Church Courts, Sex and Marriage in England, 1570-1640

Author: Martin Ingram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521386555

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 9335

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This is an in-depth, richly documented study of the sex and marriage business in ecclesiastical courts of Elizabethan and early Stuart England. This study is based on records of the courts in Wiltshire, Cambridgeshire, Leicestershire and West Sussex in the period 1570-1640.

Censorship and Cultural Sensibility

The Regulation of Language in Tudor-Stuart England

Author: Debora Shuger

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812203348

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 6311

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In this study of the reciprocities binding religion, politics, law, and literature, Debora Shuger offers a profoundly new history of early modern English censorship, one that bears centrally on issues still current: the rhetoric of ideological extremism, the use of defamation to ruin political opponents, the grounding of law in theological ethics, and the terrible fragility of public spheres. Starting from the question of why no one prior to the mid-1640s argued for free speech or a free press per se, Censorship and Cultural Sensibility surveys the texts against which Tudor-Stuart censorship aimed its biggest guns, which turned out not to be principled dissent but libels, conspiracy fantasies, and hate speech. The book explores the laws that attempted to suppress such material, the cultural values that underwrote this regulation, and, finally, the very different framework of assumptions whose gradual adoption rendered censorship illegitimate. Virtually all substantive law on language concerned defamation, regulating what one could say about other people. Hence Tudor-Stuart laws extended protection only to the person hurt by another's words, never to their speaker. In treating transgressive language as akin to battery, English law differed fundamentally from papal censorship, which construed its target as heresy. There were thus two models of censorship operative in the early modern period, both premised on religious norms, but one concerned primarily with false accusation and libel, the other with false belief and immorality. Shuger investigates the first of these models—the dominant English one—tracing its complex origins in the Roman law of iniuria through medieval theological ethics and Continental jurisprudence to its continuities and discontinuities with current U.S. law. In so doing, she enables her reader to grasp how in certain contexts censorship could be understood as safeguarding both charitable community and personal dignitary rights.

Legalism

Community and Justice

Author: Fernanda Pirie,Judith Scheele

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191025933

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 9083

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'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined. 'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts. The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community. In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.

Crime in Early Modern England 1550-1750

Author: James A Sharpe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317891767

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 2425

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Still the only general survey of the topic available, this widely-used exploration of the incidence, causes and control of crime in Early Modern England throws a vivid light on the times. It uses court archives to capture vividly the everyday lives of people who would otherwise have left little mark on the historical record. This new edition - fully updated throughout - incorporates new thinking on many issues including gender and crime; changes in punishment; and literary perspectives on crime.

Women's Worlds in Seventeenth-Century England

A Sourcebook

Author: Patricia Crawford,Laura Gowing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113473090X

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7630

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Womens Worlds in England presents a unique collection of source materials on womens lives in sixteenth and seventeenth century England. The book introduces a wonderfully diverse group of women and a series of voices that have rarely been heard in history, Drawing on unpublished, archival materials, the book explores women's: * experiences of work, sex, marriage and motherhood * beliefs and spirituality * political activities * relationships * mental worlds. In a time when few women could write, this book reveals the multitude of ways in which their voices have left traces in the written record, and deepens our understanding of womens lives in the past.

Cohabitation and Non-Marital Births in England and Wales, 1600-2012

Author: R. Probert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113739627X

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 6385

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Today, cohabiting relationships account for most births outside marriage. But what was the situation in earlier centuries? Bringing together leading historians, demographers and lawyers, this interdisciplinary collection draws on a wide range of sources to examine the changing context of non-marital child-bearing in England and Wales since 1600.

