Climate Change

Observed Impacts on Planet Earth

Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444635351

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 2742

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Earth's climate is always changing. As the debate over the Earth's climate has grown, the term "climate change" has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those that are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth, Second Edition, serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the climatologist and the non-specialist. The book contains 35 chapters on all scientific aspects of climate change, written by the world's authority of each particular subject. It collects the latest information on all of these topics in one volume. In this way, readers can make connections between the various topics covered in the book, leading to new ways of solving problems and looking at related issues. The book also contains major references and details for further research and understanding on all issues related to climate change, giving a clear indication of a looming crisis in global warming and climate change. Provides an up-to-date account of the current understanding of climate change and global warming Includes 23 updated chapters and 12 new chapters Includes coverage on modeling climate change, geological history of climate change, and on engineering aspects of climate change Written by the world’s leading experts on the issues related to climate change

Unraveling Environmental Disasters

Author: Daniel Vallero,Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123973171

Category: Nature

Page: 530

View: 1114

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Unraveling Environmental Disasters provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future. Named a 2014 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication Treats disasters as complex systems Provides predictions based upon sound science, such as what the buildup of certain radiant gases in the troposphere will do, or what will happen if current transoceanic crude oil transport continues Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters

Future Energy

Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet

Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080994229

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 738

View: 5230

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As the demand for global energy increases, fact-based evaluations of alternative energy sources are needed in order to address the growing interest in how energy is produced, provided, and transported in sustainable ways. Future Energy, Second Edition provides scientists and decision makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions needed for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The second edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 30 chapters on all aspects of future energy, each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields providing an unbiased and balanced view of the future of energy. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools to make informed decisions regarding selection, use, and environmental impacts. Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts of the particular field Eleven new chapters including chapters on: solar heating, energy resources in developing nations and frontiers in oil and gas, Arctic drilling and unconventional oil and gas sources, thorium in nuclear fission, ethanol and other options for future transport fuel, fracking, smart grids, new batteries, environmental issues and the energy options for China

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 8154

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Losing Earth

Author: Nathaniel Rich

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644004064

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3898

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Die Klimakatastrophe, die wir jetzt erleben, hätte verhindert werden können. Vor dreißig Jahren gab es die Chance, den Planeten zu retten – doch sie wurde verspielt. Nathaniel Rich schildert in dieser dramatischen Reportage, wie es zu diesem wahrhaft globalen Versagen kam. Wir folgen einer Gruppe von Wissenschaftlern, Aktivisten und Politikberatern rund um den Umweltlobbyisten Rafe Pomerance und den Nasa-Forscher James Hansen, die Ende der siebziger Jahre erstmals erkennen, dass sich die Erderwärmung desaströs beschleunigt, aber auch, was dagegen zu tun ist – beinahe alles, was wir heute darüber wissen, stammt aus dieser Zeit. Rich schildert ein Jahrzehnt erbitterter Kämpfe um Öffentlichkeit, Anerkennung, politische Maßnahmen – und wie diese 1989, kurz vor dem Durchbruch, tragisch scheitern. Eine historische Reportage, die aktueller nicht sein könnte: Wir bekommen in den kommenden Jahren das zu spüren, was vor drei Jahrzehnten versäumt wurde – so wie unser gegenwärtiges Scheitern das Schicksal des Planeten in naher Zukunft besiegelt. Die Erde in ihrer heutigen Gestalt ist bereits verloren, sie wurde damals verloren – und so erzählt Rich hier die Geschichte eines beispiellosen Menschheitsversagens.

Climate Change

The Science, Impacts and Solutions

Author: A Barrie Pittock

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643098755

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 1197

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It is widely accepted in the scientific community that climate change is a reality, and that changes are happening with increasing rapidity. In this second edition, leading climate researcher Barrie Pittock revisits the effects that global warming is having on our planet, in light of ever-evolving scientific research. Presenting all sides of the arguments about the science and possible remedies, Pittock examines the latest analyses of climate change, such as new and alarming observations regarding Arctic sea ice, the recently published IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, and the policies of the new Australian Government and how they affect the implementation of climate change initiatives. New material focuses on massive investments in large-scale renewables, such as the kind being taken up in California, as well as many smaller-scale activities in individual homes and businesses which are being driven by both regulatory and market mechanisms. The book includes extensive endnotes with links to ongoing and updated information, as well as some new illustrations. While the message is clear that climate change is here (and in some areas, might already be having disastrous effects), there is still hope for the future, and the ideas presented here will inspire people to take action. Climate Change: The Science, Impacts and Solutions is an important reference for students in environmental or social sciences, policy makers, and people who are genuinely concerned about the future of our environment.

