The Basics of Chemistry

Author: Richard Myers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313316647

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 3115

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Written for students beginning a formal study of chemistry, this volume encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Chapters are devoted to topics such as the atom, elements and the periodic table, bonding, equilibrium and kinetics, solutions, acids and bases, and chemical reactions. Several chapters discuss broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Illustrations and diagrams help the student understand chemical structures and reactions, and numerous tables present a wealth of reference information. The historical developments of chemical concepts are traced, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry. Appendices include an extensive bibliography, a glossary of over 400 chemical terms, an overview of Nobel laureates in chemistry, and an element reference table. This book will be of use not only to students, but also to anyone seeking an overview of the field. Teachers of all grades can use Basics of Chemistry as a practical general reference.

Cement Chemistry

Author: H. F. W. Taylor

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727725929

Category: Science

Page: 459

View: 4022

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H F W Taylor was for many years Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at he University of Aberdeen, Scotland. Since 1948, his main research interest has been the chemistry of cement. His early work laid the foundations of our understanding of the structure at the nanometre level of C-S-H, the principal product formed when cement is mixed with water, and the one mainly reponsible for its hardening. Subsequent studies took him into many additional aspects of the chemistry and materials science of cement and concrete. His work has been recognized by Fellowships and by other honours and awards from many scientific societies in the UK, USA and elsewhere. This second edition of Cement chemistry addresses the chemistry and materials science of the principal silicate and aluminate cements used in building and Civil engineering. Emphasis throughout is on the underlying science. The book deals more specifically with the chemistry of Portland cement manufacture and the nature of the resulting product, the processes that occur when this product is mixed with water, the nature of the hardened material, the chemistry of other types of hydraulic cement, and chemical and microstructural aspects of concrete, including processes that affect its durability. Since the first edition of this book was published in 1990, research throughout the world has greatly augmented our knowledge in all of hese areas. The present edition has been updated and revised to take account of these advances. The reader will acquire a solid understanding of the subject and will be better equipped to deal with the problems and pitfalls that can arise in engineering practice as a result of inadequate understanding of the relevant chemistry. It will serve both as an introduction to those entering the subject for the first time and as a guide to the latest developments for those already experienced in the field.

Houben-Weyl Methods of Organic Chemistry Vol. VI/1b, 4th Edition

Alcohols III

Author: N.A

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 3131800445

Category: Science

Page: 1134

View: 675

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Houben-Weyl is the acclaimed reference series for preparative methods in organic chemistry, in which all methods are organized accor ding to the class of compound or functional group to be synthesized. The Houben-Weyl volumes contain 146 000 product-specific experi mental procedures, 580 000 structures, and 700 000 references. The preparative significance of the methods for all classes of compou nds is critically evaluated. The series includes data from as far back as the early 1800s to 2003. // The content of this e-book was originally published in 1984.

Wörterbuch der Chemie / Dictionary of Chemistry

Deutsch/Englisch - English/German

Author: Theodor C. H. Cole

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662563312

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 8850

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Das kompakte, übersichtliche und vielseitige Wörterbuch der Chemie ist ein unentbehrlicher Begleiter für Wissenschaftler, Übersetzer, Dozenten und Studenten, Lehrer und Schüler zwischen Reagensglas, Bunsenbrenner und "Hightech-Synthesechemie" im Labor. Es behandelt alle Teilgebiete der Chemie von der Allgemeinen und Theoretischen Chemie über die Anorganik zur Organik und Physikalischen Chemie, Biochemie, Nuklearchemie und Polymerchemie wie auch Geräte, Methoden, Analytik und Nanotechnologie. Thematische Begriffsfelder ("clusters") ermöglichen die zusammenhängende Erschließung eines Themas; die Sammlung thematisch verwandter Begriffe unter den jeweiligen übergeordneten Hauptstichwörtern erhöht die "Trefferwahrscheinlichkeit" bei der Wortsuche und erleichtert die Arbeit beim Übersetzen. So erscheinen beispielsweise die diversen spektroskopischen Verfahren unter dem Haupteintrag Spektroskopie - zusätzlich zu den alphabetisch geordneten Einträgen. Dieses innovative Konzept hat sich gegenüber den einfachen Wortlisten anderer Wörterbücher hervorragend bewährt. Theodor C. H. Cole ist amerikanischer Staatsbürger und arbeitet als Dozent, Übersetzer und Autor in Heidelberg. Er studierte Biologie, Chemie und Physik an den Universitäten Heidelberg, Berkeley und Paris und forschte biochemisch-analytisch an Naturstoffen. Mehrere Jahre unterrichtete er an der University of Maryland, European Division, und ist derzeit am Institut für Pharmazie und Molekulare Biotechnologie der Universität Heidelberg tätig. Als Wörterbuchautor ist Theodor Cole bereits bekannt u. a. durch das "Wörterbuch der Tiernamen" (2000) sowie das "Wörterbuch der Biologie" (2. Aufl., 2005).

