Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany

Author: Rogers BRUBAKER

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674028945

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 7549

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"The difference between French and German definitions of citizenship is instructive - and, for millions of immigrants from North Africa, Turkey, and Eastern Europe, decisive. Rogers Brubaker shows how this difference - between the territorial basis of the French citizenry and the German emphasis on blood descent - was shaped and sustained by sharply differing understandings of nationhood, rooted in distinctive French and German paths to nation-statehood". --Publisher.

Rassismuskritik und Widerstandsformen

Author: Karim Fereidooni,Meral El

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658147210

Category: Social Science

Page: 929

View: 5778

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Die Autor_innen dieses Bandes analysieren zum einen spezifische rassistische Phänomene und Widerstandsformen gegen diese in unterschiedlichen Nationalstaaten. Zum anderen arbeiten sie die Interdependenz spezifischer rassistischer Phänomene und Widerstandsformen im transnationalen Vergleich unter Berücksichtigung von Hegemonie- und Subalternitätsverhältnissen heraus. Unterschiedliche rassistische Phänomene in spezifischen nationalen Kontexten sind Teil transnationaler rassistischer Mechanismen. Der Fokus des Sammelbandes liegt in der Herausarbeitung rassistischer Mechanismen bei gleichzeitiger Beachtung der nationalstaatlichen Spezifizität sowie in der Analyse nationaler und transnationaler Widerstandsformen.

Sphären der Gerechtigkeit

ein Plädoyer für Pluralität und Gleichheit

Author: Michael Walzer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593380358

Category:

Page: 478

View: 2181

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Die wissenschaftliche Gerechtigkeitsdebatte, jahrelang dominiert von John Rawls'”Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“, erhielt 1983 durch Michael Walzer eine bedeutende Wendung. In Abgrenzung von Rawls und anderen Gerechtigkeitstheoretikern entwickelte Walzer in seinem inzwischen klassisch gewordenen Werk seine Vision einer”komplexen Gleichheit“. Er geht davon aus, dass wahre Gerechtigkeit nicht durch einen wörtlich verstandenen Gleichheitsbegriff verwirklicht werden kann: Vielmehr verlangen verschiedene wichtige Güter - Reichtum, Macht, Arbeit, Liebe - auch verschiedene Modi der Verteilung. Walzer setzt sich nachdrücklich für einen neuen pluralistischen Gleichheitsbegriff ein, der bis heute nichts an Aktualität verloren hat.

Europe's Angry Muslims

The Revolt of The Second Generation

Author: Robert Leiken

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199752621

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 9744

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Europe's Angry Muslims traces the routes, expectations and destinies of immigrant parents and the plight of their children, transporting both the general reader and specialist from immigrants' ancestral villages to their new enclaves in Europe. It guides readers through Islamic nomenclature, chronicles the motive force of the Islamist narrative, offers them lively portraits of jihadists, and takes them inside radical mosques and into the minds of suicide bombers. Through interviews of former radicals and security agents and examination of the sermons of radical imams, Robert Leiken presents an unsentimental yet compassionate account of Islam's growing presence in the West. His nuanced and authoritative analysis-historical, sociological, theological and anthropological-warns that conflating rioters and Islamists, folk and fundamentalist Muslims, pietists and jihadis, and immigrants and their children is the method of strategic incoherence. Now with a new preface analyzing the rise of ISIL, this book offers a cogent overview of how global terror and its responding foreign policy interacts with the lives of Muslim, first-and second generation immigrants in Europe.

Challenging Ethnic Citizenship

German and Israeli Perspectives on Immigration

Author: Daniel Levy,Yfaat Weiss

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571812926

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 5017

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Includes statistics.