This Borrowed Earth

Lessons from the Fifteen Worst Environmental Disasters around the World

Author: Robert Emmet Hernan

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780230105270

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 502

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Over the last century mankind has irrevocably damaged the environment through the unscrupulous greed of big business and our own willful ignorance. Here are the strikingly poignant accounts of disasters whose names live in infamy: Chernobyl, Bhopal, Exxon Valdez, Three Mile Island, Love Canal, Minamata and others. And with these, the extraordinary and inspirational stories of the countless men and women who fought bravely to protect the communities and environments at risk.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 4345

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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft : das Netzwerk des Leugnens

Author: Erik M. Conway,Naomi Oreskes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527412115

Category: Democracy and science

Page: 389

View: 5090

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Ein ganz realer Thriller: Wie skrupellose Lobbyisten seriöse Forscher diffamierten und gezielt Falschinformationen in lancierten Medienkampagnen global verbreiteten. Der Plot ist hollywoodreif, die Geschichte so skandalträchtig wie bestürzend Eine Handvoll Forscher leugnet, manipuliert und diskreditiert anerkannte wissenschaftliche Tatsachen wie den Klimawandel oder den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Rauchen und gesundheitlichen Risiken. Doch Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft (im Original Merchants of Doubt) ist kein fiktiver Roman, sondern berichtet von der Realität. In den USA sorgte das Buch von Naomi Oreskes und Erik M. Conway für Furore und wurde zum Bestseller. Kein Wunder, die Geschichte, die sie erzählen, ist schließlich unglaublich – es ist die Geschichte über den Kampf gegen Fakten und über den Handel mit dem Zweifel, über die Manipulation der Medien und die Diffamierung Einzelner. Und sie geht uns alle an. Schließlich lehnten die USA als einzige Industrienation die Ratifizierung des Kyoto–Protokolls ab und verhinderten so wichtige Schritte des Klimaschutzes. Ein Lehrstück über die Macht der Industrielobby und ihre Handlanger aus Politik und Wissenschaft und ein Lehrstück darüber, wie erschreckend einfach es möglich ist, mit unlauteren Absichten selbst seriöse Medien zu beeinflussen und mit nachweislich falschen Informationen zu »füttern«.

Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]

Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442154517

Category:

Page: 411

View: 7927

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Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

Changing Climates, Earth Systems and Society

Author: John Dodson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048187164

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 2624

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The International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE) was established as a means of raising worldwide public and political awareness of the vast, though frequently under-used, potential the Earth Sciences possess for improving the quality of life of the peoples of the world and safeguarding Earth’s rich and diverse environments. The International Year project was jointly initiated in 2000 by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and the Earth Science Division of the United Nations Educational, Scienti?c and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). IUGS, which is a Non-Governmental Organisation, and UNESCO, an Inter-Governmental Organisation, already shared a long record of productive cooperation in the na- ral sciences and their application to societal problems, including the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP) now in its fourth decade. With its main goals of raising public awareness of, and enhancing research in the Earth sciences on a global scale in both the developed and less-developed countries of the world, two operational programmes were demanded. In 2002 and 2003, the Series Editors together with Dr. Ted Nield and Dr. Henk Schalke (all four being core members of the Management Team at that time) drew up outlines of a Science and an Outreach Programme. In 2005, following the UN proclamation of 2008 as the United Nations International Year of Planet Earth, the “Year” grew into a triennium (2007–2009).

Climate Change

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Marie-Antoinette Méli?res,Chloé Maréchal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118708520