Basic Concepts Of Analytical Chemistry

Author: S M Khopkar

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122411591

Category:

Page: 500

View: 894

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Analytical Chemistry Has Made Significant Progress In The Last Two Decades. Several Methods Have Come To The Forefront While Some Classical Methods Have Been Relegated. An Attempt Has Been Made In This Edition To Strike A Balance Between These Two Extremes, By Retaining Most Significant Methods And Incorporating Some Novel Techniques. Thus An Endeavour Has Been Made To Make This Book Up To Date With Recent Methods.The First Part Of This Book Covers The Classical Volumetric As Well As Gravimetric Methods Of Analysis. The Separation Methods Are Prerequisite For Dependable Quantitative Methods Of Analysis. Therefore Not Only Solvent Extraction Separations But Also Chromatographic Methods Such As Adsorption, Partition, Ion- Exchange, Exclusion Andelectro Chromatography Have Been Included. To Keep Pace With Modern Developments The Newly Discovered Techniques Such As Ion Chromatography, Super-Critical Fluid Chromatography And Capillary Electrophoresis Have Been Included.The Next Part Of The Book Encompases The Well Known Spectroscopic Methods Such As Uv, Visible, Ir, Nmr, And Esr Techniques And Also Atomic Absorption And Plasma Spectroscopy And Molecular Luminescences Methods. Novel Analytical Techniques Such As Auger, Esca And Photo Accoustic Spectroscopy Of Surfaces Are Also Included.The Final Part Of This Book Covers Thermal And Radioanalytical Methods Of Analysis. The Concluding Chapters On Electroanalytical Techniques Include Potientometry, Conductometry. Coulometry And Voltametry Inclusive Of All Kinds Of A Polarography. The Theme Of On Line Analysis Is Covered In Automated Methods Of Analysis.To Sustain The Interest Of The Reader Each Chapter Is Provided With Latest References To The Monographs In The Field. Further, To Test The Comprehension Of The Subject Each Chapter Is Provided With Large Number Of Solved And Unsolved Problems.This Book Should Be Useful To Those Reads Who Have Requisite Knowledge In Chemistry And Are Majoring In Analytical Chemistry. It Is Also Useful To Practising Chemists Whose Sole Aim Is To Keep Abreast With Modern Developments In The Field.

Modern Physical Organic Chemistry

Author: Eric V. Anslyn,Dennis A. Dougherty

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389313

Category: Science

Page: 1095

View: 7350

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Making explicit the connections between physical organic chemistry and critical fields such as organometallic chemistry, materials chemistry, bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry, this book escorts the reader into an area that has been thoroughly updated in recent times.

Chemistry and Technology of Cereals as Food and Feed

Author: Samuel A. Matz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780442308308

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 751

View: 412

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This is a completely revised and updated edition of the comprehensive and widely used survey of cereal technology. The first section describes the botany, classification, structure, composition, nutritional importantance and uses of wheat, corn, oats, rye, sorghum, rice and barley, as well as six other grains. The book also details the latest methods of producing, cleaning, and storing these grains. The second section of the book offers current information on the technological and engineering principles of feed milling, flour milling, baking, malting, brewing, manufacturing breakfast cereals, snack food production, wet milling (starch and oil production from grains), rice processing, and other upgrading procedures applied to cereal grains. This section also explains the value and utilization of by-products and examines many rarely discussed processing methods. In addition, the book provides reviews of current knowledge on the dietary importance of cereal proteins, lipids, fibre, vitamins, minerals, and anti-nutrient factors, as well as the effects of processing methods on these materials.