Nationalism in Europe and America

Politics, Cultures, and Identities since 1775

Author: Lloyd S. Kramer

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807869058

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 7068

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Examining the history of nationalism's pervasive influence on modern politics and cultural identities, Lloyd Kramer discusses how nationalist ideas gained emotional and cultural power after the revolutionary upheavals in the late eighteenth-century Atlantic world. Nationalism in Europe and America analyzes the multiple historical contexts and intellectual themes that have shaped modern nationalist cultures, including the political claims for national sovereignty, the emergence of nationalist narratives in historical writing and literature, the fusion of nationalism and religion, and the overlapping conceptions of gender, families, race, and national identities. Kramer emphasizes the similarities in American and European nationalist thought, showing how European ideas about land, history, and national destiny flourished in the United States while American ideas about national independence and political rights reappeared among European nationalists and also influenced the rise of anticolonial nationalisms in twentieth-century Asia and Africa. By placing nationalist ideas and conflicts within the specific, cross-cultural framework of Atlantic history and extending his analysis to the twentieth-century world wars, Kramer offers readers a thoughtful perspective on nationalism's enduring political and cultural importance throughout the modern world.

The Politics of Immigration

Contradictions of the Liberal State

Author: James Hampshire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745671411

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8490

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Immigration is one of the most contested issues on the political agenda of liberal states across Europe and North America. While these states can be open and inclusive to newcomers, they are also often restrictive and exclusionary. The Politics of Immigration examines the sources of these apparently contradictory stances, locating answers in the nature of the liberal state itself. The book shows how four defining facets of the liberal state - representative democracy, constitutionalism, capitalism, and nationhood - generate conflicting imperatives for immigration policymaking, which in turn gives rise to paradoxical, even contradictory, policies. The first few chapters of the book outline this framework, setting out the various actors, institutions and ideas associated with each facet. Subsequent chapters consider its implications for different elements of the immigration policy field, including policies towards economic and humanitarian immigration, as well as citizenship and integration. Throughout, the argument is illustrated with data and examples from the major immigrant-receiving countries of Europe and North America. This book will be essential reading for students and researchers in migration studies, politics and international relations, and all those interested in understanding why immigration remains one of the most controversial and intractable policy issues in the Western world.

Institutional Accommodation and the Citizen

Legal and Political Interaction in a Pluralist Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287167408

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 325

View: 3604

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The question of accommodations that institutions and citizens must make to ensure social cohesion in pluralist societies is of concern to the Council of Europe. How will we live and interact together in diversity? It is becoming increasingly important to provide responses and devise innovative frameworks (in the legal sphere, in national education and training in competences and in institutional practice) which can help build a shared vision while at the same time respecting each individual. By comparing European and Canadian responses, among others, the articles featured in this volume explore this complex issue. They contribute to a major social debate and outline a vision of the future that allows us to set aside mutual suspicion and develop institutional arrangements and forms of social interaction capable of making diversity a factor for progress, well-being and social justice. They also remind us that poverty combined with stigmatisation based on identity leads to stasis, social malaise and an increase in security measures, which ultimately prevent societies from evolving through risk taking, shared responsibility, dialogue and consultation.

Kultfigur und Nation

öffentliche Denkmäler in Paris, Berlin und London, 1848-1914

Author: Helke Rausch

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 9783486575798

Category: Art

Page: 797

View: 3585

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Nicht nur Nationalstaaten, sondern die Idee der Nation selbst hat eine Geschichte. Die Forschungen der letzten Jahre haben sie mehr und mehr als "imaginierte Gemeinschaft" entschlüsselt. Trotz ihrer unbestreitbar durchschlagenden und vieles umwerfenden Gestaltungskraft ist die moderne Nation am ehesten als kulturelles Gebilde, als komplexes Bündel von Ordnungsentwürfen und kollektiven Sinnzuschreibungen zu fassen. Denkmäler zu errichten ist dabei ein - entscheidendes - Merkmal der nationalen Identifikation. In einem transnationalen Vergleich spannt Helke Rausch Denkmal-Topographien in den Metropolen Paris, Berlin und London auf. Sie untersucht, wie Denkmäler als ikonographische Mittel genutzt wurden, um die Nation als Einheit zu schaffen und zu zementieren.