Category: Nature

Page: 416

View: 4025

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The book use an approach that explains the mechanisms but is equation-free. It is written from the point of view of a physicist and treats the physical processes in detail providing a deep understanding in particular of the energy balance and the greenhouse effect. It avoids technical jargon and presents the issues in a simple and clear manner. In addition to the fuller explanations, the approach is innovative. The record of past climates is used as a benchmark to assess current climate changes and to apprehend the true magnitude of coming changes that stem from human activity. It is for this reason that such emphasis is given to understanding the mechanisms (Parts 1 and 2) and the lessons from past climates (Part 3). The central subject of the book is thus that of Work Package 1 of IPCC, namely “Climate changes in the past and to come”. Although many topics are covered, the book focuses on the fundamental mechanisms that underlie climate equilibrium. These are discussed in depth and placed in a hierarchy, which provides a better perspective of the different factors, parameters and mechanisms that drive the variations in the average climate. One of its novelties is to present the notion of average climate in terms of energy required to maintain the climate. This allows the reader to understand the basic role of the available energy on the Earth and to generalise the concept of climate on the scale of the whole planet. In this way the fundamental importance of the greenhouse effect is introduced, as well as the average temperature as an indicator of climate change, i.e., the pertinence of the temperature – energy parameter. This is why it describes the average climate in terms of the three key components : temperature, rainfall and wind. Special attention is given to the energy balance of the planet in all its aspects and to understanding clearly the mechanism of the greenhouse effect and the physical notion of temperature. These last two form the basis of the perturbation generated by human activity and the means of quantifying its impact. By presenting the detailed climate archives over the last few million years (Part 3, Lessons of the Past), in particular the glacial - interglacial cycles of the Quaternary era, the mechanism that drives the natural climate changes is revealed, and the lessons to be learnt from the past follow naturally. Emphasis is laid on the means of characterizing and quantifying global climate change: -Global warming is accompanied by an average rise in temperature that increases with latitude. Mean latitudes experience a rise in temperature twice as great as that of the overall average (a finding that is confirmed by the recent warming and which is forecast in the models for the 21st century). -Throughout the whole of the Quaternary era (last few million years) the warm interglacial periods never encountered a rise in the average temperature greater than 2°C beyond the current warm period. This provides a reference for the global warming that is approaching. -Finally, with respect to biodiversity, the glacial - interglacial cycles of the past illustrate how the impact of large temperature changes can affect the biosphere, and promote greater biodiversity at lower latitudes. These points serve to circumscribe the magnitude of the changes, both in the climate and in the biosphere, that are in store in the 21st century. The whole of Part 4 (Recent evolution in the climate) summarizes the consequences of the recent global warming. The interest here is to illustrate the observed impact on the planet of a global climate change. This highlights the predictions of the models, which are entirely consistent with these observations (Part 5).

Impact of Climate Changes on Marine Environments

Author: Tymon Zielinski,Marcin Weslawski,Karol Kuliński

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319142836

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 2274

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This book contributes to the current discussion on global environmental changes by discussing modifications in marine ecosystems related to global climate changes. In marine ecosystems, rising atmospheric CO2 and climate changes are associated with shifts in temperature, circulation, stratification, nutrient input, oxygen concentration and ocean acidification, which have significant biological effects on a regional and global scale. Knowing how these changes affect the distribution and abundance of plankton in the ocean currents is crucial to our understanding of how climate change impacts the marine environment. Ocean temperatures, weather and climatic changes greatly influence the amount and location of nutrients in the water column. If temperatures and currents change, the plankton production cycle may not coincide with the reproduction cycle of fish. The above changes are closely related to the changes in radiative forcing, which initiate feedback mechanisms like changes in surface temperature, circulation, and atmospheric chemistry.

Die Stratosphäre

Phänomene, Geschichte, Relevanz

Author: Karin Labitzke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642599893

Category: Science

Page: 178

View: 1409

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In diesem Buch wird einerseits die spannende Entdeckung der Stratosphäre selbst und verschiedener unerwarteter Phänomene in der Stratosphäre beschrieben: ein bemannter Ballonflug im Jahr 1901 bis in 11 km Höhe; eine Expedition zum Victoriasee im Jahr 1908; die Entdeckung der Ozonschicht um 1930, des "Berliner Phänomens" im Jahr 1952, des Einflusses von Vulkaneruptionen im Jahr 1982, des Ozonlochs im Jahr 1985 und des Einflusses der Sonnenaktivität im Jahr 1987. Andererseits wird gezeigt, wie diese Erscheinungen miteinander verknüpft sind und wie sie anthropogene und natürliche Schwankungen in unserem Klimasystem verursachen. Am Beispiel der Stratosphäre soll das Buch zum Verständnis der Erforschung komplizierter Zusammenhänge in der Natur beitragen.

Coping with Climate Change

Principles and Asian Context

Author: Ramesha Chandrappa,Sushil Gupta,Umesh Chandra Kulshrestha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642196744

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 6665

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The Environmental and climatic issues varies from continent to continent and is unique to Asia. Understanding the issues does need lot of research and study material which students may not be able to gather due to shortage of time and resources. Hence an effort is made by authors gathering there experience and academic input from renowned universities of world. Climate change is real and coping with it is major concern in coming days. Most of the books written and sold in the past need updating and customizing. The general description of climate change and world will not help the professionals and students. It needs to seen area wise as a professional will work in specific geographic area. Hence an effort is made to collect data from Asia which host most populated countries along with ecological hot spots.

