plays an essential role. Volumes 13 and 14 of The Sea focus on two of the most important components in the field of ocean science today—the coastal ocean and its interactions with the deep sea, and coupled physical-biogeochemical and ecosystem dynamics.

Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems

A Global Perspective

Author: Torben C. Rick,Jon M. Erlandson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520253438

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 5718

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“An excellent volume with mature, sophisticated, comprehensive research by leaders in the fields of archaeology, zooarchaeology, and paleoarchaeology that will be useful to scientists of many interests.”—David Steadman, author of Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds “This volume will make a significant contribution to our understanding of ancient human impacts on marine ecosystems, which will be of interest to all researchers who are concerned about the environment. The editors and contributors are commended for their efforts on this significant research topic.”—Steven R. James, coeditor of The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment

Latin America and the Caribbean

A Continental Overview of Environmental Issues

Author: Kevin Hillstrom,Laurie Collier Hillstrom

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576076903

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 7903

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Presents an overview of Latin America's and the Caribbean's present status and future outlook for economic, human, and environmental health.