Chemistry for Pharmacy Students

General, Organic and Natural Product Chemistry

Author: Satyajit Sarker,Lutfun Nahar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470017805

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 7797

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"This book has succeeded in covering the basic chemistry essentials required by the pharmaceutical science student… the undergraduate reader, be they chemist, biologist or pharmacist will find this an interesting and valuable read." –Journal of Chemical Biology, May 2009 Chemistry for Pharmacy Students is a student-friendly introduction to the key areas of chemistry required by all pharmacy and pharmaceutical science students. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the various areas of general, organic and natural products chemistry (in relation to drug molecules). Clearly structured to enhance student understanding, the book is divided into six clear sections. The book opens with an overview of general aspects of chemistry and their importance to modern life, with particular emphasis on medicinal applications. The text then moves on to a discussion of the concepts of atomic structure and bonding and the fundamentals of stereochemistry and their significance to pharmacy- in relation to drug action and toxicity. Various aspects of aliphatic, aromatic and heterocyclic chemistry and their pharmaceutical importance are then covered with final chapters looking at organic reactions and their applications to drug discovery and development and natural products chemistry. accessible introduction to the key areas of chemistry required for all pharmacy degree courses student-friendly and written at a level suitable for non-chemistry students includes learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter focuses on the physical properties and actions of drug molecules

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 92nd Edition

Author: William M. Haynes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439855129

Category: Science

Page: 2656

View: 2758

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Mirroring the growth and direction of science for a century, the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, now in its 92nd edition, continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world, used by students and Nobel Laureates. Available in its traditional print format, the Handbook is also available as an innovative interactive product on DVD and online. Among a wealth of enhancements, this edition analyzes, updates, and validates molecular formulas and weights, boiling and melting points, densities, and refractive indexes in the Physical Constants of Organic Compounds Table through comparisons with critically evaluated data from the NIST Thermodynamics Research Center. New Tables: Analytical Chemistry Abbreviations Used In Analytical Chemistry Basic Instrumental Techniques of Analytical Chemistry Correlation Table for Ultraviolet Active Functionalities Detection of Outliers in Measurements Polymer Properties Second Virial Coefficients of Polymer Solutions Updated Tables: Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds Update of the Melting, Boiling, Triple, and Critical Points of the Elements Fluid Properties Major update and expansion of Viscosity of Gases table Major update and expansion of Thermal Conductivity of Gases table Major update of Properties of Cryogenic Fluids Major update of Recommended Data for Vapor-Pressure Calibration Expansion of table on the Viscosity of Liquid Metals Update of Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Gases table Added new refrigerant R-1234yf to Thermophysical Properties of Selected Fluids at Saturation table Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy Major update of Atomic Radii of the Elements Update of Bond Dissociation Energies Update of Characteristic Bond Lengths in Free Molecules Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Update of Electron Affinities Update of Atomic and Molecular Polarizabilities Nuclear and Particle Physics Major update of the Table of the Isotopes Properties of Solids Major update and expansion of the Electron Inelastic Mean Free Paths table Update of table on Semiconducting Properties of Selected Materials Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics Update of the Global Temperature Trend table to include 2010 data Health and Safety Information Major update of Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants The Handbook is also available as an eBook.

Chemistry of Aluminium, Gallium, Indium and Thallium

Author: A.J. Downs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780751401035

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 5374

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Boron has all the best tunes. That may well be the first impression of the Group 13 elements. The chemical literature fosters the impression not only in the primary journals, but also in asteady outflowofbooks focussing more or less closely on boron and its compounds. The same preoccupation with boron is apparent in the coverage received by the Group 13 elements in the comprehensive and regularly updated volume of the Gmelin Handbook. Yet such an imbalance cannot be explained by any inherent lack ofvariety, interest or consequence in the 'heavier elements. Aluminium is the most abundant metal in the earth's crust; in the industrialised world the metal is second only to iron in its usage, and its compounds can justifiably be said to touch our lives daily - to the potential detriment of those and other lives, some would argue. From being chemical curios, gallium and indium have now gained considerably prominence as sources of compound semiconductors like gallium arsenide and indium antimonide. Nor is there any want ofincident in the chemistriesofthe heavier Group 13 elements. In their redox, coordination and structural properties, there is to be found music indeed, notable not always for its harmony but invariably for its richness and variety. Thisbook seeks to redress the balance with a definitive, wide-rangingand up-to-date review of the chemistry of the Group 13 metals aluminium, gallium, indium and thallium.