Ökologie

Author: Colin R. Townsend,Michael Begon,John L. Harper

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662440784

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 8467

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Diese Softcover-Ausgabe, die ein unveränderter Nachdruck der 2. Auflage (2009) ist, hält das nachgefragte Lehrbuch weiterhin verfügbar. Moderne Ökologie von A bis Z Das renommierte Autorenteam Townsend, Begon und Harper konzentriert sich in diesem Lehrbuch auf die wesentlichen Zusammenhänge in der Ökologie. In anschaulicher, durchgehend vierfarbig gestalteter und leicht verständlicher Form wird ein ausgewogener Überblick vermittelt, der die terrestrische und aquatische Ökologie gleichermaßen berücksichtigt. Für den Praxisbezug wurde großes Gewicht auf die angewandten Aspekte gelegt. Zahlreiche didaktische Elemente und großzügige, farbige Illustrationen erleichtern den Zugang. Es gibt Schlüsselkonzepte am Kapitelanfang, "Fenster" für historische Einschübe, mathematische Hintergründe und ethische Fragen, Zusammenfassungen und Fragen am Kapitelende. Neu in dieser Auflage ist ein eigenes Kapitel zur Evolutionsökologie. Alle anderen Kapitel – insbesondere die zu den angewandte Aspekten – wurden intensiv überarbeitet und hunderte neue Beispiele aufgenommen. Klar und einfach erklärt in diesem Buch.

Climate Change Biology

Author: N.A

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845937481

Category: Biogeography

Page: 289

View: 2295

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Climate change has moved from being a contested phenomenon to the top of the agenda at global summits. Climate Change Biology is the first major textbook to address the critical issue of how climate change may affect life on the planet, and particularly its impact on human populations. Presented in four parts, the first deals extensively with the physical evidence of climate change and various modelling efforts to predict its future. Biological responses are addressed in the second part, from the individual's physiology to populations and ecosystems, and further to considering adaptation and evolution. The third part examines the specific impact climate change may have on natural resources, agriculture and forestry. The final part considers research on the cutting edge of impact prediction and the practical and philosophical limitations on our abilities to predict these impacts. This text will be a useful asset to the growing number of both undergraduate and graduate courses on impacts of climate change, as well as providing a succinct overview for researchers new to the field.

Die Frühgeschichte der globalen Umweltkrise und die Formierung der deutschen Umweltpolitik (1950-1973)

Author: Kai F. Hünemörder

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515081887

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 4660

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Trotz der elementaren Bedeutung der globalen Umweltkrise fehlten bisher umfassende Studien, die ihre Wahrnehmung in Politik und Gesellschaft auf breiter Quellenbasis historisch nachzeichnen. Der vorliegende Band schlieat diese Luecke und bereichert den internationalen Diskurs um die geschichtliche Tiefendimension. Beginnend mit der Ausweitung der staatlichen Eindammungsmaanahmen gegenueber den gravierendsten Umweltschaden in den 1950er Jahren im Ruhrgebiet, schildert er die Wahrnehmungs- und Politisierungsprozesse in Deutschland bis zur Mitte der 1970er Jahre. Unter Einbeziehung mentalitatsgeschichtlicher Entwicklungen entsteht ein facettenreiches Bild der ersten umweltpolitischen Welle, in der den bis dahin vorherrschenden Fortschrittsvorstellungen das Paradigma der Grenzen des Wachstums entgegengestellt wurde. Der Anspruch an die Umweltgeschichte, prazises Orientierungswissen ueber den Wandel der Beziehungen von Mensch und Natur zu vermitteln, wird auf faszinierende Weise eingelost. "...unverzichtbar fuer jeden, der sich fuer die Anfange der Umweltpolitik und -bewegung in der Bundesrepublik interessiert" Sueddeutsche Zeitung eine "agedankenreiche Studie" FAZ "Huenemorder stellt sich der historischen Komplexitat des Themas und nimmt viele Faden auf, aus denen das dichte Netz des entstehenden Umweltdiskurses geknuepft ist. Es ist eine bemerkenswerte Leistung, die unterschiedlichen Strange zusammenzufuehren. Denn Huenemorder bescheidet sich nicht mit der buerokratischen oder politischen Ebene, sondern beleuchtet auch die gesellschaftlichen, medialen und individuellen Folien, vor denen die Umweltdebatte entstand." H-Soz-u-Kult "Das neue Beiheft der Historischen Mitteilungen schlieat (eine) Luecke und bereichert den internationalen Diskurs um die geschichtliche Tiefendimension." Umweltbrief .

Trade and Climate Change

A Report by the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Trade Organization

Author: Ludivine Tamiotti,World Trade Organization

Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint

ISBN: 9789287035226

Category: Nature

Page: 166

View: 397

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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing the international community. Mitigating global warming and adapting to its consequences will require major economic investment and, above all, unequivocal determination on the part of all policymakers. This publication uniquely examines the intersection between trade and climate change from four different but correlated perspectives: the science of climate change, economic aspects, multilateral efforts to tackle climate change, and national climate change policies and their trade effect. Copublished with the United Nations Environment Programme