Der europäische Raum

Die Konstruktion europäischer Grenzen

Author: Petra Deger,Robert Hettlage

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531902466

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 9478

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In dem Sammelband steht die Verbindung zwischen theoretischen und praktischen Bedeutungen von Raum als Grundlage politischer Organisationen von Territorien im Zentrum. Von besonderem Interesse ist auch die symbolische Konstruktion von Staaten (und anderen politischen Einheiten) sowie deren Implikationen für nationale und/oder räumliche Identität. Neue räumliche Bedingungen und das Verschwinden von Grenzen sind nicht nur ein politisches, sondern auch ein kulturelles Phänomen. Gerade im Prozess der Europäischen Einigung wird das deutlich: Da es klar ausgebildete nationale Identitäten gibt, ist noch kaum ein Ort für die Genese einer europäischen Identität zu sehen.

Identity, Citizenship, and Violence in Two Sudans: Reimagining a Common Future

Author: A. Idris

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113737179X

Category: History

Page: 170

View: 6936

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The 2011 split of Sudan and the conflicts that have followed make it a case of ongoing significance for understanding state-building in Africa. Examining both the north-south divide and the spread of violence from Darfur, this study shows how colonial legacies have shaped state formation and charts out a path to inclusive citizenship and democracy.

Integration and New Limits on Citizenship Rights

Denmark and Beyond

Author: N. Stokes-DuPass

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137469056

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 1946

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Integration and New Limits on Citizenship Rights is a state-centered analysis of citizenship, immigration and social identity. It explores the increasing role of nation states as critical actors in using social policy to affect the social location of immigrants and ethnics and also to redefine what it means to be a full citizen.

Wer darf Mitglied werden?

Einbürgerung in Deutschland und Frankreich im Vergleich

Author: Heike Hagedorn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663118339

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 1828

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Das Buch analysiert die aktuellen Entwicklungen in der deutschen und der französischen Einbürgerungspolitik. Das deutsche Staatsangehörigkeitsmodell wird häufig als "ethnisch-chauvinistisch", das französische hingegen als "liberal-revolutionär" klassifiziert. Anhand der rechtlichen Grundlagen, der Implementation und des politischen Diskurses wird diese These empirisch überprüft. Die Ergebnisse erfordern ein Umdenken: Das deutsche und das französische Staatsangehörigkeitsrecht ist nicht einseitig sondern differenziert zu bewerten. Der Implementation und der Öffentlichkeitsarbeit kommt eine entscheidende Bedeutung zu, das zeigen die Unterschiede zwischen den Ländern bzw. Regionen. Die Konzeptionen der Staatsangehörigkeit sind in erster Linie auf die politische Ausrichtung und nicht auf nationale Traditionen zurückzuführen.

From Migrants to Citizens

Membership in a Changing World

Author: Douglas B. Klusmeyer,Thomas Alexander Aleinikoff

Publisher: Carnegie Endowment

ISBN: 0870031597

Category: Political Science

Page: 514

View: 7023

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Citizenship policies are changing rapidly in the face of global migration trends and the inevitable ethnic and racial diversity that follows. The debates are fierce. What should the requirements of citizenship be? How can multi-ethnic states forge a collective identity around a common set of values, beliefs and practices? What are appropriate criteria for admission and rights and duties of citizens? This book includes nine case studies that investigate immigration and citizenship in Australia, the Baltic States, Canada, the European Union, Israel, Mexico, Russia, South Africa and the United States. This complete collection of essays scrutinizes the concrete rules and policies by which states administer citizenship, and highlights similarities and differences in their policies. From Migrants to Citizens, the only comprehensive guide to citizenship policies in these liberal-democratic and emerging states, will be an invaluable reference for scholars in law, political science, and citizenship theory. Policymakers and government officials involved in managing citizenship policy in the United States and abroad will find this an excellent, accessible overview of the critical dilemmas that multi-ethnic societies face as a result of migration and global interdependencies at the end of the twentieth century.