Gmelin handbook of inorganic chemistry

Author: Johannes Füssel,Leopold Gmelin,Edgar Rudolph,Richard Joseph Meyer,Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften. Gmelin-Institut für Anorganische Chemie und Grenzgebiete,Deutsche Chemische Gesellschaft

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4782

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Quantum Inorganic Chemistry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854049677

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 3957

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A discussion of recent developments in all aspects of computational chemistry.

The Organic Chemistry of Sugars

Author: Daniel E. Levy,Péter Fügedi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420027952

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 2947

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Intrigued as much by its complex nature as by its outsider status in traditional organic chemistry, the editors of The Organic Chemistry of Sugars compile a groundbreaking resource in carbohydrate chemistry that illustrates the ease at which sugars can be manipulated in a variety of organic reactions. Each chapter contains numerous examples demonstrating the methods and strategies that apply mainstream organic chemistry to the chemical modification of sugars. The book first describes the discovery, development, and impact of carbohydrates, followed by a discussion of protecting group strategies, glycosylation techniques, and oligosaccharide syntheses. Several chapters focus on reactions that convert sugars and carbohydrates to non-carbohydrate molecules including the substitution of sugar hydroxyl groups to new groups of synthetic or biological interest, cyclitols and carbasugars, as well as endocyclic heteroatom substitutions. Subsequent chapters demonstrate the use of sugars in chiral catalysis, their roles as convenient starting materials for complex syntheses involving multiple stereogenic centers, and syntheses for monosaccharides. The final chapters focus on new and emerging technologies, including approaches to combinatorial carbohydrate chemistry, the biological importance and chemical synthesis of glycopeptides, and the medicinally significant concept of glycomimetics. Presenting the organic chemistry of sugars as a solution to many complex synthetic challenges, The Organic Chemistry of Sugars provides a comprehensive treatment of the manipulation of sugars and their importance in mainstream organic chemistry. Daniel E. Levy, editor of the Drug Discovery Series, is the founder of DEL BioPharma, a consulting service for drug discovery programs. He also maintains a blog that explores organic chemistry.

Advanced Dairy Chemistry

Volume 3: Lactose, Water, Salts and Minor Constituents

Author: Paul L. H. McSweeney,Patrick F. Fox

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387848655

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 778

View: 8030

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The Advanced Dairy Chemistry series was first published in four volumes in the 1980s (under the title Developments in Dairy Chemistry) and revised in three volumes in the 1990s. The series is the leading reference source on dairy chemistry, providing in-depth coverage of milk proteins, lipids, lactose, water and minor constituents. Advanced Dairy Chemistry Volume 3: Lactose, Water, Salts, and Minor Constituents, Third Edition, reviews the extensive literature on lactose and its significance in milk products. This volume also reviews the literature on milk salts, vitamins, milk flavors and off-flavors and the behaviour of water in dairy products. Most topics covered in the second edition are retained in the current edition, which has been updated and expanded considerably. New chapters cover chemically and enzymatically prepared derivatives of lactose and oligosaccharides indigenous to milk. P.L.H. McSweeney Ph.D. is Associate Professor of Food Chemistry and P.F. Fox Ph.D., D.Sc. is Professor Emeritus of Food Chemistry at University College, Cork, Ireland.

Chemistry

Author: John S. Holman,Phil Stone

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748762392

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 6378

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This series builds on the Nelson Science and Nelson Balanced Science series. It was developed for those studying for a Double or Triple Award at GCSE. It includes coverage of all the major GCSE science specifications, a range of case studies and other materials to further develop ideas and evidence in science and a range of questions including actual examination questions.