Child Exploitation and Trafficking

Examining Global Enforcement and Supply Chain Challenges and U.S. Responses

Author: Virginia M. Kendall,T. Markus Funk

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442264802

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 8261

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This book provides an updated, comprehensive introduction to the moral, legal, and political realities of the epidemic of child sexual exploitation and labor trafficking. Written from the perspective of those who have spent their careers in the trenches, the book provides much-needed practical thinking for those involved in this challenging area.

Child Exploitation and Trafficking

Examining the Global Challenges and U.S. Responses

Author: Virginia M. Kendall,T. Markus Funk

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442209828

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 6430

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Each year, more than two million children around the world fall victim to commercial sexual exploitation. The numbers of children sexually abused for non-commercial purposes are even higher. Put simply, the growing, increasingly-organized epidemic of child exploitation demands a coordinated response. The aim of this book is to bring some fresh thinking to this complicated area of the law, and to help erase some of its counterproductive mythology. The book provides the first comprehensive, practical introduction to the history and present-day reality of child sexual exploitation, as well as to the interconnected web of domestic and transnational federal laws and law enforcement efforts launched in response thereto. It is written from the distinctive perspective of those who have spent their careers in the trenches investigating, prosecuting, and adjudicating these intricate and commonly emotional cases. Relying on real-world examples, the authors offer proscriptive and descriptive practical advice and reform proposals aimed at those involved at all levels in this difficult area. Serving as a “first-line” resource for clear, practical thinking on the range of complex, and often misunderstood, investigative, prosecutorial, and rehabilitative issues surrounding child exploitation cases, this work is a must-have for anyone with interest in the protection of children from sexual exploitation and trafficking.

Childhood and Parenting in Transnational Settings

Author: Viorela Ducu,Mihaela Nedelcu,Aron Telegdi-Csetri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319909428

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 6231

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This book describes children and youth on the one hand and parents on the other within the newly configured worlds of transnational families. Focus is put on children born abroad, brought up abroad, studying abroad, in vulnerable situations, and/or subject of trafficking. The book also provides insight into the delicate relationships that arise with parents, such as migrant parents who are parenting from a distance, elderly parents supporting migrant adult children, fathers left behind by migration, and Eastern-European parents in Nordic countries. It also touches upon life strategies developed in response to migration situations, such as the transfer of care, transnational (virtual) communication, common visits (to and from), and the co-presence of family members in each other’s (distant) lives. As such this book provides a wealth of information for researchers, policy makers and all those working in the field of migration and with migrants. The chapter 'Afterword: Gender Practices in Transnational Families' is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.

Investigation of Missing and Exploited Children

The Gateway of Child Sex Trafficking

Author: Joseph Travers

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781365839726

Category: Reference

Page: 130

View: 4533

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Investigation of Missing & Exploited Children: The Gateway of Child Sex Trafficking is designed to provide the essential knowledge needed to identify and understand the issues and solutions that effectively combat the evils of domestic child sex trafficking in the United States. It is both an instructional guide and a resource manual for both the citizen and the government manager. The approach is direct and concise, which facilitates comprehension by novices as well as experienced public servants. The purpose of this book is to fill the existing need within the field of public and private prevention/investigation of runaways for a precise, comprehensive manual detailing the elements necessary for the elimination of turning vulnerable children into sex slaves. There is a lack of professional resources on preventing child sex trafficking currently available. Investigation of Missing & Exploited Children: The Gateway of Child Sex Trafficking will help fill this void

Human Trafficking in Ohio

Markets, Responses, and Considerations

Author: Jeremy M. Wilson,Erin Dalton

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833042963

Category: Political Science

Page: 86

View: 7038

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These identified several cases of juvenile sex trafficking and forced prostitution in Toledo, as well as a smaller trafficking market centered on the forced labor of noncitizens in Columbus. Wilson and Dalton compare the two cities' considerably different responses to human trafficking, and conclude with suggestions on how to raise awareness about human trafficking and improve the responses of the criminal justice system, the juvenile justice system, and social services to the problem."--BOOK JACKET.

Human Trafficking, Human Misery

The Global Trade in Human Beings

Author: Alexis A. Aronowitz

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275994813

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 6220

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This volume takes a global perspective and uses first-hand accounts and stories to examine the problem of human trafficking in its various manifestations around the world.

Building a Treaty on Business and Human Rights

Context and Contours

Author: Surya Deva,David Bilchitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107199115

Category: Law

Page: 498

View: 1170

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This book provides a sustained treatment of the politico-legal context and content of a proposed business and human rights treaty.

Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue

A Paradigm Expansion in the United States

Author: Makini Chisolm-Straker,Hanni Stoklosa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319478249

Category: Medical

Page: 457

View: 8374

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This clear-sighted reference examines the public health dimensions of labor and sex trafficking in the United States, the scope of the crisis, and possibilities for solutions. Its ecological lifespan approach globally traces risk and protective factors associated with this exploitation, laying a roadmap towards its prevention. Diverse experts, including survivors, describe support and care interventions across domains and disciplines, from the law enforcement and judicial sectors to community health systems and NGOs, with a robust model for collaboration. By focusing on the humanity of trafficked persons, a public health paradigm broadens our understanding of and ability to address trafficking while adding critical direction and resources to the criminal justice and human rights structures currently in place. Among the topics covered: Children at Risk: Foster Care and Human Trafficking LGBTQ Youth and Vulnerability to Sex Trafficking“/li> Physical Health of Human Trafficking Survivors: Unmet Essentials Research Informing Advocacy: An Anti-Human Trafficking Tool Caring for Survivors Using a Trauma-Informed Care Framework The Media and Human Trafficking: Discussion and Critique of the Dominant Narrative Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue is a sobering read; a powerful call to action for public health professionals, including social workers and health care practitioners providing direct services, as well as the larger anti-trafficking community of advocates, prosecutors, taskforce members, law enforcement agents, officers, funders, and administrators. “An extraordinary collection of knowledge by survivors, academics, clinicians, and advocates who are experts on human trafficking. Human Trafficking is a Public Health Issue is a comprehensive offering in educating readers on human trafficking through a multi-pronged public health lens.” Margeaux Gray: Survivor, Advocate, Artist, Public Speaker

Trafficking in Persons Report 2017

Author: Office of the Undersecretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Ri

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160941801

Category:

Page: 450

View: 6514

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This 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report highlights the successes achieved and the remaining challenges before us on this important issue. The primary focus presented showcases responsibility of governments to criminalize human trafficking and hold offenders accountable. This year's report theme is increasing criminal accountability of human traffickers and addressing challenges in prosecution - an essential component of 3P- paradigm of prosecution, protection, and prevention. It provides an overview of the type of human trafficking offenses that are taking place around the world in violation of human rights. The text includes side bars of situational human trafficking experiences to allow the reader to understand the different types that occur throughout the world. High school students and above may find this report helpful for research and writing essays about human rights and law enforcement of human trafficking. American citizens, policy analysts and decision-makers, law enforcement personnel, and human rights policy activists and advocates and world leaders may refer to this report as a reference on these crimes. Related products: Explore ourHuman Rights resources collection and other products produced by the U.S. State Department.

Blood and Earth

Modern Slavery, Ecocide, and the Secret to Saving the World

Author: Kevin Bales

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0812995767

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 290

View: 3418

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"Blood and Earth is a gripping account of the deadly link between slavery and environmental destruction. Kevin Bales is a social scientist, human rights activist, and journalist and he's also one of the world's leading experts on modern slavery. In his work he began to notice the connection between environmental decline and slavery: the two almost always went hand-in-hand, whether in the hellish gold mines of Ghana or the miraculously beautiful mangrove forests of Bangladesh. But why? He set off to find the answer on a fascinating and moving journey that took him into the lives of modern day slaves and along a supply chain that leads directly to the cell phones in our pockets. He found solutions that redeemed both the lives of the slaves in the world's most threatened places and the environments they live in. This is a clear-eyed, inspiring, and profoundly hopeful book that brings us dramatic stories from the world's environmental and human rights hotspots and offers solutions to our most pressing crises."

Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery

Freedom's Journey

Author: Annalisa Enrile

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506316778

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 3352

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Bringing together conceptual, practice, and advocacy knowledge, Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery: Freedom's Journey by Annalisa Enrile explores the complexities of human trafficking and modern-day slavery through a global perspective. This comprehensive, multidisciplinary text includes a discussion of the root causes and structural issues that continue to plague society, as well as real-life case studies and vignettes, the words of human trafficking survivors, and insights from first responders and anti-trafficking advocates. Each chapter includes a “call to action” to inspire readers to implement a range of strategies designed to disrupt, eradicate, or mitigate human trafficking and modern-day slavery.

Schneier on Security

Author: Bruce Schneier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470505621

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 3074

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Presenting invaluable advice from the world?s most famous computer security expert, this intensely readable collection features some of the most insightful and informative coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of computer security and the price people pay -- figuratively and literally -- when security fails. Discussing the issues surrounding things such as airplanes, passports, voting machines, ID cards, cameras, passwords, Internet banking, sporting events, computers, and castles, this book is a must-read for anyone who values security at any level -- business, technical, or personal.

The Extinction Market

Wildlife Trafficking and How to Counter It

Author: Vanda Felbab Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190911700

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5227

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The planet is currently experiencing alarming levels of species loss caused in large part by intensified poaching and wildlife trafficking driven by expanding demand, for medicines, for food, and for trophies. Affecting many more species than just the iconic elephants, rhinos, and tigers, the rate of extinction is now as much as 1000 times the historical average and the worst since the dinosaurs died out 65 million years ago. In addition to causing irretrievable biodiversity loss, wildlife trafficking also poses serious threats to public health, potentially triggering a global pandemic. The Extinction Market explores the causes, means, and consequences of poaching and wildlife trafficking, with a view to finding ways of suppressing them. Vanda Felbab-Brown travelled to the markets of Latin America, South and South East Asia, and eastern and southern Africa, to evaluate the effectiveness of various tools, including bans on legal trade, law enforcement, and interdiction; allowing legal supply from hunting or farming; alternative livelihoods; anti- money-laundering efforts; and demand reduction strategies. This is an urgent book offering meaningful solutions to one of the world's most pressing crises.

