Choosing for Juries

Application and Development of Juries in Old and New Jury Trial Countries

Author: Nazim Ziyadov

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046605892

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 7113

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Why do governments try to limit the application of jury trials, both in countries where jury trials are native and in countries that have more recently instituted them? This is a critical question today as government authorities are trying to limit the role of juries, especially when it comes to complex fraud cases, national security/terrorism cases, and cases where juries seem to have a propensity for high acquittal rates. Therefore, understanding how governments are promoting and constraining jury trials is important. This book analyzes the reasons that motivate governments to introduce jury trial practices and the factors that condition the role these types of trials play in the administration of criminal justice systems as a whole. The book's research derives its finding from the comparative analysis of criminal justice systems of the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Azerbaijan. It also assesses prospects of the application of jury trials in the Republic of Azerbaijan based on analysis of the criminal justice systems of countries where these practices already exist.

A Catalogue of the Law Collection at New York University

With Selected Annotations

Author: Julius J. Marke

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1886363919

Category: Law

Page: 1372

View: 4177

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Marke, Julius J., Editor. A Catalogue of the Law Collection at New York University With Selected Annotations. New York: The Law Center of New York University, 1953. xxxi, 1372 pp. Reprinted 1999 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 99-19939. ISBN 1-886363-91-9. Cloth. $195. * Reprint of the massive, well-annotated catalogue compiled by the librarian of the School of Law at New York University. Classifies approximately 15,000 works excluding foreign law, by Sources of the Law, History of Law and its Institutions, Public and Private Law, Comparative Law, Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law, Political and Economic Theory, Trials, Biography, Law and Literature, Periodicals and Serials and Reference Material. With a thorough subject and author index. This reference volume will be of continuous value to the legal scholar and bibliographer, due not only to the works included but to the authoritative annotations, often citing more than one source. Besterman, A World Bibliography of Bibliographies 3461.

Encyclopedia of Criminology

Author: J. Mitchell Miller,Richard A. Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135455449

Category: Reference

Page: 1976

View: 8160

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This three-volume work offers a comprehensive review of the pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices that comprise criminology and criminal justice. No longer just a subtopic of sociology, criminology has become an independent academic field of study that incorporates scholarship from numerous disciplines including psychology, political science, behavioral science, law, economics, public health, family studies, social work, and many others. The three-volume Encyclopedia of Criminology presents the latest research as well as the traditional topics which reflect the field's multidisciplinary nature in a single, authoritative reference work. More than 525 alphabetically arranged entries by the leading authorities in the discipline comprise this definitive, international resource. The pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices of the field are addressed with an emphasis on comparative criminology and criminal justice. While the primary focus of the work is on American criminology and contemporary criminal justice in the United States, extensive global coverage of other nations' justice systems is included, and the increasing international nature of crime is explored thoroughly. Providing the most up-to-date scholarship in addition to the traditional theories on criminology, the Encyclopedia of Criminology is the essential one-stop reference for students and scholars alike to explore the broad expanse of this multidisciplinary field.

The Development of Jury Service in Japan

A square block in a round hole?

Author: Anna Dobrovolskaia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317035976

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 1853

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This book presents a comprehensive account of past and present efforts to introduce the jury system in Japan. Four legal reforms are documented and assessed: the implementation of the bureaucratic and all-judge special jury systems in the 1870s, the introduction of the all-layperson jury in the late 1920s, the transplantation of the Anglo-American-style jury system to Okinawa under the U.S. Occupation, and the implementation of the mixed-court lay judge (saiban’in) system in 2009. While being primarily interested in the related case studies, the book also discusses the instances when the idea of introducing trial by jury was rejected at different times in Japan’s history. Why does legal reform happen? What are the determinants of success and failure of a reform effort? What are the prospects of the saiban’in system to function effectively in Japan? This book offers important insights on the questions that lie at the core of the law and society debate and are highly relevant for understanding contemporary Japan and its recent and distant past.

Development Economics

Author: Gérard Roland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315510561

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 648

View: 635

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Gerard Roland's new text, Development Economics, is the first undergraduate text to recognize the role of institutions in understanding development and growth. Through a series of chapters devoted to specific sets of institutions, Roland examines the effects of institutions on growth, property rights, market development, and the delivery of public goods and services and focuses. With the most comprehensive and up to date treatment of institutions on development, Roland explores the important questions of why some countries develop faster than others and why some fail while others are successful.

Habeas Corpus

Rethinking the Great Writ of Liberty

Author: Eric M. Freedman

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814728367

Category: Law

Page: 243

View: 4210

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Habeas Corpus is the process by which state prisoners—particularly those on death row—appeal to federal courts to have their convictions overturned. Its proper role in our criminal justice system has always been hotly contested, especially in the wake of 1996 legislation curtailing the ability of prisoners to appeal their sentences. In this timely volume, Eric M. Freedman reexamines four of the Supreme Court’s most important habeas corpus rulings: one by Chief Justice John Marshall in 1807 concerning Aaron Burr’s conspiracy, two arising from the traumatic national events of the 1915 Leo Frank case and the 1923 cases growing out of murderous race riots in Elaine County, Arkansas, and one case from 1953 that dramatized some of the ugliest features of the Southern justice of the period. In each instance, Freeman uncovers new original sources and tells the stories of the cases through such documents as the Justices’ draft opinions and the memos of law clerk William H. Rehnquist. In bracing and accessible language, Freedman then presents an interpretation that rewrites the conventional view. Building on these results, he challenges legalistic limits on habeas corpus and demonstrates how a vigorous writ is central to implementing the fundamental conceptions of individual liberty and constrained government power that underlie the Constitution.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 5876

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2017

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The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

Der Prozeß

Author: Franz Kafka

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843029806

Category: Fiction

Page: 180

View: 1244

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Franz Kafka: Der Prozeß Entstanden 1914/15. Erstdruck: Berlin 1925. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Franz Kafka: Gesammelte Werke. Herausgegeben von Max Brod, Band 1–9, Frankfurt a.M.: S. Fischer, 1950 ff. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Vincent van Gogh, Die Runde der Gefangenen, 1890. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: 1883 in Prag als ältestes von sechs Kindern eines deutschjüdischen Kurzwarenhändlers geboren, studiert Franz Kafka Jura und arbeitet nach seiner Promotion für eine Versicherungsgesellschaft. Gleichzeitig erscheinen seine ersten Prosastücke in der Zeitschrift »Hyperion«. Der literarische Erfolg zu Lebzeiten bleibt aus. Er ist zeit seines Lebens von Selbstzweifeln geplagt, fühlt sich von einem übermächtigen Vater belastet und unterhält nacheinander wankelmütige Beziehungen zu Felice Bauer und Milena Jesenská, die er literarisch verarbeitet. Seine schwer angeschlagene Gesundheit zwingt ihn 1922 zur Aufgabe seines Brotberufes. 1924 stirbt Franz Kafka im Sanatorium Kierling bei Wien an Tuberkulose. Sein langjähriger Freund Max Brod gibt sein nur in Teilen zu Lebzeiten veröffentlichtes Werk aus dem Nachlass heraus. Kafka hatte dessen Vernichtung ausdrücklich verfügt.

Jap ji Sahib

Gurmukhi, Transliteration & deutsch

Author: Nānak I. (Guru)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783980503952

Category:

Page: 94

View: 9756

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