Layers

An Atlas of Composite Resin Stratification

Author: Jordi Manauta,Anna Salat

Publisher: Quintessence Publishing (IL)

ISBN: 9788874921737

Category: Medical

Page: 444

View: 8830

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Despite the many advances of contemporary dental research in biomaterials and tissue regeneration, no dental material can perfectly correspond to natural tooth. The authors of this dynamic atlas posit that it is the mastery of layering technique and not the material itself that is most important in recreating natural- looking restorations. This reference book uses over a thousand images to explore the stratification of natural tooth and demonstrate solutions for how to arrange layers of composite resin to recreate the color, opacity, shape, and surface abnormalities of natural tooth. The authors provide step-by-step instruction in basic layering techniques as well as in advanced applications of dental characteristics, which are possible with a wide range of esthetic dental materials. In addition, each chapter is prefaced with insights from luminaries in esthetic dentistry, including Luiz Narciso Baratieri, Galip G rel, Pascal Magne, Francesco Mangani, Ricardo Mitrani, and Angelo Putignano, among others. Optimal stratification techniques not only create natural-looking beauty in restorations but also imitate the innate bioarchitecture of teeth, which is the foundation of functional and esthetic results.

The Rape Of Nanking

The Forgotten Holocaust Of World War II

Author: Iris Chang

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 046502825X

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 816

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The definitive New York Times bestselling account of one of history's most brutal--and forgotten--massacres In December 1937, one of the most horrific massacres in the long annals of wartime barbarity occurred. The Japanese army swept into the ancient city of Nanking (what was then the capital of China), and within weeks, more than 300,000 Chinese civilians and soldiers were systematically raped, tortured, and murdered-a death toll exceeding that of the atomic blasts of Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined. In this seminal work, Iris Chang, whose own grandparents barely escaped the massacre, resurrects this history and tells the story from three perspectives: that of the Japanese soldiers, that of the Chinese, and that of a group of Westerners who refused to abandon the city and created a safety zone, which saved almost 300,000 Chinese. Amazingly, the story of this atrocity--one of the worst in world history--continues to be denied by the Japanese government. More than just narrating the details of an orgy of violence, The Rape of Nanking tells the shocking story of the concerted effort during the Cold War on the part of the West and even China to stifle open discussion of the massacre. Drawing on extensive interviews with survivors and documents brought to light for the first time, Iris Chang's classic is the definitive history of this horrifying episode.

Humanitarian Ethics

A Guide to the Morality of Aid in War and Disaster

Author: Hugo Slim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190613041

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 8538

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Humanitarians are required to be impartial, independent, professionally competent and focused only on preventing and alleviating human suffering. It can be hard living up to these principles when others do not share them, while persuading political and military authorities and non-state actors to let an agency assist on the ground requires savvy ethical skills. Getting first to a conflict or natural catastrophe is only the beginning, as aid workers are usually and immediately presented with practical and moral questions about what to do next. For example, when does working closely with a warring party or an immoral regime move from practical cooperation to complicity in human rights violations? Should one operate in camps for displaced people and refugees if they are effectively places of internment? Do humanitarian agencies inadvertently encourage ethnic cleansing by always being ready to 'mop-up' the consequences of scorched earth warfare? This book has been written to help humanitarians assess and respond to these and other ethical dilemmas.

Aesthetics of Sustainable Architecture

Author: Sang Lee,Nezar AlSayyad

Publisher: Nai Uitgevers Pub

ISBN: 9789064507526

Category: Architecture

Page: 315

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The purpose of this book is to reveal, explore and further the debate on the aesthetic potentials of sustainable architecture and its practice. This book opens a new area of scholarship and discourse in the design and production of sustainable architecture, one that is based in aesthetics. The chapters in this book have been compiled from architects and scholars working in diverse research and practice areas in North America, Europe, the Middle East and Asia. While they approach the subject matter from different angles, the chapters of the book help clarify the key principles behind environmental concerns and sustainability in architecture. At its very core, Aesthetics of Sustainable Architecture underlines the connection that exists between our approach to the environment and sustainability on one hand, and our approach to certain aesthetic propositions and practices on the other. With contributions by Nezar AlSayyad, Gabriel Arboleda, Vinayak Bharne, Keith Bothwell, John Brennan, David Briggs, Luca Finocciaro, Kenneth Frampton, Marie Antoinette Glaser, Anne Grete Hestnes, Glen Hill, Stefanie Holzheu, Louisa Hutton, Daniel Jauslin, Ralph L. Knowles, Kengo Kuma, Sang Lee, Giancarlo Mangone, Elisanetta Pero, Matthias Sauerbruch, Patrick Teuffel, Harad N. Røstvik, Matthew Skjonsberg and Minna Sunikka-Blank.