The Origins of Sex

A History of the First Sexual Revolution

Author: Faramerz Dabhoiwala

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019993939X

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 8514

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A man admits that, when drunk, he tried to have sex with an eighteen-year-old girl; she is arrested and denies they had intercourse, but finally begs God's forgiveness. Then she is publicly hanged alongside her attacker. These events took place in 1644, in Boston, where today they would be viewed with horror. How--and when--did such a complete transformation of our culture's attitudes toward sex occur? In The Origins of Sex, Faramerz Dabhoiwala provides a landmark history, one that will revolutionize our understanding of the origins of sexuality in modern Western culture. For millennia, sex had been strictly regulated by the Church, the state, and society, who vigorously and brutally attempted to punish any sex outside of marriage. But by 1800, everything had changed. Drawing on vast research--from canon law to court cases, from novels to pornography, not to mention the diaries and letters of people great and ordinary--Dabhoiwala shows how this dramatic change came about, tracing the interplay of intellectual trends, religious and cultural shifts, and politics and demographics. The Enlightenment led to the presumption that sex was a private matter; that morality could not be imposed; that men, not women, were the more lustful gender. Moreover, the rise of cities eroded community-based moral policing, and religious divisions undermined both church authority and fear of divine punishment. Sex became a central topic in poetry, drama, and fiction; diarists such as Samuel Pepys obsessed over it. In the 1700s, it became possible for a Church of Scotland leader to commend complete sexual liberty for both men and women. Arguing that the sexual revolution that really counted occurred long before the cultural movement of the 1960s, Dabhoiwala offers readers an engaging and wholly original look at the Western world's relationship to sex. Deeply researched and powerfully argued, The Origins of Sex is a major work of history.

The English Renaissance

An Anthology of Sources and Documents

Author: Kate Aughterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134666152

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 624

View: 6169

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This comprehensive anthology collects together primary texts and documents relevant to the literature, culture, and intellectual life in England between 1550 and 1660.

Family and Friends in Eighteenth-Century England

Household, Kinship and Patronage

Author: Naomi Tadmor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139429894

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3313

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This 2001 book concerns the history of the family in eighteenth-century England. Naomi Tadmor provides an interpretation of concepts of household, family and kinship starting from her analysis of contemporary language (in the diaries of Thomas Turner; in conduct treatises by Samuel Richardson and Eliza Haywood; in three novels, Richardson's Pamela and Clarissa and Haywood's The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless and a variety of other sources). Naomi Tadmor emphasises the importance of the household in constructing notions of the family in the eighteenth century. She uncovers a vibrant language of kinship which recasts our understanding of kinship ties in the period. She also shows how strong ties of 'friendship' formed vital social, economic and political networks among kin and non-kin. Family and Friends in Eighteenth-Century England makes a substantial contribution to eighteenth-century history, and will be of value to all historians and literary scholars of the period.

Representing Women in Renaissance England

Author: Claude J. Summers,Ted-Larry Pebworth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 250

View: 2392

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Focusing on women as writers and as subjects of Renaissance nondramatic literature, the fifteen original essays in this volume share the belief that hierarchically ordered male-female relations influence nearly all aspects of human social relations, including those that are apparently not gendered at all. Some of the essays participate in the exciting process of recovering and evaluating women writers whose works are only now entering the canon of English literature, while others examine gender issues in male-authored canonical texts. The contributors to Representing Women in Renaissance England, some of whom are the most distinguished scholars currently active in the field of Renaissance studies, offer correctives to oversimplified views of women in Renaissance literature, frequently questioning received ideas about patriarchy and about women's responses to their varied positions within a society whose hierarchies were configured according to multiple considerations. In their varied approaches and distinct conclusions, these essays contribute significantly to a fuller understanding of the representation of women - by both male and female writers - in the Renaissance. In doing so, they illuminate particular texts and specific writers and call attention to recurrent themes. Perhaps more fundamental, however, they reveal the extent to which basic gender issues are at the very heart of Renaissance literature.

Bodies, Sex and Desire from the Renaissance to the Present

Author: Kate Fisher,Sarah Toulalan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230354122

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 9433

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An examination of how bodies and sexualities have been constructed, categorised, represented, diagnosed, experienced and subverted from the fifteenth to the early twenty-first century. It draws attention to continuities in thinking about bodies and sex: concept may have changed, but hey nevertheless draw on older ideas and language.

Local identities in late medieval and early modern England

Author: Norman Leslie Jones,Daniel R. Woolf

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230001237

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2747

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This book explores the tension between various types of identity - national, social, individual, religious, gender - as they intersect in local settings, both rural and urban.

Locating Privacy in Tudor London

Author: Lena Cowen Orlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 369

View: 7814

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Lena Orlin paints a dense picture of everyday life in Renaissance England, with an emphasis on personal privacy, the built environment, and the life story of a remarkable undiscovered woman - merchant's wife and mother of four, Alice Barnham - with a central role in some of the most important untold stories of sixteenth-century women.

Society, Religion, and Culture in Seventeenth-century Nottinghamshire

Author: Martyn Bennett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780773460454

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 4606

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The essays in this book deal with the wide range of Nottinghamshire people who contributed to the history and culture of this very central Midlands county in England. Nottinghamshire's aristocracy and gentry were at the centre of the nation's cultural world, as authors and playwrights themselves and as spectators and consumers of the written and performed works of some of the great names in English literature.