Contractual Control in the Supply Chain

On Corporate Social Responsibility, Codes of Conduct, Contracts and (Avoiding) Liability

Author: Louise Vytopil

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789462365919

Category:

Page: 358

View: 1908

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This book investigates the legal measures that multinational companies in the Netherlands, England and California take to govern corporate social responsibility aspects of their supply chains and the legal implications these measures have in terms of contract and liability law.

Children, Ethics, and the Law

Professional Issues and Cases

Author: Gerald P. Koocher,Patricia Keith-Spiegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780803277762

Category: Law

Page: 230

View: 6843

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Koocher and Keith-Spiegel introduce the reader to a variety of ethical and legal dilemmas that may arise for mental-health professionals working with children, adolescents, and their families. They offer advice on how to analyze problematic situations and arrive at appropriate decisions. A unique feature of the book is the inclusion of more than 130 vignettes drawn from court decisions and actual clinical incidents. Covering such topics as counseling in schools, psychotherapy in private practice, research in university laboratories, and testifying in court, the authors address a broad spectrum of concerns for professionals who attend to the mental health needs of children. Gerald P. Koocher is chief psychologist at Boston’s Children’s Hospital and an associate professor of psychology at Harvard Medical School. He is editor of the journal Ethics and Behavior and coauthor, with John E. O’Malley, of The Damocles Syndrome: Psycho-social Consequences of Surviving Childhood Cancer.

Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs

Author: Committee on Understanding the Global Public Health Implications of Substandard, Falsified, and Counterfeit Medical Products,Board on Global Health,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309269393

Category: Medical

Page: 351

View: 2392

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The adulteration and fraudulent manufacture of medicines is an old problem, vastly aggravated by modern manufacturing and trade. In the last decade, impotent antimicrobial drugs have compromised the treatment of many deadly diseases in poor countries. More recently, negligent production at a Massachusetts compounding pharmacy sickened hundreds of Americans. While the national drugs regulatory authority (hereafter, the regulatory authority) is responsible for the safety of a country's drug supply, no single country can entirely guarantee this today. The once common use of the term counterfeit to describe any drug that is not what it claims to be is at the heart of the argument. In a narrow, legal sense a counterfeit drug is one that infringes on a registered trademark. The lay meaning is much broader, including any drug made with intentional deceit. Some generic drug companies and civil society groups object to calling bad medicines counterfeit, seeing it as the deliberate conflation of public health and intellectual property concerns. Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs accepts the narrow meaning of counterfeit, and, because the nuances of trademark infringement must be dealt with by courts, case by case, the report does not discuss the problem of counterfeit medicines.

Ending Zero Tolerance

The Crisis of Absolute School Discipline

Author: Derek W. Black

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479886084

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9395

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In the era of zero tolerance, we are flooded with stories about schools issuing draconian punishments for relatively innocent behavior. One student was suspended for chewing a Pop-Tart into the shape of a gun. Another was expelled for cursing on social media from home. Suspension and expulsion rates have doubled over the past three decades as zero tolerance policies have become the normal response to a host of minor infractions that extend well beyond just drugs and weapons. Students from all demographic groups have suffered, but minority and special needs students have suffered the most. On average, middle and high schools suspend one out of four African American students at least once a year. The effects of these policies are devastating. Just one suspension in the ninth grade doubles the likelihood that a student will drop out. Fifty percent of students who drop out are subsequently unemployed. Eighty percent of prisoners are high school drop outs. The risks associated with suspension and expulsion are so high that, as a practical matter, they amount to educational death penalties, not behavioral correction tools. Most important, punitive discipline policies undermine the quality of education that innocent bystanders receive as well—the exact opposite of what schools intend. Ending Zero Tolerance answers the calls of grassroots communities pressing for integration and increased education funding with a complete rethinking of school discipline. Derek Black, a former attorney with the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, weaves stories about individual students, lessons from social science, and the outcomes of courts cases to unearth a shockingly irrational system of punishment. While schools and legislatures have proven unable and unwilling to amend their failing policies, Ending Zero Tolerance argues for constitutional protections to check abuses in school discipline and lays out theories by which courts should re-engage to enforce students’ rights and support broader reforms.

Human Trafficking

Author: Courtney Farrell

Publisher: ABDO

ISBN: 9781617147739

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 6716

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This title examines one of the world's critical issues, fair trade. Readers will learn the historical background of this issue leading up to its current and future impact on society. The goals, principles, and benefits of fair trade are discussed in detail, as well as the production chain from farmers to buyers, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers. Also covered are fair trade organizations, certification standards, composite products, and the potential of the fair trade model related to the global economy. Engaging text, informative sidebars, and color photographs present information realistically, leaving readers with a thorough, honest interpretation of fair trade. Features include a timeline, facts, additional resources, Web sites, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index. Essential Issues is a series in Essential Library, an imprint of ABDO Publishing Company.