Confronting Discrimination and Inequality in China

Chinese and Canadian Perspectives

Author: Errol Mendes,Sakunthala Srighanthan

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 077661780X

Category: Political Science

Page: 439

View: 595

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Confronting Discrimination and Inequality in China focuses on the most challenging areas of discrimination and inequality in China, including discrimination faced by HIV/AIDS afflicted individuals, rural populations, migrant workers, women, people with disabilities, and ethnic minorities. The Canadian contributors offer rich regional, national, and international perspectives on how constitutions, laws, policies, and practices, both in Canada and in other parts of the world, battle discrimination and the conflicts that rise out of it. The Chinese contributors include some of the most independent-minded scholars and practitioners in China. Their assessments of the challenges facing China in the areas of discrimination and inequality not only attest to their personal courage and intellectual freedom but also add an important perspective on this emerging superpower.

The Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law

Author: Françoise Bouchet-Saulnier

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442221135

Category: Political Science

Page: 826

View: 3699

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Now in a comprehensively updated edition, this indispensable handbook analyzes how international humanitarian law has evolved in the face of these many new challenges. Central concerns include the war on terror, new forms of armed conflict and humanitarian action, the emergence of international criminal justice, and the reshaping of fundamental rules and consensus in a multipolar world. ThePractical Guide to Humanitarian Law provides the precise meaning and content for over 200 terms such as terrorism, refugee, genocide, armed conflict, protection, peacekeeping, torture, and private military companies—words that the media has introduced into everyday conversation, yet whose legal and political meanings are often obscure. The Guide definitively explains the terms, concepts, and rules of humanitarian law in accessible and reader-friendly alphabetical entries. Written from the perspective of victims and those who provide assistance to them, the Guide outlines the dangers, spells out the law, and points the way toward dealing with violations of the law. Entries are complemented by analysis of the decisions of relevant courts; detailed bibliographic references; addresses, phone numbers, and Internet links to the organizations presented; a thematic index; and an up-to-date list of the status of ratification of more than thirty international conventions and treaties concerning humanitarian law, human rights, refugee law, and international criminal law. This unprecedented work is an invaluable reference for policy makers and opinion leaders, students, relief workers, and members of humanitarian organizations. Published in cooperation with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières.

Genocide in the Carpathians

War, Social Breakdown, and Mass Violence, 1914-1945

Author: Raz Segal

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804798974

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 8706

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Genocide in the Carpathians presents the history of Subcarpathian Rus', a multiethnic and multireligious borderland in the heart of Europe. This society of Carpatho-Ruthenians, Jews, Magyars, and Roma disintegrated under pressure of state building in interwar Czechoslovakia and, during World War II, from the onslaught of the Hungarian occupation. Charges of "foreignness" and disloyalty to the Hungarian state linked antisemitism to xenophobia and national security anxieties. Genocide unfolded as a Hungarian policy, and Hungarian authorities committed mass robbery, deportations, and killings against all non-Magyar groups in their efforts to recast the region as part of an ethnonational "Greater Hungary." In considering the events that preceded the German invasion of Hungary in March 1944, this book reorients our view of the Holocaust not simply as a German drive for continent-wide genocide, but as a truly international campaign of mass murder, related to violence against non-Jews unleashed by projects of state and nation building. Focusing on both state and society, Raz Segal shows how Hungary's genocidal attack on Subcarpathian Rus' obliterated not only tens of thousands of lives but also a diverse society and way of life that today, from the vantage point of our world of nation-states, we find difficult to imagine.

Gender and the Genocide in Rwanda

Women as Rescuers and Perpetrators

Author: Sara E. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351699768

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 3411

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This book examines the mobilization, role, and trajectory of women rescuers and perpetrators during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. While much has been written about the victimization of women during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, very little has been said about women who rescued targeted victims or perpetrated crimes against humanity. This book explores and analyzes the role played by women who exercised agency as rescuers and as perpetrators during the genocide in Rwanda. As women, they took actions and decisions within the context of a deeply entrenched patriarchal system that limited their choices. This work examines two diverging paths of women’s agency during this period: to rescue from genocide or to perpetrate genocide. It seeks to answer three questions: First, how were certain Rwandan women mobilized to participate in genocide, and by whom? Second, what were the specific actions of women during this period of violence and upheaval? Finally, what were the trajectories of women rescuers and perpetrators after the genocide? Comparing and contrasting how women rescuers and perpetrators were mobilized, the actions they undertook, and their post-genocide trajectories, and concluding with a broader discussion of the long-term impact of ignoring these women, this book develops a more nuanced and holistic view of women’s agency and the genocide in Rwanda. This book will be of much interest to students of gender studies, genocide studies, African politics and critical security studies.

A History of the Gypsies of Eastern Europe and Russia

Author: D. Crowe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349606715

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 5594

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David Crowe draws from previously untapped East European, Russian, and traditional sources to explore the life, history, and culture of the Gypsies, or Roma, from their entrance into the region in the Middle Ages until the present.

The Jews of Nazi Vienna, 1938-1945

Rescue and Destruction

Author: Ilana Fritz Offenberger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319493582

Category: History

Page: 321

View: 7539

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This book examines Jewish life in Vienna just after the Nazi-takeover in 1938. Who were Vienna’s Jews, how did they react and respond to Nazism, and why? Drawing upon the voices of the individuals and families who lived during this time, together with new archival documentation, Ilana Offenberger reconstructs the daily lives of Vienna’s Jews from Anschluss in March 1938 through the entire Nazi occupation and the eventual dissolution of the Jewish community of Vienna. Offenberger explains how and why over two-thirds of the Jewish community emigrated from the country, while one-third remained trapped. A vivid picture emerges of the co-dependent relationship this community developed with their German masters, and the false hope they maintained until the bitter end. The Germans murdered close to one third of Vienna’s Jewish population in the “final solution” and their family members who escaped the Reich before 1941 chose never to return; they remained dispersed across the world. This is not a triumphant history. Although the overwhelming majority survived the Holocaust, the Jewish community that once existed was destroyed.

The Rise and Fall of Comradeship

Hitler's Soldiers, Male Bonding and Mass Violence in the Twentieth Century

Author: Thomas Kühne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316841839

Category: History

Page: N.A

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This is an innovative account of how the concept of comradeship shaped the actions, emotions and ideas of ordinary German soldiers across the two world wars and during the Holocaust. Using individual soldiers' diaries, personal letters and memoirs, Kühne reveals the ways in which soldiers' longing for community, and the practice of male bonding and togetherness, sustained the Third Reich's pursuit of war and genocide. Comradeship fuelled the soldiers' fighting morale. It also propelled these soldiers forward into war crimes and acts of mass murders. Yet, by practising comradeship, the soldiers could maintain the myth that they were morally sacrosanct. Post-1945, the notion of kameradschaft as the epitome of humane and egalitarian solidarity allowed Hitler's soldiers to join the euphoria for peace and democracy in the Federal Republic, finally shaping popular memories of the war through the end of the twentieth century.

Classification of East African Crops

Second Edition

Author: Kokwaro, John O.

Publisher: University of Nairobi Press

ISBN: 9966792244

Category: Nature

Page: 206

View: 9541

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Classification of East African Crops is a revised modern version of a book first published in 1979. It is a handbooks grouping the crops, timber, and common ornamental plants found in East Africa into 26 classes. The plants are discussed under two broad categories, namely, usage and commercial classifications. the Type A group of plants, based on usage classification, has 19 classes including the famous categories such as cereals, fruits, vegetables, legumes, oil crops, fiber crops, and forage and fodder plants amongst others. The Type B group, based on commercial use of the plants, covers food crops, cash crops, commercial horticultural crops, forbidden crops (drug plants), and bee forage or useful plants for honey bees. Each class has a full or brief discussion of the crops or useful plants grown in modern East Africa covering Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. The most important part of the handbooks is the list of all major and minor crops and useful plants in each class containing the English or trade names, the botanical names, and the families to which they belong. The book has over 70 selected colour plates illustrating different crops and other useful plants. It is an excellent handbook for university and college scholars, students, and researchers in agriculture, forestry, environment, and animal husbandry.

Condemned to Repeat?

The Paradox of Humanitarian Action

Author: Fiona Terry

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468647

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 8113

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Humanitarian groups have failed, Fiona Terry believes, to face up to the core paradox of their activity: humanitarian action aims to alleviate suffering, but by inadvertently sustaining conflict it potentially prolongs suffering. In Condemned to Repeat?, Terry examines the side-effects of intervention by aid organizations and points out the need to acknowledge the political consequences of the choice to give aid. The author makes the controversial claim that aid agencies act as though the initial decision to supply aid satisfies any need for ethical discussion and are often blind to the moral quandaries of aid. Terry focuses on four historically relevant cases: Rwandan camps in Zaire, Afghan camps in Pakistan, Salvadoran and Nicaraguan camps in Honduras, and Cambodian camps in Thailand. Terry was the head of the French section of Medecins sans frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) when it withdrew from the Rwandan refugee camps in Zaire because aid intended for refugees actually strengthened those responsible for perpetrating genocide. This book contains documents from the former Rwandan army and government that were found in the refugee camps after they were attacked in late 1996. This material illustrates how combatants manipulate humanitarian action to their benefit. Condemned to Repeat? makes clear that the paradox of aid demands immediate attention by organizations and governments around the world. The author stresses that, if international agencies are to meet the needs of populations in crisis, their organizational behavior must adjust to the wider political and socioeconomic contexts in which aid occurs.

Beyond the American Dream

Lifelong Learning and the Search for Meaning in a Postmodern World

Author: Charles D. Hayes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 365

View: 5715

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This book is about the celebration of the intellect, How lifelong learning enables individuals a greater quality of life and by doing so helps us to create a better society. The thesis of Beyond the American Dream is that "America's greatest treasures are found not in our shopping malls but in our libraries.

The Last Days of Stalin

Author: Joshua Rubenstein

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300192223

Category: Heads of state

Page: 288

View: 4846

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A gripping account of the months before and after Stalin s death and how his demise reshaped the course of twentieth-century history "

Iraq War 2003

Rise of the New Unilateralism

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788186019474

Category: Iraq

Page: 174

View: 8941

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This Topical Book Of High International Interest Containing An Incisive Analysis Of Iraqi War, Its Nature, The Objectives Of Usa, The Military Build Up And The Role Of Oil As A Key Factor. Also Shows The Helplessness Of The Un And The International Community.